Preeclampsia

Common Name(s)

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a disorder that only affects pregnant women. The condition is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Preeclampsia and related hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are seen in 5-8% of pregnancies. Symptoms of preeclampsia include swelling, sudden weight gain, problems with vision and severe headaches, though symptoms will differ depending on the patient and some women will exhibit no symptoms. Preeclampsia is a serious condition. The high blood pressure, if untreated, may damage the pregnant woman's kidneys, and potentially other organs such as the liver and brain. When preeclampsia damage causes seizures the condition is called "eclampsia." In addition to harming the pregnant woman, preeclampsia-eclampsia can harm the developing baby. With proper prenatal care, preeclampsia can be diagnosed early and treated. Preeclampsia is detected by measuring protein in the mother's urine, a sign of kidney damage. If the pregnancy is to term, or almost to term, labor is often induced or a cesarean section performed. If the pregnancy is still in its early or middle stages, medication, bed rest, and other treatments will often be prescribed to help control the mother's blood pressure and treat symptoms until the baby can be safely delivered. Once the baby is delivered, preeclampsia usually goes away very quickly. Risk factors for developing preeclampsia include women with chronic hypertension, who are obese, who are under 20 or over 40 years of age, who are pregnant with more than one baby, and who have preexisting health problems, such as diabetes. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown, but researchers have produced a number of theories about the condition. (See also Eclampsia and Gestational hypertension.)

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Preeclampsia" for support, advocacy or research.

H.E.L.L.P. Syndrome International Foundation, S.a, UK, USA

HELLP Syndrome is a life-threatening condition to both mother and unborn baby during gestation. Our goal: To enhance and extend life.

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2013

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Preeclampsia Foundation

The Preeclampsia Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization whose mission is to reduce maternal and infant illness and death due to preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by providing patient support and education, raising public awareness, catalyzing research and improving health care practices. We envision a world where preeclampsia no longer threatens the lives of mothers and babies.

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2014

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Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Preeclampsia" for support, advocacy or research.

H.E.L.L.P. Syndrome International Foundation, S.a, UK, USA

HELLP Syndrome is a life-threatening condition to both mother and unborn baby during gestation. Our goal: To enhance and extend life.

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2013

View Details
Preeclampsia Foundation

The Preeclampsia Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization whose mission is to reduce maternal and infant illness and death due to preeclampsia and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by providing patient support and education, raising public awareness, catalyzing research and improving health care practices. We envision a world where preeclampsia no longer threatens the lives of mothers and babies.

http://www.preeclampsia.org

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2014

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Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

The Preeclampsia Registry

The Preeclampsia Registry is a "Living Database" bringing together those affected, their family members, and researchers to advance knowledge and discover preventions and treatments for preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and related hypertensive disorders

Updated 23 Oct 2014

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Preeclampsia" returned 1217 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Predicting preeclampsia from a history of preterm birth.
 

Author(s): Svein Rasmussen, Cathrine Ebbing, Lorentz M Irgens

Journal:

 

To assess whether women with a history of preterm birth, independent on the presence of prelabour rupture of the membranes (PROM) and growth deviation of the newborn, are more likely to develop preeclampsia with preterm or preterm birth in a subsequent pregnancy.

Last Updated: 24 Jul 2017

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The prediction of late-onset preeclampsia: Results from a longitudinal proteomics study.
 

Author(s): Offer Erez, Roberto Romero, Eli Maymon, Piya Chaemsaithong, Bogdan Done, Percy Pacora, Bogdan Panaitescu, Tinnakorn Chaiworapongsa, Sonia S Hassan, Adi L Tarca

Journal:

 

Late-onset preeclampsia is the most prevalent phenotype of this syndrome; nevertheless, only a few biomarkers for its early diagnosis have been reported. We sought to correct this deficiency using a high through-put proteomic platform.

Last Updated: 24 Jul 2017

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Identification of SEPP1 polymorphisms is not a genetic risk factor for preeclampsia in Chinese Han women: A clinical trial and experimental study.
 

Author(s): Hong Wu, Xuewen Jia, Hong Zhao, Youmin Huang, Chang Liu, Zuzhou Huang, Shunjun Li, Jingli Wang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(28):e7249.

 

SEPP1 encodes selenoprotein P, which involved in oxidative stress and plays an important role in the development of preeclampsia (PE). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between PE and genetic variants of SEPP1 in Chinese Han women.

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Preeclampsia" returned 188 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Endothelin Type A Receptor as a Potential Therapeutic Target in Preeclampsia.
 

Author(s): Bhavisha Bakrania, Jeremy Duncan, Junie P Warrington, Joey P Granger

Journal:

 

Preeclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy typically characterized by new onset hypertension after gestational week 20 and proteinuria. Although PE is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and death worldwide, the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of the disease ...

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2017

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Prevention of preeclampsia.
 

Author(s): Chad A Grotegut

Journal: J. Clin. Invest.. 2016 Dec;126(12):4396-4398.

 

Preeclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy that is associated with an increased risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Currently, delivery is the only cure for preeclampsia; therefore, effective prevention and treatment options for this condition are sorely ...

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2016

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Vascular adaptation in pregnancy and endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia.
 

Author(s): D S Boeldt, I M Bird

Journal: J. Endocrinol.. 2017 Jan;232(1):R27-R44.

 

Maternal vascular adaptation to pregnancy is critically important to expand the capacity for blood flow through the uteroplacental unit to meet the needs of the developing fetus. Failure of the maternal vasculature to properly adapt can result in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy ...

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence of Antiphospholipid Antibodies Among Women With Preeclampsia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Preeclampsia

 

Last Updated: 8 May 2017

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Low Dose Aspirin in the Prevention of Preeclampsia in China
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Preeclampsia

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2016

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Blood Collection to Validated New Therapeutics Strategies Against Preeclampsia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Preeclampsia

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2017

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