Myelodysplastic syndromes

Common Name(s)

Myelodysplastic syndromes, MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders characterized by abnormal development of blood cells within the bone marrow. Individuals with MDS have abnormally low blood cell levels (low blood counts). Signs and symptoms associated with MDS include dizziness, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, bruising and bleeding, frequent infections, and headaches. In some cases, MDS may progress to bone marrow failure or an acute leukemia. The exact cause of MDS is unknown. It sometimes runs in families, but no disease-causing gene has been identified. Treatment depends on the affected individual's age, general health, and type of MDS and may include red cell and/or platelet transfusions and antibiotics.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

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Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

http://www.aamds.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 512 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comparison of 24-month outcomes in chelated and non-chelated lower-risk patients with myelodysplastic syndromes in a prospective registry.
 

Author(s): Roger M Lyons, Billie J Marek, Carole Paley, Jason Esposito, Lawrence Garbo, Nicholas DiBella, Guillermo Garcia-Manero

Journal: Leuk. Res.. 2014 Feb;38(2):149-54.

 

This 5-year, prospective registry enrolled 600 lower-risk MDS patients (pts) with transfusional iron overload. Clinical outcomes were compared between chelated and nonchelated pts. At baseline, cardiovascular comorbidities were more common in non-chelated pts, and MDS therapy was ...

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2014

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Landscape of genetic lesions in 944 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): T Haferlach, Y Nagata, V Grossmann, Y Okuno, U Bacher, G Nagae, S Schnittger, M Sanada, A Kon, T Alpermann, K Yoshida, A Roller, N Nadarajah, Y Shiraishi, Y Shiozawa, K Chiba, H Tanaka, H P Koeffler, H-U Klein, M Dugas, H Aburatani, A Kohlmann, S Miyano, C Haferlach, W Kern, S Ogawa

Journal: Leukemia. 2014 Feb;28(2):241-7.

 

High-throughput DNA sequencing significantly contributed to diagnosis and prognostication in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We determined the biological and prognostic significance of genetic aberrations in MDS. In total, 944 patients with various MDS subtypes were ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2014

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Myelodysplastic syndromes are induced by histone methylation–altering ASXL1 mutations.
 

Author(s): Daichi Inoue, Jiro Kitaura, Katsuhiro Togami, Koutarou Nishimura, Yutaka Enomoto, Tomoyuki Uchida, Yuki Kagiyama, Kimihito Cojin Kawabata, Fumio Nakahara, Kumi Izawa, Toshihiko Oki, Akie Maehara, Masamichi Isobe, Akiho Tsuchiya, Yuka Harada, Hironori Harada, Takahiro Ochiya, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Hiroshi Kimura, Felicitas Thol, Michael Heuser, Ross L Levine, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Toshio Kitamura

Journal: J. Clin. Invest.. 2013 Nov;123(11):4627-40.

 

Recurrent mutations in the gene encoding additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) are found in various hematologic malignancies and associated with poor prognosis. In particular, ASXL1 mutations are common in patients with hematologic malignancies associated with myelodysplasia, including ...

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 102 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Lenalidomide as a disease-modifying agent in patients with del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes: linking mechanism of action to clinical outcomes.
 

Author(s): Aristoteles Giagounidis, Ghulam J Mufti, Pierre Fenaux, Ulrich Germing, Alan List, Kyle J MacBeth

Journal: Ann. Hematol.. 2014 Jan;93(1):1-11.

 

Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5, del(5q), is the most prevalent cytogenetic abnormality in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In isolation, it is traditionally associated with favorable prognosis compared with other subtypes of MDS. However, owing to the inherent ...

Last Updated: 1 Jan 2014

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Signal transduction inhibitors in treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Lohith Bachegowda, Oleg Gligich, Ionnis Mantzaris, Carolina Schinke, Dale Wyville, Tatiana Carrillo, Ira Braunschweig, Ulrich Steidl, Amit Verma

Journal:

 

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of hematologic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis that results in reduced blood counts. Although MDS can transform into leukemia, most of the morbidity experienced by these patients is due to chronically low blood counts. ...

Last Updated: 19 Jul 2013

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Epigenetic alterations and microRNAs: new players in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes.
 

Author(s): Diamantina Vasilatou, Sotirios G Papageorgiou, George Dimitriadis, Vasiliki Pappa

Journal: Epigenetics. 2013 Jun;8(6):561-70.

 

The term epigenetics refers to the heritable changes in gene expression that do not represent changes in DNA sequence. DNA methylation and histone modification are the best studied epigenetic mechanisms. However, microRNAs, which affect gene expression at the posttranscriptional level, ...

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Filgrastim, Cladribine, Cytarabine, and Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed or Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7); Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0); Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a); Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2); Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4); Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a); Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b); de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2014

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Iodine I 131 Monoclonal Antibody BC8, Fludarabine Phosphate, Cyclophosphamide, Total-Body Irradiation and Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With Advanced Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome; Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22); Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts; Refractory Anemia With Ringed Sideroblasts; Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia; Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes

 

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2014

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Fludarabine Phosphate and Total Body Irradiation Followed by a Donor Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes or Myeloproliferative Disorders
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative; Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia; de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Essential Thrombocythemia; Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable; Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria; Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia; Polycythemia Vera; Primary Myelofibrosis; Refractory Anemia; Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts; Refractory Anemia With Ringed Sideroblasts; Refractory Cytopenia With Multilineage Dysplasia; Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Secondary Myelofibrosis

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2014

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