Osteomyelitis

Common Name(s)

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is the medical term for an infection in a bone. The infection that causes osteomyelitis often is in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood. Affected bone may have been predisposed to infection because of recent trauma. In children, the long bones are usually affected. In adults, the vertebrae and the pelvis are most commonly affected. Bone infection can be caused by bacteria or by fungus. Osteomyelitis is divided into several types depending on where an infection begins and where it occurs. Types of osteomyelitis include: infections that travel through the bloodstream, infections that occur after injury or surgery, infections in people with poor circulation, and infection in the bones of the spine.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteomyelitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 993 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Extremity Chronic Osteomyelitis in Southern China: A Retrospective Analysis of 394 Consecutive Patients.
 

Author(s): Nan Jiang, Yun-Fei Ma, Yi Jiang, Xing-Qi Zhao, Guo-Ping Xie, Yan-Jun Hu, Cheng-He Qin, Bin Yu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1874.

 

Although extremity chronic osteomyelitis is common in China, updated data were still limited regarding its characterizations. The present study aimed to review clinical features of extremity chronic osteomyelitis in Southern China.A retrospective analysis was conducted in the patients ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Osteomyelitis of Maxilla in Infantile With Periorbital Cellulitis: A Case Report.
 

Author(s): Zhiqiang Feng, Xufeng Chen, Fengdi Cao, Renfa Lai, Qiang Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(40):e1688.

 

Infantile osteomyelitis (IO) is an uncommon and life-threatening disease that can be misdiagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the incidence of sequel. In this case report, we present a 25-day-old male infant with apparent edema in the entire left periorbital region. ...

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2015

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Antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer as definitive management for osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Xu-Sheng Qiu, Xin Zheng, Hong-fei Shi, Yan-cheng Zhu, Xia Guo, Hai-jun Mao, Guang-yue Xu, Yi-xin Chen

Journal:

 

Osteomyelitis is a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. There is a lack of scientific evidence to guide treatment. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcome of unplanned retention of antibiotic-impregnated cement spacer (ACS) in the management of osteomyelitis.

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 95 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nontuberculous mycobacterial osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Sheng Bi, Fei-Shu Hu, Hai-Ying Yu, Kai-Jin Xu, Bei-Wen Zheng, Zhong-Kang Ji, Jun-Jie Li, Mei Deng, Hai-Yang Hu, Ji-Fang Sheng

Journal: Infect Dis (Lond). 2015 ;47(10):673-85.

 

Osteomyelitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) can have severe consequences and a poor prognosis. Physicians therefore need to be alert to this condition, especially in immunocompromised patients. Although the pathogenesis of NTM osteomyelitis is still unclear, studies ...

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2015

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Nanostructured platforms for the sustained and local delivery of antibiotics in the treatment of osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Vuk Uskokovic

Journal: Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst. 2015 ;32(1):1-59.

 

This article provides a critical view of the current state of the development of nanoparticulate and other solid-state carriers for the local delivery of antibiotics in the treatment of osteomyelitis. Mentioned are the downsides of traditional means for treating bone infection, which ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Pseudomonas osteomyelitis of the proximal humerus after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
 

Author(s): Nuri Aydın, Evrim Şirin, Ahmet Nadir Aydemir, Gökhan Zengin

Journal: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2014 ;48(6):685-9.

 

A 59-year-old male patient was operated arthroscopically due to a rotator cuff tear. An early postoperative Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection was treated with early arthroscopic debridement and antibiotic therapy. The patient was lost to follow-up and presented to our clinic with Pseudomonas ...

Last Updated: 1 Feb 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Ceftaroline for Treatment of Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis in Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis; Bone Infection; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2016

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Osteomyelitis: Procalcitonin to Diagnose and Monitor Osteomyelitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes; Foot Ulcer; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2014

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Efficacy of Surgical Treatment of Osteomyelitis in Diabetic Foot Ulcers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteomyelitis; Diabetic Foot; Diabetic Foot Ulcers

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2010

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