Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long term) condition which affects the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe. When we breathe, the air we take in goes to our lungs. Our lungs are filled with small airways (tube like structures) which help our body transfer the oxygen from the air we breathe into our blood. Asthma occurs when these airways become inflamed or swollen. The muscles around the airways also become tighter and the airways may fill with thick, sticky mucus. All of these changes make the airway passages much smaller. It becomes harder for the body to get the oxygen we need. Symptoms or asthma attacks may be mild or very severe and may happen only occasionally or quite often. Very severe asthma attacks need immediate medical attention. Some common symptoms include wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), tightness or pain in the chest, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, and coughing. The cause of asthma is believed to be both environmental and genetic. Asthma attacks may be triggered or set off by different allergens (such as pollen, pet dander or mold), colds or other respiratory infections, exercise or physical activity, cold air, air pollution, medications, strong emotions or stress, the hormone changes of a woman’s menstrual cycle, sulfites and preservatives in food, and more. The triggers which set off an asthma attack are different for each person.

About 25 million Americans (and 235 million people worldwide) suffer from asthma. Asthma can affect anyone at any age but often starts in childhood. About one in every 10 children in the United States has asthma. Although there is no cure for asthma, there are many different treatment options to help manage the condition. Talk to your doctor if you or a family member has asthma to discuss treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and can help connect you with others living with asthma.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 9245 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Interferon-gamma +874A/T polymorphism is associated with asthma risk: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): W Nie, L Meng, X Wang, Q Xiu

Journal: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2014 ;24(5):324-30.

 

Results regarding the association between the interferon-y (lFN-y) +874A/T polymorphism and asthma risk are controversial and ambiguous. The aim of this study was to determine with greater precision the relationship between the IFN-gamma+874A/T polymorphism and asthma using a meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2014

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Integrated traditional Chinese medicine for childhood asthma in Taiwan: a Nationwide cohort study.
 

Author(s): Yu-Chiang Hung, I-Ling Hung, Mao-Feng Sun, Chih-Hsin Muo, Bei-Yu Wu, Ying-Jung Tseng, Wen-Long Hu

Journal:

 

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the most commonly used alternative therapy in children with asthma, especially in the Chinese community. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the government-sponsored Outpatient's Healthcare Quality Improvement (OHQI) project with integrated ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2014

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Rhinovirus infection in children hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis and its impact on subsequent wheezing or asthma: a comparison of etiologies.
 

Author(s): Jamaree Teeratakulpisarn, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan, Hunsa Ruangsiripiyakul, Rattapon Uppala

Journal: Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol.. 2014 Sep;32(3):226-34.

 

Children who suffer a viral lower respiratory infection early in life are prone to subsequent wheezing and asthma: RSV and rhinovirus are thought to be the primary causative pathogens. Epidemiologic and long-term data on these pathogens in Thailand are limited.

Last Updated: 1 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1474 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness and safety of heat-sensitive moxibustion on bronchial asthma: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials.
 

Author(s): Jun Xiong, Zhongyong Liu, Rixin Chen, Dingyi Xie, Zhenhai Chi, Bo Zhang

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2014 Aug;34(4):392-400.

 

To systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of heat-sensitive moxibustion (HSM) on asthma.

Last Updated: 4 Sep 2014

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Perimenstrual asthma as a gynecological and pulmonological clinical problem.
 

Author(s): Szymon Skoczyński, Aleksandra Semik-Orzech, Wojciech Szanecki, Michał Majewski, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Ewa Sozańska, Andrzej Witek, Władysław Pierzchała

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;23(4):665-8.

 

Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases of the respiratory system. It is estimated that up to 40% of asthmatic women of childbearing age may experience a cyclical exacerbation of asthmatic symptoms during the perimenstrual period, which is called perimenstrual asthma (PMA). ...

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2014

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Childhood asthma and obesity--what is the true link?
 

Author(s): Perdita Permaul, Watcharoot Kanchongkittiphon, Wanda Phipatanakul

Journal: Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.. 2014 Sep;113(3):244-6.

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Asthma Inflammation Research
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Allergic Asthma; Non-allergic Asthma

 

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2014

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Last Updated: 10 Sep 2013

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Mixed Asthma With Acute Exacerbation

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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