Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5601 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of anemia and associated factors among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Meaza Lebso, Anchamo Anato, Eskindir Loha

Journal:

 

Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is less than the normal hemoglobin (Hb) level in the body. During pregnancy; iron deficiency is associated with multiple adverse outcomes for both mother and infant. Most of the studies conducted in Ethiopia on anemia during pregnancy ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Respiratory resistance and reactance in adults with sickle cell anemia: Correlation with functional exercise capacity and diagnostic use.
 

Author(s): Cirlene de Lima Marinho, Maria Christina Paixão Maioli, Jorge Luis Machado do Amaral, Agnaldo José Lopes, Pedro Lopes de Melo

Journal:

 

The improvement in sickle cell anemia (SCA) care resulted in the emergence of a large population of adults living with this disease. The mechanisms of lung injury in this new population are largely unknown. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) represents the current state-of-the-art ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A history of repetitive cesarean section is a risk factor of anemia in healthy perimenopausal women: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012.
 

Author(s): Jee Yoon Park, Sung Woo Lee

Journal:

 

To determine whether the delivery method is associated with the rate of anemia in later life, using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 543 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Factors associated with inflammation in preschool children and women of reproductive age: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): Rebecca D Merrill, Rachel M Burke, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Pura Rayco-Solon, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary K Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):348S-358S.

 

Background: In many settings, populations experience recurrent exposure to inflammatory agents that catalyze fluctuations in the concentrations of acute-phase proteins and certain micronutrient biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ferritin, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Predictors of anemia in women of reproductive age: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Reina Engle-Stone, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Victor J Temple, Nicolai Petry, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Grant J Aaron

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):416S-427S.

 

Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) remains a public health problem globally, and reducing anemia in women by 50% by 2025 is a goal of the World Health Assembly.Objective: We assessed the associations between anemia and multiple proximal risk ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Predictors of anemia in preschool children: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): Reina Engle-Stone, Grant J Aaron, Jin Huang, James P Wirth, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Anne M Williams, Janet M Peerson, Fabian Rohner, Ravi Varadhan, O Yaw Addo, Victor Temple, Pura Rayco-Solon, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):402S-415S.

 

Background: A lack of information on the etiology of anemia has hampered the design and monitoring of anemia-control efforts.Objective: We aimed to evaluate predictors of anemia in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) by country and infection-burden category.Design: Cross-sectional ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pilot Study of Metformin for Patients With Fanconi Anemia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Fanconi Anemia

 

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2018

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Last Updated: 25 Apr 2017

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Use of Cast Iron Pots to Improve Maternal Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2017

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