Spirochetes disease

Common Name(s)

Spirochetes disease

Spirochetes diseases are a group of illnesses or infections caused by spiral shaped bacteria called spirochetes (also spelled spirocheates). Not all types of spriochete bacteria cause disease in humans, but many do. Syphilis, Lyme disease, bejel, yaws, pinta, leptospirosis, rat biting fever and relapsing fever are all caused by types of spirochete bacteria. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments are different for each disease. Even the way the infections are spread is different for each disease, for example Lymes disease is spread by deer ticks where as bejel, yaws and pinta are spread by close skin contact with an infected person. For more on any of the diseases caused by spirochetes, see Syphilis, Lyme disease, Bejel, Yaws, Pinta, Leptospirosis, Rat bite fever, and Relapsing fever.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Spirochetes disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Spirochetes disease" returned 45 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cyclic di-GMP modulates gene expression in Lyme disease spirochetes at the tick-mammal interface to promote spirochete survival during the blood meal and tick-to-mammal transmission.
 

Author(s): Melissa J Caimano, Star Dunham-Ems, Anna M Allard, Maria B Cassera, Melisha Kenedy, Justin D Radolf

Journal: Infect. Immun.. 2015 Aug;83(8):3043-60.

 

Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease spirochete, couples environmental sensing and gene regulation primarily via the Hk1/Rrp1 two-component system (TCS) and Rrp2/RpoN/RpoS pathways. Beginning with acquisition, we reevaluated the contribution of these pathways to spirochete survival ...

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Genetic characterization of the human relapsing fever spirochete Borrelia miyamotoi in vectors and animal reservoirs of Lyme disease spirochetes in France.
 

Author(s): Jean-François Cosson, Lorraine Michelet, Julien Chotte, Evelyne Le Naour, Martine Cote, Elodie Devillers, Marie-Lazarine Poulle, Dominique Huet, Maxime Galan, Julia Geller, Sara Moutailler, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat

Journal:

 

In France as elsewhere in Europe the most prevalent TBD in humans is Lyme borreliosis, caused by different bacterial species belonging to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex and transmitted by the most important tick species in France, Ixodes ricinus. However, the diagnosis of ...

Last Updated: 6 Jun 2014

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Seasonal prevalence of Lyme disease spirochetes in a heterothermic mammal, the edible dormouse (Glis glis).
 

Author(s): Joanna Fietz, Jürgen Tomiuk, Franz-Rainer Matuschka, Dania Richter

Journal: Appl. Environ. Microbiol.. 2014 Jun;80(12):3615-21.

 

In Europe, dormice serve as competent reservoir hosts for particular genospecies of the tick-borne agent of Lyme disease (LD) and seem to support them more efficiently than do mice or voles. The longevity of edible dormice (Glis glis) and their attractiveness for ticks may result ...

Last Updated: 30 Jul 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Spirochetes disease" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Biological aspects of Lyme disease spirochetes: unique bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi species group.
 

Author(s): Michal Krupka, Milan Raska, Jana Belakova, Milada Horynova, Radko Novotny, Evzen Weigl

Journal: Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2007 Dec;151(2):175-86.

 

Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato is a group of at least twelve closely related species some of which are responsible for Lyme disease, the most frequent zoonosis in Europe and the USA. Many of the biological features of Borrelia are unique in prokaryotes and very interesting not only ...

Last Updated: 17 Mar 2008

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Vector interactions and molecular adaptations of lyme disease and relapsing fever spirochetes associated with transmission by ticks.
 

Author(s): Tom G Schwan, Joseph Piesman

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2002 Feb;8(2):115-21.

 

Pathogenic spirochetes in the genus Borrelia are transmitted primarily by two families of ticks. The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted by the slow-feeding ixodid tick Ixodes scapularis, whereas the relapsing fever spirochete, B. hermsii, is transmitted ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2002

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The bdr gene families of the Lyme disease and relapsing fever spirochetes: potential influence on biology, pathogenesis, and evolution.
 

Author(s): D M Roberts, J A Carlyon, M Theisen, R T Marconi

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. ;6(2):110-22.

 

Species of the genus Borrelia cause human and animal infections, including Lyme disease, relapsing fever, and epizootic bovine abortion. The borrelial genome is unique among bacterial genomes in that it is composed of a linear chromosome and a series of linear and circular plasmids. ...

Last Updated: 25 May 2000

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

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Rare Disease Patient Registry & Natural History Study - Coordination of Rare Diseases at Sanford
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rare Disorders; Undiagnosed Disorders; Disorders of Unknown Prevalence; Cornelia De Lange Syndrome; Prenatal Benign Hypophosphatasia; Perinatal Lethal Hypophosphatasia; Odontohypophosphatasia; Adult Hypophosphatasia; Childhood-onset Hypophosphatasia; Infantile Hypophosphatasia; Hypophosphatasia; Kabuki Syndrome; Bohring-Opitz Syndrome; Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy; Narcolepsy-cataplexy; Hypersomnolence Disorder; Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time; Idiopathic Hypersomnia; Kleine-Levin Syndrome; Kawasaki Disease; Leiomyosarcoma; Leiomyosarcoma of the Corpus Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of the Cervix Uteri; Leiomyosarcoma of Small Intestine; Acquired Myasthenia Gravis; Addison Disease; Hyperacusis (Hyperacousis); Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis; Transient Neonatal Myasthenia Gravis; Williams Syndrome; Lyme Disease; Myasthenia Gravis; Marinesco Sjogren Syndrome(Marinesco-Sjogren Syndrome); Isolated Klippel-Feil Syndrome; Frasier Syndrome; Denys-Drash Syndrome; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome; Emanuel Syndrome; Isolated Aniridia; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Paternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Translocation/Inversion; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microdeletion; Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome; Aniridia-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Aniridia - Renal Agenesis - Psychomotor Retardation; Aniridia - Ptosis - Intellectual Disability - Familial Obesity; Aniridia - Cerebellar Ataxia - Intellectual Disability; Aniridia - Absent Patella; Aniridia; Peters Anomaly - Cataract; Peters Anomaly; Potocki-Shaffer Syndrome; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Maternal Uniparental Disomy of Chromosome 11; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to Imprinting Defect of 11p15; Silver-Russell Syndrome Due to 11p15 Microduplication; Syndromic Aniridia; WAGR Syndrome; Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; 4p16.3 Microduplication Syndrome; 4p Deletion Syndrome, Non-Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Stickler Syndrome; Stickler Syndrome Type 2; Stickler Syndrome Type 1; Stickler Syndrome; Mucolipidosis Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; X-linked Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; X-linked Intellectual Disability - Ataxia - Apraxia; X-linked Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Non Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; X-linked Cerebellar Ataxia; Vitamin B12 Deficiency Ataxia; Toxic Exposure Ataxia; Unclassified Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Thyroid Antibody Ataxia; Sporadic Adult-onset Ataxia of Unknown Etiology; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Oculomotor Anomaly; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Epilepsy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia With Axonal Neuropathy Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 8; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 7; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 6; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 5; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 37; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 36; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 35; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 34; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 32; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 31; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 30; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 29; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 28; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 27; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 26; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 25; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 23; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 21; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 20; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 19/22; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 18; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 17; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 15/16; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 14; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 13; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 12; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 11; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 10; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1 With Axonal Neuropathy; Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Unknown; Spinocerebellar Ataxia - Dysmorphism; Non Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Spectrin-associated Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Spasticity-ataxia-gait Anomalies Syndrome; Spastic Ataxia With Congenital Miosis; Spastic Ataxia - Corneal Dystrophy; Spastic Ataxia; Rare Hereditary Ataxia; Rare Ataxia; Recessive Mitochondrial Ataxia Syndrome; Progressive Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as a Major Feature; Posterior Column Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa; Post-Stroke Ataxia; Post-Head Injury Ataxia; Post Vaccination Ataxia; Polyneuropathy - Hearing Loss - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Cataract; Muscular Atrophy - Ataxia - Retinitis Pigmentosa - Diabetes Mellitus; Non-progressive Cerebellar Ataxia With Intellectual Disability; Non-hereditary Degenerative Ataxia; Paroxysmal Dystonic Choreathetosis With Episodic Ataxia and Spasticity; Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy - Deafness; NARP Syndrome; Myoclonus - Cerebellar Ataxia - Deafness; Multiple System Atrophy, Parkinsonian Type; Multiple System Atrophy, Cerebellar Type; Multiple System Atrophy; Maternally-inherited Leigh Syndrome; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 3; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 2; Machado-Joseph Disease Type 1; Lethal Ataxia With Deafness and Optic Atrophy; Leigh Syndrome; Leukoencephalopathy With Mild Cerebellar Ataxia and White Matter Edema; Leukoencephalopathy - Ataxia - Hypodontia - Hypomyelination; Leigh Syndrome With Nephrotic Syndrome; Leigh Syndrome With Leukodystrophy; Leigh Syndrome With Cardiomyopathy; Late-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Intellectual Disability-hyperkinetic Movement-truncal Ataxia Syndrome; Infection or Post Infection Ataxia; Infantile-onset Autosomal Recessive Nonprogressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Infantile Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia; GAD Ataxia; Hereditary Episodic Ataxia; Gliadin/Gluten Ataxia; Friedreich Ataxia; Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome; Familial Paroxysmal Ataxia; Exposure to Medications Ataxia; Episodic Ataxia With Slurred Speech; Episodic Ataxia Unknown Type; Episodic Ataxia Type 7; Episodic Ataxia Type 6; Episodic Ataxia Type 5; Episodic Ataxia Type 4; Episodic Ataxia Type 3; Episodic Ataxia Type 1; Epilepsy and/or Ataxia With Myoclonus as Major Feature; Early-onset Spastic Ataxia-neuropathy Syndrome; Early-onset Progressive Neurodegeneration - Blindness - Ataxia - Spasticity; Early-onset Cerebellar Ataxia With Retained Tendon Reflexes; Early-onset Ataxia With Dementia; Childhood-onset Autosomal Recessive Slowly Progressive Spinocerebellar Ataxia; Dilated Cardiomyopathy With Ataxia; Cataract - Ataxia - Deafness; Cerebellar Ataxia, Cayman Type; Cerebellar Ataxia With Peripheral Neuropathy; Cerebellar Ataxia - Hypogonadism; Cerebellar Ataxia - Ectodermal Dysplasia; Cerebellar Ataxia - Areflexia - Pes Cavus - Optic Atrophy - Sensorineural Hearing Loss; Brain Tumor Ataxia; Brachydactyly - Nystagmus - Cerebellar Ataxia; Benign Paroxysmal Tonic Upgaze of Childhood With Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Syndromic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia With Leukoencephalopathy; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia - Optic Atrophy - Dysarthria; Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Metabolic Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to Repeat Expansions That do Not Encode Polyglutamine; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia, Beauce Type; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to Ubiquinone Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Ataxia Due to PEX10 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Degenerative and Progressive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to MGLUR1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia Due to GRID2 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Congenital Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-pyramidal Signs-nystagmus-oculomotor Apraxia Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to WWOX Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to TUD Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome Due to KIAA0226 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia-epilepsy-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia With Late-onset Spasticity; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to STUB1 Deficiency; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia Due to a DNA Repair Defect; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Saccadic Intrusion; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Psychomotor Retardation; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia - Blindness - Deafness; Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Polyglutamine Anomaly; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Point Mutation; Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Ataxia Due to a Channelopathy; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Spastic Ataxia; Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy; Ataxia-telangiectasia Variant; Ataxia-telangiectasia; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia, Deafness and Narcolepsy; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 4; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 3; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 2; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia Type 1; Autosomal Dominant Cerebellar Ataxia; Ataxia-telangiectasia-like Disorder; Ataxia-intellectual Disability-oculomotor Apraxia-cerebellar Cysts Syndrome; Ataxia-deafness-intellectual Disability Syndrome; Ataxia With Vitamin E Deficiency; Ataxia With Dementia; Ataxia Neuropathy Spectrum; Ataxia - Tapetoretinal Degeneration; Ataxia - Photosensitivity - Short Stature; Ataxia - Pancytopenia; Ataxia - Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1; Ataxia - Hypogonadism - Choroidal Dystrophy; Ataxia - Other; Ataxia - Genetic Diagnosis - Unknown; Acquired Ataxia; Adult-onset Autosomal Recessive Cerebellar Ataxia; Alcohol Related Ataxia

 

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2016

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Meditation and Stretching for Post Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Post Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2015

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