Anthrax

Common Name(s)

Anthrax

Anthrax is a sickness caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Although anthrax is mostly seen in livestock and wild game, humans can be affected too through contact with sick animals. Anthrax can be passed through open skin wounds, consuming the bacteria, or inhaling it. Symptoms vary from skin sores and nausea to shock. Anthrax can be treated with antibiotics, however inhalation of the bacteria is more serious and sometimes fatal. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anthrax, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options available.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anthrax" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anthrax" returned 560 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Human Anthrax Transmission at the Urban-Rural Interface, Georgia.
 

Author(s): Ian Kracalik, Lile Malania, Paata Imnadze, Jason K Blackburn

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2015 Dec;93(6):1156-9.

 

Human anthrax has increased dramatically in Georgia and was recently linked to the sale of meat in an urban market. We assessed epidemiological trends and risk factors for human anthrax at the urban-rural interface. We reviewed epidemiologic records (2000-2012) that included the place ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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Development & validation of a quantitative anti-protective antigen IgG enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for serodiagnosis of cutaneous anthrax.
 

Author(s): N Ghosh, D Gunti, H Lukka, B R Reddy, Jyothi Padmaja, A K Goel

Journal: Indian J. Med. Res.. 2015 Aug;142(2):196-204.

 

Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is primarily a disease of herbivorous animals, although several mammals are vulnerable to it. ELISA is the most widely accepted serodiagnostic assay for large scale surveillance of cutaneous anthrax. The aims of this study were to develop and evaluate ...

Last Updated: 10 Sep 2015

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Spatiotemporal Clustering Analysis and Risk Assessments of Human Cutaneous Anthrax in China, 2005-2012.
 

Author(s): Wen-Yi Zhang, Li-Ya Wang, Xiu-Shan Zhang, Zhi-Hai Han, Wen-Biao Hu, Quan Qian, Ubydul Haque, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Shen-Long Li, Shi-Lu Tong, Cheng-Yi Li, Hai-Long Sun, Yan-Song Sun

Journal:

 

To investigate the epidemic characteristics of human cutaneous anthrax (CA) in China, detect the spatiotemporal clusters at the county level for preemptive public health interventions, and evaluate the differences in the epidemiological characteristics within and outside clusters.

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anthrax" returned 63 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anthrax Toxins in Context of Bacillus anthracis Spores and Spore Germination.
 

Author(s): Christopher K Cote, Susan L Welkos

Journal:

 

The interaction of anthrax toxin or toxin components with B. anthracis spores has been demonstrated. Germinating spores can produce significant amounts of toxin components very soon after the initiation of germination. In this review, we will summarize the work performed that has ...

Last Updated: 20 Aug 2015

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New insights into gastrointestinal anthrax infection.
 

Author(s): Jennifer L Owen, Tao Yang, Mansour Mohamadzadeh

Journal: Trends Mol Med. 2015 Mar;21(3):154-63.

 

Bacterial infections are the primary cause of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in both developing and developed countries, and are particularly dangerous for infants and children. Bacillus anthracis is the 'archetype zoonotic' pathogen; no other infectious disease affects such a broad ...

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2015

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Statistical analysis, optimization, and prioritization of virtual screening parameters for zinc enzymes including the anthrax toxin lethal factor.
 

Author(s): Kimberly M Maize, Xia Zhang, Elizabeth Ambrose Amin

Journal: Curr Top Med Chem. 2014 ;14(18):2105-14.

 

The anthrax toxin lethal factor (LF) and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3, stromelysin-1) are popular zinc metalloenzyme drug targets, with LF primarily responsible for anthrax-related toxicity and host death, while MMP-3 is involved in cancer- and rheumatic disease-related tissue ...

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pharmacokinetics of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infection; Hypertension; Pain; Reflux; Edema; Hyperlipidemia; Hypotension; Hypercholesterolemia; Sedation; Anxiolysis; Benzodiazepine Withdrawal; Bipolar Disorder; Autistic Disorder; Schizophrenia; Influenza Treatment or Prophylaxis; Acute Decompensated Heart Failure; Stable Angina; Life-threatening Fungal Infections; Nosocomial Pneumonia; Community Acquired Pneumonia; Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis; Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections; Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis; Complicated Urinary Tract Infections; Acute Pyelonephritis; Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections; Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure); Infantile Hemangioma; Withdrawal; Inflammation; Bacterial Septicemia; Cytomegalovirus Retinitis; Herpes Simplex Virus; Adenovirus; Brain Swelling; Airway Swelling; Adrenal Insufficiency; Anxiety; Nausea; Vomiting; Convulsions; Muscle Spasms; Seizures; Epilepsy; Bartonellosis; Brucellosis; Cholera; Plague; Psittacosis; Q Fever; Relapsing Fever; Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; Trachoma; Tularemia; Typhus Fever; Bronchospasm; Cardiac Arrest; Hypersensitivity Reaction; Cyanide Poisoning; Acute Bacterial Sinusitis; Bacterial Meningitis; Sepsis; Gastroparesis; Opioid Addiction; Migraines; Headaches

 

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2016

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Effect of Raxibacumab on Immunogenicity of Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infections, Bacterial

 

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2016

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