Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

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everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1264 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Adult children of parents with mental illness: parenting journeys.
 

Author(s): Gillian Murphy, Kath Peters, Lesley Wilkes, Debra Jackson

Journal:

 

Individuals who have lived with childhood parental mental illness are at increased risk of developing mental health concerns. Yet there is limited knowledge about how a person's childhood experiences of parental mental illness may influence their subsequent parenting roles.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Why is this happening to me? - a comparison of illness representations between Iranian and German people with mental illness.
 

Author(s): Judith Reichardt, Amrollah Ebrahimi, Hamid Nasiri Dehsorkhi, Ricarda Mewes, Cornelia Weise, Hamid Afshar, Peyman Adibi, Said Moshref Dehkordy, Gholamreza Yeganeh, Hanna Reich, Winfried Rief

Journal:

 

Due to an increase in migration and globalization, cross-cultural encounters in health care are also becoming more frequent. As psychotherapy is grounded in a cultural context and must be congruent with the patient's cultural beliefs of his or her illness in order to be effective, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Mental illness in the Western Cape Province, South Africa: A review of the burden of disease and healthcare interventions.
 

Author(s): N Jacob, D Coetzee

Journal:

 

Neuropsychiatric disorders were ranked third as contributors to disability-adjusted life-years in South Africa (SA). Despite this high morbidity, mental health is often overlooked on the public health agenda. This article reviews evidence on the burden of mental illness in the Western ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 172 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

HIV and mental illness in Malawi and the neuropsychiatric sequelae of efavirenz.
 

Author(s): Andrew Drury, Selena Gleadow-Ware, Sheila Gilfillan, Jen Ahrens

Journal: Malawi Med J. 2018 03;30(1):40-45.

 

Little is published about mental disorders in Malawi, specifically in relation to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and it's treatment. Efavirenz is a medication commonly used as part of triple therapy for HIV treatment. Indeed, in 2013, Malawi introduced 5A with Efavirenz as part ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Social exclusion in adult informal carers: A systematic narrative review of the experiences of informal carers of people with dementia and mental illness.
 

Author(s): Nan Greenwood, Gillian Mezey, Raymond Smith

Journal: Maturitas. 2018 Jun;112():39-45.

 

Social exclusion has a negative impact on quality of life. People living with dementia or mental health disorders as well as informal carers have been separately described as socially excluded. The objective of this systematic narrative review was to examine the extent to which social ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Interventions to increase access to or uptake of physical health screening in people with severe mental illness: a realist review.
 

Author(s): Frédérique Lamontagne-Godwin, Caroline Burgess, Sarah Clement, Melanie Gasston-Hales, Carolynn Greene, Anne Manyande, Deborah Taylor, Paul Walters, Elizabeth Barley

Journal:

 

To identify and evaluate interventions aimed at increasing uptake of, or access to, physical health screening by adults with severe mental illness; to examine why interventions might work.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Honest, Open, Proud for Soldiers With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2018

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Feasibility Trial of a Tailored Smoking Cessation App for People With Serious Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Nicotine Addiction; Serious Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 16 Aug 2018

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Last Updated: 9 Nov 2017

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