Migraine

Common Name(s)

Migraine

A migraine is a severe headache that can cause intense throbbing or a pulsing sensation in your head. Environmental and genetic factors may play a role in causing migraines. Migraine headaches often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood and may consist of four stages, prodrome, aura, headache, and postdrome.

Prodrome may occur one or two days before a migraine and are subtle changes in food craving, activity, irritability, neck stiffness, depression, constipation, and uncontrollable yawning. Aura may occur before or during migraine headaches. Symptoms of aura may include vision loss, bright spots, and speech problems (apshasia). During the migraine attack symptoms may include throbbing pain in sides of your head, sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smells, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, and lightheadedness. Postdrome is the last phase that occurs after a migraine attack where you may feel drained and washed out.

Migraine headache triggers may include, food, caffeinated and alcoholic drinks, stress, sensory stimuli, changes in wake-sleep pattern, physical factors, changes in the environment, hormonal changes in women, and medications. Risk factors may include family history, age, sex, and hormonal changes. Your doctor may diagnose your condition based on your medical history, symptoms and a physical and neurological examination. To rule out other possible causes for your pain your doctor may perform blood tests, computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and or a spinal tap (lumbar puncture). If you or someone you know suffers from migraines talk to your doctor to learn how to manage your condition.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Migraine" for support, advocacy or research.

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National Headache Foundation

The National Headache Foundation exists to enhance the healthcare of individuals with headache. It is a source of help to their families, physicians and allied healthcare professionals who treat them, and to the public. The NHF accomplishes its mission by providing educational and informational resources, supporting headache research, and advocating for the understanding of headache as a legitimate neurobiological disease.

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

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APS Foundation of America, Inc.

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is dedicated to fostering and facilitating joint efforts in the areas of education, public awareness, research and patient services in an effective and ethical manner.

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Migraine" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
National Headache Foundation

The National Headache Foundation exists to enhance the healthcare of individuals with headache. It is a source of help to their families, physicians and allied healthcare professionals who treat them, and to the public. The NHF accomplishes its mission by providing educational and informational resources, supporting headache research, and advocating for the understanding of headache as a legitimate neurobiological disease.

http://www.headaches.org

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2015

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APS Foundation of America, Inc.

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is dedicated to fostering and facilitating joint efforts in the areas of education, public awareness, research and patient services in an effective and ethical manner.

http://www.apsfa.org

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Resources

Migraine Signs and Symptoms

A migraine is a throbbing or pulsating headache that is often one sided (unilateral) and associated with nausea; vomiting; sensitivity to light, sound, and smells; sleep disruption; and depression. Attacks are often recurrent and tend to become less

Updated 13 Nov 2012

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APS Foundation of America, Inc Fan Page

The APS Foundation of America, Inc. is the leading United States nonprofit health agency dedicated to bringing national awareness to Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (APS).

Updated 13 Nov 2012

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Blogs

APS Friends & Support Forum

Are you looking for Support for Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome, APS, APLS, APLA, Hughes Syndrome, or Sticky Blood? Well you've come to the right place! This is an private forum for people who have Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome, friends, fam

Updated 13 Nov 2012

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Migraine" returned 2017 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Validation of a self-reported instrument to assess work-related difficulties in patients with migraine: the HEADWORK questionnaire.
 

Author(s): Alberto Raggi, Venusia Covelli, Erika Guastafierro, Matilde Leonardi, Chiara Scaratti, Licia Grazzi, Marco Bartolini, Giovanna Viticchi, Sabina Cevoli, Giulia Pierangeli, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Antonio Russo, Piero Barbanti, Cinzia Aurilia, Carlo Lovati, Luca Giani, Fabio Frediani, Paola Di Fiore, Francesco Bono, Laura Rapisarda, Domenico D'Amico

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The degree to which work-related difficulties are recognized in headache research is poor and often carried out with inadequate information such as "reduced ability to work as usual", which do not capture at all the variety of difficulties and the factors that impact over them. The ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Patients' perspective on the burden of migraine in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis of survey data in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
 

Author(s): Pamela Vo, Juanzhi Fang, Aikaterini Bilitou, Annik K Laflamme, Shaloo Gupta

Journal:

 

Migraine is a distinct neurological disease that imposes a significant burden on patients, society, and the healthcare system. This study aimed to characterize the incremental burden of migraine in individuals who suffer from ≥4 monthly headache days (MHDs) by examining health-related ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (-786T>C) polymorphism and migraine susceptibility: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Han Dong, Zhi Hao Wang, Bin Dong, Ya Nan Hu, Hui Ying Zhao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e12241.

 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphism (-786T>C) and migraine susceptibility in a meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Migraine" returned 388 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Myofascial trigger points in migraine and tension-type headache.
 

Author(s): Thien Phu Do, Gerda Ferja Heldarskard, Lærke Tørring Kolding, Jeppe Hvedstrup, Henrik Winther Schytz

Journal:

 

A myofascial trigger point is defined as a hyperirritable spot in skeletal muscle that is associated with a hypersensitive palpable nodule in a taut band. It has been suggested that myofascial trigger points take part in chronic pain conditions including primary headache disorders. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The association between migraine and physical exercise.
 

Author(s): Faisal Mohammad Amin, Stavroula Aristeidou, Carlo Baraldi, Ewa K Czapinska-Ciepiela, Daponte D Ariadni, Davide Di Lenola, Cherilyn Fenech, Konstantinos Kampouris, Giorgos Karagiorgis, Mark Braschinsky, Mattias Linde,

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There is an unmet need of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options for migraine patients. Exercise can be used in the treatment of several pain conditions, including. However, what exact role exercise plays in migraine prevention is unclear. Here, we review the associations ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effect of exogenous estrogens and progestogens on the course of migraine during reproductive age: a consensus statement by the European Headache Federation (EHF) and the European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health (ESCRH).
 

Author(s): Simona Sacco, Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Karen Lehrmann Ægidius, Johannes Bitzer, Marianne Canonico, Andreas R Gantenbein, Tobias Kurth, Christian Lampl, Øjvind Lidegaard, E Anne MacGregor, Antoinette MaassenVanDenBrink, Dimos-Dimitrios Mitsikostas, Rossella Elena Nappi, George Ntaios, Koen Paemeleire, Per Morten Sandset, Gisela Marie Terwindt, Kjersti Grøtta Vetvik, Paolo Martelletti,

Journal:

 

We systematically reviewed data about the effect of exogenous estrogens and progestogens on the course of migraine during reproductive age. Thereafter a consensus procedure among international experts was undertaken to develop statements to support clinical decision making, in terms ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Interest of the T2 * Sequence in MRI for the Diagnosis of Migraine Aura in the Acute Phase.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraine Aura

 

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2018

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Pain Processing in Adults With Migraines
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraines

 

Last Updated: 12 Nov 2018

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Study of Efficacy and Safety of AMG 334 in Adult Episodic Migraine Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Migraine

 

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2018

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