Chronic kidney disease

Common Name(s)

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), otherwise known as chronic renal failure, occurs when the kidneys become damaged and lose the ability to properly filter out waste from the blood stream. Conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis, and polycystic kidney disease have all been linked to the development of CKD.

Symptoms of CKD may include fatigue, poor appetite, anemia (low blood count), nausea, swollen feet, irritated skin, increased need to urinate, shortness of breath, high blood pressure, trouble concentrating, and weakening bones. Early stages often do not show symptoms; therefore, regular checkups are critical for elderly and high risk individuals. A diagnosis can be determined through a blood test, urine test, imaging test, or the removal of sample tissue (biopsy).

While CKD can develop in anyone of any age, adults 65 years or older, and those who are African American, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, and American Indian are most at risk. Other risk factors include smoking, obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol, and having a family history of kidney failure.

There are five stages of CKD, each stage representing a gradual loss of function. End stage kidney failure, the fifth stage, is irreversible and fatal, so prevention and immediate intervention is critical. Depending on the cause, CKD can be treated if the source of the complication can be fixed. If this is not the case, treatment options focus on lessening the symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease. If the condition progresses to the point where the kidneys cannot function on their own, treatments may resort to artificial filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with CKD, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also good sources of support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic kidney disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Alport Syndrome Foundation

Our MISSION is to educate and support patients and their families that have been affected by this genetic kidney disease with the goal of funding research to find more effective treatment protocols and a cure for Alport Syndrome.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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American Association of Kidney Patients

Dedicated to improving the quality of life for kidney patients through education, advocacy and fostering patient communities.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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National Kidney Foundation

The National Kidney Foundation, a major voluntary nonprofit health organization, is dedicated to preventing kidney and urinary tract diseases, improving the health and well-being of individuals and families affected by kidney disease and increasing the availability of all organs for transplantation.

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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The Cain Foundation for Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome (BOR)

The CAIN FOUNDATION, a voluntary based Charity. Our mission is to represent the interests of many people affected by Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome and to improve their quality of life by providing support and information related to this Syndrome. We seek to educate both Medical Practitioners and the public by promoting Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) Syndrome awareness. Vision to Educate. Mission to Care.

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic kidney disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Alport Syndrome Foundation

Our MISSION is to educate and support patients and their families that have been affected by this genetic kidney disease with the goal of funding research to find more effective treatment protocols and a cure for Alport Syndrome.

http://www.alportsyndrome.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details
American Association of Kidney Patients

Dedicated to improving the quality of life for kidney patients through education, advocacy and fostering patient communities.

http://www.aakp.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

View Details
Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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National Kidney Foundation

The National Kidney Foundation, a major voluntary nonprofit health organization, is dedicated to preventing kidney and urinary tract diseases, improving the health and well-being of individuals and families affected by kidney disease and increasing the availability of all organs for transplantation.

http://www.kidney.org

Last Updated: 23 Jun 2015

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The Cain Foundation for Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome (BOR)

The CAIN FOUNDATION, a voluntary based Charity. Our mission is to represent the interests of many people affected by Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome and to improve their quality of life by providing support and information related to this Syndrome. We seek to educate both Medical Practitioners and the public by promoting Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) Syndrome awareness. Vision to Educate. Mission to Care.

http://www.thecainfoundation.com

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chronic kidney disease" returned 3959 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comparison of sleep quality and quality of life indexes with sociodemographic characteristics in patients with chronic kidney disease.
 

Author(s): A Karatas, E Canakci, E Turkmen

Journal: Niger J Clin Pract. 2018 Nov;21(11):1461-1467.

 

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious health problem due to high mortality and morbidity, negative impact on the patients' quality of life (QOL), high diagnostic and therapeutic cost, and the burden on society. Sleep, which is one of the main needs of the human body, is important ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The ratio of urinary sodium and potassium and chronic kidney disease progression: Results from the KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD).
 

Author(s): Hoseok Koo, Subin Hwang, Tae Hee Kim, Sun Woo Kang, Kook-Hwan Oh, Curie Ahn, Yeong Hoon Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Nov;97(44):e12820.

 

The Na/K ratio in urine stands for the dietary of sodium and potassium intake in patients with chronic kidney disease remains unclear for the renal progression. We aimed to determine the risk of progression of chronic kidney disease based on the Na/K ratio in a 24-hour urine collection.We ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Chronic kidney disease correlates with increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis before initiating renal replacement therapy: A cohort study in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Kao-Chi Cheng, Kuan-Fu Liao, Cheng-Li Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Shih-Wei Lai

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12550.

 

This study aimed to assess the association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the risk of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) before initiating renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Taiwan.Total 16,052 subjects newly diagnosed with CKD between 2000 and 2012 were included in the CKD group, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chronic kidney disease" returned 960 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Connexin 43: a New Therapeutic Target Against Chronic Kidney Disease.
 

Author(s): Niki Prakoura, Panagiotis Kavvadas, Christos E Chadjichristos

Journal: Cell. Physiol. Biochem.. 2018 ;49(3):985.

 

Chronic kidney disease is an incurable to date pathology with a continuously growing incidence that contributes to the increase of the number of deaths worldwide. With currently no efficient prognostic or therapeutic options being available, the only possibility for treatment of end-stage ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Correlation between Soluble -Klotho and Renal Function in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Qinglian Wang, Wenyan Su, Zhenwei Shen, Rong Wang

Journal:

 

Over decades, numerous inconsistent studies are reported on the relationship between soluble -Klotho and renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aims to perform a meta-analysis to figure out the correlations between soluble -Klotho and renal function ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prognostic Cardiovascular Markers in Chronic Kidney Disease.
 

Author(s): Szu-Chia Chen, Jiun-Chi Huang, Ho-Ming Su, Yi-Wen Chiu, Jer-Ming Chang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Hung-Chun Chen

Journal: Kidney Blood Press. Res.. 2018 ;43(4):1388-1407.

 

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), including end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is a public health issue worldwide, and is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. In addition, cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality in these patients. Both traditional and nontraditional ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clearance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2018

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Inspiratory Muscle Training in Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 12 Mar 2017

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Cardiovascular Comorbidity in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Chronic Kidney Disease

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

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