Sleep Apnea

Common Name(s)

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is an ongoing disorder characterized by pauses in breathing that occur while sleeping. These disruptions can occur 30 times or more per hour. After the pauses, breathing will resume, sometimes accompanied by choking or snorting. Some symptoms include: daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia), loud snoring, headaches, sore throat, or dry mouth in the morning, insomnia, or abrupt awakenings in the night. There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. Obstructive sleep apnea is more common and is triggered by the airway collapsing or becoming blocked during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is most common in overweight people. Central sleep apnea occurs when the area of the brain that controls breathing fails to send signals to the breathing muscles. Central sleep apnea can affect anyone and can occur in addition to obstructive sleep apnea.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Sleep Apnea" for support, advocacy or research.

American Sleep Apnea Association

Our mission is to reduce injury, disability and death from sleep apnea and to enhance the lives of those affected by this common disorder.

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Sleep Apnea" for support, advocacy or research.

American Sleep Apnea Association

Our mission is to reduce injury, disability and death from sleep apnea and to enhance the lives of those affected by this common disorder.

http://www.sleepapnea.org

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Online Directory of Products and Services

A directory of products and services for the apnea patient.

Updated 9 Jan 2013

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Apnea Support Forum

Internet Message Board for patients to interact with other patients.

Updated 9 Jan 2013

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CPAP Assistance Program

A program to provide gently used PAP devices to those who have no insurance or their insurance does not cover equipment.

Updated 9 Jan 2013

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Blogs

Executive Director Blog

The ASAA Executive Director keeps a sometime journal of his activities.

Updated 9 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Sleep Apnea" returned 1819 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effects of three month nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment on electrocardiographic, echocardiographic and overnight polysomnographic parameters in newly diagnosed moderate/severe obstructive sleep apnea patients.
 

Author(s): Davran Cicek, Akif Serhat Balcioğlu, Hüseyin Lakadamyali, Haldun Müderrisoğlu

Journal: Int Heart J. 2015 ;56(1):94-9.

 

The objective of the study was to determine the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) therapy on left ventricular (LV) function and electrocardiographic parameters in newly diagnosed moderate/severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients without cardiovascular ...

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2015

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New clinical staging for pharyngeal surgery in obstructive sleep apnea patients.
 

Author(s): Tatiana Aguiar Vidigal, Fernanda Louise Martinho Haddad, Rafael Ferreira Pacheco Cabral, Maria Claudia Soares Oliveira, Ricardo Rodrigues Cavalcante, Lia Rita Azeredo Bittencourt, Sergio Tufik, Luis Carlos Gregório

Journal: Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ;80(6):490-6.

 

The success of pharyngeal surgery in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome depends on the appropriate selection of patients.

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2014

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Apnea-induced rapid eye movement sleep disruption impairs human spatial navigational memory.
 

Author(s): Andrew W Varga, Akifumi Kishi, Janna Mantua, Jason Lim, Viachaslau Koushyk, David P Leibert, Ricardo S Osorio, David M Rapoport, Indu Ayappa

Journal: J. Neurosci.. 2014 Oct;34(44):14571-7.

 

Hippocampal electrophysiology and behavioral evidence support a role for sleep in spatial navigational memory, but the role of particular sleep stages is less clear. Although rodent models suggest the importance of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in spatial navigational memory, a similar ...

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Sleep Apnea" returned 250 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mechanisms and clinical consequences of untreated central sleep apnea in heart failure.
 

Author(s): Maria Rosa Costanzo, Rami Khayat, Piotr Ponikowski, Ralph Augostini, Christoph Stellbrink, Marcus Mianulli, William T Abraham

Journal: J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.. 2015 Jan;65(1):72-84.

 

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is a highly prevalent, though often unrecognized, comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). Data from HF population studies suggest that it may present in 30% to 50% of HF patients. CSA is recognized as an important contributor to the progression of ...

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2015

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The linkage of allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea.
 

Author(s): Naricha Chirakalwasan, Kiat Ruxrungtham

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):276-86.

 

Rhinitis can be divided into allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. Rhinitis, particularly allergic rhinitis, has been shown to be associated with obstructive sleep apnea; a condition characterized by repetitive upper airway obstruction during sleep. Allergic rhinitis increases the risk ...

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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Effect of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome on lipid profile: a meta-regression analysis.
 

Author(s): Rashid Nadeem, Mukesh Singh, Mahwish Nida, Irfan Waheed, Adnan Khan, Saeed Ahmed, Jawed Naseem, Daniel Champeau

Journal:

 

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and dyslipidemia, which may be related to decrease androgen levels found in OSA patients. Dyslipidemia may contribute to atherosclerosis leading to increasing risk of heart disease.

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Testing the Elevation as Sleep Apnea Treatment
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Sleep Apnea Syndromes; Sleep

 

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2014

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Effect of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome on Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Risk in PCOS Adolescents
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Sleep Apnea

 

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2014

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Non-Inferiority Study of the FRESCA Mask Versus Existing CPAP Mask for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Sleep Apnea; OSA

 

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2015

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