Postpartum depression

Common Name(s)

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is a severe form of depression that some new mothers may experience after childbirth. Symptoms include crying and sadness, loss of appetite, insomnia, intense irritability and anger, overwhelming fatigue, lack of joy in life, feelings of shame, difficulty bonding with your baby, withdrawal from family and friends and thoughts of harming yourself or your baby. In very severe cases, the mother may experience hallucinations. Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression usually develop within the first four weeks following childbirth but may develop anytime within the first year. Recent studies have shown that 50% of the time, postpartum depression actually begins during the pregnancy. The cause is not known. Hormonal and physical changes after birth and the stress of caring for a new baby may play a role. A family or personal history of depression, anxiety or postpartum depression increases a woman’s risk of developing postpartum depression. Women who have diabetes or a thyroid imbalance, gone through infertility treatments, delivered multiples or prematurely, or had complications during pregnancy are also at an increased risk.

It is important to talk to seek help if you or a family member is experiencing signs of postpartum depression. If hallucinations or thoughts of self harm or harming the baby occur, seek immediate medical attention. Treatment is available. Postpartum depression can be treated with counseling and medications, such as antidepressants, and hormone therapy treatments. With the right treatment, postpartum depression may resolve in as little as one to two months. Talk with your doctor or midwife to decide the treatment options which will work best for you. Support groups are also a good source of up to date information and can help connect you with others affected by postpartum depression. See also depression.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 199 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Postpartum depression: prevalence and risk factors. A prospective Study concerning 302 Tunisian parturients].
 

Author(s): Jawaher Masmoudi, Fadoua Charfeddine, Sonda Trabelsi, Ines Feki, Belhsan Ben Ayad, Mohamed Guermazi, Imene Baâti, Abdellaziz Jaoua

Journal: Tunis Med. 2014 Oct;92(10):615-21.

 

Depression is a common condition especially in the postpartum. It exposes mothers, newborns and couples for psychosocial complications.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2015

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[Comprehensive evaluation of postpartum depression and correlations between postpartum depression and serum levels of homocysteine in Chinese women].
 

Author(s): Jianxi Huang, Li Zhang, Min He, Xuelian Qiang, Xia Xiao, Shuo Huang, Danli Zhang, Ming Tang

Journal: Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2015 Mar;40(3):311-6.

 

To investigate whether the level of homocysteine in patients with postpartum depression is associated with depression index.

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2015

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Poor sleep quality of third-trimester pregnancy is a risk factor for postpartum depression.
 

Author(s): Meifen Wu, Xiaoyi Li, Bin Feng, Hao Wu, Chunbo Qiu, Weifeng Zhang

Journal:

 

The aim of this study was to investigate whether poor sleep quality of third-trimester pregnancy is a risk factor for postpartum depression.

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 34 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Preventing postpartum depression: review and recommendations.
 

Author(s): Elizabeth Werner, Maia Miller, Lauren M Osborne, Sierra Kuzava, Catherine Monk

Journal: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015 Feb;18(1):41-60.

 

Nearly 20 % of mothers will experience an episode of major or minor depression within the first 3 months postpartum, making it the most common complication of childbearing. Postpartum depression (PPD) is significantly undertreated, and because prospective mothers are especially motivated ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2015

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Gender-linked stem cell alterations in stroke and postpartum depression.
 

Author(s): Mibel M Pabón, Xun-Ming Ji, Jamie Winderbaum Fernandez, Cesar V Borlongan

Journal: CNS Neurosci Ther. 2015 Apr;21(4):348-56.

 

Stroke is a significant unmet clinical need. The current stroke treatment of tissue plasminogen activator is limited to the very acute 4.5 h after disease onset which benefits only less than 3% of ischemic stroke patients. Our overarching hypothesis advances the notion that gender, ...

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2015

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The impact of sleep, stress, and depression on postpartum weight retention: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Rui S Xiao, Aimee R Kroll-Desrosiers, Robert J Goldberg, Sherry L Pagoto, Sharina D Person, Molly E Waring

Journal: J Psychosom Res. 2014 Nov;77(5):351-8.

 

To review the impact of sleep, stress, and/or depression on postpartum weight retention.

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Interpersonal Therapy-Based Treatment to Prevent Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2014

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Prevalence of Postpartum Depression in Hospital Jose E. Gonzalez
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2012

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Social Media Intervention for Postpartum Depression
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression; Parenting

 

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2015

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