Migraine

Common Name(s)

Migraine

A migraine is a severe headache that can cause intense throbbing or a pulsing sensation in your head. Environmental and genetic factors may play a role in causing migraines. Migraine headaches often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood and may consist of four stages, prodrome, aura, headache, and postdrome.

Prodrome may occur one or two days before a migraine and are subtle changes in food craving, activity, irritability, neck stiffness, depression, constipation, and uncontrollable yawning. Aura may occur before or during migraine headaches. Symptoms of aura may include vision loss, bright spots, and speech problems (apshasia). During the migraine attack symptoms may include throbbing pain in sides of your head, sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smells, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, and lightheadedness. Postdrome is the last phase that occurs after a migraine attack where you may feel drained and washed out.

Migraine headache triggers may include, food, caffeinated and alcoholic drinks, stress, sensory stimuli, changes in wake-sleep pattern, physical factors, changes in the environment, hormonal changes in women, and medications. Risk factors may include family history, age, sex, and hormonal changes. Your doctor may diagnose your condition based on your medical history, symptoms and a physical and neurological examination. To rule out other possible causes for your pain your doctor may perform blood tests, computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and or a spinal tap (lumbar puncture). If you or someone you know suffers from migraines talk to your doctor to learn how to manage your condition.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Migraine" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
National Headache Foundation

The National Headache Foundation exists to enhance the healthcare of individuals with headache. It is a source of help to their families, physicians and allied healthcare professionals who treat them, and to the public. The NHF accomplishes its mission by providing educational and informational resources, supporting headache research, and advocating for the understanding of headache as a legitimate neurobiological disease.

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

View Details
APS Foundation of America, Inc.

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is dedicated to fostering and facilitating joint efforts in the areas of education, public awareness, research and patient services in an effective and ethical manner.

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Migraine" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
National Headache Foundation

The National Headache Foundation exists to enhance the healthcare of individuals with headache. It is a source of help to their families, physicians and allied healthcare professionals who treat them, and to the public. The NHF accomplishes its mission by providing educational and informational resources, supporting headache research, and advocating for the understanding of headache as a legitimate neurobiological disease.

http://www.headaches.org

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

View Details
APS Foundation of America, Inc.

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is dedicated to fostering and facilitating joint efforts in the areas of education, public awareness, research and patient services in an effective and ethical manner.

http://www.apsfa.org

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

Migraine Signs and Symptoms

A migraine is a throbbing or pulsating headache that is often one sided (unilateral) and associated with nausea; vomiting; sensitivity to light, sound, and smells; sleep disruption; and depression. Attacks are often recurrent and tend to become less

Updated 13 Nov 2012

Go To URL
APS Foundation of America, Inc Fan Page

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is the leading United States nonprofit health agency dedicated to bringing national awareness to Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (APS).

Updated 13 Nov 2012

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Blogs

APS Friends & Support Forum

Are you looking for Support for Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome, APS, APLS, APLA, Hughes Syndrome, or Sticky Blood? Well you've come to the right place! This is an private forum for people who have Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome, friends, fam

Updated 13 Nov 2012

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Migraine" returned 1758 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Randomized, double-blind, crossover study comparing DFN-11 injection (3 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan) with 6 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan for the treatment of rapidly-escalating attacks of episodic migraine.
 

Author(s): Roger K Cady, Sagar Munjal, Ryan J Cady, Heather R Manley, Elimor Brand-Schieber

Journal: J Headache Pain. 2017 Dec;18(1):17.

 

A 6-mg dose of SC sumatriptan is the most efficacious and fast-acting acute treatment for migraine, but a 3-mg dose of SC sumatriptan may improve tolerability while maintaining efficacy.

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2017

Go To URL
Mindfulness and pharmacological prophylaxis after withdrawal from medication overuse in patients with Chronic Migraine: an effectiveness trial with a one-year follow-up.
 

Author(s): Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Alberto Raggi, Domenico D'Amico, Andrea De Giorgio, Matilde Leonardi, Laura De Torres, Francisco Salgado-García, Frank Andrasik

Journal: J Headache Pain. 2017 Dec;18(1):15.

 

Chronic Migraine (CM) is a disabling condition, worsened when associated with Medication Overuse (MO). Mindfulness is an emerging technique, effective in different pain conditions, but it has yet to be explored for CM-MO. We report the results of a study assessing a one-year course ...

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2017

Go To URL
Interictal brain activity differs in migraine with and without aura: resting state fMRI study.
 

Author(s): Péter Faragó, Bernadett Tuka, Eszter Tóth, Nikoletta Szabó, András Király, Gergő Csete, Délia Szok, János Tajti, Árpád Párdutz, László Vécsei, Zsigmond Tamás Kincses

Journal: J Headache Pain. 2017 Dec;18(1):8.

 

Migraine is one of the most severe primary headache disorders. The nature of the headache and the associated symptoms during the attack suggest underlying functional alterations in the brain. In this study, we examined amplitude, the resting state fMRI fluctuation in migraineurs with ...

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Migraine" returned 324 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The association between brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene polymorphism and migraine: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xiaoying Cai, Xiaolei Shi, Ximeng Zhang, Aiwu Zhang, Minying Zheng, Yannan Fang

Journal: J Headache Pain. 2017 Dec;18(1):13.

 

Migraine is a recurrent headache disease related to genetic variants. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene rs6265 (Val66Met) and rs2049046 polymorphism has been found to be associated with migraine. However, their roles in this disorder are not well established. Then ...

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2017

Go To URL
Vestibular Migraine: Clinical Challenges and Opportunities for Multidisciplinarity.
 

Author(s): Isabel Luzeiro, Leonel Luís, Freire Gonçalves, Isabel Pavão Martins

Journal: Behav Neurol. 2016 ;2016():6179805.

 

Migraine and vertigo are two very prevalent conditions in general population. The coexistence of both in the same subject is a significant clinical challenge, since it is not always possible to understand whether they are causally related or associated by chance, requiring different ...

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

Go To URL
Risk of medication overuse headache across classes of treatments for acute migraine.
 

Author(s): Kristian Thorlund, Christina Sun-Edelstein, Eric Druyts, Steve Kanters, Shanil Ebrahim, Rahul Bhambri, Elodie Ramos, Edward J Mills, Michel Lanteri-Minet, Stewart Tepper

Journal: J Headache Pain. 2016 Dec;17(1):107.

 

The most commonly prescribed medications used to treat migraine acutely are single analgesics, ergots, opioids, and triptans. Due to varying mechanisms of action across drug classes, there is reason to believe that some classes may be less likely than others to elicit Medication Overuse ...

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2016

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pain Processing in Adults With Migraines
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraines

 

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2016

Go to URL
Nutrition for Migraine Prevention
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraine Disorders

 

Last Updated: 10 May 2016

Go to URL
Study of Key Electro-acupuncture Technique on Migraine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraine

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2016

Go to URL