Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

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everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 818 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Knowledge of family members on the rights of individuals affected by mental illness].
 

Author(s): Vania Moreno, Guilherme Correa Barbosa

Journal: Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2015 Mar;36(1):43-8.

 

The objective of this investigation was to understand what family members know about the rights of individuals affected by mental illness. To this end, a qualitative exploratory study was conducted. A semi-structured interview was used for data collection. Eighteen family members ...

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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Pragmatic replication trial of health promotion coaching for obesity in serious mental illness and maintenance of outcomes.
 

Author(s): Stephen J Bartels, Sarah I Pratt, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Laura K Barre, John A Naslund, Rosemarie Wolfe, Haiyi Xie, Gregory J McHugo, Daniel E Jimenez, Ken Jue, James Feldman, Bruce L Bird

Journal: Am J Psychiatry. 2015 Apr;172(4):344-52.

 

Few studies targeting obesity in serious mental illness have reported clinically significant risk reduction, and none have been replicated in community settings or demonstrated sustained outcomes after intervention withdrawal. The authors sought to replicate positive health outcomes ...

Last Updated: 1 Apr 2015

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Further psychometric evaluation of the self-stigma scale-short: measurement invariance across mental illness and gender.
 

Author(s): Tsung-Hsien Wu, Chih-Cheng Chang, Chih-Yin Chen, Jung-Der Wang, Chung-Ying Lin

Journal:

 

This study cross-validated the factor structure of the Self-Stigma Scale-Short (SSS-S) in a cohort of patients with mental illness in southern Taiwan. The measurement invariance of the SSS-S factor structure across mental illness and gender was also examined.

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 107 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Psychological interventions for mental health disorders in children with chronic physical illness: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Sophie Bennett, Roz Shafran, Anna Coughtrey, Susan Walker, Isobel Heyman

Journal: Arch. Dis. Child.. 2015 Apr;100(4):308-16.

 

Children with chronic physical illness are significantly more likely to develop common psychiatric symptoms than otherwise healthy children. These children therefore warrant effective integrated healthcare yet it is not established whether the known, effective, psychological treatments ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2015

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[Stigmatization on the way to recovery in mental illness - the factors associated with social functioning].
 

Author(s): Magdalena Podogrodzka-Niell, Magdalena Tyszkowska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. ;48(6):1201-11.

 

Persons with mental disorders often experience stigmatization. There is a number of social factors that may affect the process of recovery and at the same time, in certain circumstances, could be a source of stigma. Mentally ill may find strength in themselves to fight against the ...

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2015

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Prenatal programming of mental illness: current understanding of relationship and mechanisms.
 

Author(s): Deborah R Kim, Tracy L Bale, C Neill Epperson

Journal: Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2015 Feb;17(2):5.

 

The British epidemiologist Dr. David J. Barker documented the relationship between infant birth weight and later onset of hypertension, coronary heart disease, insulin resistance, and type II diabetes. A stressful in utero environment can cause long-term consequences for offspring ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Project Wellness Enhancement: Increasing Health Care Choice and Outcomes for People With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Health Wellness 1; Mental Illnesses; Other Diagnoses, Comorbidities, and Complications | Patient

 

Last Updated: 7 Oct 2014

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Reduction of Cardiovascular Risk in Severe Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Severe Mental Illness; Schizophrenia; Bipolar Disorder; Affective Disorders; Schizoaffective Disorder; Personality Disorder

 

Last Updated: 13 Aug 2010

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Parentification Among Children Whose Parents Cope With a Serious Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 2 Feb 2012

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