Seizures

Common Name(s)

Seizures, Epileptic seizure

Seizures occur when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Chemical changes in our nerve cells trigger the electrical activity in our body. Brain cells either trigger or stop other brain cells from sending messages throughout the body. During a seizure there is either too much or too little activity going on in the brain cells. This causes the sudden electrical activity that leads to seizures. Since there are different types of seizures, the location of the abnormal activity in the brain sets one seizure apart from another.

Non-epileptic seizures are seizures that occur from injuries. In partial seizures, the abnormal activity occurs in only one side of the brain. This results in only one side of the body experiencing the seizure. Generalized seizures affect both sides of the brain. Each seizure has different symptoms. Brief blackout, twitching and jerking movements, sudden falling, shaking of the entire body, sudden eye movements, change in behavior, loss of bladder control, loss of speech control, and teeth clenching are a few symptoms of seizures.

Seizures are often a symptom of other health conditions. They may result from high fever, head injury, infections, trauma, stroke, drug abuse, electric shock, extremely high blood pressure, alcohol withdrawal, and drug withdrawal. Doctors diagnose seizures by running a test called electroencephalogram (EEG). This test checks the brain for unusual electrical activity. There are many types of medications available to treat this condition. If medication does not work, then surgery may be an option. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment plan is best for you. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Seizures" for support, advocacy or research.

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Epilepsy Foundation - Home Office

The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to stop seizures and SUDEP, find a cure and overcome the challenges created by epilepsy through efforts including education, advocacy and research to accelerate ideas into therapies.

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2015

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Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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Zellweger Baby Support Network

This organization was started by a small group of parents whose lives have been affected in some way by a rare disorder. Our gift, in honor of our children, was to start this site, so we can help families and to raise awareness of these rare disorders. If your child has been diagnosed with Zellweger syndrome, a peroxisomal disorder or another rare disorder, we are here to help you. You are not alone! Our mission is to promote, advance, and improve awareness of Zellweger syndrome and other peroxisomal disorders, to assist, support, and aid, financially or otherwise, individuals and families affected by Zellweger syndrome. We will help you learn more about these disorders. We will provide emotional support, and we can help you to create a journal site for your child so that family and friends can be kept up to date on your child. We will pray with you and for you as you journey through life with your special angel. We know this is a hard time for you; you want answers, informa

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Seizures" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Epilepsy Foundation - Home Office

The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to stop seizures and SUDEP, find a cure and overcome the challenges created by epilepsy through efforts including education, advocacy and research to accelerate ideas into therapies.

http://www.epilepsy.com

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2015

View Details
Logo
Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

http://www.simonsvipconnect.org

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details
Logo
Zellweger Baby Support Network

This organization was started by a small group of parents whose lives have been affected in some way by a rare disorder. Our gift, in honor of our children, was to start this site, so we can help families and to raise awareness of these rare disorders. If your child has been diagnosed with Zellweger syndrome, a peroxisomal disorder or another rare disorder, we are here to help you. You are not alone! Our mission is to promote, advance, and improve awareness of Zellweger syndrome and other peroxisomal disorders, to assist, support, and aid, financially or otherwise, individuals and families affected by Zellweger syndrome. We will help you learn more about these disorders. We will provide emotional support, and we can help you to create a journal site for your child so that family and friends can be kept up to date on your child. We will pray with you and for you as you journey through life with your special angel. We know this is a hard time for you; you want answers, informa

http://www.zbsn.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Seizures" returned 2659 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Integration of 24 Feature Types to Accurately Detect and Predict Seizures Using Scalp EEG Signals.
 

Author(s): Yinda Zhang, Shuhan Yang, Yang Liu, Yexian Zhang, Bingfeng Han, Fengfeng Zhou

Journal:

 

The neurological disorder epilepsy causes substantial problems to the patients with uncontrolled seizures or even sudden deaths. Accurate detection and prediction of epileptic seizures will significantly improve the life quality of epileptic patients. Various feature extraction algorithms ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Association between BACE1 gene polymorphisms and focal seizures in a Chinese Han population.
 

Author(s): Guangsheng Yang, Haidong Wang, Xin He, Pengfei Xu, Ruili Dang, Qingyan Feng, Pei Jiang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e0222.

 

Beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) is attracting increasing attention for its vital role in pathogenesis of many neuropsychiatric disorders and many studies also have indicated BACE1 as a possible risk factor for seizures, but not any studies have reported association between BACE1 gene polymorphisms ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clustering of spontaneous recurrent seizures separated by long seizure-free periods: An extended video-EEG monitoring study of a pilocarpine mouse model.
 

Author(s): Jung-Ah Lim, Jangsup Moon, Tae-Joon Kim, Jin-Sun Jun, Byeongsu Park, Jung-Ick Byun, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Kyung-Il Park, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Ki-Young Jung, Manho Kim, Daejong Jeon, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee

Journal:

 

Seizure clustering is a common and significant phenomenon in patients with epilepsy. The clustering of spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRSs) in animal models of epilepsy, including mouse pilocarpine models, has been reported. However, most studies have analyzed seizures for a short ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Seizures" returned 353 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Oral contraceptives caused venous sinus thrombosis complicated with cerebral artery infarction and secondary epileptic seizures: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Feng Xu, Cuifang Liu, Xiaobo Huang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e9383.

 

Venous sinus thrombosis is a special type of cerebrovascular disease. Its incidence is low and its symptoms are lack of specificity. And its early diagnosis and treatment are very difficult.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[The management of patients with new epileptic seizures in the early period after resection of hemispheric tumors: two case reports and a literature review].
 

Author(s): E Yu Sokolova, I A Savin, A B Kadasheva, A V Gavryushin, D I Pitskhelauri, A V Kozlov, K N Lapteva, V V Podlepich

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. ;81(5):96-103.

 

Epileptic seizures developing for the first time after a neurosurgical intervention (de novo seizures) are a challenge for choosing an optimal treatment. The pathogenesis of these seizures is often associated with factors that become inactive in the early postoperative period. These ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Metabolic and Homeostatic Changes in Seizures and Acquired Epilepsy-Mitochondria, Calcium Dynamics and Reactive Oxygen Species.
 

Author(s): Stjepana Kovac, Albena T Dinkova Kostova, Alexander M Herrmann, Nico Melzer, Sven G Meuth, Ali Gorji

Journal:

 

Acquired epilepsies can arise as a consequence of brain injury and result in unprovoked seizures that emerge after a latent period of epileptogenesis. These epilepsies pose a major challenge to clinicians as they are present in the majority of patients seen in a common outpatient ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Levetiracetam Treatment of Neonatal Seizures
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neonatal Seizures

 

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2018

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Last Updated: 31 Jan 2018

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Epidemiology Study on Neonatal Seizure
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Seizures

 

Last Updated: 17 Oct 2017

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