Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5400 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An unusual association between hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, mixed connective tissue disease, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia: A case report.
 

Author(s): Amar H Kelkar, Anushi A Shah, Sherri L Yong, Zohair Ahmed

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(28):e7488.

 

In the adult patient, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is uncommon and frequently difficult to diagnose due to its nonspecific presentation and numerous complications.

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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Nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor masked as anemia: A case report.
 

Author(s): Baojin Xu, Yue Wang, Xiaoyan Li, Jie Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7441.

 

After a series of clinical relevant examinations. The patient was dignosed as pancreatic tomor in the pancreatic tail accompanied with the symptom of anenmia and dizziness.Until now surgery is the best treatment strategy for pancreatic tumors.So we take a joint multiple organ removal ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

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[Management of chronic hemodialysis patients with anemia: case study conducted in the Department of Nephrology and Hemodialysis at the University Hospital Point G in Mali].
 

Author(s): Alhadji Ahmadou Tounkara, Abdoul Mahama Sériba Coulibaly, Nouhoun Coulibaly, Békaye Traoré, Mahamane Kalil Maïga

Journal:

 

Anemia is a frequent complication of Chronic Kidney Disease CKD commonly found in chronic haemodialysis patients. Patients management is mainly based on erythropoietin administration and iron supplementation. This study aimed to evaluate the management of chronic hemodialysis patients ...

Last Updated: 4 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 499 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anemia in Kawasaki Disease: Hepcidin as a Potential Biomarker.
 

Author(s): Ying-Hsien Huang, Ho-Chang Kuo

Journal:

 

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an autoimmune-like disease and acute childhood vasculitis syndrome that affects various systems but has unknown etiology. In addition to the standard diagnostic criteria, anemia is among the most common clinical features of KD patients and is thought to have ...

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2017

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Non-Anticoagulant Heparins Are Hepcidin Antagonists for the Treatment of Anemia.
 

Author(s): Maura Poli, Michela Asperti, Paola Ruzzenenti, Annamaria Naggi, Paolo Arosio

Journal:

 

The peptide hormone hepcidin is a key controller of systemic iron homeostasis, and its expression in the liver is mainly regulated by bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which are heparin binding proteins. In fact, heparins are strong suppressors of hepcidin expression in hepatic ...

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2017

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The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys.
 

Author(s): Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Richard F Hurrell, Erick Boy, James P Wirth, Mourad Moursi, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner

Journal:

 

Iron deficiency is commonly assumed to cause half of all cases of anemias, with hereditary blood disorders and infections such as hookworm and malaria being the other major causes. In countries ranked as low, medium, and high by the Human Development Index, we conducted a systematic ...

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Use of Cast Iron Pots to Improve Maternal Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2017

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in High Risk Patients With Fanconi Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fanconi Anemia

 

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2017

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Longitudinal Changes in Exercise Capacity in Children and Young Adults With Sickle Cell Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Sickle Cell Anemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2015

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