Oculocutaneous Albinism

Common Name(s)

Oculocutaneous Albinism

Oculocutaneous albinism is a group of conditions that affect the coloring of the hair and eyes.  Individuals affected by oculocutaneous albinism have very light skin and light-colored irises; they may also have vision problems such as decreased sharpness of vision, rapid eye movements (nystagmus), crossed eyes (strabismus), or increased sensitivity to light (photophobia).  All types of oculocutaneous albinism are caused by gene mutations that are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.  Treatment includes covering the skin from sun exposure by using sunscreen and protective clothing and attending to vision problems by wearing glasses.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Oculocutaneous Albinism" for support, advocacy or research.

Albinism Fellowship

1 Provide appropriate advice that enables people with albinism, or other interested parties, to acquire an accurate appreciation of the condition. 2 Raise positive awareness of albinism and when possible challenge events where the condition is misrepresented or portrayed incorrectly. 3 Provide appropriate support when necessary which enables people with albinism to improve their self-esteem.

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2013

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Vision of Children Foundation

Our mission is to cure hereditary childhood blindness and other vision disorders, and to improve the lives of visually impaired individuals and their families.

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Oculocutaneous Albinism" for support, advocacy or research.

Albinism Fellowship

1 Provide appropriate advice that enables people with albinism, or other interested parties, to acquire an accurate appreciation of the condition. 2 Raise positive awareness of albinism and when possible challenge events where the condition is misrepresented or portrayed incorrectly. 3 Provide appropriate support when necessary which enables people with albinism to improve their self-esteem.

http://www.albinism.org.uk

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2013

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Vision of Children Foundation

Our mission is to cure hereditary childhood blindness and other vision disorders, and to improve the lives of visually impaired individuals and their families.

http://www.visionofchildren.org

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Oculocutaneous Albinism" returned 87 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Quality of life in patients with oculocutaneous albinism.
 

Author(s): Marcus Maia, Beatrice Mussio Fornazier Volpini, Gabriela Alves dos Santos, Maria Josefa Penon Rujula

Journal: An Bras Dermatol. ;90(4):513-7.

 

The social reality of the albino needs to be more studied in Brazil, as myths and social segregation regarding this illness are likely to be found in the country, with psychosocial and medical implications.

Last Updated: 17 Sep 2015

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Sequence analysis of tyrosinase gene in ocular and oculocutaneous albinism patients: introducing three novel mutations.
 

Author(s): Faravareh Khordadpoor-Deilamani, Mohammad Taghi Akbari, Morteza Karimipoor, Gholamreza Javadi

Journal:

 

Albinism is a heterogeneous genetic disorder of melanin synthesis that results in hypopigmented eyes (in patients with ocular albinism) or hair, skin, and eyes (in individuals with oculocutaneous albinism). It is associated with decreased visual acuity, nystagmus, strabismus, and ...

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2015

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Mutational Analysis of the TYR and OCA2 Genes in Four Chinese Families with Oculocutaneous Albinism.
 

Author(s): Yun Wang, Zhi Wang, Mengping Chen, Ning Fan, Jie Yang, Lu Liu, Ying Wang, Xuyang Liu

Journal:

 

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder. The most common type OCA1 and OCA2 are caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the tyrosinase gene (TYR) and OCA2 gene, respectively.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Oculocutaneous Albinism" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mutational analysis of oculocutaneous albinism: a compact review.
 

Author(s): Balu Kamaraj, Rituraj Purohit

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2014 ;2014():905472.

 

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by either complete lack of or a reduction of melanin biosynthesis in the melanocytes. The OCA1A is the most severe type with a complete lack of melanin production throughout life, while the milder forms OCA1B, ...

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2014

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DNA variations in oculocutaneous albinism: an updated mutation list and current outstanding issues in molecular diagnostics.
 

Author(s): Dimitre R Simeonov, Xinjing Wang, Chen Wang, Yuri Sergeev, Monika Dolinska, Matthew Bower, Roxanne Fischer, David Winer, Genia Dubrovsky, Joan Z Balog, Marjan Huizing, Rachel Hart, Wadih M Zein, William A Gahl, Brian P Brooks, David R Adams

Journal: Hum. Mutat.. 2013 Jun;34(6):827-35.

 

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a rare genetic disorder of melanin synthesis that results in hypopigmented hair, skin, and eyes. There are four types of OCA caused by mutations in TYR (OCA-1), OCA2 (OCA-2), TYRP1 (OCA-3), or SLC45A2 (OCA-4). Here we report 22 novel mutations in the ...

Last Updated: 22 May 2013

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Squamous-cell carcinoma in situ in a patient with oculocutaneous albinism.
 

Author(s): Emily Berger, Raegan Hunt, Julia Tzu, Rishi Patel, Miguel Sanchez

Journal:

 

A 36-year-old African man from Guinea with a history of albinism presented with a many-year history of scaling and erythema of the face, neck, and arms. The patient had light eyes, hair, and skin. Physical examination showed extensive photodamage. A skin biopsy specimen from the posterior ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clinical, Cellular, and Molecular Investigation Into Oculocutaneous Albinism
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Albinism; Oculocutaneous Albinism; Foveal Hypoplasia; Hypopigmentation; Nystagmus

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2016

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Vision Response to Dopamine Replacement
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Albinism; Oculocutaneous Albinism

 

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2015

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The Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Supplementation on Vision in Patients With Albinism
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ocular Albinism (OA); Oculocutaneous Albinism (OCA)

 

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2015

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