Postpartum depression

Common Name(s)

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is a severe form of depression that some new mothers may experience after childbirth. Symptoms include crying and sadness, loss of appetite, insomnia, intense irritability and anger, overwhelming fatigue, lack of joy in life, feelings of shame, difficulty bonding with your baby, withdrawal from family and friends and thoughts of harming yourself or your baby. In very severe cases, the mother may experience hallucinations. Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression usually develop within the first four weeks following childbirth but may develop anytime within the first year. Recent studies have shown that 50% of the time, postpartum depression actually begins during the pregnancy. The cause is not known. Hormonal and physical changes after birth and the stress of caring for a new baby may play a role. A family or personal history of depression, anxiety or postpartum depression increases a woman’s risk of developing postpartum depression. Women who have diabetes or a thyroid imbalance, gone through infertility treatments, delivered multiples or prematurely, or had complications during pregnancy are also at an increased risk.

It is important to talk to seek help if you or a family member is experiencing signs of postpartum depression. If hallucinations or thoughts of self harm or harming the baby occur, seek immediate medical attention. Treatment is available. Postpartum depression can be treated with counseling and medications, such as antidepressants, and hormone therapy treatments. With the right treatment, postpartum depression may resolve in as little as one to two months. Talk with your doctor or midwife to decide the treatment options which will work best for you. Support groups are also a good source of up to date information and can help connect you with others affected by postpartum depression. See also depression.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Postpartum depression" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 222 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Delineating the Association between Heavy Postpartum Haemorrhage and Postpartum Depression.
 

Author(s): Patricia Eckerdal, Natasa Kollia, Johanna Löfblad, Charlotte Hellgren, Linnea Karlsson, Ulf Högberg, Anna-Karin Wikström, Alkistis Skalkidou

Journal:

 

To explore the association between postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and postpartum depression (PPD), taking into account the role of postpartum anaemia, delivery experience and psychiatric history.

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Intimate Partner Violence and Depression Symptom Severity among South African Women during Pregnancy and Postpartum: Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study.
 

Author(s): Alexander C Tsai, Mark Tomlinson, W Scott Comulada, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

Journal:

 

Violence against women by intimate partners remains unacceptably common worldwide. The evidence base for the assumed psychological impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) is derived primarily from studies conducted in high-income countries. A recently published systematic review ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2016

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The Specific Role of Relationship Life Events in the Onset of Depression during Pregnancy and the Postpartum.
 

Author(s): Nicola Wright, Jonathan Hill, Andrew Pickles, Helen Sharp

Journal:

 

The precipitating role of life events in the onset of depression is well-established. The present study sought to examine whether life events hypothesised to be personally salient would be more strongly associated with depression than other life events. In a sample of women making ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Postpartum depression" returned 39 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[An update on postpartum depression].
 

Author(s): Constanza Mendoza B, Sandra Saldivia

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2015 Jul;143(7):887-94.

 

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common condition worldwide and most of the available information is about treatment rather than prevention. This paper is an update on prevention and treatment of PPD. A simple review of the literature and a critical review of papers' methodology and ...

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2015

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies of Postpartum Depression: An Overview.
 

Author(s): Marco Fiorelli, Franca Aceti, Isabella Marini, Nicoletta Giacchetti, Enrica Macci, Emanuele Tinelli, Valentina Calistri, Valentina Meuti, Francesca Caramia, Massimo Biondi

Journal: Behav Neurol. 2015 ;2015():913843.

 

Postpartum depression is a frequent and disabling condition whose pathophysiology is still unclear. In recent years, the study of the neural correlates of mental disorders has been increasingly approached using magnetic resonance techniques. In this review we synthesize the results ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2015

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The role of body image in prenatal and postpartum depression: a critical review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Marushka L Silveira, Karen A Ertel, Nancy Dole, Lisa Chasan-Taber

Journal: Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015 Jun;18(3):409-21.

 

Maternal depression increases risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, and recent evidence suggests that body image may play an important role in depression. This systematic review identifies studies of body image and perinatal depression with the goal of elucidating the complex role that ...

Last Updated: 19 May 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Interpersonal Therapy-Based Treatment to Prevent Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2016

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Prevalence of Postpartum Depression in Hospital Jose E. Gonzalez
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2012

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Mobile Phone Based Peer Support to Prevent Postpartum Depression Among Adolescent Mothers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postpartum Depression

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2016

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