Macular Degeneration

Common Name(s)

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition characterized by progressive destruction of the macula. The macula is located in the retina in the eye and enables one to see fine details and perform tasks that require central vision, such as reading and driving. Signs and symptoms include vision loss, which usually becomes noticeable in a person's sixties or seventies and tends to worsen over time. There are 2 major types of AMD, known as the dry form and the wet form. The dry form accounts for up to 90% of cases and is characterized by slowly progressive vision loss. The wet form is associated with severe vision loss that can worsen rapidly. AMD is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, some of which have been identified. Increasing age is the most important non-genetic risk factor. The condition appears to run in families in some cases. While there is currently no cure for AMD, there are therapies available to help slow the progression of the condition.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Macular Degeneration" for support, advocacy or research.

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Association for Macular Diseases, Inc.

The Association for Macular Diseases, Inc. acts as a nationwide support group for individuals and their families endeavoring to adjust to the restrictions and changes brought about by macular disease.

Last Updated: 2 Jun 2010

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Macular Degeneration Support

The mission of MD Support is to provide information, support and advocacy for people affected by macular degeneration and similar diseases of the retina leading to central vision loss.

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Macular Degeneration" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Association for Macular Diseases, Inc.

The Association for Macular Diseases, Inc. acts as a nationwide support group for individuals and their families endeavoring to adjust to the restrictions and changes brought about by macular disease.

Last Updated: 2 Jun 2010

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2013

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Macular Degeneration Support

The mission of MD Support is to provide information, support and advocacy for people affected by macular degeneration and similar diseases of the retina leading to central vision loss.

http://www.mdsupport.org

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Resource links directories

Links to organizations, agencies, hospitals, and commercial distributors of low vision products and services.

Updated 3 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Macular Degeneration" returned 1349 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Sunlight exposure, pigmentation, and incident age-related macular degeneration.
 

Author(s): Barbara E K Klein, Kerri P Howard, Sudha K Iyengar, Theru A Sivakumaran, Kristin J Meyers, Karen J Cruickshanks, Ronald Klein

Journal:

 

Examine potential effects of sunlight exposure, hair color, eye color, and selected gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on incidence of AMD.

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2014

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Efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection in wet age-related macular degeneration: outcomes in the Japanese subgroup of the VIEW 2 study.
 

Author(s): Yuichiro Ogura, Hiroko Terasaki, Fumi Gomi, Mitsuko Yuzawa, Tomohiro Iida, Miki Honda, Koichi Nishijo, Olaf Sowade, Tetsushi Komori, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Christian Simader, Victor Chong,

Journal: Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan;99(1):92-7.

 

To evaluate efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in Japanese patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) from the VIEW 2 trial.

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2014

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Omega-3 supplementation combined with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor lowers vitreal levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in wet age-related macular degeneration.
 

Author(s): Flavio A Rezende, Eric Lapalme, Cynthia X Qian, Lois E Smith, John Paul SanGiovanni, Przemyslaw Sapieha

Journal: Am. J. Ophthalmol.. 2014 Nov;158(5):1071-78.

 

To determine the influence of omega-3 supplementation on vitreous vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) levels in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD) receiving intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment.

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Macular Degeneration" returned 180 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
 

Author(s): Sharon D Solomon, Kristina Lindsley, Satyanarayana S Vedula, Magdalena G Krzystolik, Barbara S Hawkins

Journal:

 

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of uncorrectable severe vision loss in people aged 55 years and older in the developed world. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to neovascular AMD accounts for most AMD-related severe vision loss. Anti-vascular ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

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Guidelines for the management of neovascular age-related macular degeneration by the European Society of Retina Specialists (EURETINA).
 

Author(s): Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Victor Chong, Anat Loewenstein, Michael Larsen, Eric Souied, Reinier Schlingemann, Bora Eldem, Jordi Monés, Gisbert Richard, Francesco Bandello,

Journal: Br J Ophthalmol. 2014 Sep;98(9):1144-67.

 

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is still referred to as the leading cause of severe and irreversible visual loss world-wide. The disease has a profound effect on quality of life of affected individuals and represents a major socioeconomic challenge for societies due to the ...

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2014

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Age-related macular degeneration and changes in the extracellular matrix.
 

Author(s): Małgorzata Nita, Barbara Strzałka-Mrozik, Andrzej Grzybowski, Urszula Mazurek, Wanda Romaniuk

Journal:

 

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of permanent, irreversible, central blindness (scotoma in the central visual field that makes reading and writing impossible, stereoscopic vision, recognition of colors and details) in patients over the age of 50 years in ...

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

An Open-label Study to Evaluate the Clinical and Economic Benefits of I-Ray in Patients With Choroidal Neovascularization Secondary to Age-related Macular Degeneration
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Age-Related Macular Degeneration; Wet Macular Degeneration; Macular Degeneration; Eye Diseases; Retinal Diseases

 

Last Updated: 24 Apr 2013

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OZURDEX in Age Related Macular Degeneration as Adjunct to Ranibizumab
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Wet Macular Degeneration

 

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2014

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Sub-tenon Triamcinolone Acetonide in Age-Related Macular Degeneration as Adjunct to Ranibizumab
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Wet Macular Degeneration

 

Last Updated: 8 Feb 2011

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