Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5787 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case report of mixed-type autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a patient with relapsing polychondritis.
 

Author(s): Qianyun Xu, Hui Luo, Xiaoxia Zuo, Sijia Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(40):e12716.

 

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune-related disease and may be associated with other autoimmune diseases.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pernicious anemia associated with cryptogenic cirrhosis: Two case reports and a literature review.
 

Author(s): Xin Yan, Runping Gao, Yulin Hu, Jinglan Jin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12547.

 

Pernicious anemia (PA) is an autoimmune gastritis that results from the destruction of gastric parietal cells and the associated lack of an intrinsic factor to bind ingested vitamin B12. While an association between PA and various liver diseases has been rarely reported, reports of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prognostic impact of preoperative anemia on upper tract urothelial carcinoma.
 

Author(s): Ping Tan, Nan Xie, Haotian Liao, Liqun Zou, Huan Xu, Lu Yang, Liangren Liu, Qiang Wei

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(37):e12300.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preoperative anemia on the prognosis of patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC).A total of 620 patients with UTUC were retrospectively analyzed. Anemia was decided by ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 574 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anemia and acute coronary syndrome: current perspectives.
 

Author(s): Miriam Stucchi, Silvia Cantoni, Enrico Piccinelli, Stefano Savonitto, Nuccia Morici

Journal:

 

Reference hemoglobin (Hb) values for the definition of anemia are still largely based on the 1968 WHO Scientific Group report, which established a cutoff value of <13 g/dL for adult men and <12 g/dL for adult nonpregnant women. Subsequent studies identified different normal values ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A 10-year delayed diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome characterized by refractory iron-deficiency anemia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xue Tang, Ju Gao, Xue Yang, Xia Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10873.

 

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder consisting of multifocal venous malformations. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis frequently occurs in patients without typical cutaneous lesions or gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. This article reports a 10-year ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Hercilio Paulino André, Naiara Sperandio, Renata Lopes de Siqueira, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore

Journal: Cien Saude Colet. 2018 Apr;23(4):1159-1167.

 

This study aimed to review food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children below 5 years. We searched in electronic databases (SciELO, Lilacs, and Medline) and selected studies by titles, abstracts and full-text reading. Of the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence Study of the Etiology of Pregnancy Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Anemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

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Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Healthcare Outcomes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2018

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Bovine Lactoferrin Versus Ferrous Sulphate In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia During Pregnancy

 

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2018

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