Postpartum depression

Common Name(s)

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is a severe form of depression that some new mothers may experience after childbirth. Symptoms include loss of appetite, insomnia, intense irritability and anger, overwhelming fatigue, lack of joy in life, feelings of shame, difficulty bonding with your baby, withdrawal from family and friends and thoughts of harming yourself or your baby. Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression usually develop within the first four weeks following childbirth. A physician can diagnose postpartum depression based on asking questions about mood, thoughts and emotions following pregnancy, which are commonly discussed during a postpartum check-up. A physician will likely also run blood tests to check if the thyroid is working correctly, which may also contribute to the depressive symptoms. Postpartum depression can be treated with counseling and medications, such as antidepressants, and hormone therapy treatments. With the right treatment, postpartum depression may resolve in as little as one to two months.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 144 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety among pregnant and postpartum first-time mothers.
 

Author(s): Laura E Sockol, C Neill Epperson, Jacques P Barber

Journal: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2014 Jun;17(3):199-212.

 

Two studies examined the relationship between maternal attitudes and symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. In the first study, a measure of maternal attitudes, the Attitudes Toward Motherhood Scale (AToM), was developed and validated ...

Last Updated: 16 May 2014

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Keywords to recruit Spanish- and English-speaking participants: evidence from an online postpartum depression randomized controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Alinne Z Barrera, Alex R Kelman, Ricardo F Muñoz

Journal:

 

One of the advantages of Internet-based research is the ability to efficiently recruit large, diverse samples of international participants. Currently, there is a dearth of information on the behind-the-scenes process to setting up successful online recruitment tools.

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2014

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Vitamin D status during pregnancy and the risk of subsequent postpartum depression: a case-control study.
 

Author(s): Nina O Nielsen, Marin Strøm, Heather A Boyd, Elisabeth W Andersen, Jan Wohlfahrt, Marika Lundqvist, Arieh Cohen, David M Hougaard, Mads Melbye

Journal:

 

Epidemiological studies have provided evidence of an association between vitamin D insufficiency and depression and other mood disorders, and a role for vitamin D in various brain functions has been suggested. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status during pregnancy might increase ...

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 24 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Preventing postpartum depression: a meta-analytic review.
 

Author(s): Laura E Sockol, C Neill Epperson, Jacques P Barber

Journal: Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Dec;33(8):1205-17.

 

This meta-analysis assessed the efficacy of a wide range of preventive interventions designed to reduce the severity of postpartum depressive symptoms or decrease the prevalence of postpartum depressive episodes. A systematic review identified 37 randomized or quasi-randomized controlled ...

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2013

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Nutrition and the psychoneuroimmunology of postpartum depression.
 

Author(s): E R Ellsworth-Bowers, E J Corwin

Journal: Nutr Res Rev. 2012 Jun;25(1):180-92.

 

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a relatively common and often severe mood disorder that develops in women after childbirth. The aetiology of PPD is unclear, although there is emerging evidence to suggest a psychoneuroimmune connection. Additionally, deficiencies in n-3 PUFA, B vitamins, ...

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2012

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Intimate partner violence against adult women and its association with major depressive disorder, depressive symptoms and postpartum depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Hind A Beydoun, May A Beydoun, Jay S Kaufman, Bruce Lo, Alan B Zonderman

Journal: Soc Sci Med. 2012 Sep;75(6):959-75.

 

To date, few systematic reviews of observational studies have been conducted to comprehensively evaluate the co-morbidity of intimate partner violence (IPV) and specific depression outcomes in women. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize the extant literature and ...

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Interpersonal Therapy-Based Treatment to Prevent Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 10 Jan 2014

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Prevalence of Postpartum Depression in Hospital Jose E. Gonzalez
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2012

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Can Oxytocin Level Predict Postpartum Depression?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 17 Jul 2014

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