Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term), inflammatory condition affecting the airways. The causes of asthma may be environmental, genetic, or both.

There are many risk factors that may increase the chances of having asthma, some of which can be controlled but others cannot. In childhood, males are more likely to have asthma than females but this trend reverses in adulthood. Allergic hypersensitivity (atopy) and sleep apnea often coexist with asthma. Obesity, cigarette smoking, pregnancy, and environmental factors such as pollution, cold air, or high humidity may also be risk factors for asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Symptoms often come and go and there can be different triggers for acute (sudden, severe) attacks in different people. When there is a trigger (typically allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, mold etc.), inflammation of the airways occurs. The muscles in that area tighten up making a smaller opening for air to pass through. This tightening causes breathing difficulties and common symptoms. Many people with asthma also have a personal or family history of allergies, hay fever, or eczema. There is no diagnostic test for asthma, but through examining symptoms, risk factors, and response to appropriate therapies, one may be diagnosed with the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma at this time. However, there are management options that can limit or improve the response to the symptoms including medications and life style changes. Most people with asthma lead normal lives. If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 11056 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

EVALUATION OF THE TREATMENT COSTS OF ASTHMA EXACERBATIONS IN OUTPATIENTS.
 

Author(s): Edyta Rysiak, Aleksandra Kuczyńska, Ilona Zareba, Robert Mróz, Jerzy Pałka

Journal: Acta Pol Pharm. ;73(1):239-45.

 

The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between the costs of controlled and uncontrolled asthma therapy in outpatients care. To determine the efficacy of the medicinal care there was performed a retrospective study on a group of 150 patients. Thirty eight patients have ...

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2016

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Effect of Gubenfangxiao decoction on respiratory syncytial virus-induced asthma and expression of asthma susceptibility gene orosomucoid 1-like protein 3 in mice.
 

Author(s): Zhengguang Huang, Lijuan Gao, Xia Zhao, Hao Ling, Wenjun Chen

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2016 Feb;36(1):101-6.

 

To investigate the effect of Guben-fangxiao decoction (GBFXD) on respiratory-syncytial-virus (RSV)-induced asthma and the expression of asthma susceptibility gene, orosomucoid 1-like protein 3 (ORMDL3) in mice.

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2016

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Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs for tonifying Qi and kidney, and replenishing spleen on intermittent asthma in children aged 2 to 5 years old.
 

Author(s): Yingying Geng, Wenge Wang, Junhong Zhang, Shuying Bi, Hongxia Li, Meijiao Lin

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2016 Feb;36(1):32-8.

 

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbs for tonifying Qi and kidney, and replenishing spleen on intermittent asthma in children aged 2 and 5 years.

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1781 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Can Vitamin D Supplementation in Addition to Asthma Controllers Improve Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Asthma?: A Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Luo, Dan Liu, Chun-Tao Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Dec;94(50):e2185.

 

Effects of vitamin D on acute exacerbation, lung function, and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in patients with asthma are controversial. We aim to further evaluate the roles of vitamin D supplementation in addition to asthma controllers in asthmatics. From 1946 to July 2015, ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2015

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[Effects of asthma and inhaled corticosteroids in children on the final adult height: a systemic review and Meta analysis].
 

Author(s): Lian-Hui Chen, Shan-Shan Chen, Li Liang, Chang-Chong Li

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2015 Nov;17(11):1242-7.

 

To evaluate the effects of asthma and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in children on the final adult height.

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

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Microbiome and Asthma: What Have Experimental Models Already Taught Us?
 

Author(s): R Bonamichi-Santos, M V Aun, R C Agondi, J Kalil, P Giavina-Bianchi

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2015 ;2015():614758.

 

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that imposes a substantial burden on patients, their families, and the community. Although many aspects of the pathogenesis of classical allergic asthma are well known by the scientific community, other points are not yet understood. Experimental ...

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Asthma Inflammation Research
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Allergic Asthma; Non-allergic Asthma

 

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2015

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Childhood Asthma Perception Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Childhood Asthma

 

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2016

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Mixed Asthma With Acute Exacerbation

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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