Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term), inflammatory condition affecting the airways. The causes of asthma may be environmental, genetic, or both.

There are many risk factors that may increase the chances of having asthma, some of which can be controlled but others cannot. In childhood, males are more likely to have asthma than females but this trend reverses in adulthood. Allergic hypersensitivity (atopy) and sleep apnea often coexist with asthma. Obesity, cigarette smoking, pregnancy, and environmental factors such as pollution, cold air, or high humidity may also be risk factors for asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Symptoms often come and go and there can be different triggers for acute (sudden, severe) attacks in different people. When there is a trigger (typically allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, mold etc.), inflammation of the airways occurs. The muscles in that area tighten up making a smaller opening for air to pass through. This tightening causes breathing difficulties and common symptoms. Many people with asthma also have a personal or family history of allergies, hay fever, or eczema. There is no diagnostic test for asthma, but through examining symptoms, risk factors, and response to appropriate therapies, one may be diagnosed with the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma at this time. However, there are management options that can limit or improve the response to the symptoms including medications and life style changes. Most people with asthma lead normal lives. If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

View Details
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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 9243 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The correlation between IL-20 and the Th2 immune response in human asthma.
 

Author(s): Jinxiang Wu, Guicheng Wang, Junqing Hao, Wenbin Gong

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):316-20.

 

Interleukin-20 (IL-20) belongs to the IL-10 family, which has been shown to be crucial in immune responses, regulation of inflammatory responses, hemopoiesis, and epidermal cell and keratinocyte differentiation. However, the role of IL-20 in asthma remains unclear. Here, our aim is ...

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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Prevalence of asthma, level of control and factors associated with asthma control in Thai elementary school students in Bangkok.
 

Author(s): Nasamon Wanlapakorn, Suchada Sritippayawan, Jitladda Deerojanawong

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):287-92.

 

Little is known about the level of asthma control in Thai elementary school students living in the inner city of Bangkok. Our study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of asthma, level of asthma control and factors associated with asthma control in Thai students.

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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Update of cytokines and genes in asthma and allergic rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Dec;32(4):275.

 

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1435 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Asthma: pathogenesis and novel drugs for treatment.
 

Author(s): J Tod Olin, Michael E Wechsler

Journal:

 

Asthma affects almost 20 million people in the United States and more than 300 million people worldwide. Of these, 10-15% have severe asthma, which is refractory to commonly available drugs. New drugs are needed because those that are currently available cannot control symptoms and ...

Last Updated: 25 Nov 2014

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[Work-related asthma--diagnostics and follow-up].
 

Author(s): Tor Olav Brøvig Aasen, Johny Kongerud

Journal:

 

Approximately 10-15% of all cases of asthma occurring in adults can be ascribed to exposure at work. Work-related asthma (WRA) includes cases that represent an exacerbation of pre-existing asthma as well as occupational asthma where exposure at work is the cause of the disease. Somewhat ...

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2014

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Emerging issues in pediatric asthma: gaps in EPR-3 guidelines for infants and children.
 

Author(s): Daniel J Jackson

Journal: Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2014 Dec;14(12):477.

 

There are many complexities to the treatment of infants and children with recurrent wheezing and asthma. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's (NHLBI's) Expert Panel Report-3 (EPR-3), published in 2007, provides guidance to clinicians who care for infants and children with ...

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Asthma Inflammation Research
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Allergic Asthma; Non-allergic Asthma

 

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2015

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Last Updated: 10 Sep 2013

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Mixed Asthma With Acute Exacerbation

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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