Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term), inflammatory condition affecting the airways. The causes of asthma may be environmental, genetic, or both.

There are many risk factors that may increase the chances of having asthma, some of which can be controlled but others cannot. In childhood, males are more likely to have asthma than females but this trend reverses in adulthood. Allergic hypersensitivity (atopy) and sleep apnea often coexist with asthma. Obesity, cigarette smoking, pregnancy, and environmental factors such as pollution, cold air, or high humidity may also be risk factors for asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Symptoms often come and go and there can be different triggers for acute (sudden, severe) attacks in different people. When there is a trigger (typically allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, mold etc.), inflammation of the airways occurs. The muscles in that area tighten up making a smaller opening for air to pass through. This tightening causes breathing difficulties and common symptoms. Many people with asthma also have a personal or family history of allergies, hay fever, or eczema. There is no diagnostic test for asthma, but through examining symptoms, risk factors, and response to appropriate therapies, one may be diagnosed with the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma at this time. However, there are management options that can limit or improve the response to the symptoms including medications and life style changes. Most people with asthma lead normal lives. If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 10839 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Adult Onset Asthma and Periocular Xanthogranuloma (AAPOX), a Rare Entity With a Strong Link to IgG4-Related Disease: An Observational Case Report Study.
 

Author(s): Jonathan London, Antoine Martin, Michael Soussan, Isabelle Badelon, Thomas Gille, Yurdagul Uzunhan, Bénédicte Giroux-Leprieur, Ursula Warzocha, Alexis Régent, Olivier Galatoire, Robin Dhote, Sébastien Abad

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(43):e1916.

 

Adult onset asthma and periocular xanthogranuloma (AAPOX) is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis characterized histopathologically by a periocular infiltration of foamy histiocytes and Touton giant cells. Benign hyperplasia with plasma cell infiltration is classically described in ...

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2015

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Childhood wheezing, asthma, allergy, atopy, and lung function: different socioeconomic patterns for different phenotypes.
 

Author(s): Bruna Galobardes, Raquel Granell, Jonathan Sterne, Rachael Hughes, Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, George Davey Smith, John Henderson

Journal: Am. J. Epidemiol.. 2015 Nov;182(9):763-74.

 

Identifying preventable exposures that lead to asthma and associated allergies has proved challenging, partly because of the difficulty in differentiating phenotypes that define homogeneous disease groups. Understanding the socioeconomic patterns of disease phenotypes can help distinguish ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Impairment of Venous Drainage on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Secondary to Air Trapping in Acute Asphyxial Asthma.
 

Author(s): Kevin S Niimi, Leslie S Lewis, Jeffrey J Fanning

Journal: J Extra Corpor Technol. 2015 Jun;47(2):109-12.

 

The inability to adequately support a patient on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) due to impaired drainage is not an uncommon occurrence during support. Typically, the causes include hypovolemia, kinks in the circuit, cannula malposition, or inadequate cannula size. In this ...

Last Updated: 28 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1740 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Emerging therapeutic options for the treatment of patients with symptomatic asthma.
 

Author(s): R Andrew McIvor

Journal: Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.. 2015 Oct;115(4):265-271.e5.

 

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways with increasing worldwide prevalence. Despite treatment according to guidelines, a considerable proportion of patients with asthma remain symptomatic. Different potential therapeutic options for the treatment of these patients ...

Last Updated: 5 Oct 2015

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Which individuals are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease and why? Impact of COPD, asthma, smoking, diabetes, and/or chronic heart disease on community-acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease.
 

Author(s): Antoni Torres, Francesco Blasi, Nathalie Dartois, Murat Akova

Journal: Thorax. 2015 Oct;70(10):984-9.

 

Pneumococcal disease (including community-acquired pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease) poses a burden to the community all year round, especially in those with chronic underlying conditions. Individuals with COPD, asthma or who smoke, and those with chronic heart disease ...

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2015

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Distinguishing Asthma Phenotypes Using Machine Learning Approaches.
 

Author(s): Rebecca Howard, Magnus Rattray, Mattia Prosperi, Adnan Custovic

Journal: Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2015 Jul;15(7):38.

 

Asthma is not a single disease, but an umbrella term for a number of distinct diseases, each of which are caused by a distinct underlying pathophysiological mechanism. These discrete disease entities are often labelled as 'asthma endotypes'. The discovery of different asthma subtypes ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Asthma Inflammation Research
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Allergic Asthma; Non-allergic Asthma

 

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2015

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Mixed Asthma With Acute Exacerbation

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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Unravelling Targets of Therapy in Bronchial Thermoplasty in Severe Asthma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Bronchial Asthma

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2016

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