Q fever

Common Name(s)

Q fever

Q fever is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This disease is common in both animals and humans. Q fever is usually a mild disease that has flue like symptoms. However in rare cases when the infection returns, it can affect the heart, liver, brain or lungs. This type of the Q fever can lead to atypical pneumonia, hepatitis, and inflammation of inner lining of the heart. Common symptoms include, dry cough, fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, rash, yellow skin, and shortness of breath. These symptoms often appear 20 days after the individual is expose to the bacteria. Q fever is usually treated with antibiotics like doxycycline. However when the infection lasts for more than 6 months, hydroxychloroquine might be also prescribed. This disease is more common in individuals who have contact with farm animals and raw dairy products. Talk with your doctor if you or your child has been diagnosed with Q fever to decide on the best treatment plan.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Q fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Q fever" returned 438 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Retrospective Examination of Q Fever Endocarditis: An Underdiagnosed Disease in the Mainland of China.
 

Author(s): Xiao Han, Jeffrey Hsu, Qi Miao, Bao-Tong Zhou, Hong-Wei Fan, Xiao-Lu Xiong, Bo-Hai Wen, Lian Wu, Xiao-Wei Yan, Quan Fang, Wei Chen

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. ;130(1):64-70.

 

Q fever endocarditis, a chronic illness caused by Coxiella burnetii, can be fatal if misdiagnosed or left untreated. Despite a relatively high positive rate of Q fever serology in healthy individuals in the mainland of China, very few cases of Q fever endocarditis have been reported. ...

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Q Fever Pneumonia in Southwest Germany: Radiographic and Clinical Findings.
 

Author(s): Andrea Biecker, Michael Bitzer, Erwin Biecker

Journal: Rofo. 2017 Feb;189(2):146-151.

 

Purpose Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis that causes clinical symptoms ranging from mild flu-like symptoms to severe pneumonia and/or hepatitis. This retrospective study was conducted to describe the radiographic and clinical signs in patients with acute Q fever pneumonia in Southwest ...

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2016

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18F-FDG PET/CT as a central tool in the shift from chronic Q fever to Coxiella burnetii persistent focalized infection: A consecutive case series.
 

Author(s): Carole Eldin, Cléa Melenotte, Matthieu Million, Serge Cammilleri, Albert Sotto, Antoine Elsendoorn, Franck Thuny, Hubert Lepidi, France Roblot, Thierry Weitten, Souad Assaad, Anissa Bouaziz, Claire Chapuzet, Guillaume Gras, Anne-Sophie Labussiere, Cécile Landais, Pascale Longuet, Agathe Masseau, Olivier Mundler, Didier Raoult

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Aug;95(34):e4287.

 

Because Q fever is mostly diagnosed serologically, localizing a persistent focus of Coxiella burnetii infection can be challenging. F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) could be an interesting tool in this context.We performed a retrospective ...

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Q fever" returned 29 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Q fever is an old and neglected zoonotic disease in Kenya: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): J Njeru, K Henning, M W Pletz, R Heller, H Neubauer

Journal:

 

Q fever is a neglected zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. The knowledge of the epidemiology of Q fever in Kenya is limited with no attention to control and prevention programs. The purpose of this review is to understand the situation of Q fever in human and animal ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

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Q fever in French Guiana.
 

Author(s): Carole Eldin, Aba Mahamat, Magalie Demar, Philippe Abboud, Félix Djossou, Didier Raoult

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2014 Oct;91(4):771-6.

 

Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, is present worldwide. Recent studies have shown that this bacterium is an emerging pathogen in French Guiana and has a high prevalence (24% of community-acquired pneumonia). In this review, we focus on the peculiar epidemiology of ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2014

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Two rare manifestations of Q fever: splenic and hepatic abscesses and cerebral venous thrombosis, with literature review ma non troppo.
 

Author(s): Manuel Mendes Gomes, Andreia Chaves, Ana Gouveia, Lèlita Santos

Journal:

 

Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. It often manifests as a flu-like syndrome; other common manifestations are pneumonia, hepatitis and endocarditis. Its course may be acute or chronic. The authors present two clinical cases of Q fever with rare manifestations. Case ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Q Fever and Auto-immunity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever; Auto-Immunity

 

Last Updated: 30 Jun 2016

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