Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Common Name(s)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a type of bacterium that is found in various natural environments (such as soil, water and plants), but also occurs in the hospital environment and may cause infections including those that affect the bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical-sites. Infections are uncommon and typically only occur in individuals with severely impaired immune systems.  Risk factors in hospitalized individuals may include prior exposure to antimicrobials, mechanical ventilation, and prolonged hospitalization. It typically grows and spreads through medical devices, hospital fluids (such as irrigation solutions or IV fluids) or patient secretions, but does not readily spread between patients. S. maltophilia does not respond to many antibiotics but most strains are susceptible to co-trimoxazole treatment.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 157 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical characteristics and risk factors of infections caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in a hospital in northwest China.
 

Author(s): Meng Xun, Yi Zhang, Bo-Ling Li, Min Wu, Yuan Zong, Yi-Ming Yin

Journal:

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections have recently increased in importance in China, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of S. maltophilia infection in ICU of a hospital in northwest China.

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2014

Go To URL
Recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia after iliac crest bone graft harvest.
 

Author(s): Hideharu Hagiya, Hiroko Ogawa, Tomoharu Ishida, Tomohiro Terasaka, Kosuke Kimura, Koichi Waseda, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Masahiro Horita, Yasunori Shimamura, Eisei Kondo, Fumio Otsuka

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2014 ;53(15):1693-8.

 

We describe a rare case of recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia in a previously healthy 45-year-old man. The infection was caused by osteomyelitis at the site of an iliac crest bone graft harvest. A genetic analysis using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus ...

Last Updated: 4 Aug 2014

Go To URL
Clinical factors associated with acquisition of resistance to levofloxacin in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
 

Author(s): Ji Hyeon Baek, Chang Oh Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Soo Ku, Sang Hoon Han, Jun Yong Choi, Dongeun Yong, Young Goo Song, Kyungwon Lee, June Myung Kim

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2014 Jul;55(4):987-93.

 

Fluoroquinolones, rapidly gaining prominence in treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SMP), are noted for their potency and tolerability. However, SMP may rapidly acquire resistance to fluoroquinolones. We evaluated associations of clinical factors with acquisition of levofloxacin ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2014

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: an emerging global opportunistic pathogen.
 

Author(s): Joanna S Brooke

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2012 Jan;25(1):2-41.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant global opportunistic pathogen. The increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired S. maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2012

Go To URL
Therapeutic options for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections beyond co-trimoxazole: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Matthew E Falagas, Politimi-Eleni Valkimadi, Yu-Tsung Huang, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, Po-Ren Hsueh

Journal: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.. 2008 Nov;62(5):889-94.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing infections whose management is often problematic due to its inherent resistance to many antibiotics, making co-trimoxazole the main therapeutic option. However, there are cases in which either ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2008

Go To URL
A meningitis case due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Mucahit Yemisen, Bilgul Mete, Yusuf Tunali, Ercument Yentur, Recep Ozturk

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2008 Nov;12(6):e125-7.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (formerly Xanthomonas maltophilia) is a Gram-negative bacillus increasingly associated with serious nosocomial infections. Here, we describe a 30-year-old male patient who developed meningitis associated with this organism after several neurosurgical procedures. ...

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2008

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.