Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Common Name(s)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a type of bacterium that is found in various natural environments (such as soil, water and plants), but also occurs in the hospital environment and may cause infections including those that affect the bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical-sites. Infections are uncommon and typically only occur in individuals with severely impaired immune systems.  Risk factors in hospitalized individuals may include prior exposure to antimicrobials, mechanical ventilation, and prolonged hospitalization. It typically grows and spreads through medical devices, hospital fluids (such as irrigation solutions or IV fluids) or patient secretions, but does not readily spread between patients. S. maltophilia does not respond to many antibiotics but most strains are susceptible to co-trimoxazole treatment.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 193 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk Factors Associated with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Bacteremia: A Matched Case-Control Study.
 

Author(s): Kosuke Sumida, Yong Chong, Noriko Miyake, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Mitsuhiro Yasuda, Nobuyuki Shimono, Shinji Shimoda, Yoshihiko Maehara, Koichi Akashi

Journal:

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an important nosocomial bacterial pathogen, as is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Differentiation of these bacteria as bacteremic agents is critical in the clinical setting and to define a therapeutic strategy; however, the associated factors and prognosis ...

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2015

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Type II Secretion-Dependent Degradative and Cytotoxic Activities Mediated by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Serine Proteases StmPr1 and StmPr2.
 

Author(s): Ashley L DuMont, Sara M Karaba, Nicholas P Cianciotto

Journal: Infect. Immun.. 2015 Oct;83(10):3825-37.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that primarily causes pneumonia and bacteremia in immunocompromised individuals. We recently reported that S. maltophilia strain K279a encodes the Xps type II secretion system and that Xps promotes rounding, actin ...

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2015

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Haemorrhagic pneumonia caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in two newborns.
 

Author(s): Nilufer Guzoglu, Fatma Nur Demirkol, Didem Aliefendioglu

Journal:

 

Invasive procedures and antibiotic treatment increase the risk of nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units. Early identification and appropriate treatment is important. Herein we report two cases of massive hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. ...

Last Updated: 20 May 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 8 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome complicated by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia peritonitis: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Muhammad Awais

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(9):1149-52.

 

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic disorder resulting from ovulation induction. Although the occurrence of this disorder is rare, it can be potentially life-threatening in its most severe forms. We herein present the case of a young nulliparous woman who presented ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: an emerging global opportunistic pathogen.
 

Author(s): Joanna S Brooke

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2012 Jan;25(1):2-41.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant global opportunistic pathogen. The increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired S. maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2012

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Therapeutic options for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections beyond co-trimoxazole: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Matthew E Falagas, Politimi-Eleni Valkimadi, Yu-Tsung Huang, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, Po-Ren Hsueh

Journal: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.. 2008 Nov;62(5):889-94.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing infections whose management is often problematic due to its inherent resistance to many antibiotics, making co-trimoxazole the main therapeutic option. However, there are cases in which either ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2008

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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