Spotted fever

Common Name(s)

Spotted fever

Spotted fever is an infectious disease caused by certain types of Rickettsial bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted though tick bites. There are four types of spotted fever: Mediterranean spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Queensland tick typhus, and Helvetica spotted fever. Spotted fevers are difficult to diagnose at first. Common initial symptoms include fever, muscle pains, headache, nausea and vomiting. Later symptoms includes a spotted rash, joint pain, pains in the abdomen or stomach area and forgetfullness. Diagnosis is made usually by the combination of fever, skin rash and known tick bite. Blood tests may also be performed. Most types of spotted fever are mild to moderate illnesses. However if left untreated they can become potentially serious and even fatal, especially in older people and in people whose immune system (the body's defense system against disease and infection) is weak. The most serious type of the spotted fever is the Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and many people affected with Rocky Mountain spotted fever require hospitalization. Antibiotics are used to treat spotted fevers, and if the infection becomes more serious, other symptoms are treated as needed. If you or a family member has been bitten by a tick and develops a fever and skin rash, it is important to go to your doctor.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Spotted fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 237 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Microarray of surface-exposed proteins of Rickettsia heilongjiangensis for serodiagnosis of Far-eastern spotted fever.
 

Author(s): Yong Qi, Wenping Gong, Xiaolu Xiong, Jiafu Jiang, Yawei Wang, Jun Jiao, Changsong Duan, Bohai Wen

Journal:

 

Far-eastern spotted fever (FESF) is an important emerging infectious disease in Northeast Asia. The laboratory diagnosis of FESF in hospitals is mainly based on serological methods. However, these methods need to cultivate rickettsial cells as diagnostic antigens, which is both burdensome ...

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2014

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Human spotted fever group rickettsioses are underappreciated in southern Taiwan, particularly for the species closely-related to Rickettsia felis.
 

Author(s): Chung-Hsu Lai, Lin-Li Chang, Jiun-Nong Lin, Kun-Hsien Tsai, Ya-Chien Hung, Li-Li Kuo, Hsi-Hsun Lin, Yen-Hsu Chen

Journal:

 

Despite increased identification of spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) in animals and arthropods, human SFGR are poorly characterized in Taiwan.

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2014

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Significantly higher cytokine and chemokine levels in patients with Japanese spotted fever than in those with Tsutsugamushi disease.
 

Author(s): Katsunori Tai, Hiromichi Iwasaki, Satoshi Ikegaya, Nobuhiro Takada, Yukiko Tamaki, Kenji Tabara, Takanori Ueda

Journal: J. Clin. Microbiol.. 2014 Jun;52(6):1938-46.

 

Tetracyclines are administered to cure Japanese spotted fever (JSF) and tsutsugamushi disease (TD). It is generally said that the clinical course of JSF is worse than that of TD despite antibiotic treatment. The precise mechanism underlying the more severe clinical course of JSF is ...

Last Updated: 23 May 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ecology, biology and distribution of spotted-fever tick vectors in Brazil.
 

Author(s): Matias P J Szabó, Adriano Pinter, Marcelo B Labruna

Journal:

 

Spotted-fever-caused Rickettsia rickettsii infection is in Brazil the major tick-borne zoonotic disease. Recently, a second and milder human rickettsiosis caused by an agent genetically related to R. parkeri was discovered in the country (Atlantic rainforest strain). Both diseases ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2013

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Q fever and Mediterranean spotted fever associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: case study and literature review.
 

Author(s): M Lecronier, V Prendki, M Gerin, M Schneerson, A Renvoisé, C Larroche, M Ziol, O Fain, A Mekinian

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2013 Aug;17(8):e629-33.

 

Hemophagocytosis during Q fever (QF) and Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is rare and only a few cases have been reported. We aimed to investigate the characteristics, outcome, and treatment of QF/MSF-associated hemophagocytosis.

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2013

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A case of Japanese spotted fever complicated with central nervous system involvement and multiple organ failure.
 

Author(s): Ruka Nakata, Masakatsu Motomura, Masahiro Tokuda, Hideki Nakajima, Tomoko Masuda, Taku Fukuda, Akira Tsujino, Toshiro Yoshimura, Atsushi Kawakami

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2012 ;51(7):783-6.

 

Japanese spotted fever (JSF), first reported in 1984, is a rickettsial disease characterized by high fever, rash, and eschar formation. A 61-year-old man was admitted to a local hospital in Nagasaki City, Japan, after several days of high fever and generalized skin erythema. His condition ...

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Laboratory Diagnosis of of Rickettsial and Rickettsia-like Diseases
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rickettsioses

 

Last Updated: 28 Sep 2012

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Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infection; Hypertension; Anesthesia; Pain; Reflux; Nausea; Edema; Hyperlipidemia; Hypotension; Hypercholesterolemia; Sedation; Anxiolysis; Benzodiazepine Withdrawal; Bipolar Disorder; Autistic Disorder; Schizophrenia; Influenza Treatment or Prophylaxis; Acute Decompensated Heart Failure; Stable Angina; Life-threatening Fungal Infections; Nosocomial Pneumonia; Community Acquired Pneumonia; Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis; Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis; Complicated Urinary Tract Infections; Acute Pyelonephritis; Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections; Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure); Infantile Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2015

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