Mycobacterium malmoense

Common Name(s)

Mycobacterium malmoense

Mycobacterium malmoense is a type of fast-growing bacteria (nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM)). This bacterium is more commonly found in the United Kingdom and northern Europe, and is rarely found in the United States. It is found in the environment, typically in dirt and water. Older individuals, individuals with suppressed immune systems, and those who have preexisting lung disease are at highest risk of infection.

Most commonly, a mycobacterium malmoense infection affects the lungs. However, this infection can also affect the skin, soft-tissue, and lymph nodes, causing lymphadenitis. The lymph nodes function to filter fluid in the immune system. Symptoms of lung infection include cough, difficulty breathing, pain or discomfort, weight loss, and production of a thick fluid (sputum) with coughing. Skin infections usually manifest as sores that do not heal or spread. General symptoms of infection are fever, tiredness, and weight loss.

Mycobacterium malmoense infection can be diagnosed using a sputum sample, which involves coughing deeply to expel the sputum, or a swab taken from the affected tissue. A swab from the infected area will be grown (cultured) to look for the presence of mycobacterium malmoense. This is important in order to eliminate fungus as a possible cause of infection, especially if the individual has respiratory symptoms. A confirmed infection is usually treated with antibiotics. If you have been diagnosed with a mycobacterium malmoense infection, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mycobacterium malmoense" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mycobacterium malmoense" returned 21 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

No human transmission of Mycobacterium malmoense in a perfect storm setting.
 

Author(s): Wouter Hoefsloot, Martin J Boeree, Cees van Nieuwkoop, Alexandra T Bernards, Paul H M Savelkoul, Jakko van Ingen, Dick van Soolingen

Journal: Eur. Respir. J.. 2012 Dec;40(6):1576-8.

 

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2012

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Infrapatellar bursitis with Mycobacterium malmoense related to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an HIV-positive patient.
 

Author(s): Steffen Leth, Søren Jensen-Fangel

Journal:

 

The immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after starting antiretroviral treatment for HIV infection can be caused by a great variety of pathogens. Among these are non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), with Mycobacterium avium complex being the most commonly described finding. ...

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2012

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Mycobacterium malmoense: dissemination causes a popliteal aneurysm in a 74-year-old man.
 

Author(s): Andrew Stewart Brereton, Hassan El Teraifi

Journal:

 

Mycobacterium malmoense is recognised as an environmental pathogen predominantly affecting populations in Northern Europe. In immuno-competent individuals, isolated pulmonary disease remains the commonest presentation. The authors report a rare case describing a mycotic popliteal ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2012

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mycobacterium malmoense" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mycobacterium malmoense infection of the knee.
 

Author(s): R Callaghan, M Allen

Journal: Ann. Rheum. Dis.. 2003 Nov;62(11):1047-8.

 

Last Updated: 29 Oct 2003

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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