Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Common Name(s)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a lifelong condition where unreasonable thoughts and fears, or obsessions, lead a person to do repetitive behaviors, or compulsions. A person with OCD may or may not realize that their obsessions are unreasonable. A primary symptom of OCD is the presence of obsessions, which are repeated, persistent and unwanted urges that cause distress or anxiety. OCD obsessions often center on themes, such as fear of contamination, having things orderly/symmetric, or thoughts regarding harming oneself or others. Another symptom is the presence of compulsions, which are repetitive behavior that a person with OCD feels like they have to perform. Completing these repetitive behaviors are meant to prevent or reduce anxiety and prevent something bad from happening. Compulsions also follow themes like washing and cleaning, counting, checking, demanding reassurances and following a routine. Usually OCD is made up of both obsessions and compulsions, but it’s possible to only experience one. The general criteria to diagnose OCD is the person has obsessions and/or compulsions and these obsessions/compulsions are time-consuming and interfere with daily life. OCD has no cure, but symptoms can be controlled using exposure therapy and medication.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

International OCD Foundation

Founded by a group of people with OCD in 1986, the International OCD Foundation (IOCDF) is an international not-for-profit organization made up of people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and related disorders, as well as their families, friends, professionals and others. The mission and goals of the IOCDF are to: Educate the public and professionals about OCD in order to raise awareness and improve the quality of treatment provided; Support research into the cause of, and effective treatments for, OCD and related disorders; Improve access to resources for those with OCD and their fam

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

International OCD Foundation

Founded by a group of people with OCD in 1986, the International OCD Foundation (IOCDF) is an international not-for-profit organization made up of people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and related disorders, as well as their families, friends, professionals and others. The mission and goals of the IOCDF are to: Educate the public and professionals about OCD in order to raise awareness and improve the quality of treatment provided; Support research into the cause of, and effective treatments for, OCD and related disorders; Improve access to resources for those with OCD and their fam

http://www.ocfoundation.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder" returned 403 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Obsessive-compulsive (anankastic) personality disorder: toward the ICD-11 classification.
 

Author(s): Naomi A Fineberg, Samar Reghunandanan, Sangeetha Kolli, Murad Atmaca

Journal: Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2014 ;36 Suppl 1():40-50.

 

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is an early-onset disorder characterized by perfectionism, need for control, and cognitive rigidity. Its nosological status is currently under review. Historically, OCPD has been conceptualized as bearing a close relationship with obsessive-compulsive ...

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2014

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder for ICD-11: proposed changes to the diagnostic guidelines and specifiers.
 

Author(s): Helen Blair Simpson, Y C Janardhan Reddy

Journal: Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2014 ;36 Suppl 1():3-13.

 

Since the approval of the ICD-10 by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1990, global research on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has expanded dramatically. This article evaluates what changes may be needed to enhance the scientific validity, clinical utility, and global applicability ...

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2014

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder in fathers during pregnancy and postpartum.
 

Author(s): Fábio M Coelho, Ricardo A da Silva, Luciana de Á Quevedo, Luciano D Souza, Karen A Pinheiro, Ricardo T Pinheiro

Journal: Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2014 Sep;36(3):271-3.

 

Last Updated: 14 Aug 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder" returned 79 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Patient-reported outcomes in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
 

Author(s): Mythily Subramaniam, Pauline Soh, Clarissa Ong, Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong

Journal: Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2014 Jun;16(2):239-54.

 

The purpose of the article was to provide an overview of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and related measures that have been examined in the context of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The current review focused on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that evaluated three ...

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2014

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[Anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and trauma in the DSM-5].
 

Author(s): A J L M van Balkom, L Gabriëls, O A van den Heuvel

Journal: Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2014 ;56(3):177-81.

 

The 12 anxiety disorders which were defined in the DSM-IV, have been increased to 27 disorders in the DSM-5. These 27 disorders have been subdivided into three chapters: 1. anxiety disorders, 2. obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) and 3. trauma and stressor-related disorders.

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2014

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[Comorbidity between obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia: prevalence, explanatory theories, and nosological status].
 

Author(s): Alvaro Frías-Ibáñez, Cárol Palma-Sevillano, Núria Farriols-Hernando

Journal: Actas Esp Psiquiatr. ;42(1):28-38.

 

This theoretical study reviews the main findings and research on comorbidity between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia. On the one hand, it is argued that high prevalence of comorbidity implies common risk factors (neuroanatomical and neuropsychological correlates) ...

Last Updated: 7 Feb 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2013

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Attention Training for Childhood Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2014

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Intravenous Ketamine in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

 

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2014

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