Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Common Name(s)

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, JIA, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, JRA, Pediatric arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), is the most common form of arthritis in children ages 6 months to 17 years. JIA causes inflammation (redness, swelling, heat, pain) in one, or many, joints (areas of the body where two bones fit together). JIA is not the same as the adult type of arthritis. There are seven different types of JIA (see related conditions below).

JIA causes pain, stiffness, swelling, and redness most commonly in the knees and joints of hands and feet. The joint may not move fully (decreased range of motion). Symptoms are usually worse in the morning or after a nap. The symptoms may go away after a few months or be lifelong. Some types of JIA can affect other parts of the body, causing swollen lymph nodes, rashes and fever, eye inflammation and growth problems.

The cause of JIA is unknown (idiopathic). However, it is believed that both environmental and genetic factors play a role. JIA may be an autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease. Usually, our immune system protects us from illness and infection by attacking viruses, bacteria and other foreign bodies. Sometimes our immune system attacks its own healthy cells. Different parts of our immune system can go wrong causing either an autoimmune or an autoinflammatory response.

Girls are more likely to have JIA. Certain viruses may also increase a child’s risk. To diagnose this condition, your child’s doctor or specialist may perform a physical exam, blood tests and special imaging tests of your child’s joints (using X-ray, MRI and video imaging). Although there is no cure for JIA, there are treatments that help reduce pain and swelling. These treatments include medications, therapy, and possibly surgery. If your child has been diagnosed with JIA, talk with their doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other families.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 757 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of juvenile idiopathic arthritis with PTPN22 rs2476601 is specific to females in a Greek population.
 

Author(s): G N Goulielmos, R C Chiaroni-Clarke, D G Dimopoulou, M I Zervou, M Trachana, P Pratsidou-Gertsi, A Garyfallos, J A Ellis

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by persistent chronic arthritis. Disease risk is believed to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. It is well established that the PTPN22 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2476601 is ...

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2016

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HLA II class alleles in juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients with and without temporomandibular joint arthritis.
 

Author(s): Zane Dāvidsone, Jeļena Eglīte, Arina Lazareva, Sarmīte Dzelzīte, Ruta Šantere, Dace Bērziņa, Valda Staņēviča

Journal:

 

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthritis is seen very often (38-87 %) in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). With contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) we can detect more cases of TMJ arthritis than ever before. Previous studies show that HLA II class alleles ...

Last Updated: 20 Apr 2016

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The lived experience of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in young people receiving etanercept.
 

Author(s): P Livermore, D Eleftheriou, L R Wedderburn

Journal:

 

This study explores young people's daily experiences of living with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and their thoughts, beliefs and feelings related to the biological drug Etanercept, prescribed as part of their treatment.

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 104 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and oral health].
 

Author(s): Agnieszka Kobus, Anna Kierklo, Danuta Sielicka, Sławomir Dariusz Szajda

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common autoimmune inflammatory disease of connective tissue in children. It is characterized by progressive joint destruction which causes preserved changes in the musculoskeletal system. The literature describes fully clinical symptoms ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2016

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Clinical outcome measures in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Alessandro Consolaro, Gabriella Giancane, Benedetta Schiappapietra, Sergio Davì, Serena Calandra, Stefano Lanni, Angelo Ravelli

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), as a chronic condition, is associated with significant disease- and treatment-related morbidity, thus impacting children's quality of life. In order to optimize JIA management, the paediatric rheumatologist has begun to regularly use measurements ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2016

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Metabolism of glycosaminoglycans in the course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Katarzyna Winsz-Szczotka, Łukasz Mencner, Krystyna Olczyk

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a non-homogeneous autoimmune children's disease which, despite the applied therapy, has a progressive character with recurrences, leading to damage of joint structures. Progressive wearing of the joint cartilage in the course of JIA, which results ...

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pharmacovigilance in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Patients Treated With Biologic Agents and/or Methotrexate
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 29 Feb 2016

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Massage Therapy in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2016

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