Aortic Coarctation

Common Name(s)

Aortic Coarctation

Aortic coarctation describes narrowing of the aorta, the large blood vessel leaving the heart to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body. This narrowing forces the heart to work harder to pump the blood. It is a congenital condition, meaning it is present at birth, but sometimes is mild enough that it is not detected until adulthood. In babies, symptoms include pale skin, irratibility, sweating, and difficulty breathing. This can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated. Often if the coarctation presents in adolescence or adulthood, it is less severe and simply causes hypertension (high blood pressure). Some people may also get muscle weakness, shortness of breath, headaches, and nose bleeds. One should go to the doctor if chest pain or very high blood pressure are present, as these syptoms raise the risk of stroke, organ failure, or death. The causes of coarctation are unknown, though it often associates with other heart defects or women with Turner syndome, a genetic syndrome caused by a error or mutation in the DNA. A doctor can disagnose coarctation through a chest x-ray or other imaging tests like an echocardiogram. Aortic coarctation and other defects that often come with it are treated with surgery and medications.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic Coarctation" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aortic Coarctation" returned 292 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case 4/2015. A 48-year-old Male Patient with Coarctation of the Aorta, Bicuspid Aortic Valve and Normal Ascending Aorta.
 

Author(s): Edmar Atik, Raul Arrieta, Otávio Rizzi Coelho

Journal: Arq. Bras. Cardiol.. 2015 Apr;104(4):e27-9.

 

Last Updated: 21 May 2015

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A rare combination of vascular anomalies: Hypoplastic aortic arch, coarctation of the aorta and poststenotic aneurysm.
 

Author(s): Nermin Bayar, Şakir Arslan, Çağın Mustafa Üreyen, Selçuk Küçükseymen, Bekir Erol

Journal: Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2015 Apr;43(3):272-4.

 

Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth most common congenital cardiac anomaly encountered in adults. It is important for prognosis to diagnose and treat this anomaly early. An aneurysm might develop due to tunica media abnormalities in patients with coarctation of the aorta. We hereby ...

Last Updated: 24 Apr 2015

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Case 3/2015 A 32-year-old female patient with coarctation of the aorta, bicuspid aortic valve and dilatation of the ascending aorta.
 

Author(s): Edmar Atik, Raul Arrieta, Roberto Kalil Filho

Journal: Arq. Bras. Cardiol.. 2015 Mar;104(3):e19-21.

 

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aortic Coarctation" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Technique of interventional repair in adult aortic coarctation.
 

Author(s): Stephan Kische, Henrik Schneider, Ibrahim Akin, Jasmin Ortak, Tim C Rehders, Tushar Chatterjee, Christoph A Nienaber, Hüseyin Ince

Journal: J. Vasc. Surg.. 2010 Jun;51(6):1550-9.

 

Surgical treatment of aortic coarctation has increased life expectancy and reduced mortality. Unfortunately, the average lifespan after repair remains only 35 to 50 years, and significant morbidity persists as a result of aneurysm formation, hypertension, accelerated coronary disease, ...

Last Updated: 21 May 2010

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Advances in the management and surveillance of patients with aortic coarctation.
 

Author(s): Ronald J Walhout, H W Thijs Plokker, Erik J Meijboom, Pieter A F M Doevendans

Journal: Acta Cardiol. 2008 Dec;63(6):771-82.

 

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2009

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Management of aortic coarctation in adults: endovascular versus surgical therapy.
 

Author(s): Aphrodite Anagnostopoulos-Tzifa

Journal: Hellenic J Cardiol. ;48(5):290-5.

 

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2007

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cardiac Remodeling and Circulating Biomarkers in Pediatric Left Ventricular Pressure Loading Lesions
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Coarctation of Aorta; Aortic Stenosis; Cardiac Hypertrophy

 

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2015

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Haemodynamics and Function of the Atria in Congenital Heart Disease by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Coarctation of the Aorta; Tetralogy of Fallot; Transposition of the Great Arteries

 

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2016

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Genetic Analysis of PHACE Syndrome (Hemangioma With Other Congenital Anomalies)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: PHACE Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 22 Sep 2015

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