Rett syndrome

Common Name(s)

Rett syndrome

Rett syndrome is a progressive, neuro-developmental condition that primarily affects girls. Affected girls appear to have normal psychomotor development during the first 6 to 18 months of life, followed by a developmental "plateau," and then rapid regression in language and motor skills. Additional signs and symptoms may include repetitive, stereotypic hand movements; fits of screaming and inconsolable crying; autistic features; panic-like attacks; teeth grinding (bruxism); episodic apnea and/or hyperpnea; gait ataxia and apraxia; tremors; seizures; and slowed head growth. Some people have an atypical form of Rett syndrome that may be more mild or more severe. Classic Rett syndrome is most commonly caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene and is usually inherited in an X-linked dominant manner. The vast majority of cases are not inherited from a parent, but are due to a new mutation in the affected person. Treatment mainly focuses on the specific signs and symptoms of the condition.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rett syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

International Rett Syndrome Foundation

The core mission of the IRSF is to fund research for treatments and a cure for Rett syndrome while enhancing the overall quality of life for those living with Rett syndrome by providing information, programs, and services.

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2015

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Rett Syndrome Research Trust

The Rett Syndrome Research Trust (RSRT) is a non-profit organization with a highly personal and urgent mission: a cure for Rett Syndrome and related MECP2 disorders.

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2015

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International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rett syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

International Rett Syndrome Foundation

The core mission of the IRSF is to fund research for treatments and a cure for Rett syndrome while enhancing the overall quality of life for those living with Rett syndrome by providing information, programs, and services.

http://www.rettsyndrome.org

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2015

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Rett Syndrome Research Trust

The Rett Syndrome Research Trust (RSRT) is a non-profit organization with a highly personal and urgent mission: a cure for Rett Syndrome and related MECP2 disorders.

http://www.rsrt.org/

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2015

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International Foundation for CDKL5 Research

To lead the way in finding a cure and treatments for CDKL5 disorder by funding global research efforts and increasing awareness while enhancing the quality of life for those affected by CDKL5 disorder, by providing information, programs, and services.

http://www.CDKL5.com

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

http://www.pediatricbrainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

News and Media Center at IRSF

Current IRSF communications: IRSF General and Research Flash Rett Gazette Newsletters

Updated 18 Mar 2013

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Rett Syndrome Handbook

Rett Syndrome Handbook, 2nd edition.

Updated 18 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rett syndrome" returned 326 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Intestinal Candida parapsilosis isolates from Rett syndrome subjects bear potential virulent traits and capacity to persist within the host.
 

Author(s): Francesco Strati, Antonio CalabrĂ², Claudio Donati, Claudio De Felice, Joussef Hayek, Olivier Jousson, Silvia Leoncini, Daniela Renzi, Lisa Rizzetto, Carlotta De Filippo, Duccio Cavalieri

Journal:

 

Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurological disorder mainly caused by mutations in MeCP2 gene. It has been shown that MeCP2 impairments can lead to cytokine dysregulation due to MeCP2 regulatory role in T-helper and T-reg mediated responses, thus contributing to the pro-inflammatory status ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Molecular Testing of MECP2 Gene in Rett Syndrome Phenotypes in Indian Girls.
 

Author(s): Meenakshi Lallar, Archana Rai, Priyanka Srivastava, Kausik Mandal, Neerja Gupta, Madhulika Kabra, Shubha R Phadke

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2018 06;55(6):474-477.

 

To assess yield of MECP2 gene sequence variations analysis and large deletions in suspected cases of Rett syndrome.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Lactonase Activity and Lipoprotein-Phospholipase A as Possible Novel Serum Biomarkers for the Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders and Rett Syndrome: Results from a Pilot Study.
 

Author(s): Joussef Hayek, Carlo Cervellati, Ilaria Crivellari, Alessandra Pecorelli, Giuseppe Valacchi

Journal: Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017 ;2017():5694058.

 

Rett syndrome (RTT) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are not merely expression of brain dysfunction but also reflect the perturbation of physiological/metabolic homeostasis. Accordingly, both disorders appear to be associated with increased vulnerability to toxicants produced ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rett syndrome" returned 64 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Recent endeavors in MECP2 gene transfer for gene therapy of Rett syndrome.
 

Author(s): Sarah E Sinnett, Steven J Gray

Journal: Discov Med. 2017 10;24(132):153-159.

 

Rett Syndrome (RTT) is an X chromosome-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by inactivating mutations in the transcription regulator methyl CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Multiple studies have independently explored the therapeutic potential of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector-mediated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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MeCP2 mutations: progress towards understanding and treating Rett syndrome.
 

Author(s): Ruth R Shah, Adrian P Bird

Journal:

 

Rett syndrome is a profound neurological disorder caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene, but preclinical research has indicated that it is potentially treatable. Progress towards this goal depends on the development of increasingly relevant model systems and on our improving knowledge ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Breathing abnormalities in animal models of Rett syndrome a female neurogenetic disorder.
 

Author(s): Chun Jiang, Ningren Cui, Weiwei Zhong, Christopher M Johnson, Yang Wu

Journal: Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2017 11;245():45-52.

 

A characteristic feature of Rett syndrome (RTT) is abnormal breathing accompanied by several other neurological and cognitive disorders. Since RTT rodent models became available, studies have begun shedding insight into the breathing abnormalities at behavioral, cellular and molecular ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Open Label Trial of Triheptanoin (UX007) in Treatment of Rett Syndrome.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Rett Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 16 Feb 2017

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A Study to Evaluate Ketamine for the Treatment of Rett Syndrome
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Rett Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2018

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Development of a Behavioral Outcome Measure for Rett Syndrome (RettBe)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rett Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 27 Jul 2018

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