Neurofibromatosis

Common Name(s)

Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetic condition that causes tumors to develop in the nervous system. There are three types of neurofibromatosis that are each associated with unique signs and symptoms: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) causes skin changes (cafe-au-lait spots, freckling in armpit and groin area); bones abnormalities; optic gliomas; and tumors on the nerve tissue or under the skin. Signs and symptoms are usually present at birth. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) causes acoustic neuromas; hearing loss; ringing in the ears; poor balance; brain and/or spinal tumors; and cataracts at a young age. It often starts in the teen years. Schwannomatosis causes schwannomas, pain, numbness, weakness, and balance problems. It is the rarest type. All three types of NF are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. There is no cure for neurofibromatosis. Treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and may include surgery to remove tumors, radiation therapy and medicines.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
CNS Foundation

CNS Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: - Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for the more than 14 million children living with some form of neurological disorder - Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology - Educate the public, and public officials, on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological disorder research

http://www.cnsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

http://www.littlesttumor.org

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

http://www.nfmidwest.org

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

http://www.nfincne.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

http://www.texasnf.org

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 850 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Images in clinical medicine: Segmental neurofibromatosis.
 

Author(s): Dong-Lai Ma, Jin Hu

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Mar;372(10):963.

 

A 4-year-old girl presented for evaluation of cutaneous nodules that had been present on the left side of her trunk since birth. Physical examination revealed numerous soft, nontender papules and nodules across the left upper abdomen and wrapping around to the back.

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2015

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Exonic deletions in the NF1 gene in patients with neurofibromatosis type I from the lower Silesian region of Poland.
 

Author(s): Izabela Laczmańska, Małgorzata Szczepaniak, Aleksandra Jakubiak, Agnieszka Stembalska

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;23(4):517-21.

 

Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1, Recklinghausen's disease) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the following clinical features: café au lait spots, neurofibromas, Lisch nodules, freckling of the axillary and inguinal regions, optic nerve gliomas, bone dysplasia and increased ...

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2014

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Asfotase-α improves bone growth, mineralization and strength in mouse models of neurofibromatosis type-1.
 

Author(s): Jean de la Croix Ndong, Alexander J Makowski, Sasidhar Uppuganti, Guillaume Vignaux, Koichiro Ono, Daniel S Perrien, Simon Joubert, Serena R Baglio, Donatella Granchi, David A Stevenson, Jonathan J Rios, Jeffry S Nyman, Florent Elefteriou

Journal: Nat. Med.. 2014 Aug;20(8):904-10.

 

Individuals with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) can manifest focal skeletal dysplasias that remain extremely difficult to treat. NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, which encodes the RAS GTPase-activating protein neurofibromin. We report here that ablation of Nf1 in bone-forming ...

Last Updated: 7 Aug 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 86 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neurofibromin in neurofibromatosis type 1 - mutations in NF1gene as a cause of disease.
 

Author(s): Anna Abramowicz, Monika Gos

Journal: Dev Period Med. ;18(3):297-306.

 

Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is a disease associated with the presence of benign neurofibromas and malignant tumours of the central and peripheral nervous system, that are accompanied by characteristic changes in the skin, such as café-au-lait spots or axillary freckling. In 50% ...

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2014

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Neurofibromatosis type 1: a multidisciplinary approach to care.
 

Author(s): Angela C Hirbe, David H Gutmann

Journal: Lancet Neurol. 2014 Aug;13(8):834-43.

 

Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a relatively common inherited disorder. Patients have a high predisposition to develop both benign and malignant tumours. Although many manifestations of neurofibromatosis type 1 affect the nervous system, other organs and tissues can also be affected. ...

Last Updated: 17 Jul 2014

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Gastrinoma and neurofibromatosis type 2: the first case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Sara Massironi, Alessandra Zilli, Roberta Elisa Rossi, Federica Cavalcoli, Dario Conte, Maddalena Peracchi

Journal:

 

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors have occasionally been described in association with neurofibromatosis type 1, whereas an association with neurofibromatosis type 2 has never been reported.

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neurofibromatosis (NF) Registry Portal
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis 1; Neurofibromatosis 2; Schwannomatosis

 

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2015

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Cabozantinib for Plexiform Neurofibromas (PN) in Subjects With NF1 (16 Years +)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: NF1; Neurofibromatosis; Plexiform Neurofibromas

 

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2015

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Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Patient Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis Type 1

 

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2014

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