Leishmaniasis

Common Name(s)

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis. The most common are cutaneous and visceral. The cutaneous type causes skin sores. The visceral type affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver and bone marrow. People with this form usually have fever, weight loss, and an enlarged spleen and liver. Visceral disease can be deadly without proper treatment. Leishmaniasis is found in parts of the Middle East, Central America, South American, Asia, Africa, and southern Europe. Most of these countries are in the tropics and subtropics. It is possible but very unlikely to get this disease in the United States.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Leishmaniasis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Leishmaniasis" returned 1879 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis in a patient with Sézary syndrome.
 

Author(s): Priscila Giavedoni, Ignasi Pau-Charles, José M Mascaró, Mercé Alsina-Gibert, Adriana García-Herrera, Teresa Estrach

Journal: J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.. 2014 Nov;71(5):e213-4.

 

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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Disseminated dermal leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania siamensis in a systemic steroid therapy patient.
 

Author(s): Nopadon Noppakun, Kanyarat Kraivichian, Padet Siriyasatien

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2014 Nov;91(5):869-70.

 

Leishmania siamensis infection was recently reported from Thailand. Clinical presentation of L. siamensis infections is generally related to human immunodeficiency virus infection. Herein, disseminated dermal L. siamensis infection in a systemic steroid therapy patient from Myanmar is described.

Last Updated: 5 Nov 2014

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Images in clinical medicine. Cutaneous leishmaniasis with a paronychia-like lesion.
 

Author(s): Hend Chaabane, Hamida Turki

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2014 Oct;371(18):1736.

 

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Leishmaniasis" returned 166 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV coinfection in East Africa.
 

Author(s): Ermias Diro, Lutgarde Lynen, Koert Ritmeijer, Marleen Boelaert, Asrat Hailu, Johan van Griensven

Journal:

 

Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is an important protozoan opportunistic disease in HIV patients in endemic areas. East Africa is second to the Indian subcontinent in the global VL caseload and first in VL-HIV coinfection rate. Because of the alteration in the disease course, the diagnostic ...

Last Updated: 27 Jun 2014

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The immunological, environmental, and phylogenetic perpetrators of metastatic leishmaniasis.
 

Author(s): Mary-Anne Hartley, Stefan Drexler, Catherine Ronet, Stephen M Beverley, Nicolas Fasel

Journal: Trends Parasitol.. 2014 Aug;30(8):412-22.

 

Cutaneous leishmaniases have persisted for centuries as chronically disfiguring parasitic infections affecting millions of people across the subtropics. Symptoms range from the more prevalent single, self-healing cutaneous lesion to a persistent, metastatic disease, where ulcerations ...

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2014

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American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama: a historical review of entomological studies on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species.
 

Author(s): Larissa C Dutari, Jose R Loaiza

Journal:

 

We review existing information on the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama, with emphasis on the bionomics of anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species. Evidence from Panamanian studies suggests that there are six anthropophilic species in the country: ...

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clinical Trial of Miltefosine to Treat Mucosal Leishmaniasis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Leishmaniasis; Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous

 

Last Updated: 20 Jun 2011

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Low Antimonial Dosage in American Mucosal Leishmaniasis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mucosal Leishmaniasis; Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis

 

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2012

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Compassionate Use of Sodium Stibogluconate (Pentostam) for Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous New World Leishmaniasis
 

Status: Available

Condition Summary: Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous; Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2014

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