Muscular dystrophy

Common Name(s)

Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) refers to a group of more than 30 genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement. Some forms of MD are seen in infancy or childhood, while others may not appear until middle age or later. The disorders differ in terms of the distribution and extent of muscle weakness (some forms of MD also affect cardiac muscle), age of onset, rate of progression, and pattern of inheritance. The prognosis for people with MD varies according to the type and progression of the disorder. There is no specific treatment to stop or reverse any form of MD. Treatment is supportive and may include physical therapy, respiratory therapy, speech therapy, orthopedic appliances used for support, corrective orthopedic surgery, and medications including corticosteroids, anticonvulsants (seizure medications), immunosuppressants, and antibiotics. Some individuals may need assisted ventilation to treat respiratory muscle weakness or a pacemaker for cardiac (heart) abnormalities.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Muscular dystrophy" for support, advocacy or research.

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Muscular Dystrophy Association

MDA is the nonprofit health agency dedicated to curing muscular dystrophy, ALS and related diseases by funding worldwide research. The Association also provides comprehensive health care and support services, advocacy and education.

Last Updated: 15 Jul 2015

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Neuromuscular Disease Association of China

There are over 40 different types of Muscular Dystrophy and related Neuromuscular conditions.These conditions are characterised by loss of muscular strength,as progressive muscle wasting or nerve

Last Updated: 21 May 2010

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werathah

To provide support and health education to patients and their families with genetic and congenital disorders

Last Updated: 1 May 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Muscular dystrophy" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Muscular Dystrophy Association

MDA is the nonprofit health agency dedicated to curing muscular dystrophy, ALS and related diseases by funding worldwide research. The Association also provides comprehensive health care and support services, advocacy and education.

http://www.mdausa.org

Last Updated: 15 Jul 2015

View Details
Neuromuscular Disease Association of China

There are over 40 different types of Muscular Dystrophy and related Neuromuscular conditions.These conditions are characterised by loss of muscular strength,as progressive muscle wasting or nerve

http://www.mdachina.org

Last Updated: 21 May 2010

View Details
werathah

To provide support and health education to patients and their families with genetic and congenital disorders

http://www.werathah.com

Last Updated: 1 May 2013

View Details

 

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Muscular dystrophy" returned 1602 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Muscular Dystrophy Drug Could Pave Way for RNA Medications.
 

Author(s): Thomas Morrow

Journal: Manag Care. 2016 Apr;25(4):30-2.

 

Last Updated: 7 Jun 2016

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Echocardiography versus (201)Tl semi-quantitative gated single photon emission tomography for the evaluation of cardiac disease associated with late stage Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
 

Author(s): Atsushi Fujita, Hajime Arahata, Miwa Sugawara, Akihiro Watanabe, Yuji Kawano, Naokazu Sasagasako, Naoki Fujii

Journal: Hell J Nucl Med. ;19(1):19-22.

 

In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients cardiac abnormalities are often detected. In adult DMD patients cardiac disease (CD) is a cause of death which increases by age and is related to respiratory dysfunction. Studies have demonstrated that CD in early DMD can be detected by ...

Last Updated: 2 Apr 2016

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Timed Rise from Floor as a Predictor of Disease Progression in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: An Observational Study.
 

Author(s): Elena S Mazzone, Giorgia Coratti, Maria Pia Sormani, Sonia Messina, Marika Pane, Adele D'Amico, Giulia Colia, Lavinia Fanelli, Angela Berardinelli, Alice Gardani, Valentina Lanzillotta, Paola D'Ambrosio, Roberta Petillo, Filippo Cavallaro, Silvia Frosini, Luca Bello, Serena Bonfiglio, Roberto De Sanctis, Enrica Rolle, Nicola Forcina, Francesca Magri, Gianluca Vita, Concetta Palermo, Maria Alice Donati, Elena Procopio, Maria Teresa Arnoldi, Giovanni Baranello, Tiziana Mongini, Antonella Pini, Roberta Battini, Elena Pegoraro, Yvan Torrente, Stefano C Previtali, Claudio Bruno, Luisa Politano, Giacomo P Comi, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Enrico Bertini, Eugenio Mercuri

Journal:

 

The role of timed items, and more specifically, of the time to rise from the floor, has been reported as an early prognostic factor for disease progression and loss of ambulation. The aim of our study was to investigate the possible effect of the time to rise from the floor test on ...

Last Updated: 17 Mar 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Muscular dystrophy" returned 150 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The importance of genetic diagnosis for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
 

Author(s): Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, Ieke B Ginjaar, Kate Bushby

Journal: J. Med. Genet.. 2016 Mar;53(3):145-51.

 

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy are caused by mutations in the dystrophin-encoding DMD gene. Large deletions and duplications are most common, but small mutations have been found as well. Having a correct diagnosis is important for family planning and ...

Last Updated: 25 Feb 2016

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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: From Diagnosis to Therapy.
 

Author(s): Maria Sofia Falzarano, Chiara Scotton, Chiara Passarelli, Alessandra Ferlini

Journal:

 

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked inherited neuromuscular disorder due to mutations in the dystrophin gene. It is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting due to the absence of dystrophin protein that causes degeneration of skeletal and cardiac muscle. ...

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2015

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Genetic Engineering of Dystroglycan in Animal Models of Muscular Dystrophy.
 

Author(s): Francesca Sciandra, Maria Giulia Bigotti, Bruno Giardina, Manuela Bozzi, Andrea Brancaccio

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():635792.

 

In skeletal muscle, dystroglycan (DG) is the central component of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), a multimeric protein complex that ensures a strong mechanical link between the extracellular matrix and the cytoskeleton. Several muscular dystrophies arise from mutations ...

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Myotonic Dystrophy and Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myotonic Dystrophy; Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy; Muscular Dystrophy; Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1; Myotonic Dystrophy Type 2; Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy; PROMM (Proximal Myotonic Myopathy); Steinert's Disease; Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy

 

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2016

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Study Safety and Efficacy of BMMNC for the Patient With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Muscular Dystrophy; Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

 

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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Muscle MRI in Becker Muscular Dystrophy and in Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2I
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Becker Muscular Dystrophy; Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy Type 2I

 

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2014

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