Osteomyelitis

Common Name(s)

Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is the medical term for an infection in a bone. The infection that causes osteomyelitis often is in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the blood. Affected bone may have been predisposed to infection because of recent trauma. In children, the long bones are usually affected. In adults, the vertebrae and the pelvis are most commonly affected. Bone infection can be caused by bacteria or by fungus. Osteomyelitis is divided into several types depending on where an infection begins and where it occurs. Types of osteomyelitis include: infections that travel through the bloodstream, infections that occur after injury or surgery, infections in people with poor circulation, and infection in the bones of the spine.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Osteomyelitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 979 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Osteomyelitis of Maxilla in Infantile With Periorbital Cellulitis: A Case Report.
 

Author(s): Zhiqiang Feng, Xufeng Chen, Fengdi Cao, Renfa Lai, Qiang Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(40):e1688.

 

Infantile osteomyelitis (IO) is an uncommon and life-threatening disease that can be misdiagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the incidence of sequel. In this case report, we present a 25-day-old male infant with apparent edema in the entire left periorbital region. ...

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2015

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Bisphosphonate associated osteomyelitis of the jaw in patients with bony exposure: prevention, a new way of thinking.
 

Author(s): Arezo Tardast, Reine Sjöman, Sigbjørn Løes, Jahan Abtahi

Journal: J Appl Oral Sci. ;23(3):310-4.

 

Objective There is strong evidence of a link between the use of systemic bisphosphonates (BPs) and osteonecrosis of the jaw, especially in cancer patients. Among risk factors for BRONJ, tooth extraction and immune suppressive drugs seem to have significant role on bone healing. Therefore, ...

Last Updated: 30 Jul 2015

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Association Between Chronic Osteomyelitis and Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.
 

Author(s): Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chun-Hung Tseng, Yen-Jung Chang, I-Kuan Wang, Hung-Chieh Yeh, Chia-Hung Kao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jul;94(27):e1141.

 

Inflammation, which initiates endothelial dysfunction, vascular atherosclerosis, and oxidative stress, may negatively influence renal function and accelerate the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The role of chronic osteomyelitis (COM), a chronic inflammatory disease, ...

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Osteomyelitis" returned 94 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nanostructured platforms for the sustained and local delivery of antibiotics in the treatment of osteomyelitis.
 

Author(s): Vuk Uskokovic

Journal: Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst. 2015 ;32(1):1-59.

 

This article provides a critical view of the current state of the development of nanoparticulate and other solid-state carriers for the local delivery of antibiotics in the treatment of osteomyelitis. Mentioned are the downsides of traditional means for treating bone infection, which ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2015

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Pseudomonas osteomyelitis of the proximal humerus after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
 

Author(s): Nuri Aydın, Evrim Şirin, Ahmet Nadir Aydemir, Gökhan Zengin

Journal: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2014 ;48(6):685-9.

 

A 59-year-old male patient was operated arthroscopically due to a rotator cuff tear. An early postoperative Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection was treated with early arthroscopic debridement and antibiotic therapy. The patient was lost to follow-up and presented to our clinic with Pseudomonas ...

Last Updated: 1 Feb 2015

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Bilateral acute tibial osteomyelitis in a patient without an underlying disease: a case report.
 

Author(s): Serkan Sipahioglu, Huseyin Askar, Sinan Zehir

Journal:

 

The simultaneous presentation of osteomyelitis in more than one bone is rare and is commonly accompanied by a chronic disease. Even in such cases, other conditions that arise commonly in the long bones of children--such as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis and Ewing's sarcoma--must ...

Last Updated: 10 Dec 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Ceftaroline for Treatment of Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis in Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hematogenously Acquired Staphylococcus Aureus Osteomyelitis; Bone Infection; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2016

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Osteomyelitis: Procalcitonin to Diagnose and Monitor Osteomyelitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes; Foot Ulcer; Osteomyelitis

 

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2014

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Efficacy of Surgical Treatment of Osteomyelitis in Diabetic Foot Ulcers
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteomyelitis; Diabetic Foot; Diabetic Foot Ulcers

 

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2010

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