Postpartum depression

Common Name(s)

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is a severe form of depression that some new mothers may experience after childbirth. Symptoms include crying and sadness, loss of appetite, insomnia, intense irritability and anger, overwhelming fatigue, lack of joy in life, feelings of shame, difficulty bonding with your baby, withdrawal from family and friends and thoughts of harming yourself or your baby. In very severe cases, the mother may experience hallucinations. Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression usually develop within the first four weeks following childbirth but may develop anytime within the first year. Recent studies have shown that 50% of the time, postpartum depression actually begins during the pregnancy. The cause is not known. Hormonal and physical changes after birth and the stress of caring for a new baby may play a role. A family or personal history of depression, anxiety or postpartum depression increases a woman’s risk of developing postpartum depression. Women who have diabetes or a thyroid imbalance, gone through infertility treatments, delivered multiples or prematurely, or had complications during pregnancy are also at an increased risk.

It is important to talk to seek help if you or a family member is experiencing signs of postpartum depression. If hallucinations or thoughts of self harm or harming the baby occur, seek immediate medical attention. Treatment is available. Postpartum depression can be treated with counseling and medications, such as antidepressants, and hormone therapy treatments. With the right treatment, postpartum depression may resolve in as little as one to two months. Talk with your doctor or midwife to decide the treatment options which will work best for you. Support groups are also a good source of up to date information and can help connect you with others affected by postpartum depression. See also depression.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 236 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Postpartum Depression.
 

Author(s): Simone N Vigod, Donna E Stewart

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 03;376(9):895.

 

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2017

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The association between pregnancy intendedness and experiencing symptoms of postpartum depression among new mothers in the United States, 2009 to 2011: A secondary analysis of PRAMS data.
 

Author(s): Christina Gauthreaux, Jenesis Negron, Daniel Castellanos, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Grettel Castro, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega, Juan Manuel Acuña

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Feb;96(6):e5851.

 

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a form of major depressive disorder affecting approximately 13% of women worldwide. Unintended pregnancies, reaching close to 50% of the pregnancies in the United States, have become a major health concern. While many physiologic and psychosocial causes ...

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2017

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Postpartum depression and infant feeding practices in a low income urban settlement in Nairobi-Kenya.
 

Author(s): Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar

Journal:

 

Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 41 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[An update on postpartum depression].
 

Author(s): Constanza Mendoza B, Sandra Saldivia

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2015 Jul;143(7):887-94.

 

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common condition worldwide and most of the available information is about treatment rather than prevention. This paper is an update on prevention and treatment of PPD. A simple review of the literature and a critical review of papers' methodology and ...

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2015

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies of Postpartum Depression: An Overview.
 

Author(s): Marco Fiorelli, Franca Aceti, Isabella Marini, Nicoletta Giacchetti, Enrica Macci, Emanuele Tinelli, Valentina Calistri, Valentina Meuti, Francesca Caramia, Massimo Biondi

Journal: Behav Neurol. 2015 ;2015():913843.

 

Postpartum depression is a frequent and disabling condition whose pathophysiology is still unclear. In recent years, the study of the neural correlates of mental disorders has been increasingly approached using magnetic resonance techniques. In this review we synthesize the results ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2015

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History of childhood sexual abuse and risk of prenatal and postpartum depression or depressive symptoms: an epidemiologic review.
 

Author(s): Adaeze C Wosu, Bizu Gelaye, Michelle A Williams

Journal: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015 Oct;18(5):659-71.

 

The objective of this review is to summarize the literature (and to the extent possible, report the magnitude and direction of the association) concerning history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and depression or depressive symptoms among pregnant and postpartum women. Publications ...

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Mobile Phone Based Peer Support to Prevent Postpartum Depression Among Adolescent Mothers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2016

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Be a Mom: Effectiveness of a Web-based Preventive Intervention for Postpartum Depression
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: PostPartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2017

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Preventing Postpartum Depression in Prenatal Care
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Post-partum Depression

 

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2016

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