Q fever

Common Name(s)

Q fever

Q fever is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This disease is common in both animals and humans. Q fever is usually a mild disease that has flue like symptoms. However in rare cases when the infection returns, it can affect the heart, liver, brain or lungs. This type of the Q fever can lead to atypical pneumonia, hepatitis, and inflammation of inner lining of the heart. Common symptoms include, dry cough, fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, rash, yellow skin, and shortness of breath. These symptoms often appear 20 days after the individual is expose to the bacteria. Q fever is usually treated with antibiotics like doxycycline. However when the infection lasts for more than 6 months, hydroxychloroquine might be also prescribed. This disease is more common in individuals who have contact with farm animals and raw dairy products. Talk with your doctor if you or your child has been diagnosed with Q fever to decide on the best treatment plan.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Q fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Q fever" returned 486 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Q Fever, Scrub Typhus, and Rickettsial Diseases in Children, Kenya, 2011-2012.
 

Author(s): Alice N Maina, Christina M Farris, Antony Odhiambo, Ju Jiang, Jeremiah Laktabai, Janice Armstrong, Thomas Holland, Allen L Richards, Wendy P O'Meara

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2016 May;22(5):883-6.

 

To increase knowledge of undifferentiated fevers in Kenya, we tested paired serum samples from febrile children in western Kenya for antibodies against pathogens increasingly recognized to cause febrile illness in Africa. Of patients assessed, 8.9%, 22.4%, 1.1%, and 3.6% had enhanced ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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Q Fever Endocarditis Presenting with Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism and Renal Infarction.
 

Author(s): Amol Raizada, Nachiket Apte, Scott Pham

Journal:

 

Q fever is a zoonotic disease with a reservoir in mammals, birds, and ticks. Acute cases in human beings can be asymptomatic, or they can present with a flu-like illness, pneumonia, or hepatitis. Approximately 5% of cases progress to chronic Q fever. Endocarditis, the most typical ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

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Detection of Coxiella burnetii in Ambient Air after a Large Q Fever Outbreak.
 

Author(s): Myrna M T de Rooij, Floor Borlée, Lidwien A M Smit, Arnout de Bruin, Ingmar Janse, Dick J J Heederik, Inge M Wouters

Journal:

 

One of the largest Q fever outbreaks ever occurred in the Netherlands from 2007-2010, with 25 fatalities among 4,026 notified cases. Airborne dispersion of Coxiella burnetii was suspected but not studied extensively at the time. We investigated temporal and spatial variation of Coxiella ...

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Q fever" returned 36 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Q fever is an old and neglected zoonotic disease in Kenya: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): J Njeru, K Henning, M W Pletz, R Heller, H Neubauer

Journal:

 

Q fever is a neglected zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. The knowledge of the epidemiology of Q fever in Kenya is limited with no attention to control and prevention programs. The purpose of this review is to understand the situation of Q fever in human and animal ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

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Q fever in French Guiana.
 

Author(s): Carole Eldin, Aba Mahamat, Magalie Demar, Philippe Abboud, Félix Djossou, Didier Raoult

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2014 Oct;91(4):771-6.

 

Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, is present worldwide. Recent studies have shown that this bacterium is an emerging pathogen in French Guiana and has a high prevalence (24% of community-acquired pneumonia). In this review, we focus on the peculiar epidemiology of ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2014

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Two rare manifestations of Q fever: splenic and hepatic abscesses and cerebral venous thrombosis, with literature review ma non troppo.
 

Author(s): Manuel Mendes Gomes, Andreia Chaves, Ana Gouveia, Lèlita Santos

Journal:

 

Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. It often manifests as a flu-like syndrome; other common manifestations are pneumonia, hepatitis and endocarditis. Its course may be acute or chronic. The authors present two clinical cases of Q fever with rare manifestations. Case ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Q Fever and Auto-immunity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever; Auto-Immunity

 

Last Updated: 30 Jun 2016

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Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infection; Hypertension; Pain; Reflux; Edema; Hyperlipidemia; Hypotension; Hypercholesterolemia; Sedation; Anxiolysis; Benzodiazepine Withdrawal; Bipolar Disorder; Autistic Disorder; Schizophrenia; Influenza Treatment or Prophylaxis; Acute Decompensated Heart Failure; Stable Angina; Life-threatening Fungal Infections; Nosocomial Pneumonia; Community Acquired Pneumonia; Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis; Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis; Complicated Urinary Tract Infections; Acute Pyelonephritis; Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections; Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure); Infantile Hemangioma; Withdrawal; Inflammation; Bacterial Septicemia; Cytomegalovirus Retinitis; Herpes Simplex Virus; Adenovirus; Brain Swelling; Airway Swelling; Adrenal Insufficiency; Anxiety; Nausea; Vomiting; Convulsions; Muscle Spasms; Seizures; Epilepsy; Bartonellosis; Brucellosis; Cholera; Plague; Psittacosis; Q Fever; Relapsing Fever; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; Trachoma; Tularemia; Typhus Fever; Bronchospasm; Cardiac Arrest; Hypersensitivity Reaction; Cyanide Poisoning; Acute Bacterial Sinusitis; Bacterial Meningitis; Sepsis; Gastroparesis; Opioid Addiction; Migraines; Headaches

 

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2016

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