Rubella

Common Name(s)

Rubella

Rubella is a contagious infection that occurs most often in children and young adults. Symptoms of the disease include rash, low fever, nausea, swollen lymph glands behind the ears and in the neck, and mild pink eye. In adults, symptoms may also include arthritis and painful joints. While rubella is generally mild in children, it can have serious consequences in pregnant women. Pregnant women who are infected early in pregnancy have a 90% chance of passing the virus onto the fetus, which can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, fetal death, or severe birth defects known as congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella is preventable by vaccination.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rubella" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rubella" returned 1211 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rubella in Poland in 2012.
 

Author(s): Justyna Rogalska

Journal: Przegl Epidemiol. 2014 ;68(2):195-9, 319-21.

 

In 2004, Poland has adopted the WHO goal of rubella elimination and congenital rubella syndrome prevention. Participation in the rubella elimination program requires clinical diagnosis of rubella to be confirmed with laboratory test. In Poland, until 2003, national vaccination recommendation ...

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2014

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Risk of febrile seizures after first dose of measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine: a population-based cohort study.
 

Author(s): Shannon E MacDonald, Douglas C Dover, Kimberley A Simmonds, Lawrence W Svenson

Journal: CMAJ. 2014 Aug;186(11):824-9.

 

The combination measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine currently used in Canada (Priorix-Tetra) may increase the risk of febrile seizures relative to the separate vaccines (MMR and varicella) previously administered. We determined the risk of febrile seizure after the first ...

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2014

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Effects of campaign for postpartum vaccination on seronegative rate against rubella among Japanese women.
 

Author(s): Takahiro Yamada, Junko Mochizuki, Masachi Hanaoka, Eriko Hashimoto, Akihide Ohkuchi, Mika Ito, Takahiko Kubo, Akihito Nakai, Shigeru Saito, Nobuya Unno, Shigeki Matsubara, Hisanori Minakami

Journal:

 

Japan experienced two rubella outbreaks in the past decade (2004 and 2012-2013), resulting in 10 and 20 infants with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), respectively. This study was performed to determine whether the seronegative rate was lower in multiparous women than in primiparous women in Japan.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rubella" returned 43 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Health economics of rubella: a systematic review to assess the value of rubella vaccination.
 

Author(s): Joseph B Babigumira, Ian Morgan, Ann Levin

Journal:

 

Most cases of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) occur in low- and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently recommended that countries accelerate the uptake of rubella vaccination and the GAVI Alliance is now supporting large scale measles-rubella ...

Last Updated: 6 May 2013

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Targeting rubella for elimination.
 

Author(s): Davendra K Taneja, Pragya Sharma

Journal: Indian J Public Health. ;56(4):269-72.

 

Rubella is an acute, usually mild viral disease. However, when rubella infection occurs just before conception or during the first 8-10 weeks of gestation, it causes multiple fetal defects in up to 90% of cases, known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). It may result in fetal wastage, ...

Last Updated: 28 Jan 2013

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Burden of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) in India: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Pooja Dewan, Piyush Gupta

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2012 May;49(5):377-99.

 

Rubella, though a mild, vaccine-preventable disease, can manifest with severe teratogenic effects in the fetus labeled as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) due to primary maternal rubella infection. Despite a reduction in disease burden of several vaccine-preventable diseases through ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study, to Evaluate Safety and Imunogenicity of Double Viral Vaccine (MR) for Measles and Rubella
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Rubella; Measles

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2014

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Last Updated: 24 Jan 2013

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Last Updated: 13 Nov 2014

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