Shigellosis

Common Name(s)

Shigellosis

Shigellosis is a contagious illness caused by the Shigella bacterium. There are four different types of Shigella which cause diarrhea. The bacteria are present in the fecal matter (bowel movement) of infected individuals. Shigella bacteria are often spread by touching contaminated hands to the mouth, by eating/drinking contaminated food or water, or through person to person contact. Shigella cannot live outside the body for long. Children, childcare workers, and those with weak immune systems are the most likely to be infected. However, not all infected people develop symptoms.

Symptoms of shigellosis begin 1 to 2 days after exposure to the bacteria and may include fever, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. Symptoms generally last 5 to 7 days. Shigellosis may be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are common to other illnesses. Lab tests of the stool or fecal matter can determine the bacteria type and if antibiotics will help.

Complications include post-infectious arthritis, blood stream infections, seizures, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Post-infectious arthritis symptoms include joint pain, eye irritation, and painful urination, which may last only a few months or may be permanent. Blood stream infections usually occur in individuals with weak immune systems by germs entering the blood stream through damaged lining of the intestines. Children with a high fever may experience seizures. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome occurs when bacteria in the digestive system produce toxins to destroy red blood cells, causing bloody diarrhea.

Treatment for shigellosis includes drinking fluids and rest. In most cases, the body will clear the bacterial infection on its own. Antibiotics may be used in severe cases, although some Shigella bacteria are resistant. Common hygiene methods such as washing hands with soap can reduce the spread of shigellosis. If you are suffering from shigellosis, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Shigellosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Shigellosis" returned 141 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical and microbiological profiles of shigellosis in children.
 

Author(s): A V Sangeetha, Subhash Chandra Parija, Iharna Mandal, Sriram Krishnamurthy

Journal: J Health Popul Nutr. 2014 Dec;32(4):580-6.

 

Shigellosis presents with varied clinical features are dictated by the species involved, virulence factors of the strain, and the host immune status. We studied the species, virulence genes, and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the Shigella strains isolated from 33 children aged ...

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2015

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Shigellosis in Poland in 2012.
 

Author(s): Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz, Anna Baumann-Popczyk

Journal: Przegl Epidemiol. 2014 ;68(2):223-5, 339-40.

 

Shigellosis according to European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) Report is registered in all countries of the European Union (EU) and of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) with exception of Italy and Luxemburg. The incidence rate in Poland below 0.1/100 000 of population ...

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2014

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Risk factors for diarrhea hospitalization in Bangladesh, 2000-2008: a case-case study of cholera and shigellosis.
 

Author(s): Danny V Colombara, Abu S G Faruque, Karen D Cowgill, Jonathan D Mayer

Journal:

 

Cholera and shigellosis are endemic on the Indian subcontinent. Our objective was to identify cholera-specific risk factors distinct from shigellosis risk factors.

Last Updated: 21 Aug 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Shigellosis" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Causative species and serotypes of shigellosis in mainland China: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Zhili Chang, Shuting Lu, Lihong Chen, Qi Jin, Jian Yang

Journal: PLoS ONE. 2012 ;7(12):e52515.

 

Shigella, the causative agent of shigellosis, is a major global public health concern, particularly in developing countries with poor sanitation. A comprehensive and current understanding of the prevalent species and serotypes of shigellosis is essential for both disease prevention ...

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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Decrease in shigellosis-related deaths without Shigella spp.-specific interventions, Asia.
 

Author(s): Pradip Bardhan, A S G Faruque, Aliya Naheed, David A Sack

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2010 Nov;16(11):1718-23.

 

In 1999, a review of the literature for 1966-1997 suggested that ≈1.1 million persons die annually of shigellosis, including ≈880,000 in Asia. Our recent review of the literature for 1990-2009 indicates that ≈125 million shigellosis cases occur annually in Asia, of which ≈14,000 ...

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2010

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Shigellosis: an old disease in new clothes?
 

Author(s): Philippe J Sansonetti

Journal: PLoS Med.. 2006 Sep;3(9):e354.

 

Last Updated: 29 Nov 2006

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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Safety and Immunogenicity of Two Live, Attenuated Oral Shigella Sonnei Vaccines: WRSs2 and WRSs3
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Shigella Infection

 

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2015

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Diagnosis of Neglected Tropical Diseases Among Patients With Persistent Digestive Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis; Schistosomiasis; Strongyloidiasis; Shigellosis; Intestinal Salmonellosis; Campylobacteriosis; Aeromonas Spp. Infections; Giardiasis; Amoebiasis; Dientamoebiasis; Cryptosporidium Spp. Infections

 

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2015

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