Aplastic Anemia

Common Name(s)

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia is failure of the bone marrow to make enough blood cells. All blood cell types are affected. It can be caused by injury to blood stem cells due to exposure to certain drugs, chemotherapy, congenital disorders, drug therapy to suppress the immune system, pregnancy, radiation therapy, or toxins such as benzene or arsenic. When the cause is unknown, it is referred to as idiopathic aplastic anemia. In about half of all cases, no cause can be found. The condition can be acute or chronic.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aplastic Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Dyskeratosis Congenita Outreach, Inc.

Our mission is to provide information and support services to families affected by Dyskeratosis Congenita, a Telomere Biology Disorder worldwide, to encourage the medical community's research in finding causes and effective treatments, and to facilitate improved diagnosis by educating medical providers.

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2014

View Details
Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
APLASTIC ANEMIA AND OMID'S MISSION FOUNDATION

ONE MOTHER.. ONE SON... ONE MISSION! AT AAOMF.ORG WE EDUCATE, SUPPORT PATIENTS, CAREGIVERS. AND BRING GLOBAL AWARENESS.OF THIS LIFE THREATENING BONE MARROW FAILURE BLOOD DISEASE. MILLIONS OF CHILDREN WORLDWIDE ARE SUFFERING WITH APLASTIC ANEMIA. WE PROVIDE UPDATED INFORMATION RELATED TO NEW RESEARCH, TREATMENTS AND NEW FINDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH. (NIH) WE ARE ADVOCATES THAT LOOK OUT FOR PATIENT'S RIGHTS. OUR MISSION IS TO HELP RESEARCHERS FIND A CURE FOR APLASTIC ANEMIA DYSKERATOSIS CONGENITA. AAOMF.ORG HAS BEEN PROACTIVE AND RECOGNIZED BY LARGE CORPORATIONS SUCH AS MACY'S, CITGO, TDBANK, STARBUCKS, CARMAX AND MUCH MORE. WE CAN TACKLE APLASTIC ANEMIA BY WORKING TOGETHER.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details
National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aplastic Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Dyskeratosis Congenita Outreach, Inc.

Our mission is to provide information and support services to families affected by Dyskeratosis Congenita, a Telomere Biology Disorder worldwide, to encourage the medical community's research in finding causes and effective treatments, and to facilitate improved diagnosis by educating medical providers.

http://www.dcoutreach.com

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2014

View Details
Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

http://www.aamds.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

View Details
Logo
APLASTIC ANEMIA AND OMID'S MISSION FOUNDATION

ONE MOTHER.. ONE SON... ONE MISSION! AT AAOMF.ORG WE EDUCATE, SUPPORT PATIENTS, CAREGIVERS. AND BRING GLOBAL AWARENESS.OF THIS LIFE THREATENING BONE MARROW FAILURE BLOOD DISEASE. MILLIONS OF CHILDREN WORLDWIDE ARE SUFFERING WITH APLASTIC ANEMIA. WE PROVIDE UPDATED INFORMATION RELATED TO NEW RESEARCH, TREATMENTS AND NEW FINDINGS FROM THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH. (NIH) WE ARE ADVOCATES THAT LOOK OUT FOR PATIENT'S RIGHTS. OUR MISSION IS TO HELP RESEARCHERS FIND A CURE FOR APLASTIC ANEMIA DYSKERATOSIS CONGENITA. AAOMF.ORG HAS BEEN PROACTIVE AND RECOGNIZED BY LARGE CORPORATIONS SUCH AS MACY'S, CITGO, TDBANK, STARBUCKS, CARMAX AND MUCH MORE. WE CAN TACKLE APLASTIC ANEMIA BY WORKING TOGETHER.

http://www.aaomf.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

View Details
National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aplastic Anemia" returned 595 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[A case of umbilical cord blood transplantation combined with mesenchymal stem cell treat severe aplastic anemia].
 

Author(s): Ming Ni, Baoan Chen, Jiahua Ding, Gang Zhao, Xingchen Gao, Chengxin Luan

Journal: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2014 Sep;35(9):860-1.

 

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2014

Go To URL
[Refractory cytopenia of children and acquired aplastic anemia: a clinical and pathological study of 130 cases].
 

Author(s): Xia Qin, Irith Baumann, Jing Chen, Ping Shen, Jiefeng Chen, Minzhi Yin

Journal: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2014 Aug;35(8):713-8.

 

To explore the clinical characteristics and histopathological morphology features of bone marrow biopsies between refractory cytopenia of children (RCC) and acquired aplastic anemia (AAA) to facilitate the diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of RCC and AAA.

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

Go To URL
Somatic mutations identify a subgroup of aplastic anemia patients who progress to myelodysplastic syndrome.
 

Author(s): Austin G Kulasekararaj, Jie Jiang, Alexander E Smith, Azim M Mohamedali, Syed Mian, Shreyans Gandhi, Joop Gaken, Barbara Czepulkowski, Judith C W Marsh, Ghulam J Mufti

Journal: Blood. 2014 Oct;124(17):2698-704.

 

The distinction between acquired aplastic anemia (AA) and hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (hMDS) is often difficult, especially nonsevere AA. We postulated that somatic mutations are present in a subset of AA, and predict malignant transformation. From our database, we identified ...

Last Updated: 24 Oct 2014

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aplastic Anemia" returned 48 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Defectiveness of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in acquired aplastic anemia].
 

Author(s): Jing-Liao Zhang, Xiao-Fan Zhu

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2015 Jan;17(1):100-6.

 

The defectiveness of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in acquired aplastic anemia (AA) has been a frequent research topic in recent years. This review summarizes the defectiveness of BM-MSCs which is responsible for the mechanism of acquired AA and the prospective application ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2015

Go To URL
Aplastic anemia in adolescents and young adults.
 

Author(s): Amy E DeZern, Eva C Guinan

Journal: Acta Haematol.. 2014 ;132(3-4):331-9.

 

Adolescent and young adult patient presentations of aplastic anemia require a particular perspective on both diagnosis and treatment. This unique age group necessitates a thorough diagnostic evaluation to ensure the etiology, acquired or inherited, is sufficiently determined. The ...

Last Updated: 17 Sep 2014

Go To URL
Occurrence of Epstein-Barr virus-associated plasmacytic lymphoproliferative disorder after antithymocyte globulin therapy for aplastic anemia: a case report with review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Ryota Nakanishi, Mitsuaki Ishida, Keiko Hodohara, Hiroko Okuno, Miyuki Yoshii, Akiko Horinouchi, Ayaka Shirakawa, Ayumi Harada, Muneo Iwai, Keiko Yoshida, Akiko Kagotani, Takashi Yoshida, Hidetoshi Okabe

Journal:

 

It is well established that patients with immunosuppression have a higher risk of development of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with development of LPDs. Aplastic anemia (AA) is an immune-mediated hematological disorder, and immunosuppression ...

Last Updated: 12 May 2014

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Eltrombopag for Moderate Aplastic Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Eltrombopag; Aplastic Anemia; Aplastic Anemia Treatment; Moderate Aplastic Anemia; Moderate Aplastic Anemia Treatment

 

Last Updated: 30 Apr 2015

Go to URL
Efficacy and Safety of Eltrombopag In Patients With Severe and Very Severe Aplastic Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Severe Aplastic Anemia; Very Severe Aplastic Anemia; Moderate Aplastic Anemia

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2014

Go to URL
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Dyskeratosis Congenita or Severe Aplastic Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyskeratosis Congenita; Aplastic Anemia

 

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

Go to URL