Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1244 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mental illness in the Western Cape Province, South Africa: A review of the burden of disease and healthcare interventions.
 

Author(s): N Jacob, D Coetzee

Journal:

 

Neuropsychiatric disorders were ranked third as contributors to disability-adjusted life-years in South Africa (SA). Despite this high morbidity, mental health is often overlooked on the public health agenda. This article reviews evidence on the burden of mental illness in the Western ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Prevalence and determinants of common mental illness among adult residents of Harari Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia.
 

Author(s): Gari Hunduma, Mulugeta Girma, Tesfaye Digaffe, Fitsum Weldegebreal, Assefa Tola

Journal:

 

Common mental disorders include depression, anxiety and somatoform disorders are a public health problem in developed as well as developing countries. It represents a psychiatric morbidity with significant prevalence, affecting all stages of life and cause suffering to the individuals, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Illness management and recovery: Clinical outcomes of a randomized clinical trial in community mental health centers.
 

Author(s): Helle Stentoft Dalum, Anna Kristine Waldemar, Lisa Korsbek, Carsten Hjorthøj, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Karin Thomsen, Kristen Kistrup, Mette Olander, Jane Lindschou, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov

Journal:

 

Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) is a psychosocial intervention with a recovery-oriented approach. The program has been evaluated in different settings; however evidence for the effects of IMR is still deficient. The aim of this trial was to investigate the benefits and harms ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 166 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Social Origins of Developmental Risk for Mental and Physical Illness.
 

Author(s): Judy L Cameron, Kathie L Eagleson, Nathan A Fox, Takao K Hensch, Pat Levitt

Journal: J. Neurosci.. 2017 Nov;37(45):10783-10791.

 

Adversity in early childhood exerts an enduring impact on mental and physical health, academic achievement, lifetime productivity, and the probability of interfacing with the criminal justice system. More science is needed to understand how the brain is affected by early life stress ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Understanding the experience of initiating community-based physical activity and social support by people with serious mental illness: a systematic review using a meta-ethnographic approach.
 

Author(s): Helen Quirk, Helen Crank, Deborah Harrop, Emma Hock, Robert Copeland

Journal:

 

People with long-term serious mental illness live with severe and debilitating symptoms that can negatively influence their health and quality of life, leading to outcomes such as premature mortality, morbidity and obesity. An interplay of social, behavioural, biological and psychological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Developing digital interventions for people living with serious mental illness: perspectives from three mHealth studies.
 

Author(s): Bruno Biagianti, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Nicholas Meyer

Journal: Evid Based Ment Health. 2017 Nov;20(4):98-101.

 

The rapidly expanding field of mobile health (mHealth) seeks to harness increasingly affordable and ubiquitous mobile digital technologies including smartphones, tablets, apps and wearable devices to enhance clinical care. Accumulating evidence suggests that mHealth interventions ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Honest, Open, Proud for Soldiers With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2018

Go to URL
Feasibility Trial of a Tailored Smoking Cessation App for People With Serious Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Nicotine Addiction; Serious Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 16 Aug 2018

Go to URL
Assessing Frailty in Older Adults With Functional Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frailty; Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

Go to URL