Chronic kidney disease

Common Name(s)

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), otherwise known as chronic renal failure, occurs when the kidneys become damaged and lose the ability to properly filter out waste from the blood stream. Conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis, and polycystic kidney disease have all been linked to the development of CKD.

Symptoms of CKD may include fatigue, poor appetite, anemia (low blood count), nausea, swollen feet, irritated skin, increased need to urinate, shortness of breath, high blood pressure, trouble concentrating, and weakening bones. Early stages often do not show symptoms; therefore, regular checkups are critical for elderly and high risk individuals. A diagnosis can be determined through a blood test, urine test, imaging test, or the removal of sample tissue (biopsy).

While CKD can develop in anyone of any age, adults 65 years or older, and those who are African American, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, and American Indian are most at risk. Other risk factors include smoking, obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol, and having a family history of kidney failure.

There are five stages of CKD, each stage representing a gradual loss of function. End stage kidney failure, the fifth stage, is irreversible and fatal, so prevention and immediate intervention is critical. Depending on the cause, CKD can be treated if the source of the complication can be fixed. If this is not the case, treatment options focus on lessening the symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease. If the condition progresses to the point where the kidneys cannot function on their own, treatments may resort to artificial filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with CKD, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic kidney disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Alport Syndrome Foundation

Our MISSION is to educate and support patients and their families that have been affected by this genetic kidney disease with the goal of funding research to find more effective treatment protocols and a cure for Alport Syndrome.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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American Association of Kidney Patients

Dedicated to improving the quality of life for kidney patients through education, advocacy and fostering patient communities.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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National Kidney Foundation

The National Kidney Foundation, a major voluntary nonprofit health organization, is dedicated to preventing kidney and urinary tract diseases, improving the health and well-being of individuals and families affected by kidney disease and increasing the availability of all organs for transplantation.

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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The Cain Foundation for Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome (BOR)

The CAIN FOUNDATION, a voluntary based Charity. Our mission is to represent the interests of many people affected by Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome and to improve their quality of life by providing support and information related to this Syndrome. We seek to educate both Medical Practitioners and the public by promoting Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) Syndrome awareness. Vision to Educate. Mission to Care.

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic kidney disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Alport Syndrome Foundation

Our MISSION is to educate and support patients and their families that have been affected by this genetic kidney disease with the goal of funding research to find more effective treatment protocols and a cure for Alport Syndrome.

http://www.alportsyndrome.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details
American Association of Kidney Patients

Dedicated to improving the quality of life for kidney patients through education, advocacy and fostering patient communities.

http://www.aakp.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

View Details
Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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National Kidney Foundation

The National Kidney Foundation, a major voluntary nonprofit health organization, is dedicated to preventing kidney and urinary tract diseases, improving the health and well-being of individuals and families affected by kidney disease and increasing the availability of all organs for transplantation.

http://www.kidney.org

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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The Cain Foundation for Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome (BOR)

The CAIN FOUNDATION, a voluntary based Charity. Our mission is to represent the interests of many people affected by Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome and to improve their quality of life by providing support and information related to this Syndrome. We seek to educate both Medical Practitioners and the public by promoting Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) Syndrome awareness. Vision to Educate. Mission to Care.

http://www.thecainfoundation.com

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chronic kidney disease" returned 3872 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of elevated blood serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels and body composition with chronic kidney disease: A population-based study in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Yi-Wen Tsai, Yi-Ling Chan, Yi-Chuan Chen, Yiu-Hua Cheng, Shy-Shin Chang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e11896.

 

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and is associated with an increase in all-cause mortality. Studies regarding association among various body compositions in different inflamed states and the risk of CKD were rare. We aimed to evaluate the relationship ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Retrospective study to identify risk factors for chronic kidney disease in children with congenital solitary functioning kidney detected by neonatal renal ultrasound screening.
 

Author(s): Adela Urisarri, Marta Gil, Natalia Mandiá, Luís Aldamiz-Echevarría, Roca Iria, Domingo González-Lamuño, María-Luz Couce

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(32):e11819.

 

To evaluate the prognostic significance of factors frequently associated with a reduction in renal mass, such as prematurity, low birth weight, and congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), in patients with solitary functioning kidney (SFK) and investigate signs of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A randomized controlled trial for effectiveness of zolpidem versus acupressure on sleep in hemodialysis patients having chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus.
 

Author(s): Inayat Ur Rehman, David Bin-Chia Wu, Raheel Ahmed, Nisar Ahmad Khan, Aziz Ur Rahman, Syed Munib, Learn Han Lee, Kok Gan Chan, Tahir Mehmood Khan

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 08;97(31):e10764.

 

Pruritus adds to the complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient and a well-recognized complication among the CKD patients. Majority of the patients on hemodialysis experience a generalized pruritus and patients reported being moderately to extremely disturbed by at least ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chronic kidney disease" returned 941 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus among adult dialysis patients: A meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies.
 

Author(s): Xinmiao Hu, Yan Sang, Mei Yang, Xue Chen, Wenjuan Tang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(21):e10633.

 

Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated pruritus is a common adverse symptom in patients with end-stage renal disease treated by dialysis. Herein, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of CKD-associated pruritus among adult dialysis patients was conducted.An electronic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Chronic kidney disease in the global adult HIV-infected population: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Udeme E Ekrikpo, Andre P Kengne, Aminu K Bello, Emmanuel E Effa, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Babatunde L Salako, Brian L Rayner, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ikechi G Okpechi

Journal:

 

The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies (ART) has increased life expectancy in HIV patients, predisposing them to chronic non-communicable diseases including Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016036246) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effects of uric acid-lowering therapy on the progression of chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xuemei Liu, Tingting Zhai, Ruixia Ma, Congjuan Luo, Huifang Wang, Liqiu Liu

Journal: Ren Fail. 2018 Nov;40(1):289-297.

 

Whether uric acid levels were associated with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) remained controversial. This meta-analysis was aimed to assess the effect of lowering serum uric acid therapy on the progression of CKD to clarify the role of uric acid in the progression of CKD indirectly.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clearance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2018

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Inspiratory Muscle Training in Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 12 Mar 2017

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Cardiovascular Comorbidity in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

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