Schizophrenia

Common Name(s)

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental illness which affects social behavior and the ability to determine what is real. It is a lifelong, serious illness. Schizophrenia affects people of all genders, races, social classes and cultures. In total, the condition affects about 51 million people worldwide. Types include paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, residual, and schizoaffective.

Symptoms may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior, and negative symptoms such as social withdrawal, poor hygiene and lack of inhibition. Symptoms often begin between the ages of 16 and 25 and may occur earlier in males. Schizophrenia may also cause problems with memory, attention and socialization.

The causes of schizophrenia are poorly understood but are believed to be caused by both genetics and the environment. Several genes when damaged are known to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia, but more are expected to be found. Other risk factors include exposure to malnutrition or viral infections before birth; heavy, frequent use of marijuana by teens and young adults; and problems with certain brain chemicals or neurotransmitters (dopamine and glutamate). Other factors which affect brain development may also be involved.

Diagnosis is made by examining the symptoms and ruling out other possible causes. Treatment includes antipsychotic medication and medications to help treat anxiety and depression. Group therapy may also be helpful. Treatment is lifelong, but it is often difficult to keep someone with schizophrenia on medications. Self-medication with street drugs is common. Suicide is a real concern. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with schizophrenia, talk to your psychiatrist, psychologist or therapist about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help explain risks to other family members. Support groups are also good resources and can connect you with others affected by schizophrenia.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Schizophrenia" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Schizophrenia" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details
Logo
Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

http://www.simonsvipconnect.org

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Schizophrenia

A brochure for individuals and families discussing symptoms, causes, treatment and recovery supports.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Schizophrenia" returned 6050 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[The role of a psychiatrist in treatment and recovery process of persons suffering from schizophrenia].
 

Author(s): Maryla Sawicka, Katarzyna Charzyńska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. ;49(2):377-89.

 

Research results indicate that possibility of building a therapeutic relationship in schizophrenia treatment facilitates better functioning, more effective reduction in psychotic symptoms and fulfillment of patients' personal goals. The aim of the present study was to investigate ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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[The stabilizing effect of dehydroepiandrosterone on clinical parameters of metabolic syndrome in patients with schizophrenia treated with olanzapine - a randomized, double-blind trial].
 

Author(s): Justyna Anna Holka-Pokorska, Rafał Radzio, Marek Jarema, Adam Wichniak

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. ;49(2):363-76.

 

Epidemiological studies have shown that low levels of dehydroepiandrosterone might increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation in schizophrenic patients treated with olanzapine would influence ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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[Internal capsule integrity and its sex-related structural differences in early-onset schizophrenia - diffusion tensor imaging study].
 

Author(s): Marta Gawłowska, Jolanta Rabe-Jabłońska, Piotr Gębski, Piotr Chomczyński

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. ;49(2):349-61.

 

In schizophrenia, the most repeatable DTI findings concern reduced FA in temporal and frontal lobes with associated abnormalities in connecting neural fibers. The goal of study was to evaluate the differences in FA of the internal capsule in EOS-patients and healthy controls and to ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Schizophrenia" returned 1285 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Perception of physiological visual illusions by individuals with schizophrenia].
 

Author(s): Słowomir Ciszewski, Hubert Michał Wichowicz, Krzysztof Żuk

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. ;49(2):325-36.

 

Visual perception by individuals with schizophrenia has not been extensively researched. The focus of this review is the perception of physiological visual illusions by patients with schizophrenia, a differences of perception reported in a small number of studies. Increased or decreased ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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Pain manifestations in schizophrenia - clinical and experimental aspects in human patients and animal models.
 

Author(s): Iulia Antioch, Alin Ciobica, Manuel Paulet, Veronica Bild, Radu Lefter, Daniel Timofte

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2015 Jun;27(2):142-52.

 

Pain is a subjective phenomenon, not fully understood, which is manifesting abnormally in most of the disorders. Also, in the case of schizophrenia, a psychiatric disorder marked by gross distortion from reality, disturbances in thinking, feeling and behavior, pain behaves in an unpredictable ...

Last Updated: 10 Jun 2015

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Investigating the benefits of sport participation for individuals with schizophrenia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Andrew Soundy, Carolyn Roskell, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, Davy Vancampfort

Journal: Psychiatr Danub. 2015 Mar;27(1):2-13.

 

The purpose of this review was to consider the impact of being introduced to a sport and sport participation on (a) weight loss and psychiatric symptoms, (b) any other health benefits in people with schizophrenia, supported by quantitative and qualitative findings.

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Long-acting Risperidone Microspheres in Patients With Schizophrenia or Other Psychotic Disorders When Switching From Typical Antipsychotic (Oral/Depot) or Atypical Oral Other Than Risperidone
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Schizophrenia, Catatonic; Schizophrenia, Disorganized; Schizophrenia, Paranoid; Schizophrenia; Psychotic Disorders

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2010

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RISE (Rehabilitation Intervention for People With Schizophrenia in Ethiopia)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder; Schizophrenia; Schizoaffective Disorder; Schizophreniform Disorder

 

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2015

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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in Patients With Super Refractory Schizophrenia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Refractory Schizophrenia; Super Refractory Schizophrenia

 

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2014

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