Q fever

Common Name(s)

Q fever

Q fever is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii. This disease is common in both animals and humans. Q fever is usually a mild disease that has flue like symptoms. However in rare cases when the infection returns, it can affect the heart, liver, brain or lungs. This type of the Q fever can lead to atypical pneumonia, hepatitis, and inflammation of inner lining of the heart. Common symptoms include, dry cough, fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, rash, yellow skin, and shortness of breath. These symptoms often appear 20 days after the individual is expose to the bacteria. Q fever is usually treated with antibiotics like doxycycline. However when the infection lasts for more than 6 months, hydroxychloroquine might be also prescribed. This disease is more common in individuals who have contact with farm animals and raw dairy products. Talk with your doctor if you or your child has been diagnosed with Q fever to decide on the best treatment plan.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Q fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Q fever" returned 435 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

No Such Thing as Chronic Q Fever.
 

Author(s): Matthieu Million, Didier Raoult

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2017 May;23(5):856-857.

 

Modern diagnostic methods enable clinicians to look beyond a diagnosis of chronic Q fever and discern whether patients instead have persistent focalized Coxiella burnetii infection(s). Use of these methods and development of criteria to define and treat such infections, especially ...

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2017

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A Q fever cluster among workers at an abattoir in south-western Sydney, Australia, 2015.
 

Author(s): Heidi Lord, Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Guy Weerasinghe, Meena Chandra, Nilva Egana, Nicole Schembri, Stephen Conaty

Journal:

 

In September 2015, the Public Health Unit of the South Western Sydney Local Health District was notified of two possible Q fever cases. Case investigation identified that both cases were employed at an abattoir, and both cases advised that co-workers had experienced similar symptoms. ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2017

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Retrospective Examination of Q Fever Endocarditis: An Underdiagnosed Disease in the Mainland of China.
 

Author(s): Xiao Han, Jeffrey Hsu, Qi Miao, Bao-Tong Zhou, Hong-Wei Fan, Xiao-Lu Xiong, Bo-Hai Wen, Lian Wu, Xiao-Wei Yan, Quan Fang, Wei Chen

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. ;130(1):64-70.

 

Q fever endocarditis, a chronic illness caused by Coxiella burnetii, can be fatal if misdiagnosed or left untreated. Despite a relatively high positive rate of Q fever serology in healthy individuals in the mainland of China, very few cases of Q fever endocarditis have been reported. ...

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Q fever" returned 32 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Q Fever in French Guiana: Tip of the Iceberg or Epidemiological Exception?
 

Author(s): Loïc Epelboin, Mathieu Nacher, Aba Mahamat, Vincent Pommier de Santi, Alain Berlioz-Arthaud, Carole Eldin, Philippe Abboud, Sébastien Briolant, Emilie Mosnier, Margarete do Socorro Mendonça Gomes, Stephen G Vreden, Magalie Pierre-Demar, Marcus Lacerda, Didier Raoult, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos, Félix Djossou

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 6 May 2016

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Q fever is an old and neglected zoonotic disease in Kenya: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): J Njeru, K Henning, M W Pletz, R Heller, H Neubauer

Journal:

 

Q fever is a neglected zoonosis caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. The knowledge of the epidemiology of Q fever in Kenya is limited with no attention to control and prevention programs. The purpose of this review is to understand the situation of Q fever in human and animal ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

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A fatal case of disseminated chronic Q fever: a case report and brief review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Stephan P Keijmel, Ruud P H Raijmakers, Teske Schoffelen, Maria C W Salet, Chantal P Bleeker-Rovers

Journal: Infection. 2016 Oct;44(5):677-82.

 

Chronic Q fever is a rare infection, which mainly manifests as endocarditis, infection of vascular prostheses or aortic aneurysms. We present the case of a 74-year-old immunocompromised man with a haematologically disseminated Coxiella burnetii infection, which has never been reported before.

Last Updated: 30 Sep 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Q Fever and Auto-immunity
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Q Fever; Auto-Immunity

 

Last Updated: 30 Jun 2016

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Congenital Muscle Disease Study of Patient and Family Reported Medical Information
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (Including Unspecified/Undiagnosed); Dystroglycanopathy; Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion; Rigid Spine Muscular Dystrophy; Congenital Myopathy (Including Unspecified/Undiagnosed); Collagen VI CMD (Ullrich CMD, Intermediate, Bethlem Myopathy); Laminin Alpha 2 Related Congenital Muscular Dystrophy; LAMA2-CMD/Merosin Deficient/MDC1A; Walker-Warburg Syndrome; Muscle-Eye-Brain Disease; Fukuyama/Fukutin Related Muscular Dystrophy; Integrin Alpha 7 Deficiency; Integrin Alpha 9 Deficiency; LMNA-CMD/Lamin A/C/Laminopathy; SEPN1-Related Myopathy; Bethlem Myopathy; Actin Aggregation Myopathy; Cap Disease; Central Core Disease; Centronuclear Myopathy; Core Rod Myopathy; Hyaline Body Myopathy; Multiminicore Myopathy; Myotubular Myopathy; Nemaline Myopathy; Tubular Aggregate Myopathy; Zebra Body Myopathy; Reducing Body Myopathy; Spheroid Body Myopathy; LGMD1B (LMNA); LGMD1E (DES); LGMD2G (TCAP); LGMD2H (TRIM32); LGMD2I (FKRP); LGMD2J (TTN); LGMD2K (POMT1); LGMD2M (FKTN); LGMD2N (POMT2); LGMD2O (POMGnT1); LGMD2P (DAG1); LGMD2Q (PLEC1); LGMD2R (DES); LGMD2S (TRAPPC11); LGMD2T (GMPPB); LGMD2U (ISPD); LGMD2V (GAA); Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy; Titinopathy; Choline Kinase B Receptor; Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy; RYR1 Related Myopathy; SYNE1/Nesprin Related Muscular Dystrophy; Telethonin Related Muscular Dystrophy (TCAP/Titin-Cap); Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome; Escobar Syndrome; Myofibrillar Myopathy; Malignant Hyperthermia; Alpha-Dystroglycan Related Muscular Dystrophy (DAG1, DPM1, DPM2, DPM3, FKRP, FKTN); Alpha-Dystroglycan Related Muscular Dystrophy (GAA, ISPD, LARGE, POMT1, POMT2, POMGnT1); Alpha-Dystroglycan Related Muscular Dystrophy (Unspecified/Undiagnosed/Other)

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2017

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