Liver disease

Common Name(s)

Liver disease

Liver disease is any type of damage to the liver that causes it not to function properly. The liver is an organ that helps digest food and remove toxins from the body. There are over 100 types of liver disease. Most forms of liver disease can either be inherited (genetic) or caused by virus or parasite infection, autoimmune diseases, alcohol abuse, or obesity. Damage to the liver can cause scarring (cirrhosis) and this scarring can eventually cause liver failure. Liver failure is very serious and is life-threatening.

There are many symptoms of liver disease. People with liver disease may have skin and eyes that look yellow (jaundice), stomach pain, and swelling in the stomach, legs, or ankles. Their urine is often very dark and they have pale colored or bloody feces. Individuals with liver disease may also have itchy skin, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and may bruise easily.

Risk factors for liver disease include sharing needles, exposure to other people’s blood and body fluids, and unprotected sex, tattoos, and body piercings. Other risk factors include heavy alcohol use, obesity, diabetes, and high levels of triglycerides, a type of fat, in your blood.

To diagnose liver disease, your doctor will ask about your health history. They might also use imaging tests, test your blood, and test tissue samples. Some liver problems may be treated by healthy lifestyle changes. Some people with liver disease may need prescribed medication or surgery. If liver disease results in liver failure, a liver transplant may be necessary. Research is ongoing, so talk with your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Support groups are a good source of information and can help connect you with others living with liver disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Liver disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Alagille Syndrome Alliance

The purpose of the Alliance is to be the main networking resource and source of information for people with ALGS, their families, friends, and health care providers. The Alliance is also dedicated to increasing public awareness of ALGS and supporting research efforts on behalf of the ALGS community.

Last Updated: 25 May 2013

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Alpha-1 Foundation

The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection, and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency.

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Liver disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Alagille Syndrome Alliance

The purpose of the Alliance is to be the main networking resource and source of information for people with ALGS, their families, friends, and health care providers. The Alliance is also dedicated to increasing public awareness of ALGS and supporting research efforts on behalf of the ALGS community.

http://www.alagille.org

Last Updated: 25 May 2013

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Alpha-1 Foundation

The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection, and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency.

http://alpha1.org/

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

ALGSA CONNECT Patient Registry

Registry open to anyone with ALGS.

Updated 25 May 2013

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Blogs

ALGSA President's Blog

Cindy Luxhoj Hahn's weekly blog about being a parent of a child with ALGS and running the ALGSA.

Updated 25 May 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Liver disease" returned 3611 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Insulin resistance, body composition, and fat distribution in obese children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
 

Author(s): Hye Ran Yang, Eun Jae Chang

Journal: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016 ;25(1):126-33.

 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of body composition, especially distribution of body fat, and insulin resistance on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2016

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13C-Methacetin Breath Testing in Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
 

Author(s): Radosław Kempiński, Katarzyna Neubauer, Szymon Wieczorek, Robert Dudkowiak, Maria Jasińska, Elżbieta Poniewierka

Journal: Adv Clin Exp Med. ;25(1):77-81.

 

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a very common chronic liver condition which may potentially develop into fibrosis and cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still the gold standard for liver fibrosis detection in these patients. However, non-invasive tools for liver assessment in ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2016

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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Risk Stratification of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) by the Primary Care Physician Using the NAFLD Fibrosis Score.
 

Author(s): Elliot B Tapper, M G Myriam Hunink, Nezam H Afdhal, Michelle Lai, Neil Sengupta

Journal:

 

The complications of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) are dependent on the presence of advanced fibrosis. Given the high prevalence of NAFLD in the US, the optimal evaluation of NAFLD likely involves triage by a primary care physician (PCP) with advanced disease managed by ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Liver disease" returned 905 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Role of Innate Immunity in Alcoholic Liver Disease.
 

Author(s): Laura E Nagy

Journal: Alcohol Res. 2015 ;37(2):237-50.

 

The innate immune system represents the first-line response to invading microbes, tissue damage, or aberrant cell growth. Many of the proteins and cells involved in innate immunity are produced by, and reside in, the liver. This abundance in immune cells and proteins reflects the ...

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2015

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Research advances in the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis.
 

Author(s): Xin Xu, Linlin Lu, Quanyong Dong, Xiaolin Li, Nannan Zhang, Yongning Xin, Shiying Xuan

Journal:

 

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic stress-induced liver disease that is closely related not only to genetic susceptibility but also to insulin resistance and highly linked with metabolic syndrome. In recent years, the prevalence of NAFLD has increased rapidly, ...

Last Updated: 3 Dec 2015

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The Prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Emma L Anderson, Laura D Howe, Hayley E Jones, Julian P T Higgins, Debbie A Lawlor, Abigail Fraser

Journal:

 

Narrative reviews of paediatric NAFLD quote prevalences in the general population that range from 9% to 37%; however, no systematic review of the prevalence of NAFLD in children/adolescents has been conducted. We aimed to estimate prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ...

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pasireotide LAR in Severe Polycystic Liver Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Somatostatin Analogs; Polycystic Liver Disease; Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease; Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Liver Disease

 

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Adult Database 2
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Disease

 

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2015

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Multicentre Prospective Cohort Study of Patients With Chronic Alcoholic and/or Metabolic Liver Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Diseases, Alcoholic; Metabolic Diseases

 

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2015

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