Arthritis

Common Name(s)

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of a joint (the point where two bones fit together). There are many types of arthritis and each one has its own cause and symptoms. Typically, all forms of arthritis are associated with symptoms that include pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, and decreased range of motion in the joint that usually gets worse with age. Severe arthritis that affects the hands and arms may make it difficult to do daily tasks while arthritis that affects the knees or ankles may make it difficult to walk or stand. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of the hard tissue that covers and protects the ends of bones (cartilage). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack the lining of joints (synovium).

Risk factors for arthritis include a family history of arthritis, increasing age, previous joint injury, obesity and gender, as women are more likely than men to develop RA. Causes of other forms of arthritis include a build up of uric acid crystals in the joint, infections, or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus. Your doctor may use a physical exam, imaging, lab tests and video assessment of your joints to diagnosis arthritis. Imaging can include an X-ray and an MRI to get a detailed look at the joint and cartilage. Doctors may also perform arthroscopy, which uses a small video camera inserted into a small cut near the affected joint to obtain images of the affected area. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are treatments that help reduce symptoms. These include pain medications, therapy and surgery. If you or someone in your family has been diagnosed with arthritis, talk with a doctor to determine the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 15426 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chikungunya Fever Presenting as a Systemic Disease with Fever. Arthritis and Rash: Our Experience in Israel.
 

Author(s): Amir Tanay

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. ;18(3-4):162-3.

 

Chikungunya fever (CHIK-F) has been increasingly documented among Western travelers returning from areas with chikungunya virus transmission, which are also popular tourist sites. We present three Israeli travelers who developed fever, maculopapular rash and long-standing arthralgias ...

Last Updated: 27 May 2016

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[Pseudoseptic arthritis with foreign body synovitis in a patient with gout].
 

Author(s): I A Valerio-Moraes, R Espinosa-Morales, A Sánchez-González, A L Cedeño-Garcidueñas, R Pichardo-Bahena, M Lezama-Peniche

Journal: Acta Ortop Mex. ;29(2):123-6.

 

Monoarthritis is a diagnostic challenge for the clinician, as the list of associated conditions is quite long. It is accepted that in patients with a diagnosis of inflammatory joint disease monoarthritis represents exacerbation of the underlying disease. However, ignoring the systematized ...

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2016

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Variants in CXCR4 associate with juvenile idiopathic arthritis susceptibility.
 

Author(s): Terri H Finkel, Jin Li, Zhi Wei, Wei Wang, Haitao Zhang, Edward M Behrens, Emma L Reuschel, Sophie Limou, Carol Wise, Marilynn Punaro, Mara L Becker, Jane E Munro, Berit Flatø, Øystein Førre, Susan D Thompson, Carl D Langefeld, David N Glass, Joseph T Glessner, Cecilia E Kim, Edward Frackelton, Debra K Shivers, Kelly A Thomas, Rosetta M Chiavacci, Cuiping Hou, Kexiang Xu, James Snyder, Haijun Qiu, Frank Mentch, Kai Wang, Cheryl A Winkler, Benedicte A Lie, Justine A Ellis, Hakon Hakonarson

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic rheumatic disease among children, the etiology of which involves a strong genetic component, but much of the underlying genetic determinants still remain unknown. Our aim was to identify novel genetic variants that predispose to JIA.

Last Updated: 23 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 1851 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Sex Differences in the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis: A Systematic Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Elena Generali, Carlo A Sciré, Luca Cantarini, Carlo Selmi

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. ;18(3-4):203-8.

 

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with skin psoriasis and manifests a wide clinical phenotype, with proposed differences between sexes. Current treatments are based on traditional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD), and biologic agents ...

Last Updated: 27 May 2016

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Do Anti-TNF Blockers Increase the Risk of Lung Involvement in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis or Psoriatic Arthritis? A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Fabiola Atzeni, Elisabetta Grillo, Ignazio F Masala, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Gareth T Jones

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. ;18(3-4):154-5.

 

Lung involvement is a well-recognized extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Anecdotal reports suggest that the use of anti-TNF drugs may be related to lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis. To examine the association between anti-TNF drugs and the development ...

Last Updated: 27 May 2016

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[Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and oral health].
 

Author(s): Agnieszka Kobus, Anna Kierklo, Danuta Sielicka, Sławomir Dariusz Szajda

Journal:

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common autoimmune inflammatory disease of connective tissue in children. It is characterized by progressive joint destruction which causes preserved changes in the musculoskeletal system. The literature describes fully clinical symptoms ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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The CCP Study: Coordinated Programme to Prevent Arthritis - Can We Identify Arthritis at a Pre-clinical Stage ?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Inflammatory Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 29 Jun 2016

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