Aortic Coarctation

Common Name(s)

Aortic Coarctation

Aortic coarctation describes narrowing of the aorta, the large blood vessel leaving the heart to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body. This narrowing forces the heart to work harder to pump the blood. It is a congenital condition, meaning it is present at birth, but sometimes is mild enough that it is not detected until adulthood. In babies, symptoms include pale skin, irratibility, sweating, and difficulty breathing. This can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated. Often if the coarctation presents in adolescence or adulthood, it is less severe and simply causes hypertension (high blood pressure). Some people may also get muscle weakness, shortness of breath, headaches, and nose bleeds. One should go to the doctor if chest pain or very high blood pressure are present, as these syptoms raise the risk of stroke, organ failure, or death. The causes of coarctation are unknown, though it often associates with other heart defects or women with Turner syndome, a genetic syndrome caused by a error or mutation in the DNA. A doctor can disagnose coarctation through a chest x-ray or other imaging tests like an echocardiogram. Aortic coarctation and other defects that often come with it are treated with surgery and medications.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic Coarctation" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic Coarctation" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aortic Coarctation" returned 313 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chronic aortic dissection and recoarctation as a late complication of aortic coarctation surgery.
 

Author(s): Ali Çoner, Serhat Balcıoğlu, Sinan Akıncı, Davran Çiçek, Haldun Müderrisoğlu

Journal: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2015 Dec;43(8):752.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 2015

Go To URL
One stage surgical treatment of aortic valve disease and aortic coarctation with aortic bypass grafting through the diaphragm and aortic valve replacement.
 

Author(s): Zipu Yu, Shengjun Wu, Chengchen Li, Yu Zou, Liang Ma

Journal:

 

To validate ascending aorta-lower abdominal aorta bypass grafting treatment for patients with descending aortic coarctation and an aortic valve disease.

Last Updated: 11 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Huge dissected ascending aorta associated with pseudo aneurysm and aortic coarctation feridoun.
 

Author(s): Feridoun Sabzi, Donya Khosravi

Journal: Acta Med Iran. 2015 Jul;53(7):444-7.

 

We report a unique case of chronic dissection of the ascending aorta complicated with huge and thrombotic pseudoaneurysm in a patient with coarctation of descending aorta. Preoperative investigations such as transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) confirmed the diagnosis of dissection. ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aortic Coarctation" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Technique of interventional repair in adult aortic coarctation.
 

Author(s): Stephan Kische, Henrik Schneider, Ibrahim Akin, Jasmin Ortak, Tim C Rehders, Tushar Chatterjee, Christoph A Nienaber, Hüseyin Ince

Journal: J. Vasc. Surg.. 2010 Jun;51(6):1550-9.

 

Surgical treatment of aortic coarctation has increased life expectancy and reduced mortality. Unfortunately, the average lifespan after repair remains only 35 to 50 years, and significant morbidity persists as a result of aneurysm formation, hypertension, accelerated coronary disease, ...

Last Updated: 21 May 2010

Go To URL
Advances in the management and surveillance of patients with aortic coarctation.
 

Author(s): Ronald J Walhout, H W Thijs Plokker, Erik J Meijboom, Pieter A F M Doevendans

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2008 Dec;63(6):771-82.

 

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2009

Go To URL
Management of aortic coarctation in adults: endovascular versus surgical therapy.
 

Author(s): Aphrodite Anagnostopoulos-Tzifa

Journal: Hellenic J Cardiol. ;48(5):290-5.

 

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2007

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Radiation-Free Heart Catheterization Using MRI
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Aortic Coarctation; Cardiomyopathy; Atrial Septal Defect; Aortic Stenosis; Post Heart Transplant Catheter Procedure; Patent Ductus Arteriosus

 

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2016

Go to URL
Cardiac Remodeling and Circulating Biomarkers in Pediatric Left Ventricular Pressure Loading Lesions
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Coarctation of Aorta; Aortic Stenosis; Cardiac Hypertrophy

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2016

Go to URL
Haemodynamics and Function of the Atria in Congenital Heart Disease by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Coarctation of the Aorta; Tetralogy of Fallot; Transposition of the Great Arteries

 

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2016

Go to URL