Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5457 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Metastatic spread of solid subtype lung adenocarcinoma to the small intestine with anemia and melena: A case report.
 

Author(s): Xiaofang Ying, Mingwei Wang, Vivek Verma, Manxiang Wang, Shengwei Ye, Jianping Bi, Xiaoyi Zhou, Guang Han, Weining Zhen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7768.

 

Metastasis to the small intestine from a primary lung cancer is rare, and is associated with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis of small intestine metastasis is difficult because of the low incidence of clinically apparent symptoms.

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2017

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An unusual association between hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, mixed connective tissue disease, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia: A case report.
 

Author(s): Amar H Kelkar, Anushi A Shah, Sherri L Yong, Zohair Ahmed

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(28):e7488.

 

In the adult patient, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is uncommon and frequently difficult to diagnose due to its nonspecific presentation and numerous complications.

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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The herbal decoction modified Danggui Buxue Tang attenuates immune-mediated bone marrow failure by regulating the differentiation of T lymphocytes in an immune-induced aplastic anemia mouse model.
 

Author(s): Peiying Deng, Xue Li, Yi Wei, Juan Liu, Meng Chen, Yamei Xu, Bin Dong, Lingqun Zhu, Limin Chai

Journal:

 

Angelicae Sinensis, Radix Astragali and Rhizoma Coptidis are all herbs of modified Danggui Buxue Tang (DGBX) and are extensively applied herbs in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of anemia and inflammation. In this study, immune-induced AA mice were used as an animal ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 529 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Factors associated with inflammation in preschool children and women of reproductive age: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): Rebecca D Merrill, Rachel M Burke, Christine A Northrop-Clewes, Pura Rayco-Solon, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Mary K Serdula, Parminder S Suchdev

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):348S-358S.

 

Background: In many settings, populations experience recurrent exposure to inflammatory agents that catalyze fluctuations in the concentrations of acute-phase proteins and certain micronutrient biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), ferritin, and ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2017

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Predictors of anemia in women of reproductive age: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Reina Engle-Stone, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Victor J Temple, Nicolai Petry, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Grant J Aaron

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):416S-427S.

 

Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) remains a public health problem globally, and reducing anemia in women by 50% by 2025 is a goal of the World Health Assembly.Objective: We assessed the associations between anemia and multiple proximal risk ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2017

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Predictors of anemia in preschool children: Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project.
 

Author(s): Reina Engle-Stone, Grant J Aaron, Jin Huang, James P Wirth, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Anne M Williams, Janet M Peerson, Fabian Rohner, Ravi Varadhan, O Yaw Addo, Victor Temple, Pura Rayco-Solon, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev

Journal: Am. J. Clin. Nutr.. 2017 Jul;106(Suppl 1):402S-415S.

 

Background: A lack of information on the etiology of anemia has hampered the design and monitoring of anemia-control efforts.Objective: We aimed to evaluate predictors of anemia in preschool children (PSC) (age range: 6-59 mo) by country and infection-burden category.Design: Cross-sectional ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Use of Cast Iron Pots to Improve Maternal Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2017

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in High Risk Patients With Fanconi Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fanconi Anemia

 

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2017

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Last Updated: 28 Mar 2017

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