Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5604 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effect of floods on anemia among reproductive age women in Afghanistan.
 

Author(s): Hamid Reza Oskorouchi, Peng Nie, Alfonso Sousa-Poza

Journal:

 

This study uses biomarker information from the 2013 National Nutrition Survey Afghanistan and satellite precipitation driven modeling results from the Global Flood Monitoring System to analyze how floods affect the probability of anemia in Afghan women of reproductive age (15-49). ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Distribution of hemoglobin and prevalence of anemia in 10 ethnic minorities in China: A population-based, cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Xiuli Zhang, Yuan He, Xiaoxu Xie, Mengmeng Ji, Xu Ma, Zengli Yu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e9286.

 

Racial differences have been reported in hemoglobin (Hb). However, distributions of Hb and anemia rate in ethnic minorities were rarely reported.We aimed to observe whether there are ethnic differences in Hb distributions and prevalence of anemia.The data included 480,699 women 20 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Mesalazine as a cause of fetal anemia and hydrops fetalis: A case report.
 

Author(s): Sverker Ek, Staffan Rosenborg

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e9277.

 

Mesalazine and its prodrug sulfasalazine are both used for inflammatory bowel disease. Sulfasalazine has been associated with hematological side-effects such as aplastic and hemolytic anemia in patients, but also in fetuses after intrauterine exposure. To our knowledge, we describe ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 543 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anemia, intractable vomiting, chronic diarrhea, and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic secretion: a diagnostic dilemma: Disseminated strongyloidosis in a patient with newly diagnosed HTLV infection-case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Hassan Tariq, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Pavithra Reddy, Bharat Bajantri, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela, Cosmina Zeana, Ariyo Ihimoyan, Anil Dev, Sridhar Chilimuri

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9229.

 

Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection and disseminated disease have high mortality rates due to several complications and early detection of Strongyloides infection is therefore prudent.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Emerging functions of the Fanconi anemia pathway at a glance.
 

Author(s): Rhea Sumpter, Beth Levine

Journal: J. Cell. Sci.. 2017 Aug;130(16):2657-2662.

 

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare disease, in which homozygous or compound heterozygous inactivating mutations in any of 21 genes lead to genomic instability, early-onset bone marrow failure and increased cancer risk. The FA pathway is essential for DNA damage response (DDR) to DNA interstrand ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Recent insights into the molecular basis of Fanconi anemia: genes, modifiers, and drivers.
 

Author(s): Ronald S Cheung, Toshiyasu Taniguchi

Journal: Int. J. Hematol.. 2017 Sep;106(3):335-344.

 

Fanconi anemia (FA), the most common form of inherited bone marrow failure, predisposes to leukemia and solid tumors. FA is caused by the genetic disruption of a cellular pathway that repairs DNA interstrand crosslinks. The impaired function of this pathway, and the genetic instability ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence Study of the Etiology of Pregnancy Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Anemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

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Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Healthcare Outcomes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia

 

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2018

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Bovine Lactoferrin Versus Ferrous Sulphate In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia During Pregnancy

 

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2017

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