Q fever

Common Name(s)

Q fever

Q fever is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This disease is common in both animals and humans. Q fever is usually a mild disease that has flue like symptoms. However in rare cases when the infection returns, it can affect the heart, liver, brain or lungs. This type of the Q fever can lead to atypical pneumonia, hepatitis, and inflammation of inner lining of the heart. Common symptoms include, dry cough, fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, rash, yellow skin, and shortness of breath. These symptoms often appear 20 days after the individual is expose to the bacteria. Q fever is usually treated with antibiotics like doxycycline. However when the infection lasts for more than 6 months, hydroxychloroquine might be also prescribed. This disease is more common in individuals who have contact with farm animals and raw dairy products. Talk with your doctor if you or your child has been diagnosed with Q fever to decide on the best treatment plan.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Q fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Q fever" returned 323 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pediatric acute Q fever mimics other common childhood illnesses.
 

Author(s): Ingeborg Y Bart, Yvonne Schabos, Roeland W N M van Hout, Alexander C A P Leenders, Esther de Vries

Journal:

 

Knowledge of Q fever has increased over the last decades, but research has mainly focused on adults. Data in children are scarce, and current knowledge is mostly based on case reports. The aim of this study was to determine predictors for acute Q fever in children in the general population. ...

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2014

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Q fever outbreaks in Poland during 2005-2011.
 

Author(s): Tomasz Chmielewski, Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska

Journal:

 

Q fever is a health problem affecting humans and animals worldwide. In Poland, previous studies have pointed to 2 sources of outbreaks of the disease: the importation of infected animals and their products, and natural domestic foci. In the last decade, 5 outbreaks have occurred in ...

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2013

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A dynamic case definition is warranted for adequate notification in an extended epidemic setting: the Dutch Q fever outbreak 2007-2009 as exemplar.
 

Author(s): G Jaramillo-Gutierrez, M C Wegdam-Blans, R ter Schegget, J M Korbeeck, R van Aken, H A Bijlmer, J H Tjhie, M P Koopmans

Journal:

 

Q fever is a notifiable disease in the Netherlands:laboratories are obliged to notify possible cases to the Municipal Health Services. These services then try to reconfirm cases with additional clinical and epidemiological data and provide anonymised reports to the national case register ...

Last Updated: 18 Oct 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Q fever" returned 35 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Q fever--selected issues.
 

Author(s): Agata Bielawska-Drózd, Piotr Cieślik, Tomasz Mirski, Michał Bartoszcze, Józef Piotr Knap, Jerzy Gaweł, Dorota Żakowska

Journal: Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013 ;20(2):222-32.

 

Q fever is an infectious disease of humans and animals caused by Gram-negative coccobacillus Coxiella burnetii, belonging to the Legionellales order, Coxiellaceae family. The presented study compares selected features of the bacteria genome, including chromosome and plasmids QpH1, ...

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2013

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Q fever in humans and farm animals in four European countries, 1982 to 2010.
 

Author(s): M Georgiev, A Afonso, H Neubauer, H Needham, R Thiery, A Rodolakis, Hj Roest, Kd Stark, Ja Stegeman, P Vellema, W van der Hoek, Sj More

Journal:

 

Q fever is a disease of humans, caused by Coxiella burnetii, and a large range of animals can be infected. This paper presents a review of the epidemiology of Q fever in humans and farm animals between 1982 and 2010, using case studies from four European countries (Bulgaria, France, ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2013

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Q fever and Mediterranean spotted fever associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: case study and literature review.
 

Author(s): M Lecronier, V Prendki, M Gerin, M Schneerson, A Renvoisé, C Larroche, M Ziol, O Fain, A Mekinian

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2013 Aug;17(8):e629-33.

 

Hemophagocytosis during Q fever (QF) and Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is rare and only a few cases have been reported. We aimed to investigate the characteristics, outcome, and treatment of QF/MSF-associated hemophagocytosis.

Last Updated: 17 Jun 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Qure Study: Q-fever Fatigue Syndrome - Response to Treatment
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever; Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic; Coxiella Infection

 

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Safety and Immunogenicity of Q Fever Vaccine
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2014

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A Screening Strategy for Q Fever Among Pregnant Women
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever

 

Last Updated: 30 Jun 2010

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