Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Common Name(s)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is a type of bacterium that is found in various natural environments (such as soil, water and plants), but also occurs in the hospital environment and may cause infections including those that affect the bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical-sites. Infections are uncommon and typically only occur in individuals with severely impaired immune systems.  Risk factors in hospitalized individuals may include prior exposure to antimicrobials, mechanical ventilation, and prolonged hospitalization. It typically grows and spreads through medical devices, hospital fluids (such as irrigation solutions or IV fluids) or patient secretions, but does not readily spread between patients. S. maltophilia does not respond to many antibiotics but most strains are susceptible to co-trimoxazole treatment.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 197 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Evaluation of Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole (SXT), Minocycline, Tigecycline, Moxifloxacin, and Ceftazidime Alone and in Combinations for SXT-Susceptible and SXT-Resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia by In Vitro Time-Kill Experiments.
 

Author(s): Chuanqi Wei, Wentao Ni, Xuejiu Cai, Jin Zhao, Junchang Cui

Journal:

 

The optimal therapy for infections caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) has not yet been established. The objective of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT), minocycline, tigecycline, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, ticarcillin-clavulanate, ...

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2016

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Genetic Manipulation of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
 

Author(s): Elliott Welker, Yayra Domfeh, Deepti Tyagi, Sanjivni Sinha, Nathan Fisher

Journal:

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, environmental bacterium that is emerging as an important nosocomial pathogen with high rates of attributable mortality in severely ill patients. S. maltophilia is of particular concern to patients suffering from cystic ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2015

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Comparative Genomics of Environmental and Clinical Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Strains with Different Antibiotic Resistance Profiles.
 

Author(s): Benjamin Youenou, Sabine Favre-Bonté, Josselin Bodilis, Elisabeth Brothier, Audrey Dubost, Daniel Muller, Sylvie Nazaret

Journal:

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, a ubiquitous Gram-negative γ-proteobacterium, has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen responsible for nosocomial infections. A major characteristic of clinical isolates is their high intrinsic or acquired antibiotic resistance level. The aim ...

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stenotrophomonas maltophilia" returned 8 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome complicated by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia peritonitis: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Muhammad Awais

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(9):1149-52.

 

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an iatrogenic disorder resulting from ovulation induction. Although the occurrence of this disorder is rare, it can be potentially life-threatening in its most severe forms. We herein present the case of a young nulliparous woman who presented ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: an emerging global opportunistic pathogen.
 

Author(s): Joanna S Brooke

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2012 Jan;25(1):2-41.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant global opportunistic pathogen. The increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired S. maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated ...

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2012

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Therapeutic options for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections beyond co-trimoxazole: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Matthew E Falagas, Politimi-Eleni Valkimadi, Yu-Tsung Huang, Dimitrios K Matthaiou, Po-Ren Hsueh

Journal: J. Antimicrob. Chemother.. 2008 Nov;62(5):889-94.

 

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing infections whose management is often problematic due to its inherent resistance to many antibiotics, making co-trimoxazole the main therapeutic option. However, there are cases in which either ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2008

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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