Neurofibromatosis

Common Name(s)

Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a genetic condition that causes tumors to develop in the nervous system. There are three types of neurofibromatosis that are each associated with unique signs and symptoms: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) causes skin changes (cafe-au-lait spots, freckling in armpit and groin area); bones abnormalities; optic gliomas; and tumors on the nerve tissue or under the skin. Signs and symptoms are usually present at birth. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) causes acoustic neuromas; hearing loss; ringing in the ears; poor balance; brain and/or spinal tumors; and cataracts at a young age. It often starts in the teen years. Schwannomatosis causes schwannomas, pain, numbness, weakness, and balance problems. It is the rarest type. All three types of NF are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. There is no cure for neurofibromatosis. Treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and may include surgery to remove tumors, radiation therapy and medicines.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

http://www.littlesttumor.org

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

http://www.nfmidwest.org

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

http://www.nfincne.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

http://www.pediatricbrainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

http://www.texasnf.org

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 885 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Intractable yawning caused by foramen magnum meningioma in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 2.
 

Author(s): Yasar Bayri, Bahattin Tanrikulu, Fatih Bayrakli, Demet Yalçinkaya Koç, Adnan Dağçinar

Journal: Neurol India. ;63(1):107-9.

 

Last Updated: 10 Mar 2015

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Images in clinical medicine: Segmental neurofibromatosis.
 

Author(s): Dong-Lai Ma, Jin Hu

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Mar;372(10):963.

 

A 4-year-old girl presented for evaluation of cutaneous nodules that had been present on the left side of her trunk since birth. Physical examination revealed numerous soft, nontender papules and nodules across the left upper abdomen and wrapping around to the back.

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2015

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Rare case of optic pathway glioma with extensive intra-ocular involvement in a child with neurofibromatosis type 1.
 

Author(s): Vasudha Gupta, Kourosh Sabri, Kaitlyn F Whelan, Virginia Viscardi

Journal: Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. ;22(1):117-8.

 

We present a case of a 3-year-old girl with a positive family history of neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) presented with best corrected visual acuity of 20/40 in the right eye and <20/400 in the left eye. External ocular examination revealed left eye proptosis of 3 mm, grade II left ...

Last Updated: 27 Jan 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 88 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neurofibromin in neurofibromatosis type 1 - mutations in NF1gene as a cause of disease.
 

Author(s): Anna Abramowicz, Monika Gos

Journal: Dev Period Med. ;18(3):297-306.

 

Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is a disease associated with the presence of benign neurofibromas and malignant tumours of the central and peripheral nervous system, that are accompanied by characteristic changes in the skin, such as café-au-lait spots or axillary freckling. In 50% ...

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2014

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Coexistence of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and pheochromocytoma in three cases of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with a review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Ahmet Gorgel, Devrim Dolek Cetinkaya, Fusun Salgur, Mustafa Demirpence, Husnu Yilmaz, Ece Harman Karaman, Pelin Tutuncuoglu, Gonca Oruk, Mitat Bahceci, Aysegul Akder Sari, Aysegul Aksoy Altinboga, Irem Paker

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2014 ;53(16):1783-9.

 

It is well known that neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is uncommonly associated with pheochromocytoma development and also, to a larger extent, with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). We herein document three cases with the rare condition of NF1 coexisting with GIST and pheochromocytoma, ...

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2014

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Neurofibromatosis type 1: a multidisciplinary approach to care.
 

Author(s): Angela C Hirbe, David H Gutmann

Journal: Lancet Neurol. 2014 Aug;13(8):834-43.

 

Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a relatively common inherited disorder. Patients have a high predisposition to develop both benign and malignant tumours. Although many manifestations of neurofibromatosis type 1 affect the nervous system, other organs and tissues can also be affected. ...

Last Updated: 17 Jul 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neurofibromatosis (NF) Registry Portal
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis 1; Neurofibromatosis 2; Schwannomatosis

 

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2015

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Cabozantinib for Plexiform Neurofibromas (PN) in Subjects With NF1 (16 Years +)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: NF1; Neurofibromatosis; Plexiform Neurofibromas

 

Last Updated: 24 Aug 2015

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Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Patient Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis Type 1

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2015

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