Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1105 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Personal Recovery in Serious Mental Illness: Making Sense of the Concept.
 

Author(s): Madeline Wz Lim, Gary Remington, Jimmy Lee

Journal: Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.. 2017 Jan;46(1):29-31.

 

Traditionally, clinicians and healthcare users alike use the term "recovery" to imply a return to a premorbid state. This form of clinical recovery is objective, measureable and is a clear health outcome. In the past decade, an alternative to clinical recovery, also known as personal ...

Last Updated: 9 Feb 2017

Go To URL
Human Trafficking, Mental Illness, and Addiction: Avoiding Diagnostic Overshadowing.
 

Author(s): Hanni Stoklosa, Marti MacGibbon, Joseph Stoklosa

Journal:

 

This article reviews an emergency department-based clinical vignette of a trafficked patient with co-occurring pregnancy-related, mental health, and substance use disorder issues. The authors, including a survivor of human trafficking, draw on their backgrounds in addiction care, ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2017

Go To URL
Use of Preventive Health Services in People With Serious Mental Illness: Consumer Perspectives on Barriers and Solutions.
 

Author(s): Glen L Xiong, Ana-Maria Iosif, Nickolas H Culpepper, Robert M McCarron

Journal:

 

This study asked 350 consumers with serious mental illness (DSM-IV) (who are using community mental health services in Sacramento County, California) for their perspective about barriers and solutions to use of preventive health services.

Last Updated: 19 Jan 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 147 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Empowering families with the experience of mental illness. A presentation of the Polish version of CAMILLE training package.
 

Author(s): Izabela Tabak, Lidia Zabłocka-Żytka, Jan C Czabała

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2016 ;50(4):873-883.

 

The paper presents the CAMILLE training package prepared in the EU program Empowerment of Children and Adolescents of Mentally Ill Parents through Training of Professionals working with children and adolescents. The training is designed for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, ...

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2016

Go To URL
Mental illness research in the Gulf Cooperation Council: a scoping review.
 

Author(s): Jason E Hickey, Steven Pryjmachuk, Heather Waterman

Journal:

 

Rapid growth and development in recent decades has seen mental health and mental illness emerge as priority health concerns for the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). As a result, mental health services in the region ...

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2016

Go To URL
Cardiovascular risk assessment in patients with a severe mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Maria Isabel Fernandez San Martin, Gemma Flores Mateo, Edurne Zabaleta Del Olmo, Luís Ayerbe García-Morzon, Maria Perez-Piñar López, Luis Miguel Martin-López, Javier Montes Hidalgo, Concepción Violán

Journal:

 

Cardiovascular risk (CVR) has been observed to be higher in patients with severe mental illness (SMI) than in the general population. However, some studies suggest that CVR is not equally increased in different subgroups of SMI. The purposes of this review are to summarise CVR scores ...

Last Updated: 14 May 2016

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Feasibility Trial of a Tailored Smoking Cessation App for People With Serious Mental Illness
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Nicotine Addiction; Serious Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2017

Go to URL
Assessing Frailty in Older Adults With Functional Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frailty; Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

Go to URL

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2016

Go to URL