Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

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everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1092 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Personal Recovery in Serious Mental Illness: Making Sense of the Concept.
 

Author(s): Madeline Wz Lim, Gary Remington, Jimmy Lee

Journal: Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.. 2017 Jan;46(1):29-31.

 

Traditionally, clinicians and healthcare users alike use the term "recovery" to imply a return to a premorbid state. This form of clinical recovery is objective, measureable and is a clear health outcome. In the past decade, an alternative to clinical recovery, also known as personal ...

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2017

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Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice System.
 

Author(s): Christine Montross

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 01;376(2):187.

 

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2017

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Closing the Mortality Gap - Mental Illness and Medical Care.
 

Author(s): Lisa Rosenbaum

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Oct;375(16):1585-1589.

 

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 143 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cardiovascular risk assessment in patients with a severe mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Maria Isabel Fernandez San Martin, Gemma Flores Mateo, Edurne Zabaleta Del Olmo, Luís Ayerbe García-Morzon, Maria Perez-Piñar López, Luis Miguel Martin-López, Javier Montes Hidalgo, Concepción Violán

Journal:

 

Cardiovascular risk (CVR) has been observed to be higher in patients with severe mental illness (SMI) than in the general population. However, some studies suggest that CVR is not equally increased in different subgroups of SMI. The purposes of this review are to summarise CVR scores ...

Last Updated: 14 May 2016

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Stigma toward mental illness in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Franco Mascayano, Thamara Tapia, Sara Schilling, Rubén Alvarado, Eric Tapia, Walter Lips, Lawrence H Yang

Journal: Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2016 Mar;38(1):73-85.

 

Stigma toward individuals with mental disorders has been studied extensively. In the case of Latin America and the Caribbean, the past decade has been marked by a significant increase in information on stigma toward mental illness, but these findings have yet to be applied to mental ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2016

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Mental Illness and Juvenile Offenders.
 

Author(s): Lee A Underwood, Aryssa Washington

Journal:

 

Within the past decade, reliance on the juvenile justice system to meet the needs of juvenile offenders with mental health concerns has increased. Due to this tendency, research has been conducted on the effectiveness of various intervention and treatment programs/approaches with ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Honest Open Proud for Adolescents With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Secrecy Versus Disclosure Among Adolescents With Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2016

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Assessing Frailty in Older Adults With Functional Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frailty; Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

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Last Updated: 20 Jul 2016

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