Pelvic floor dysfunction

Common Name(s)

Pelvic floor dysfunction

Pelvic floor dysfunction is not a single condition, but a term used to refer to multiple complications that affect the pelvic floor, pelvic bones, or lower back. The conditions may be caused by genetically weakened bones or muscle fibers, but other causes such as obesity, menopause, pregnancy, and childbirth have also been identified. Pelvic floor dysfunction may also be caused by tightening (or inability to properly relax) of the pelvic floor muscles. This form of pelvic floor dysfunction causes constipation, or even an inability to control bowel movements.

Diagnosis of pelvic floor dysfunction may be done through a combination of looking at the individual's medical history and use of a defecating proctogram, in which the patient is given an enema and an x-ray records the flow of the liquid through the rectum. Treatment may be done through pelvic floor exercises (Kegel exercises) if the condition is mild, biofeedback techniques to aid in muscle coordination, or surgery may be required. In the case of pelvic floor dysfunction caused by tightening of the muscles, physical therapy may be an effective treatment. Talk to your doctor if you think you may have a pelvic floor dysfunction to find the right treatment option for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pelvic floor dysfunction" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pelvic floor dysfunction" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pelvic floor dysfunction" returned 24 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of compartment defects in anorectal and pelvic floor dysfunction with female outlet obstruction constipation (OOC) by dynamic MR defecography.
 

Author(s): M Li, T Jiang, P Peng, X-Q Yang, W-C Wang

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015 Apr;19(8):1407-15.

 

Chronic constipation affects more than 17% of the global population worldwide, and up to 50% of patients were outlet obstruction constipation (OOC). Women and the elderly are most likely to be affected, due to female-specific risk factors, such as menopause, parity and multiparity. ...

Last Updated: 13 May 2015

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Pelvic-floor muscle rehabilitation in erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation.
 

Author(s): Pierre Lavoisier, Pascal Roy, Emmanuelle Dantony, Antoine Watrelot, Jean Ruggeri, Sébastien Dumoulin

Journal: Phys Ther. 2014 Dec;94(12):1731-43.

 

In men, involuntary or voluntary ischiocavernosus muscle contractions after erection lead to intracavernous blood pressures far higher than the systolic pressure, which builds and maintains penile rigidity. Thus, erectile dysfunction may be partly due to ischiocavernosus muscle atrophy ...

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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The relationship between postpartum levator ani muscle avulsion and signs and symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction.
 

Author(s): K van Delft, A H Sultan, R Thakar, N Schwertner-Tiepelmann, K Kluivers

Journal: BJOG. 2014 Aug;121(9):1164-71; discussion 1172.

 

To establish the relationship between postpartum levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion and signs and/or symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD).

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pelvic floor dysfunction" returned 8 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pelvic floor dysfunction, and effects of pregnancy and mode of delivery on pelvic floor.
 

Author(s): Murat Bozkurt, Ayşe Ender Yumru, Levent Şahin

Journal: Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Dec;53(4):452-8.

 

Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), although seems to be simple, is a complex process that develops secondary to multifactorial factors. The incidence of PFD is increasing with increasing life expectancy. PFD is a term that refers to a broad range of clinical scenarios, including lower ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Association between mode of delivery and pelvic floor dysfunction.
 

Author(s): Guri Rørtveit, Yngvild S Hannestad

Journal:

 

Normal vaginal delivery can cause significant strain on the pelvic floor. We present a review of the current knowledge on vaginal delivery as a risk factor for urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse compared to caesarean section.

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2014

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Recognition and management of nonrelaxing pelvic floor dysfunction.
 

Author(s): Stephanie S Faubion, Lynne T Shuster, Adil E Bharucha

Journal: Mayo Clin. Proc.. 2012 Feb;87(2):187-93.

 

Nonrelaxing pelvic floor dysfunction is not widely recognized. Unlike in pelvic floor disorders caused by relaxed muscles (eg, pelvic organ prolapse or urinary incontinence, both of which often are identified readily), women affected by nonrelaxing pelvic floor dysfunction may present ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Mitigating Chronic Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Following Childbirth by Pelvic Floor Dynamometry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

 

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2015

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Effect of Brief-tele Support on Attendance at Physiotherapy Sessions
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions

 

Last Updated: 29 Sep 2015

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Outcomes of Delivery in Patients With Dyspareunia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspareunia; Pregnancy; Provoked Vestibulodynia; Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

 

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2015

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