Silicosis

Common Name(s)

Silicosis

Silicosis is a respiratory disease caused by breathing in (inhaling) silica dust. There are three types of silicosis:

Simple chronic silicosis, the most common type of silicosis, results from long-term exposure (usually more than 20 years) to low amounts of silica dust. Simple chronic silicosis may cause people to have difficulty breathing.  Accelerated silicosis occurs after 5 to 15 years of exposure of higher levels of silica. Swelling of the lungs and other symptoms occur faster in this type of silicosis than in the simple chronic form.  Acute silicosis results from short-term exposure of large amounts of silica. The lungs become very inflamed and can fill with fluid, causing severe shortness of breath and low blood oxygen levels. Acute silicosis progresses rapidly and can be fatal within months. 

People who work in jobs where they are exposed to silica dust (mining, quarrying, construction, sand blasting, stone cutting) are at risk of developing this condition.

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Silicosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Silicosis" returned 227 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effect of Xinjiang Uyghur Vernonia anthelmintica Willd Injection Treatment with Silicosis Fibrosis.
 

Author(s): Guitao Liu, Yingjia Liu, Lu Jin, Cuidong Li, Liping Nie, Yanhua Wei, Wenyu Wang, Yuhong Xu, Nuziguli Nusilaiti, Ping Hua, Xiujuan Li, Xiaohua Wang, Wenlong Wei, Hamulati Wufuer

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():5139651.

 

Objective. To observe the curative effect of VAWI on Xinjiang Uygur patients with silicosis fibrosis. Methods. After we diagnosed the 40 patients with the first phase of silicosis, we randomly divided them into two groups: the basic treatment group (group A, n = 20) and the VAWI group ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2016

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Surveillance for Silicosis - Michigan and New Jersey, 2003-2011.
 

Author(s): Patricia L Schleiff, Jacek M Mazurek, Mary Jo Reilly, Kenneth D Rosenman, Martha B Yoder, Margaret E Lumia, Karen Worthington

Journal:

 

CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2016

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Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker effect among gold miners in South Africa: a prevalence study with follow up of employment status.
 

Author(s): David Knight, Rodney Ehrlich, Katherine Fielding, Hannah Jeffery, Alison Grant, Gavin Churchyard

Journal:

 

Given the intimate association between silicosis and tuberculosis, understanding the epidemiology of the South African gold mining industry silicosis epidemic is essential to current initiatives to control both silicosis and tuberculosis in this population, one of the most heavily ...

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Silicosis" returned 15 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Introduction: 'dying for gold': the effects of mineral miningon HIV, tuberculosis, silicosis, and occupational diseases in southern Africa.
 

Author(s): David Stuckler, Sarah Steele, Mark Lurie, Sanjay Basu

Journal: Int J Health Serv. 2013 ;43(4):639-49.

 

Mineral mining is among the world's most hazardous occupations. It is especially dangerous in southern Africa, where mining activity is a leading cause of HIV and tuberculosis epidemics. Inside mines, silica dust exposure causes long-term pulmonary damage. Living conditions are often ...

Last Updated: 8 Jan 2014

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A stone miner with both silicosis and constrictive pericarditis: case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Yajian Jiang, Fangchun Shao

Journal:

 

The working environment of stone miners has been believed to cause their susceptibility to respiratory diseases. Silicosis is an occupational disease caused by exposure to crystalline silica dust which is marked by inflammation and scarring in the lung. The immune system boosted after ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2013

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Tuberculosis and silicosis: epidemiology, diagnosis and chemoprophylaxis.
 

Author(s): Carlos Eduardo Galvão Barboza, Daniel Hugo Winter, Márcia Seiscento, Ubiratan de Paula Santos, Mário Terra Filho

Journal: J Bras Pneumol. 2008 Nov;34(11):959-66.

 

Silicosis, the most prevalent of the pneumoconioses, is caused by inhalation of crystalline silica particles. Silica-exposed workers, with or without silicosis, are at increased risk for tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteria-related diseases. The risk of a patient with silicosis ...

Last Updated: 22 Dec 2008

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Comprehensive Risk Assessment of People With Silicosis: A Population-based Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Silicosis

 

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2016

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Efficacy of Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid for Tuberculosis Prevention
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Silicosis; Tuberculosis

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2015

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