Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Common Name(s)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a type of bacterium that is found in various natural environments (such as soil, water and plants), but also occurs in the hospital environment and may cause infections including those that affect the bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical-sites. Infections are uncommon and typically only occur in individuals with severely impaired immune systems.  Risk factors in hospitalized individuals may include prior exposure to antimicrobials, mechanical ventilation, and prolonged hospitalization. It typically grows and spreads through medical devices, hospital fluids (such as irrigation solutions or IV fluids) or patient secretions, but does not readily spread between patients. S. maltophilia does not respond to many antibiotics but most strains are susceptible to co-trimoxazole treatment.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 177 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bloodstream infection in patients with hematologic malignancies: a retrospective study and in vitro activities of antimicrobial combinations.
 

Author(s): Sung-Yeon Cho, Dong-Gun Lee, Su-Mi Choi, Chulmin Park, Hye-Sun Chun, Yeon-Joon Park, Jae-Ki Choi, Hyo-Jin Lee, Sun Hee Park, Jung-Hyun Choi, Jin-Hong Yoo

Journal:

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia causes serious infections in immunocompromised hosts. Here, we analyzed the clinical characteristics of S. maltophilia bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients with hematologic malignancies and evaluated in vitro synergistic effects of antimicrobial combinations.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2015

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[Investigation of the presence of class 1, 2, 3 integrons and their relationships with antibiotic resistance in clinical Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates].
 

Author(s): Egemen Usta, Cafer Eroğlu, Keramettin Yanık, Adil Karadağ, Akif Koray Güney, Murat Günaydın

Journal: Mikrobiyol Bul. 2015 Jan;49(1):35-46.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an opportunistic emergent pathogen causing hospital-acquired infections. It is resistant to majority of the broad spectrum antibiotics due to several mechanisms which significantly limit the treatment options. Although the relationship between integrons, ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2015

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Identification and characterization of a serious multidrug resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain in China.
 

Author(s): Yan Zhao, Wenkai Niu, Yanxia Sun, Huaijie Hao, Dong Yu, Guangyang Xu, Xueyi Shang, Xueping Tang, Sijing Lu, Junjie Yue, Yan Li

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():580240.

 

An S. maltophilia strain named WJ66 was isolated from a patient; WJ66 showed resistance to more antibiotics than the other S. maltophilia strains. This bacteraemia is resistant to sulphonamides, or fluoroquinolones, while the representative strain of S. maltophilia, K279a, is sensitive ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 8 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome complicated by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia peritonitis: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Muhammad Awais

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(9):1149-52.

 

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic disorder resulting from ovulation induction. Although the occurrence of this disorder is rare, it can be potentially life-threatening in its most severe forms. We herein present the case of a young nulliparous woman who presented ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: an emerging global opportunistic pathogen.
 

Author(s): Joanna S Brooke

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2012 Jan;25(1):2-41.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant global opportunistic pathogen. The increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired S. maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2012

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Therapeutic options for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections beyond co-trimoxazole: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Matthew E Falagas, Politimi-Eleni Valkimadi, Yu-Tsung Huang, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, Po-Ren Hsueh

Journal: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.. 2008 Nov;62(5):889-94.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing infections whose management is often problematic due to its inherent resistance to many antibiotics, making co-trimoxazole the main therapeutic option. However, there are cases in which either ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2008

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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