Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5509 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Content of Reticulocyte Hemoglobin and Serum Concentration of the Soluble Transferrin Receptor for Diagnostics of Anemia in Chronically Hemodialyzed Patients.
 

Author(s): Teresa Kurzawa, Aleksander Owczarek, Joanna K Strzelczyk, Karolina Gołąbek, Andrzej Wiczkowski

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;25(3):425-31.

 

Chronic renal disease constitutes a serious worldwide clinical problem. An important issue arising early during the treatment of renal failure is anemia. Patients in the end-stage of renal disease chronically treated with hemodialysis frequently suffer from anemia with iron deficiency.

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2016

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Anemia revealing a rare association: superior mesenteric artery syndrome and nutcracker syndrome.
 

Author(s): Taieb Jomni, Mouna Larguech, Imene Abdelaali, Mehdi Charfi, Mohamed Hédi Dougui

Journal: Tunis Med. 2016 Feb;94(2):162-3.

 

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2016

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Knowledge, attitude and practice of the mothers with anemia of children under five years old in the peadiatric department at Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital in Lomé.
 

Author(s): Koffi Mawuse Guedenon, Yawo Dzayissê Atakouma, Essossolim Macamanzi, Fidèle Comlan Dossou, Adama Dodji Gbadoe

Journal: Tunis Med. 2016 Jan;94(1):46-53.

 

Anemia remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality of children in Togo despite of prevention effort, due to the parents lack of implication.

Last Updated: 16 Aug 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 513 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anemia in the frail, elderly patient.
 

Author(s): Gabriele Röhrig

Journal:

 

Anemia and frailty are two common findings in geriatric patients and have been shown to be associated with poor outcomes in this patient group. Recent studies have contributed to the growing evidence of a possible association with the age-related chronic inflammatory status known ...

Last Updated: 7 Apr 2016

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Prevention of Iatrogenic Anemia in Critical and Neonatal Care.
 

Author(s): Natalia Jakacka, Emilian Snarski, Selamawit Mekuria

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;25(1):191-7.

 

Iatrogenic anemia caused by diagnostic blood sampling is a common problem in the intensive care unit, where continuous monitoring of blood parameters is very often required. Cumulative blood loss associated with phlebotomy along with other factors render this group of patients particularly ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2016

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Coombs-negative Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia Followed by Anti-erythropoetin Receptor Antibody-associated Pure Red Cell Aplasia: A Case Report and Review of Literature.
 

Author(s): Mayumi Yoshimi, Yutaka Kadowaki, Yuji Kikuchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2016 ;55(5):511-4.

 

A 76-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of anemia. The laboratory findings revealed hemolysis. Although a direct Coombs test was negative, a high titer of RBC-bound IgG was detected, and a diagnosis of Coombs-negative autoimmune hemolytic anemia was made. She was ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of Romiplostim(AMG531) in Subjects With Aplastic Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Aplastic Anemia

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2016

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in High Risk Patients With Fanconi Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Fanconi Anemia

 

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2016

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Longitudinal Changes in Exercise Capacity in Children and Young Adults With Sickle Cell Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Sickle Cell Anemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2015

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