Scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that usually occurs during a growth spurt before puberty. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe and can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. Indicators of scoliosis are uneven shoulders, waist, and hips. The cause of scoliosis is largly unknown, however it may be hereditary. Scoliosis is less commonly a result of cerebral palsy, birth defects affecting the development of the spine, and injuries or infections of the spine.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

http://www.CSFinfo.org

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

http://www.scoliosis.org/

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 1079 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Experience in Perioperative Management of Patients Undergoing Posterior Spine Fusion for Neuromuscular Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Sébastien Pesenti, Benjamin Blondel, Emilie Peltier, Franck Launay, Stéphane Fuentes, Gérard Bollini, Elke Viehweger, Jean-Luc Jouve

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():3053056.

 

The objective of this investigation was to determine the outcome of spine fusion for neuromuscular (NM) scoliosis, using Unit Rod technique, with emphasis on complications related to preoperative general health. Between 1997 and 2007, 96 consecutive patients with neuromuscular scoliosis ...

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2017

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Effect of Melatonin and Calmodulin in an Idiopathic Scoliosis Model.
 

Author(s): Jun-Zhe Wu, Wen-Hua Wu, Li-Jiang He, Qing-Feng Ke, Long Huang, Zhang-Sheng Dai, Yu Chen

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():8460291.

 

Background. To explore influence of continuous illumination, luzindole, and Tamoxifen on incidence of scoliosis model of rats. Methods. Thirty-two one-month-old female rats were rendered into bipedal rats. The bipedal rats were divided into 4 groups: group A by intraperitoneal injection ...

Last Updated: 2 Jan 2017

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Revision surgery for curve progression after implant removal following posterior fusion only at a young age in the treatment of congenital scoliosis: A case report.
 

Author(s): Dong-Gune Chang, Jae Hyuk Yang, Jung-Hee Lee, Jung-Sub Lee, Seung-Woo Suh, Jin-Hyok Kim, Seung-Yeol Oh, Woojin Cho, Jong-Beom Park, Se-Il Suk

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov;95(47):e5266.

 

Congenital scoliosis due to a hemivertebra creates a wedge-shaped deformity, which progresses and causes severe spinal deformities as an individual grows. The treatment of congenital scoliosis focuses on early diagnosis and appropriate surgical management before the development of severe deformity.

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 99 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma: A case report of delayed diagnosis and literature review.
 

Author(s): Haiping Zhang, Xingbang Niu, Biao Wang, Simin He, Dingjun Hao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov;95(47):e5362.

 

Lumbar osteoid osteoma has a low incidence, which could easily lead to scoliosis.

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Successful surgical treatment of scoliosis secondary to Guillain-Barré syndrome: Case report.
 

Author(s): Zheng Li, Jianxiong Shen, Jinqian Liang, Fan Feng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jun;95(26):e3775.

 

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy that mostly affects the peripheral nervous system. Little is reported about spinal deformity associated with GBS. This study aims to present a case of scoliosis occurring in the setting ...

Last Updated: 2 Jul 2016

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[Degenerative adult scoliosis].
 

Author(s): C L García-Ramos, C A Obil-Chavarría, B Zárate-Kalfópulos, L M Rosales-Olivares, A Alpizar-Aguirre, A A Reyes-Sánchez

Journal: Acta Ortop Mex. ;29(2):127-38.

 

Adult scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional rotational deformity of the spine, resulting from the progressive degeneration of the vertebral elements in middle age, in a previously straight spine; a Cobb angle greater than 10° in the coronal plane, which also alters the sagittal ...

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Robotic vs. Freehand Corrective Surgery for Pediatric Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2016

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Predictive Progressive Factors of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 19 Sep 2016

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Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2016

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