Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term), inflammatory condition affecting the airways. The causes of asthma may be environmental, genetic, or both.

There are many risk factors that may increase the chances of having asthma, some of which can be controlled but others cannot. In childhood, males are more likely to have asthma than females but this trend reverses in adulthood. Allergic hypersensitivity (atopy) and sleep apnea often coexist with asthma. Obesity, cigarette smoking, pregnancy, and environmental factors such as pollution, cold air, or high humidity may also be risk factors for asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Symptoms often come and go and there can be different triggers for acute (sudden, severe) attacks in different people. When there is a trigger (typically allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, mold etc.), inflammation of the airways occurs. The muscles in that area tighten up making a smaller opening for air to pass through. This tightening causes breathing difficulties and common symptoms. Many people with asthma also have a personal or family history of allergies, hay fever, or eczema. There is no diagnostic test for asthma, but through examining symptoms, risk factors, and response to appropriate therapies, one may be diagnosed with the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma at this time. However, there are management options that can limit or improve the response to the symptoms including medications and life style changes. Most people with asthma lead normal lives. If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 9455 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Efficacy evaluation of summer acupoint application treatment on asthma patients: a two-year follow-up clinical study.
 

Author(s): Xiaqiu Wu, Jin Peng, Guoqin Li, Wei Zhang, Guangxia Liu, Baoyan Liu

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2015 Feb;35(1):21-7.

 

fill out a questionnaire evaluating asthma degree, exacerbation frequency, concomitant medications and self-satisfaction. The self-rate and doctor-report outcomes obtained in parallel were evaluated to assess the efficacy of SAAT.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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CC16 gene A38G polymorphism and susceptibility to asthma: an updated meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Dan Cheng, Honghong Di, Zheng Xue, Guohua Zhen

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(2):155-62.

 

To comprehensively evaluate the association between the CC16 gene A38G polymorphism and the risk of asthma.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2015

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SQ house dust mite sublingually administered immunotherapy tablet (ALK) improves allergic rhinitis in patients with house dust mite allergic asthma and rhinitis symptoms.
 

Author(s): Holger Mosbech, G Walter Canonica, Vibeke Backer, Frederic de Blay, Ludger Klimek, Louise Broge, Christian Ljørring

Journal: Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.. 2015 Feb;114(2):134-40.

 

House dust mite (HDM) allergy is associated with persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic asthma.

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1493 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Type 2 inflammation in asthma--present in most, absent in many.
 

Author(s): John V Fahy

Journal: Nat. Rev. Immunol.. 2015 Jan;15(1):57-65.

 

Asthma is one of the most common chronic immunological diseases in humans, affecting people from childhood to old age. Progress in treating asthma has been relatively slow and treatment guidelines have mostly recommended empirical approaches on the basis of clinical measures of disease ...

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2014

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Asthma: pathogenesis and novel drugs for treatment.
 

Author(s): J Tod Olin, Michael E Wechsler

Journal:

 

Asthma affects almost 20 million people in the United States and more than 300 million people worldwide. Of these, 10-15% have severe asthma, which is refractory to commonly available drugs. New drugs are needed because those that are currently available cannot control symptoms and ...

Last Updated: 25 Nov 2014

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Effects of prednisone on eosinophilic bronchitis in asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Thiago Mamôru Sakae, Rosemeri Maurici, Daisson José Trevisol, Marcia Margaret Menezes Pizzichini, Emílio Pizzichini

Journal: J Bras Pneumol. 2014 Oct;40(5):552-63.

 

To evaluate the effect size of oral corticosteroid treatment on eosinophilic bronchitis in asthma, through systematic review and meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Asthma Inflammation Research
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Allergic Asthma; Non-allergic Asthma

 

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2015

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Last Updated: 10 Sep 2013

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Asthma Self-management Via Application of Telehealth
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Mixed Asthma With Acute Exacerbation

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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