Spotted fever

Common Name(s)

Spotted fever

Spotted fever is an infectious disease caused by certain types of Rickettsial bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted though tick bites. There are four types of spotted fever: Mediterranean spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Queensland tick typhus, and Helvetica spotted fever. Spotted fevers are difficult to diagnose at first. Common initial symptoms include fever, muscle pains, headache, nausea and vomiting. Later symptoms includes a spotted rash, joint pain, pains in the abdomen or stomach area and forgetfullness. Diagnosis is made usually by the combination of fever, skin rash and known tick bite. Blood tests may also be performed. Most types of spotted fever are mild to moderate illnesses. However if left untreated they can become potentially serious and even fatal, especially in older people and in people whose immune system (the body's defense system against disease and infection) is weak. The most serious type of the spotted fever is the Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and many people affected with Rocky Mountain spotted fever require hospitalization. Antibiotics are used to treat spotted fevers, and if the infection becomes more serious, other symptoms are treated as needed. If you or a family member has been bitten by a tick and develops a fever and skin rash, it is important to go to your doctor.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Spotted fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 270 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Widespread subcutaneous necrosis in spotted fever group Rickettsioses from the coastal belt of Sri Lanka- a case report.
 

Author(s): Nathasha Luke, Hasini Munasinghe, Lakshmi Balasooriya, Ranjan Premaratna

Journal:

 

Spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) transmitted mostly by ticks are increasingly discovered around the World and some of them are either re-emerging or emerging in Sri Lanka. Accidental human infections caused by these vector borne zoonotic diseases generally give rise to nonspecific ...

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2017

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Epidemiological evaluation of Mediterranean spotted fever in children of the Karak province in south Jordan.
 

Author(s): Omar Nafi, Yasseen Tarawnah, Amjad Tarawnah

Journal:

 

The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological patterns of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) as well as its treatment and outcomes in children in south Jordan.

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2017

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Molecular and serological evidence of flea-associated typhus group and spotted fever group rickettsial infections in Madagascar.
 

Author(s): Rado J L Rakotonanahary, Alan Harrison, Alice N Maina, Ju Jiang, Allen L Richards, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Sandra Telfer

Journal:

 

Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular bacteria responsible for many febrile syndromes around the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa. Vectors of these pathogens include ticks, lice, mites and fleas. In order to assess exposure to flea-associated Rickettsia species in Madagascar, ...

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Atypical Rocky Mountain spotted fever with polyarticular arthritis.
 

Author(s): Muhammad A Chaudhry, Robert Hal Scofield

Journal: Am. J. Med. Sci.. 2013 Nov;346(5):427-9.

 

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is an acute, serious tick borne illness caused by Rickettsia rickettsi. Frequently, RMSF is manifested by headache, a typical rash and fever but atypical disease is common, making diagnosis difficult. Inflammatory arthritis as a manifestation is ...

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2013

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Ecology, biology and distribution of spotted-fever tick vectors in Brazil.
 

Author(s): Matias P J Szabó, Adriano Pinter, Marcelo B Labruna

Journal:

 

Spotted-fever-caused Rickettsia rickettsii infection is in Brazil the major tick-borne zoonotic disease. Recently, a second and milder human rickettsiosis caused by an agent genetically related to R. parkeri was discovered in the country (Atlantic rainforest strain). Both diseases ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2013

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Q fever and Mediterranean spotted fever associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: case study and literature review.
 

Author(s): M Lecronier, V Prendki, M Gerin, M Schneerson, A Renvoisé, C Larroche, M Ziol, O Fain, A Mekinian

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2013 Aug;17(8):e629-33.

 

Hemophagocytosis during Q fever (QF) and Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is rare and only a few cases have been reported. We aimed to investigate the characteristics, outcome, and treatment of QF/MSF-associated hemophagocytosis.

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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