Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1040 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The dual epidemic of tobacco dependence and obesity among those with severe mental illness.
 

Author(s): Susan L McElroy

Journal: J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Mar;77(3):e327-8.

 

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

Go To URL
Infection in people with severe mental illness.
 

Author(s): Achim Wolf, Seena Fazel

Journal: Lancet Psychiatry. 2016 Mar;3(3):203-4.

 

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2016

Go To URL
Construct Validity of the SF-12v2 for the Homeless Population with Mental Illness: An Instrument to Measure Self-Reported Mental and Physical Health.
 

Author(s): Antony Chum, Anna Skosireva, Juliana Tobon, Stephen Hwang

Journal:

 

Self-reported health measures are important indicators used by clinicians and researchers for the evaluation of health interventions, outcome assessment of clinical studies, and identification of health needs to improve resource allocation. However, the application of self-reported ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 139 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effectiveness of interventions targeting the stigma of mental illness at the workplace: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Sabine E Hanisch, Conal D Twomey, Andrew C H Szeto, Ulrich W Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego

Journal:

 

The majority of people experiencing mental-health problems do not seek help, and the stigma of mental illness is considered a major barrier to seeking appropriate treatment. More targeted interventions (e.g. at the workplace) seem to be a promising and necessary supplement to public ...

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Suicide risk assessment and intervention in people with mental illness.
 

Author(s): James M Bolton, David Gunnell, Gustavo Turecki

Journal:

 

Suicide is the 15th most common cause of death worldwide. Although relatively uncommon in the general population, suicide rates are much higher in people with mental health problems. Clinicians often have to assess and manage suicide risk. Risk assessment is challenging for several ...

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Measuring participation for persons with mental illness: a systematic review assessing relevance of existing scales for low and middle income countries.
 

Author(s): Ganesh M Babulal, Parul Bakhshi, Sunyata Kopriva, Sarah A Ali, Susan A Goette, Jean-Francois Trani

Journal:

 

Participation is increasingly becoming an important outcome for assessment in many fields, including development, disability and policy implementation. However, selecting specific instruments to measure participation has been a significant problem due to overlapping conceptual definitions ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Project Wellness Enhancement: Increasing Health Care Choice and Outcomes for People With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Health Wellness 1; Mental Illnesses; Other Diagnoses, Comorbidities, and Complications | Patient

 

Last Updated: 7 Oct 2014

Go to URL
Reduction of Cardiovascular Risk in Severe Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Severe Mental Illness; Schizophrenia; Bipolar Disorder; Affective Disorders; Schizoaffective Disorder; Personality Disorder

 

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2010

Go to URL
Honest Open Proud for Adolescents With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Secrecy Versus Disclosure Among Adolescents With Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2016

Go to URL