Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5724 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Acquired aplastic anemia. Experience in a public hospital].
 

Author(s): Pilar León, Daniela Cardemil, Rocío Osorio, Camila Peña, Ximena Valladares, Bárbara Puga, María Elena Cabrera

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2018 Feb;146(2):175-182.

 

The first line treatment for patients < 40 years old with aplastic anemia (AA) is allogeneic HLA-identical sibling donor transplantation (SCT). Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with a combination of Thymoglobuline (ATG) and cyclosporine is used for older patients or those without a ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Acquired aplastic anemia during pregnancy. Report of one case].
 

Author(s): Pilar León, Josefina Lería, Daniela Cardemil, Angélica Díaz, Miguelina Hernández, Magdalena Chubretovic, Josefa González, María Elena Cabrera

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2018 Mar;146(3):399-402.

 

Aplastic anemia (AA) or acquired aplastic anemia is an uncommon and potentially fatal disease. It is defined as reduction of at least two peripheral blood series, associated with persistent bone marrow hypocellularity. It's association with pregnancy is even more uncommon, and it ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Recurrent ovarian hemorrhage in a patient with aplastic anemia: A case report.
 

Author(s): Hua-Di Yang, Meng-Ting Xia, Yi-Feng Shao, Pian Ying

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(27):e11409.

 

Recurrent ovarian hemorrhage resulting in ovarian infarction may lead to a life-threatening intraperitoneal hemorrhage in women with bleeding disorders such as aplastic anemia (AA). Moreover, it is seen as ovarian tumors in the diagnosis. The authors report a clinical case with the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 563 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A 10-year delayed diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome characterized by refractory iron-deficiency anemia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xue Tang, Ju Gao, Xue Yang, Xia Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10873.

 

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder consisting of multifocal venous malformations. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis frequently occurs in patients without typical cutaneous lesions or gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. This article reports a 10-year ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Anemia, intractable vomiting, chronic diarrhea, and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic secretion: a diagnostic dilemma: Disseminated strongyloidosis in a patient with newly diagnosed HTLV infection-case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Hassan Tariq, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Pavithra Reddy, Bharat Bajantri, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela, Cosmina Zeana, Ariyo Ihimoyan, Anil Dev, Sridhar Chilimuri

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9229.

 

Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection and disseminated disease have high mortality rates due to several complications and early detection of Strongyloides infection is therefore prudent.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Hypoxia-Inducible Factor and Its Role in the Management of Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease.
 

Author(s): Joshua M Kaplan, Neeraj Sharma, Sean Dikdan

Journal:

 

Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) plays a crucial role in the response to hypoxia at the cellular, tissue, and organism level. New agents under development to pharmacologically manipulate HIF may provide new and exciting possibilities in the treatment of anemia of chronic kidney disease ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence Study of the Etiology of Pregnancy Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Anemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

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Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Healthcare Outcomes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia

 

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2018

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Bovine Lactoferrin Versus Ferrous Sulphate In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia During Pregnancy

 

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2018

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