Myelodysplastic syndromes

Common Name(s)

Myelodysplastic syndromes, MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders characterized by abnormal development of blood cells within the bone marrow. Individuals with MDS have abnormally low blood cell levels (low blood counts). Signs and symptoms associated with MDS include dizziness, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, bruising and bleeding, frequent infections, and headaches. In some cases, MDS may progress to bone marrow failure or an acute leukemia. The exact cause of MDS is unknown. It sometimes runs in families, but no disease-causing gene has been identified. Treatment depends on the affected individual's age, general health, and type of MDS and may include red cell and/or platelet transfusions and antibiotics.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

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Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

http://www.aamds.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 560 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness and safety of different azacitidine dosage regimens in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes or acute myeloid leukemia.
 

Author(s): Regina García-Delgado, Dunia de Miguel, Alicia Bailén, José Ramón González, Joan Bargay, José F Falantes, Rafael Andreu, Fernando Ramos, Mar Tormo, Salut Brunet, Antonio Figueredo, Javier Casaño, Angeles Medina, Llorenç Badiella, Antonio Fernández Jurado, Guillermo Sanz

Journal: Leuk. Res.. 2014 Jul;38(7):744-50.

 

We investigated the effectiveness and tolerability of azacitidine in patients with World Health Organization-defined myelodysplastic syndromes, or acute myeloid leukemia with 20-30% bone marrow blasts. Patients were treated with azacitidine, with one of three dosage regimens: for ...

Last Updated: 9 Jun 2014

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Comparison of 24-month outcomes in chelated and non-chelated lower-risk patients with myelodysplastic syndromes in a prospective registry.
 

Author(s): Roger M Lyons, Billie J Marek, Carole Paley, Jason Esposito, Lawrence Garbo, Nicholas DiBella, Guillermo Garcia-Manero

Journal: Leuk. Res.. 2014 Feb;38(2):149-54.

 

This 5-year, prospective registry enrolled 600 lower-risk MDS patients (pts) with transfusional iron overload. Clinical outcomes were compared between chelated and nonchelated pts. At baseline, cardiovascular comorbidities were more common in non-chelated pts, and MDS therapy was ...

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2014

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Discovering transcription and splicing networks in myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Hongyan Wang, Jianguo Wen, Chung-Che Chang, Xiaobo Zhou

Journal:

 

More and more transcription factors and their motifs have been reported and linked to specific gene expression levels. However, focusing only on transcription is not sufficient for mechanism research. Most genes, especially in eukaryotes, are alternatively spliced to different isoforms. ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2013

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 116 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Who benefits from allogeneic transplantation for myelodysplastic syndromes?: new insights.
 

Author(s): Uwe Platzbecker

Journal: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2013 ;2013():522-8.

 

Recently, a refined cytogenetic and molecular classification fundamentally changed the prognostication of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The increasingly complex heterogeneity of this disease entity is mirrored by life expectancy rates ranging from almost a decade ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Key clinical observations after 5-azacytidine and decitabine treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes suggest practical solutions for better outcomes.
 

Author(s): Yogen Saunthararajah

Journal: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2013 ;2013():511-21.

 

Clinical experience with 5-azacytidine and decitabine treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), complemented by biological and pharmacological studies, has revealed compelling mechanism of action differences compared with traditional myeloid cancer treatment mainstays such as ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Prognostic models in myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Rafael Bejar

Journal: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2013 ;2013():504-10.

 

Establishing the prognosis for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is a key element of their care. It helps patients understand the severity of their disease and set expectations for their future. For physicians, an accurate estimate of prognosis drives decisions about the ...

Last Updated: 9 Dec 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Filgrastim, Cladribine, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed or Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7); Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0); Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a); Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4); Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a); Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b); de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2014

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Iodine I 131 Monoclonal Antibody BC8, Fludarabine Phosphate, Cyclophosphamide, Total-Body Irradiation and Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With Advanced Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts; Refractory Anemia With Ringed Sideroblasts; Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia; Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes

 

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2014

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Fludarabine Phosphate and Total Body Irradiation Followed by a Donor Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes or Myeloproliferative Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative; Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Essential Thrombocythemia; Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable; Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria; Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Polycythemia Vera; Primary Myelofibrosis; Refractory Anemia; Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts; Refractory Anemia With Ringed Sideroblasts; Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Secondary Myelofibrosis

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2014

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