Liver disease

Common Name(s)

Liver disease

Liver disease is any type of damage to the liver that causes it not to function properly. The liver is an organ that helps digest food and remove toxins from the body. There are over 100 types of liver disease. Most forms of liver disease can either be inherited (genetic) or caused by virus or parasite infection, autoimmune diseases, alcohol abuse, or obesity. Damage to the liver can cause scarring (cirrhosis) and this scarring can eventually cause liver failure. Liver failure is very serious and is life-threatening.

There are many symptoms of liver disease. People with liver disease may have skin and eyes that look yellow (jaundice), stomach pain, and swelling in the stomach, legs, or ankles. Their urine is often very dark and they have pale colored or bloody feces. Individuals with liver disease may also have itchy skin, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and may bruise easily.

Risk factors for liver disease include sharing needles, exposure to other people’s blood and body fluids, and unprotected sex, tattoos, and body piercings. Other risk factors include heavy alcohol use, obesity, diabetes, and high levels of triglycerides, a type of fat, in your blood.

To diagnose liver disease, your doctor will ask about your health history. They might also use imaging tests, test your blood, and test tissue samples. Some liver problems may be treated by healthy lifestyle changes. Some people with liver disease may need prescribed medication or surgery. If liver disease results in liver failure, a liver transplant may be necessary. Research is ongoing, so talk with your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Support groups are a good source of information and can help connect you with others living with liver disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Liver disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Alagille Syndrome Alliance

The purpose of the Alliance is to be the main networking resource and source of information for people with ALGS, their families, friends, and health care providers. The Alliance is also dedicated to increasing public awareness of ALGS and supporting research efforts on behalf of the ALGS community.

Last Updated: 25 May 2013

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Alpha-1 Foundation

The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection, and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency.

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Liver disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Alagille Syndrome Alliance

The purpose of the Alliance is to be the main networking resource and source of information for people with ALGS, their families, friends, and health care providers. The Alliance is also dedicated to increasing public awareness of ALGS and supporting research efforts on behalf of the ALGS community.

http://www.alagille.org

Last Updated: 25 May 2013

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Alpha-1 Foundation

The Alpha-1 Foundation is dedicated to providing the leadership and resources that will result in increased research, improved health, worldwide detection, and a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency.

http://alpha1.org/

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

ALGSA CONNECT Patient Registry

Registry open to anyone with ALGS.

Updated 25 May 2013

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Blogs

ALGSA President's Blog

Cindy Luxhoj Hahn's weekly blog about being a parent of a child with ALGS and running the ALGSA.

Updated 25 May 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Liver disease" returned 4119 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Relationship between skeletal muscle mass and liver fibrosis markers for patients with hepatitis C virus related liver disease.
 

Author(s): Ryo Takata, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Noriko Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Takashi Nishimura, Kazunori Yoh, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(48):e8761.

 

We aimed to elucidate the relationship between serum liver fibrosis markers (Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi), FIB-4 index, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index and hyaluronic acid), and skeletal muscle mass and to investigate factors linked to skeletal ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Silymarin: An option to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
 

Author(s): Carmela Colica, Luigi Boccuto, Ludovico Abenavoli

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2017 Dec;23(47):8437-8438.

 

We have read with a great interest the review published by Singh et al, on the treatment options in alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, including various new targeted therapies that are currently under investigation. Recently, we described the health effects of the Mediterranean ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Human intrahepatic ILC2 are IL-13positive amphiregulinpositive and their frequency correlates with model of end stage liver disease score.
 

Author(s): Hannah C Jeffery, Patrick McDowell, Philipp Lutz, Rebecca E Wawman, Sheree Roberts, Chris Bagnall, Jane Birtwistle, David H Adams, Ye Htun Oo

Journal:

 

Innate lymphoid cells (ILC) have been implicated in the initiation of inflammation and fibrosis in mice. However, ILC have not been characterized in inflamed human liver tissue.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Liver disease" returned 1096 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Polycystic ovary syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
 

Author(s): Djuro Macut, Ivana Božić-Antić, Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Konstantinos Tziomalos

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 Sep;177(3):R145-R158.

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disease in women, with a number of metabolic and reproductive consequences. Obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes are prominent metabolic characteristics of PCOS and common factors affecting liver function and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and bariatric surgery: a comprehensive review.
 

Author(s): Everton Cazzo, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim

Journal: Sao Paulo Med J. ;135(3):277-295.

 

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly diagnosed worldwide and is now recognized as a source of public health concern. It comprises a wide spectrum of histological features that range from simple steatosis to severe forms of fibrosis, steatohepatitis and even ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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NAFLD as a Sexual Dimorphic Disease: Role of Gender and Reproductive Status in the Development and Progression of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Inherent Cardiovascular Risk.
 

Author(s): Stefano Ballestri, Fabio Nascimbeni, Enrica Baldelli, Alessandra Marrazzo, Dante Romagnoli, Amedeo Lonardo

Journal: Adv Ther. 2017 Jun;34(6):1291-1326.

 

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) spans steatosis through nonalcoholic steatohepatis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with striking systemic features and excess cardiovascular and liver-related mortality. The pathogenesis of NAFLD is complex and multifactorial. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Autologous Bone Marrow Stem Cells Infusion for the Treatment of Liver Diseases.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Diseases

 

Last Updated: 21 Oct 2016

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Thermal Imaging in Liver Disease.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Liver Diseases

 

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2017

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Last Updated: 4 Sep 2017

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