Meningomyelocele

Common Name(s)

Meningomyelocele, Myelomeningocele

Meningomyelocele, sometimes called myelomeningocele, is the most common of the three types of spina bifida. Spina bifida is a birth defect in which the spinal cord and backbone do not close at birth. In meningomyelocele, the spinal cord sticks out of the child's back through an opening, and is protected by a sac that will be visible on the child's lower back. Symptoms include weakness and numbness, back or leg pain, numbness, and bladder or bowel incontinence. Meningomyelocele can be detected during the second trimester of pregnancy. Treatment consists of surgery to repair the defect early in life. In some cases, treatment may be required later as the child grows. This may include measures to improve bladder and bowel function such as a catheter (draining tube) or dietary restrictions and orthopedic therapy as many meningomyelocele patients need to use a wheelchair.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningomyelocele" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Meningomyelocele" returned 35 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anterior cervical meningomyelocele in a neonate.
 

Author(s): G Srihari, Hosmani Sharan Basappa, Bada Vijay Kumar, P N Harish

Journal: Neurol India. ;61(6):692-3.

 

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2014

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Prevalence of sensitivity signals to latex in meningomyelocele patients undergoing multiple surgical procedures.
 

Author(s): Wilson Shi Chia Yeh, Priscila Rivoli Kiohara, Iracy Silvia Corrêa Soares, Maria José Carvalho Carmona, Flavio Trigo Rocha, Clovis Eduardo Santos Galvão

Journal: Rev Bras Anestesiol. ;62(1):56-62.

 

The number of patients allergic to latex has increased significantly. It is crucial to recognize the cases in order to prevent and apply adequate treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of allergy to latex in meningomyelocele patients.

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2012

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Brain mechanisms for reading and language processing in spina bifida meningomyelocele: a combined magnetic source- and structural magnetic resonance imaging study.
 

Author(s): Panagiotis G Simos, Andrew C Papanicolaou, Eduardo Martinez Castillo, Jenifer Juranek, Paul T Cirino, Roozbeh Rezaie, Jack M Fletcher

Journal: Neuropsychology. 2011 Sep;25(5):590-601.

 

The development of the ability to process spoken and written language depends upon a network of left hemisphere temporal, parietal, and frontal regions. The present study explored features of brain organization in children with spina bifida meningomyelocele (SBM) and shunted hydrocephalus, ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2011

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Meningomyelocele" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Surgical treatment in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and anterior cervical meningomyelocele: a case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Benjamin Brokinkel, Karsten Wiebe, Volker Hesselmann, Timm J Filler, Christian Ewelt, Cornelie Müller-Hofstede, Walter Stummer, Mark Klingenhöfer

Journal: Eur Spine J. 2013 May;22 Suppl 3():S517-20.

 

Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is considered a rare developmental disorder characterized by mono- or multisegmental fusion of the cervical vertebrae which is frequently associated with diverse non-osseous, e.g. neural, visceral, cardiopulmonary and genitourinary development anomalies. ...

Last Updated: 2 May 2013

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Cerebellar motor function in spina bifida meningomyelocele.
 

Author(s): Maureen Dennis, Michael S Salman, Jenifer Juranek, Jack M Fletcher

Journal: Cerebellum. 2010 Dec;9(4):484-98.

 

Spina bifida meningomyelocele (SBM), a congenital neurodevelopmental disorder, involves dysmorphology of the cerebellum, and its most obvious manifestations are motor deficits. This paper reviews cerebellar neuropathology and motor function across several motor systems well studied ...

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2010

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The cognitive phenotype of spina bifida meningomyelocele.
 

Author(s): Maureen Dennis, Marcia A Barnes

Journal: Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2010 ;16(1):31-9.

 

A cognitive phenotype is a product of both assets and deficits that specifies what individuals with spina bifida meningomyelocele (SBM) can and cannot do and why they can or cannot do it. In this article, we review the cognitive phenotype of SBM and describe the processing assets ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2010

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prenatal Surgical Repair of Fetal Myelomeningocele
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Foetus With Myelomeningocele

 

Last Updated: 17 Jul 2014

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