Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Common Name(s)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a type of bacterium that is found in various natural environments (such as soil, water and plants), but also occurs in the hospital environment and may cause infections including those that affect the bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical-sites. Infections are uncommon and typically only occur in individuals with severely impaired immune systems.  Risk factors in hospitalized individuals may include prior exposure to antimicrobials, mechanical ventilation, and prolonged hospitalization. It typically grows and spreads through medical devices, hospital fluids (such as irrigation solutions or IV fluids) or patient secretions, but does not readily spread between patients. S. maltophilia does not respond to many antibiotics but most strains are susceptible to co-trimoxazole treatment.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 152 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Investigation of integrons, sul1-2 and dfr genes in trimethoprim-sulfametoxazole-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strains isolated from clinical samples].
 

Author(s): Esra Ozkaya, Faruk Aydin, Gülçin Bayramoglu, Celal Kurtuluş Buruk, Cemal Sandalli

Journal: Mikrobiyol Bul. 2014 Apr;48(2):201-12.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, which is a non-fermentative gram-negative bacillus, has an increasing importance in nosocomial and opportunistic infections. Since it exhibits resistance to numerous broad-spectrum antibiotics such as aminoglycosides, beta-lactams and tetracyclines, it ...

Last Updated: 13 May 2014

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Smqnr variants in clinical isolates of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in Brazil.
 

Author(s): Jorge Isaac Gracia-Paez, Juliana Rosa Ferraz, Ivan Avelino França e Silva, Flávia Rossi, Anna Sara Levin, Silvia Figueiredo Costa

Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo. ;55(6):417-20.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia contains a novel chromosomally-encoded qnr gene named Smqnr that contributes to low intrinsic resistance to quinolone. We described Smqnr in 13 clinical isolates of S. maltophilia from two Brazilian hospitals, over a 2-year period. The strains were identified ...

Last Updated: 11 Nov 2013

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Monotherapy with fluoroquinolone or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections.
 

Author(s): Yu Lin Wang, Marco R Scipione, Yanina Dubrovskaya, John Papadopoulos

Journal: Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.. 2014 ;58(1):176-82.

 

The treatment of choice for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT). Fluoroquinolones (FQs) have in vitro activity against S. maltophilia; however, there is limited published information on their effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to compare the ...

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: an emerging global opportunistic pathogen.
 

Author(s): Joanna S Brooke

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2012 Jan;25(1):2-41.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant global opportunistic pathogen. The increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired S. maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2012

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Therapeutic options for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections beyond co-trimoxazole: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Matthew E Falagas, Politimi-Eleni Valkimadi, Yu-Tsung Huang, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, Po-Ren Hsueh

Journal: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.. 2008 Nov;62(5):889-94.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing infections whose management is often problematic due to its inherent resistance to many antibiotics, making co-trimoxazole the main therapeutic option. However, there are cases in which either ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2008

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A meningitis case due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Mucahit Yemisen, Bilgul Mete, Yusuf Tunali, Ercument Yentur, Recep Ozturk

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2008 Nov;12(6):e125-7.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (formerly Xanthomonas maltophilia) is a Gram-negative bacillus increasingly associated with serious nosocomial infections. Here, we describe a 30-year-old male patient who developed meningitis associated with this organism after several neurosurgical procedures. ...

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2008

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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