Spotted fever

Common Name(s)

Spotted fever

Spotted fever is an infectious disease caused by certain types of Rickettsial bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted though tick bites. There are four types of spotted fever: Mediterranean spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Queensland tick typhus, and Helvetica spotted fever. Spotted fevers are difficult to diagnose at first. Common initial symptoms include fever, muscle pains, headache, nausea and vomiting. Later symptoms includes a spotted rash, joint pain, pains in the abdomen or stomach area and forgetfullness. Diagnosis is made usually by the combination of fever, skin rash and known tick bite. Blood tests may also be performed. Most types of spotted fever are mild to moderate illnesses. However if left untreated they can become potentially serious and even fatal, especially in older people and in people whose immune system (the body's defense system against disease and infection) is weak. The most serious type of the spotted fever is the Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and many people affected with Rocky Mountain spotted fever require hospitalization. Antibiotics are used to treat spotted fevers, and if the infection becomes more serious, other symptoms are treated as needed. If you or a family member has been bitten by a tick and develops a fever and skin rash, it is important to go to your doctor.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Spotted fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 288 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Notes from the Field: Community-Based Prevention of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever - Sonora, Mexico, 2016.
 

Author(s): Anne Straily, Naomi Drexler, Denica Cruz-Loustaunau, Christopher D Paddock, Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez

Journal:

 

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), a life-threatening tickborne zoonosis caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, is a reemerging disease in Mexico (1,2). R. rickettsii is an intracellular bacterium that infects vascular endothelium and can cause multisystem organ failure and death in the ...

Last Updated: 23 Nov 2016

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A fatal case of Brazilian spotted fever in a non-endemic area in Brazil: the importance of having health professionals who understand the disease and its areas of transmission.
 

Author(s): Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Eduardo Pacheco de Caldas, Silvia Colombo, Gilberto Salles Gazeta, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Fabiana Cristina Pereira Dos Santos, Rodrigo Nogueira Angerami

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;49(5):653-655.

 

Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. Because of its high case-fatality rate and apparent increase in areas of transmission, it is considered to be the rickettsial illness of primary public health interest. Cases of this disease have historically ...

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2016

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Kampinos National Park: a risk area for spotted fever group rickettsioses, central Poland?
 

Author(s): Joanna Stańczak, Beata Biernat, Anna Matyjasek, Maria Racewicz, Marta Zalewska, Daria Lewandowska

Journal: Exp. Appl. Acarol.. 2016 Nov;70(3):395-410.

 

Ixodid ticks are important vectors of a variety of bacterial and protozoan pathogens which cause infections in humans. In this study, altogether 1041 questing Ixodes ricinus (n = 305) and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (n = 736), sympatrically occurring in Kampinos National Park ...

Last Updated: 17 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ecology, biology and distribution of spotted-fever tick vectors in Brazil.
 

Author(s): Matias P J Szabó, Adriano Pinter, Marcelo B Labruna

Journal:

 

Spotted-fever-caused Rickettsia rickettsii infection is in Brazil the major tick-borne zoonotic disease. Recently, a second and milder human rickettsiosis caused by an agent genetically related to R. parkeri was discovered in the country (Atlantic rainforest strain). Both diseases ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2013

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Q fever and Mediterranean spotted fever associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: case study and literature review.
 

Author(s): M Lecronier, V Prendki, M Gerin, M Schneerson, A Renvoisé, C Larroche, M Ziol, O Fain, A Mekinian

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2013 Aug;17(8):e629-33.

 

Hemophagocytosis during Q fever (QF) and Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is rare and only a few cases have been reported. We aimed to investigate the characteristics, outcome, and treatment of QF/MSF-associated hemophagocytosis.

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2013

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A case of Japanese spotted fever complicated with central nervous system involvement and multiple organ failure.
 

Author(s): Ruka Nakata, Masakatsu Motomura, Masahiro Tokuda, Hideki Nakajima, Tomoko Masuda, Taku Fukuda, Akira Tsujino, Toshiro Yoshimura, Atsushi Kawakami

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2012 ;51(7):783-6.

 

Japanese spotted fever (JSF), first reported in 1984, is a rickettsial disease characterized by high fever, rash, and eschar formation. A 61-year-old man was admitted to a local hospital in Nagasaki City, Japan, after several days of high fever and generalized skin erythema. His condition ...

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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