Myelodysplastic syndromes

Common Name(s)

Myelodysplastic syndromes, MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders characterized by abnormal development of blood cells within the bone marrow. Individuals with MDS have abnormally low blood cell levels (low blood counts). Signs and symptoms associated with MDS include dizziness, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, bruising and bleeding, frequent infections, and headaches. In some cases, MDS may progress to bone marrow failure or an acute leukemia. The exact cause of MDS is unknown. It sometimes runs in families, but no disease-causing gene has been identified. Treatment depends on the affected individual's age, general health, and type of MDS and may include red cell and/or platelet transfusions and antibiotics.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

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Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

http://www.aamds.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 705 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Whole-exome and targeted sequencing identify ROBO1 and ROBO2 mutations as progression-related drivers in myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Feng Xu, Ling-Yun Wu, Chun-Kang Chang, Qi He, Zheng Zhang, Li Liu, Wen-Hui Shi, Juan Guo, Yang Zhu, You-Shan Zhao, Shu-Cheng Gu, Cheng-Ming Fei, Dong Wu, Li-Yu Zhou, Ji-Ying Su, Lu-Xi Song, Chao Xiao, Xiao Li

Journal:

 

The progressive mechanism underlying myelodysplastic syndrome remains unknown. Here we identify ROBO1 and ROBO2 as novel progression-related somatic mutations using whole-exome and targeted sequencing in 6 of 16 (37.5%) paired MDS patients with disease progression. Further deep sequencing ...

Last Updated: 26 Nov 2015

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Reduced DOCK4 expression leads to erythroid dysplasia in myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Sriram Sundaravel, Ryan Duggan, Tushar Bhagat, David L Ebenezer, Hui Liu, Yiting Yu, Matthias Bartenstein, Madhu Unnikrishnan, Subhradip Karmakar, Ting-Chun Liu, Ingrid Torregroza, Thomas Quenon, John Anastasi, Kathy L McGraw, Andrea Pellagatti, Jacqueline Boultwood, Vijay Yajnik, Andrew Artz, Michelle M Le Beau, Ulrich Steidl, Alan F List, Todd Evans, Amit Verma, Amittha Wickrema

Journal: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 2015 Nov;112(46):E6359-68.

 

Anemia is the predominant clinical manifestation of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Loss or deletion of chromosome 7 is commonly seen in MDS and leads to a poor prognosis. However, the identity of functionally relevant, dysplasia-causing, genes on 7q remains unclear. Dedicator of ...

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

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Transfer RNA detection by small RNA deep sequencing and disease association with myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Yan Guo, Amma Bosompem, Sanjay Mohan, Begum Erdogan, Fei Ye, Kasey C Vickers, Quanhu Sheng, Shilin Zhao, Chung-I Li, Pei-Fang Su, Madan Jagasia, Stephen A Strickland, Elizabeth A Griffiths, Annette S Kim

Journal:

 

Although advances in sequencing technologies have popularized the use of microRNA (miRNA) sequencing (miRNA-seq) for the quantification of miRNA expression, questions remain concerning the optimal methodologies for analysis and utilization of the data. The construction of a miRNA ...

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 130 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Incidence and Burden of the Myelodysplastic Syndromes.
 

Author(s): Christopher R Cogle

Journal: Curr Hematol Malig Rep. 2015 Sep;10(3):272-81.

 

Since 2001, cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) have been tracked by cancer registries. Examining registry data in the USA, the reported age-adjusted incidence of MDS per 100,000 was 3.3 per year for 2001-2003 and 4.9 per year for 2007-2011, with increases likely a result of ...

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2015

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Myelodysplastic Syndromes Diagnosis: What Is the Role of Molecular Testing?
 

Author(s): Rafael Bejar

Journal: Curr Hematol Malig Rep. 2015 Sep;10(3):282-91.

 

Diagnosing a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) can be challenging. Somatic mutations are common in MDS and might have diagnostic utility in patients with idiopathic cytopenias of undetermined significance (ICUS). However, using mutations to diagnose MDS is complicated by several issues: ...

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2015

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Myelodysplastic syndromes and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms: an update on risk stratification, molecular genetics, and therapeutic approaches including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
 

Author(s): Olatoyosi Odenike, Francesco Onida, Eric Padron

Journal: Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2015 ;():e398-412.

 

Myelodysplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias, and a variable propensity for leukemic transformation. In recent years there has been an explosion of information on the ...

Last Updated: 21 May 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome Before Donor Stem Cell Transplant
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2016

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Ibrutinib and Azacitidine for Treatment of Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts in Transformation; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2016

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Sirolimus and Azacitidine in Treating Patients With High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Acute Myeloid Leukemia That is Recurrent or Not Eligible for Intensive Chemotherapy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Myelodysplastic Syndrome With Isolated Del(5q); Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

 

Last Updated: 3 Jun 2016

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