Asthma

Common Name(s)

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term), inflammatory condition affecting the airways. The causes of asthma may be environmental, genetic, or both.

There are many risk factors that may increase the chances of having asthma, some of which can be controlled but others cannot. In childhood, males are more likely to have asthma than females but this trend reverses in adulthood. Allergic hypersensitivity (atopy) and sleep apnea often coexist with asthma. Obesity, cigarette smoking, pregnancy, and environmental factors such as pollution, cold air, or high humidity may also be risk factors for asthma.

Common symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Symptoms often come and go and there can be different triggers for acute (sudden, severe) attacks in different people. When there is a trigger (typically allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, mold etc.), inflammation of the airways occurs. The muscles in that area tighten up making a smaller opening for air to pass through. This tightening causes breathing difficulties and common symptoms. Many people with asthma also have a personal or family history of allergies, hay fever, or eczema. There is no diagnostic test for asthma, but through examining symptoms, risk factors, and response to appropriate therapies, one may be diagnosed with the condition.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for asthma at this time. However, there are management options that can limit or improve the response to the symptoms including medications and life style changes. Most people with asthma lead normal lives. If you or your child has asthma, talk to your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Asthma" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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American Lung Association

The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives, improve lung health and prevent lung disease. The American Lung Association is "Fighting for Air" through research, education and advocacy.

http://www.lungusa.org

Last Updated: 17 May 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
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Oklahoma Family Network

To Provide emotional, informational and navigational support to those who have special health care needs or a disability, their families and the professionals who serve them. OFN promotes family/professional partnerships and family-centered care, assuring services are offered as recipients prefer..

http://www.oklahomafamilynetwork.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Asthma" returned 11208 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Component-Based Allergen-Microarray: Der p 2 and Der f 2 Dust Mite Sensitization Is More Common in Patients With Severe Asthma.
 

Author(s): L Sylvestre, J Jégu, C Metz-Favre, C Barnig, S Qi, F de Blay

Journal: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2016 ;26(2):141-3.

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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Eosinophilic Esophagitis: A New Possible Comorbidity in Difficult-to-Control Asthma?
 

Author(s): E Gomez Torrijos, J Rodriguez Sanchez, C Mendez Díaz Yesica, J M Borja Segade, P A Galindo Bonilla, J F Feo-Brito, R Garcia Rodríguez

Journal: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2016 ;26(2):139-41.

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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Efficacy and Safety of Tiotropium in the Treatment of Severe Persistent Asthma:Meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Li-li Lou, Hai-hong Gong, Ming-qiang Zhang, Jin-ming Gao

Journal: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 2016 Feb;38(1):62-8.

 

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tiotropium in treatment of severe persistent asthma.

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Asthma" returned 1811 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Efficacy and Safety of Antiinterleukin 13, a Monoclonal Antibody, in Adult Patients With Asthma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Luo, Dan Liu, Chun-Tao Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(6):e2556.

 

Effects of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in patients with asthma remain inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to further clarify the efficacy and safety of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in adult asthmatics by a systematic review and meta-analysis.Randomized controlled trials which reported ...

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2016

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Acupoint Herbal Patching for Asthma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
 

Author(s): Sun Haeng Lee, Gyu Tae Chang, Xiuyu Zhang, Hyangsook Lee

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jan;95(2):e2439.

 

Acupoint herbal patching (AHP), which involves local point stimulation with a herbal medicine patch, has long been used to treat patients with asthma in East Asian countries. However, its evidence is equivocal. This systematic review aims to summarize and critically evaluate the efficacy ...

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

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Can Vitamin D Supplementation in Addition to Asthma Controllers Improve Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Asthma?: A Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Luo, Dan Liu, Chun-Tao Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Dec;94(50):e2185.

 

Effects of vitamin D on acute exacerbation, lung function, and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in patients with asthma are controversial. We aim to further evaluate the roles of vitamin D supplementation in addition to asthma controllers in asthmatics. From 1946 to July 2015, ...

Last Updated: 19 Dec 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood Asthma Perception Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Childhood Asthma

 

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2016

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Unravelling Targets of Therapy in Bronchial Thermoplasty in Severe Asthma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Bronchial Asthma

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2016

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Implications and Stability of Clinical and Molecular Phenotypes of Severe Asthma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Asthma; Severe Persistent Asthma

 

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2016

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