Osteomyelitis

Common Name(s)

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is the medical term for an infection in a bone. The infection that causes osteomyelitis often is in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood. Affected bone may have been predisposed to infection because of recent trauma. In children, the long bones are usually affected. In adults, the vertebrae and the pelvis are most commonly affected. Bone infection can be caused by bacteria or by fungus. Osteomyelitis is divided into several types depending on where an infection begins and where it occurs. Types of osteomyelitis include: infections that travel through the bloodstream, infections that occur after injury or surgery, infections in people with poor circulation, and infection in the bones of the spine.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteomyelitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteomyelitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 1021 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of Head and Neck Cancers in Chronic Osteomyelitis: A National Retrospective Cohort Study.
 

Author(s): Chia-Ta Tsai, Mao-Wang Ho, Dana Lin, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chun-Hung Tseng, Wen-Chi Su, Ming-Chia Lin, Chia-Hung Kao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jan;95(3):e2407.

 

The aim of study is to determine whether chronic osteomyelitis (COM) is linked to an increased risk of head and neck cancer (HNC).We identify 17,033 patients with osteomyelitis and 68,125 subjects without osteomyelitis during 1996 to 2010 periods. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards ...

Last Updated: 28 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Is There an Association Between Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Neurological Signs in Patients With Vertebral Osteomyelitis?: A Retrospective Observational Study on 121 Patients.
 

Author(s): Géraldine Bart, Hervé Redon, David Boutoille, Olivier Hamel, Lucie Planche, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jan;95(3):e2373.

 

Neurological complications can occur in up to 51% of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) in surgical series. The aim of our study was to estimate the frequency of neurological signs in a nonselected population of patients with VO and to assess clinical and MRI changes associated with these ...

Last Updated: 28 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Whole-Body Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis in Children.
 

Author(s): Nadine Leclair, Gregor Thörmer, Ina Sorge, Lutz Ritter, Volker Schuster, Franz Wolfgang Hirsch

Journal:

 

Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis/ chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CRMO/ CNO) is a rare auto-inflammatory disease and typically manifests in terms of musculoskeletal pain. Because of a high frequency of musculoskeletal disorders in children/ adolescents, it can be quite ...

Last Updated: 23 Jan 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 99 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Thoracolumbar Scoliosis Due to Cryptococcal Osteomyelitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): Zheng Li, Jinqian Liang, Jianxiong Shen, Guixing Qiu, Xisheng Weng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(5):e2613.

 

Cryptococcus neoformans causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, with vertebral osteomyelitis being a very rare involvement.This study is to present a case of thoracolumbar scoliosis occurring in the setting of cryptococcal osteomyelitis.Pharmacological intervention ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2016

Go To URL
Staphylococcus aureus vs. Osteoblast: Relationship and Consequences in Osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Jérôme Josse, Frédéric Velard, Sophie C Gangloff

Journal:

 

Bone cells, namely osteoblasts and osteoclasts work in concert and are responsible for bone extracellular matrix formation and resorption. This homeostasis is, in part, altered during infections by Staphylococcus aureus through the induction of various responses from the osteoblasts. ...

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2015

Go To URL
Nontuberculous mycobacterial osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Sheng Bi, Fei-Shu Hu, Hai-Ying Yu, Kai-Jin Xu, Bei-Wen Zheng, Zhong-Kang Ji, Jun-Jie Li, Mei Deng, Hai-Yang Hu, Ji-Fang Sheng

Journal: Infect Dis (Lond). 2015 ;47(10):673-85.

 

Osteomyelitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) can have severe consequences and a poor prognosis. Physicians therefore need to be alert to this condition, especially in immunocompromised patients. Although the pathogenesis of NTM osteomyelitis is still unclear, studies ...

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Ceftaroline for Treatment of Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis in Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis; Bone Infection; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 24 Jun 2016

Go to URL
Osteomyelitis: Procalcitonin to Diagnose and Monitor Osteomyelitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes; Foot Ulcer; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2014

Go to URL
Efficacy of Surgical Treatment of Osteomyelitis in Diabetic Foot Ulcers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteomyelitis; Diabetic Foot; Diabetic Foot Ulcers

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2010

Go to URL