Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5324 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mortality is associated with inflammation, anemia, specific diseases and treatments, and molecular markers.
 

Author(s): Mark Moeller, Christiane Pink, Nicole Endlich, Karlhans Endlich, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Henry Völzke, Marcus Dörr, Matthias Nauck, Markus M Lerch, Rüdiger Köhling, Birte Holtfreter, Thomas Kocher, Georg Fuellen

Journal:

 

Lifespan is a complex trait, and longitudinal data for humans are naturally scarce. We report the results of Cox regression and Pearson correlation analyses using data of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP), with mortality data of 1518 participants (113 of which died), over a ...

Last Updated: 19 Apr 2017

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Anemia, bilirubin, and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes.
 

Author(s): Jin Ook Chung, Seon-Young Park, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(15):e6586.

 

To investigate the relationship among anemia, physiological serum bilirubin levels, and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. In total, 2230 subjects with type 2 diabetes were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. CAN was diagnosed with a cardiovascular ...

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2017

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Posttransplant Anemia as a Prognostic Factor of Mortality in Kidney-Transplant Recipients.
 

Author(s): Maria Majernikova, Jaroslav Rosenberger, Lucia Prihodova, Miriam Jarcuskova, Robert Roland, Johan W Groothoff, Jitse P van Dijk

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():6987240.

 

Background. Findings on the association between posttransplant anemia (PTA) and mortality in posttransplant patients are scarce. This study explored whether PTA shortly after kidney transplantation (KT) predicts mortality at up to 10 years' follow-up, stratified for chronic kidney ...

Last Updated: 12 Apr 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 501 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys.
 

Author(s): Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Richard F Hurrell, Erick Boy, James P Wirth, Mourad Moursi, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner

Journal:

 

Iron deficiency is commonly assumed to cause half of all cases of anemias, with hereditary blood disorders and infections such as hookworm and malaria being the other major causes. In countries ranked as low, medium, and high by the Human Development Index, we conducted a systematic ...

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2016

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Eltrombopag for the treatment of aplastic anemia: current perspectives.
 

Author(s): Su Han Lum, John D Grainger

Journal:

 

Aplastic anemia (AA) is a potential life-threatening hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) disorder resulting in cytopenia. The mainstays of treatment for AA are definitive therapy to restore HSCs and supportive measures to ameliorate cytopenia-related complications. The standard definitive ...

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2016

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Anemia and iron deficiency in gastrointestinal and liver conditions.
 

Author(s): Jürgen Stein, Susan Connor, Garth Virgin, David Eng Hui Ong, Lisandro Pereyra

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2016 Sep;22(35):7908-25.

 

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with a number of pathological gastrointestinal conditions other than inflammatory bowel disease, and also with liver disorders. Different factors such as chronic bleeding, malabsorption and inflammation may contribute to IDA. Although patients ...

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Use of Cast Iron Pots to Improve Maternal Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2017

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in High Risk Patients With Fanconi Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fanconi Anemia

 

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2017

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Longitudinal Changes in Exercise Capacity in Children and Young Adults With Sickle Cell Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Sickle Cell Anemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2015

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