Osteomyelitis

Common Name(s)

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is the medical term for an infection in a bone. The infection that causes osteomyelitis often is in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood. Affected bone may have been predisposed to infection because of recent trauma. In children, the long bones are usually affected. In adults, the vertebrae and the pelvis are most commonly affected. Bone infection can be caused by bacteria or by fungus. Osteomyelitis is divided into several types depending on where an infection begins and where it occurs. Types of osteomyelitis include: infections that travel through the bloodstream, infections that occur after injury or surgery, infections in people with poor circulation, and infection in the bones of the spine.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteomyelitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 1060 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Osteomyelitis caused by Sporothrix schenckii in an immunocompetent patient.
 

Author(s): Laura Cunha Ferreira, Paulo Feijo Barroso, Elise Tonomura, Tiyomi Akiti, Káris Maria de Pinho Rodrigues

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;49(4):527-9.

 

Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous mycosis in South America and its association with zoonotic transmission remains a relevant public health problem in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The disease most commonly presents as subacute or chronic cutaneous lesions, although dissemination ...

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

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Abdominal mass hiding rib osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Genny Raffaeli, Irene Borzani, Raffaella Pinzani, Caterina Giannitto, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito

Journal:

 

Rib osteomyelitis is a rare entity, occurring in approximately 1 % or less of all cases of haematogenous osteomyelitis. Given its rarity and clinical heterogeneity, the diagnosis of rib osteomyelitis can be challenging and requires a high index of suspicion. We present a case of acute ...

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2016

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Polymicrobial vertebral osteomyelitis after oesophageal biopsy: a case report.
 

Author(s): Aude Giger, Erlangga Yusuf, Oriol Manuel, Olivier Clerc, Andrej Trampuz

Journal:

 

While most cases of polymicrobial vertebral osteomyelitis are secondary to hematogenous seeding, direct inoculation during spinal surgery and contiguous spread from adjacent soft tissue are also potential routes whereby pathogens may infect the spine.

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 108 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mucormycosis in a surgical defect masquerading as osteomyelitis: a case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Ashwini Kumar Mengji, Uday Shankar Yaga, Nishanth Gollamudi, Bhanu Prakash, Edunuri Rajashekar

Journal:

 

Mucormycosis is a rare, highly lethal opportunistic fungal disease affecting immune compromised and diabetic patients. Mucormycosis is considered as the 3(rd) most common invasive mycosis after candidiasis and aspergillosis in debilitating patients. It is caused by the filamentous ...

Last Updated: 20 May 2016

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Clinical Application of Antimicrobial Bone Graft Substitute in Osteomyelitis Treatment: A Systematic Review of Different Bone Graft Substitutes Available in Clinical Treatment of Osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): T A G van Vugt, J Geurts, J J Arts

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():6984656.

 

Osteomyelitis is a common occurrence in orthopaedic surgery, which is caused by different bacteria. Treatment of osteomyelitis patients aims to eradicate infection by debridement surgery and local and systemic antibiotic therapy. Local treatment increases success rates and can be ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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Thoracolumbar Scoliosis Due to Cryptococcal Osteomyelitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): Zheng Li, Jinqian Liang, Jianxiong Shen, Guixing Qiu, Xisheng Weng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(5):e2613.

 

Cryptococcus neoformans causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, with vertebral osteomyelitis being a very rare involvement.This study is to present a case of thoracolumbar scoliosis occurring in the setting of cryptococcal osteomyelitis.Pharmacological intervention ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 27 Mar 2014

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Last Updated: 18 Oct 2016

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