Scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that usually occurs during a growth spurt before puberty. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe and can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. Indicators of scoliosis are uneven shoulders, waist, and hips. The cause of scoliosis is largly unknown, however it may be hereditary. Scoliosis is less commonly a result of cerebral palsy, birth defects affecting the development of the spine, and injuries or infections of the spine.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

http://www.CSFinfo.org

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

http://www.scoliosis.org/

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 1113 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Comparative Study of Sagittal Balance in Patients with Neuromuscular Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Paulo Alvim Borges, Flávio Gerardo Benites Zelada, Thiago Felipe Dos Santos Barros, Olavo Biraghi Letaif, Ivan Dias da Rocha, Raphael Martus Marcon, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante, Tarcíso Eloy Pessoa Barros-Filho

Journal: Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 Aug;72(8):481-484.

 

Spinopelvic alignment has been associated with improved quality of life in patients with vertebral deformities, and it helps to compensate for imbalances in gait. Although surgical treatment of scoliosis in patients with neuromuscular spinal deformities promotes correction of coronal ...

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2017

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Distal adding-on phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with thoracolumbar vertebra fusion: A case-control study.
 

Author(s): Wei Xu, Chao Chen, Yifan Li, Changwei Yang, Ming Li, Zhikun Li, Xiaodong Zhu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(38):e8099.

 

The adding-on phenomenon is a common complication in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients after correction surgery. However, the risk factors of previous studies and the optimal treatment strategies remain controversial. The aim of this study was to identify new risk factors ...

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2017

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Fractional curve progression with maintenance of fusion mass in congenital scoliosis: An 18-year follow-up of a case report.
 

Author(s): Dong-Gune Chang, Jae Hyuk Yang, Se-Il Suk, Seung-Woo Suh, Jin-Hyok Kim, Seung-Joo Lee, Ki-Ho Na, Jung-Hee Lee

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(36):e7746.

 

The management of congenital scoliosis concentrates on early diagnosis and proper surgical treatment before the development of severe deformities. Decision making regarding the appropriate fusion levels, proper surgical treatment, and reduction amount of kyphoscoliosis is very important ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 99 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations.
 

Author(s): Ming Luo, Ning Li, Mingkui Shen, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7337.

 

Incidence of complications and reoperations between pedicle screw (PS) and hybrid instrumentations (HI) are still controversial in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare overall complications, reoperations, and ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

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[Early form of Wilkie's syndrome: a rare complication of scoliosis surgery, about a case and review of the literature].
 

Author(s): Mamadou Mour Traore, Pape Alassane Leye, Mamadou Diawo Bah, Charles Valérie Alain Kinkpe, Pape Ibrahima Ndiaye, Mohamed Daffe, Alpha Omar Toure, Oumar Kane

Journal:

 

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a rare complication occurring after surgical treatment for scoliosis. Surgical correction of the scoliotic spine produces vertical traction on the mesenteric artery and the narrowing of the aortomesenteric angle, hence the compression of the ...

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2017

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Scoliosis secondary to lumbar osteoid osteoma: A case report of delayed diagnosis and literature review.
 

Author(s): Haiping Zhang, Xingbang Niu, Biao Wang, Simin He, Dingjun Hao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov;95(47):e5362.

 

Lumbar osteoid osteoma has a low incidence, which could easily lead to scoliosis.

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Robotic vs. Freehand Corrective Surgery for Pediatric Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 16 Aug 2017

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Predictive Progressive Factors of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2017

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Scoliosis Shared Decision Making
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 5 Apr 2017

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