Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Common Name(s)

Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a type of bacteria that can cause disease by infecting humans with weakened immune systems (the system in the body which helps to fight off various infections). HIV/AIDS is a common cause of a weakened immune system that may predispose someone to MAC infection. MAC is found in food, soil, water, and is usually harmless to people with healthy immune systems. Symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, fatigue, diarrhea, and low blood counts (anemia). Since the MAC bacteria are in contact with humans so often, it is hard to prevent exposure; however, there are available preventative medications for people with weakened immune systems.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mycobacterium Avium Complex" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mycobacterium Avium Complex" returned 335 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Disseminated cutaneous mycobacterium avium complex in a person with AIDS.
 

Author(s): D C Endly, L S Ackerman

Journal:

 

A cutaneous Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is a rare infection that can occur through direct inoculation or via dissemination to the skin. We report an interesting case of disseminated cutaneous MAC infection in a 45-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ...

Last Updated: 23 May 2014

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Mycobacterium avium complex infection in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis.
 

Author(s): Zaid Zoumot, Afroditi K Boutou, Simon S Gill, Mafalda van Zeller, David M Hansell, Athol U Wells, Robert Wilson, Michael R Loebinger

Journal: Respirology. 2014 Jul;19(5):714-22.

 

Reliable markers of disease progression or stability to assist in management decisions are lacking in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection.

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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Nutritional indicators are correlated with the radiological severity score in patients with Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease: a cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Kozo Morimoto, Takashi Yoshiyama, Atsuyuki Kurashima, Yuka Sasaki, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Kouzou Yoshimori, Hideo Ogata, Akihiko Gemma, Shoji Kudoh, Yuji Shiraishi

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2014 ;53(5):397-401.

 

Body weight loss in patients with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) pulmonary disease can be fatal. The administration of nutritional supplements should be an important component in the treatment of this disease. Objective data regarding the association between the nutritional status ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mycobacterium Avium Complex" returned 23 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Serodiagnosis of Mycobacterium avium complex disease in humans: translational research from basic mycobacteriology to clinical medicine.
 

Author(s): Kazuo Kobayashi

Journal: Jpn. J. Infect. Dis.. 2014 ;67(5):329-32.

 

Rapid and accurate diagnosis of infectious diseases, including mycobacterial disease such as tuberculosis (TB) and diseases due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), is a very important element of global health. The gold standard in diagnosis of mycobacterial diseases remains clinical ...

Last Updated: 22 Sep 2014

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Trends in overall opportunistic illnesses, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis and Mycobacterium avium complex incidence rates over the 30 years of the HIV epidemic: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Lara Coelho, Valdiléa Gonçalves Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Paula Mendes Luz

Journal: Braz J Infect Dis. ;18(2):196-210.

 

The natural history of HIV infection has changed dramatically after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Currently, opportunistic illnesses still represent a major cause of death and hospitalization in this population. In this study, we review the trends in opportunistic ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2014

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Peritonitis due to Mycobacterium avium complex in patients with AIDS: report of five cases and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Un-In Wu, Mao-Yuan Chen, Ruey-Heng Hu, Szu-Min Hsieh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yi-Chun Lo, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2009 Mar;13(2):285-90.

 

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) often causes disseminated infection in patients at an advanced stage of HIV infection; however, peritonitis associated with disseminated MAC infection is rare.

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2009

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Application of MACS and Time-lapse Technology in Good-prognosis Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: MACS Technique Efficacy

 

Last Updated: 24 Aug 2015

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The Role of Inflammasome in Inflammatory Macrophage in Mycobacterium Avium Complex-lung Disease and Mycobacterium Abscessus-lung Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: To Investigate the Inflammasome Response of Inflammatory and Resting Macrophage; To Compare the Difference of Inflammasome Response of Inflammatory Macrophage; To Study the Diagnostic Aid From Immunological Markers in Inflammasome Response

 

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2014

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Last Updated: 7 Aug 2007

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