Sporotrichosis

Common Name(s)

Sporotrichosis

Sporotrichosis is an infection caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. The fungus is present around the world in soil, plants, and decaying vegetation and can enter the skin through small cuts or punctures from thorns, barbs, pine needles, or inhalation which can cause pulmonary infection. Skin infection is the most common form of infection and usually occurs after handling contaminated plant material. Sporotrichosis cannot be spread from person to person. Symptoms include a small painless bump resembling an insect bite, which can appear any time from 1 to 12 weeks after exposure to the fungus. The nodule can be red, pink, or purple in color, usually appearing on the finger, hand, or arm where the fungus entered the skin. Later on, the bump will become larger in size and look like an open sore or ulcer that is very slow to heal. Additional bumps may appear near the original nodule. While most infections involve only the skin, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, including the bones, joints, and the central nervous system.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Sporotrichosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Sporotrichosis" returned 103 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Characterization of sporotrichosis cases treated in a dermatologic teaching unit in the state of São Paulo - Brazil, 2003 - 2013.
 

Author(s): Gabriela Franco Marques, Ana Luiza Grizzo Peres Martins, Juliana Martins Prazeres Sousa, Letícia Stella Gardini Brandão, Patrick Alexander Wachholz, Paula Yoshiko Masuda

Journal: An Bras Dermatol. ;90(2):273-5.

 

We conducted a transversal retrospective study with secondary data collection from 25 cases of sporotrichosis, treated at a teaching unit in inner São Paulo (Brazil), between the years 2003-2013. We found that the prevalence was higher in men (72%), rural workers (44%) and those ...

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2015

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Transmission electron microscopy analysis of skin lesions from sporotrichosis epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
 

Author(s): Cassio Porto Ferreira, Ana Cristina Oliveira de Almeida, Suzana Corte-Real

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2015 Feb;92(2):215-6.

 

Transmission electron microscopy can yield useful information in a range of scientific fields; it is capable of imaging at a significantly higher resolution than light microscopes and has been a very useful tool in the identification of morphological changes of the dermis as well ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2015

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Comparative genomics of the major fungal agents of human and animal Sporotrichosis: Sporothrix schenckii and Sporothrix brasiliensis.
 

Author(s): Marcus M Teixeira, Luiz G P de Almeida, Paula Kubitschek-Barreira, Fernanda L Alves, Erika S Kioshima, Ana K R Abadio, Larissa Fernandes, Lorena S Derengowski, Karen S Ferreira, Rangel C Souza, Jeronimo C Ruiz, Nathalia C de Andrade, Hugo C Paes, André M Nicola, Patrícia Albuquerque, Alexandra L Gerber, Vicente P Martins, Luisa D F Peconick, Alan Viggiano Neto, Claudia B Chaucanez, Patrícia A Silva, Oberdan L Cunha, Fabiana F M de Oliveira, Tayná C dos Santos, Amanda L N Barros, Marco A Soares, Luciana M de Oliveira, Marjorie M Marini, Héctor Villalobos-Duno, Marcel M L Cunha, Sybren de Hoog, José F da Silveira, Bernard Henrissat, Gustavo A Niño-Vega, Patrícia S Cisalpino, Héctor M Mora-Montes, Sandro R Almeida, Jason E Stajich, Leila M Lopes-Bezerra, Ana T R Vasconcelos, Maria S S Felipe

Journal:

 

The fungal genus Sporothrix includes at least four human pathogenic species. One of these species, S. brasiliensis, is the causal agent of a major ongoing zoonotic outbreak of sporotrichosis in Brazil. Elsewhere, sapronoses are caused by S. schenckii and S. globosa. The major aims ...

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Sporotrichosis" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV and sporotrichosis coinfection: report of two cases and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Maria Letícia Fernandes Oliveira Nascimento, Andréa Gina Varon, Maria Inês Fernandes Pimentel, Liliane de Fátima Antonio, Maurício Naoto Saheki, Sandro Javier Bedoya-Pacheco, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;47(6):806-9.

 

We report 2 cases of patients with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) associated with cutaneous disseminated sporotrichosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. The patients received specific treatment for sporotrichosis. However, after 4 and 5 weeks ...

Last Updated: 28 Jan 2015

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Sporothrix schenckii and Sporotrichosis.
 

Author(s): Mônica Bastos de Lima Barros, Rodrigo de Almeida Paes, Armando Oliveira Schubach

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Rev.. 2011 Oct;24(4):633-54.

 

Sporotrichosis, which is caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii, is currently distributed throughout the world, especially in tropical and subtropical zones. Infection generally occurs by traumatic inoculation of soil, plants, and organic matter contaminated with the ...

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2011

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Feline-transmitted sporotrichosis: A case study from California.
 

Author(s): Rachel K Rees, John E Swartzberg

Journal:

 

We report a case of cat-associated sporotrichosis in an adult female in California. A retrospectively diagnosed cutaneous sporotrichosis infection in the patient's cat and the unusual site of the primary lesion in the patient contributed to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Here, we ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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