Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Common Name(s)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is when the lower part of the aorta becomes enlarged, like a balloon. The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It carries blood from the heart down along the backbone where it splits into many smaller arteries that bring blood to all of the organs. Aneurysm is a general term that describes an enlargement of any blood vessel in the body. Aneurysms usually develop slowly over time and may not cause problems until they become so enlarged that they can rupture.

Smaller AAAs generally do not cause symptoms. Larger AAAs can cause symptoms such as a pulsating feeling near the belly button, deep and constant abdominal pain, or back pain. Rupture of an aortic aneurysm is a medical emergency. If an aortic aneurysm ruptures, symptoms include vomiting, intense pain, excessive sweating, a drop in blood pressure, fainting, and shortness of breath.

AAAs can be caused by stiffening of the artery walls due to plaque build up (atherosclerosis), infection of the aorta, or connective tissue diseases. Risk factors for the development of AAAs are increased in individuals who smoke, are male, or have a family history of aneurysms.

A doctor can perform many tests to diagnose this condition. Possible tests include imaging by abdominal ultrasound, chest X-ray, and MRI. Treatment options will vary depending on the size of the aneurysm. For smaller aneurysms, it may be better to wait and watch before seeking surgery. For larger aneurysms that are at risk of rupturing, surgery is usually the best treatment. Talk to your doctor about which of the current treatment options is right for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Abdominal aortic aneurysm" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Abdominal aortic aneurysm" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Abdominal aortic aneurysm" returned 1483 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Long-Term Outcomes of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
 

Author(s): Marc L Schermerhorn, A James O'Malley, Bruce E Landon

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Nov;373(21):2088-9.

 

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Hybrid Procedure for a Descending Thoracic and Subclavian Artery Aneurysm in a Patient with Previous Abdominal Aortic Surgery: Case Report.
 

Author(s): Djordje Radak, Slobodan Tanasković, Dragana Unić-Stojanović, Miomir Jović, Srdjan Babić, Dragan Sagić

Journal: Srp Arh Celok Lek. ;143(7-8):464-6.

 

Hybrid procedures represent staged or simultaneous endovascular and open surgical techniques in the treatment of complex pathologies of the thoracic and abdominal aorta. We are presenting a patient with previous abdominal aortic surgery in whom hybrid vascular procedure for descending ...

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2015

Go To URL
Comparison of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair with Open Repair in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Our Own Material in Years 2002-2011.
 

Author(s): Jan Gnus, Stanisław Ferenc, Małgorzata Dziewiszek, Lesław Rusiecki, Wojciech Witkiewicz

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;24(3):475-9.

 

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has become an alternative to open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm since the early 1990s. The conventional method remains the gold standard in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA); however, a large percentage of ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Abdominal aortic aneurysm" returned 144 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Long-term survival After Elective Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair 1969-2011: 5 Year Survival Remains Poor Despite Advances in Medical Care and Treatment Strategies.
 

Author(s): S S Bahia, P J E Holt, D Jackson, B O Patterson, R J Hinchliffe, M M Thompson, A Karthikesalingam

Journal: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2015 Sep;50(3):320-30.

 

Improved critical care, pre-operative optimization, and the advent of endovascular surgery (EVAR) have improved 30 day mortality for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. It remains unknown whether this has translated into improvements in long-term survival, particularly ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2015

Go To URL
Diagnosis and treatment of congenital abdominal aortic aneurysm: a systematic review of reported cases.
 

Author(s): Yamei Wang, Yuhong Tao

Journal:

 

Congenital abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is distinctly rare in infants and children and carries a high mortality rate. Our objective was to summarize the experience of the diagnosis and treatment in patients with congenital AAA.

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2015

Go To URL
Beneficial Effects of Pre-operative Exercise Therapy in Patients with an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): S Pouwels, E M Willigendael, M R H M van Sambeek, S W Nienhuijs, P W M Cuypers, J A W Teijink

Journal: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2015 Jan;49(1):66-76.

 

The impact of post-operative complications in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery is substantial, and increases with age and concomitant co-morbidities. This systematic review focuses on the possible effects of pre-operative exercise therapy (PET) in patients with AAA on post-operative ...

Last Updated: 4 Sep 2015

Go To URL
 
 
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cyclosporine A in Patients With Small Diameter Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm,; Small Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

Go to URL
Study of the Glycocalyx in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Abdominal Aortic Aneurism; Surgery; Ischemic Reperfusion Injury

 

Last Updated: 16 Apr 2013

Go to URL
Clinical Study of the Treovance Stent-Graft for Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)

 

Last Updated: 21 Aug 2015

Go to URL