Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1079 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Decriminalizing Mental Illness--The Miami Model.
 

Author(s): John K Iglehart

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 May;374(18):1701-3.

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2016

Go To URL
The dual epidemic of tobacco dependence and obesity among those with severe mental illness.
 

Author(s): Susan L McElroy

Journal: J Clin Psychiatry. 2016 Mar;77(3):e327-8.

 

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2016

Go To URL
Understandings of spirituality and its role in illness recovery in persons with schizophrenia and mental-health professionals: a qualitative study.
 

Author(s): Rainbow Tin Hung Ho, Caitlin Kar Pui Chan, Phyllis Hau Yan Lo, Ping Ho Wong, Cecilia Lai Wan Chan, Pamela Pui Yu Leung, Eric Yu Hai Chen

Journal:

 

Spirituality has received increased attention in the psychiatric literature; however, it remains underexplored on a global level. Knowledge about spirituality of persons with schizophrenia is often hampered by positive and negative symptoms, which limit their expression of spiritual ...

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2016

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 143 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mental Illness and Juvenile Offenders.
 

Author(s): Lee A Underwood, Aryssa Washington

Journal:

 

Within the past decade, reliance on the juvenile justice system to meet the needs of juvenile offenders with mental health concerns has increased. Due to this tendency, research has been conducted on the effectiveness of various intervention and treatment programs/approaches with ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

Go To URL
The effectiveness of interventions targeting the stigma of mental illness at the workplace: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Sabine E Hanisch, Conal D Twomey, Andrew C H Szeto, Ulrich W Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego

Journal:

 

The majority of people experiencing mental-health problems do not seek help, and the stigma of mental illness is considered a major barrier to seeking appropriate treatment. More targeted interventions (e.g. at the workplace) seem to be a promising and necessary supplement to public ...

Last Updated: 7 Jan 2016

Go To URL
Housing First for People With Severe Mental Illness Who Are Homeless: A Review of the Research and Findings From the At Home-Chez soi Demonstration Project.
 

Author(s): Tim Aubry, Geoffrey Nelson, Sam Tsemberis

Journal: Can J Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;60(11):467-74.

 

To provide a review of the extant research literature on Housing First (HF) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) who are homeless and to describe the findings of the recently completed At Home (AH)-Chez soi (CS) demonstration project. HF represents a paradigm shift in the delivery ...

Last Updated: 1 Jan 2016

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Honest Open Proud for Adolescents With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Secrecy Versus Disclosure Among Adolescents With Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2016

Go to URL

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2016

Go to URL
Trial of Integrated Smoking Cessation, Exercise and Weight Management in Serious Mental Illness: TRIUMPH
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tobacco Smoking in Persons With Serious Mental Illness, Weight Management, Physical Activity

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2015

Go to URL