Iron deficiency anemia

Common Name(s)

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia. Anemia occurs when there are not enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by our body not having enough iron. We get iron from our food, and also reuse (recycle) the iron from old red blood cells when they are taken from out of our system by the spleen. Iron is part of hemoglobin which is the molecule inside red blood cells which carries oxygen.

Symptoms may include extreme tiredness (fatigue), pale skin, weakness, shortness of breath, chest pain, frequent infections, headache, dizziness, cold hands and feet, soreness of your tongue, brittle nails, fast heartbeat, unusual craving for non-nutritive substances, such as ice or dirt, poor appetite, and uncomfortable tingling in your legs. Causes may include blood loss, a lack of iron in your diet, pregnancy, or an inability to absorb iron. Conditions which may make it difficult to absorb iron include Celiac disease and Crohn’s disease. Gastric bypass surgery or taking too many calcium based antacids may also decrease iron absorption.

Some individuals are at higher risk of developing iron deficiency anemia including women, infants and children, and frequent blood donors. Mild iron deficiency anemia doesn’t usually have complication. Severe iron deficiency anemia may lead to health problem including heart problems, problems during pregnancy, and growth problems. To diagnose iron deficiency anemia, your doctor will run blood work to determine your red blood cell size and color, hematocrit (the percentage of your blood volume made up of red blood cells), hemoglobin, and ferritin (protein that helps store iron in your body). Your doctor may recommend iron supplement to treat iron deficiency anemia. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 371 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Primary care physicians are under-testing for celiac disease in patients with iron deficiency anemia: Results of a national survey.
 

Author(s): Marisa Spencer, Adrienne Lenhart, Jason Baker, Joseph Dickens, Arlene Weissman, Andrew J Read, Seema Saini, Sameer D Saini

Journal:

 

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common extra-intestinal manifestation of celiac disease (CD). Little is known about the frequency with which primary care physicians (PCPs) test for CD in patients with IDA. We aimed to describe how PCPs approach testing for CD in asymptomatic patients with IDA.

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2017

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Iron deficiency was not the major cause of anemia in rural women of reproductive age in Sidama zone, southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Tafere Gebreegziabher, Barbara J Stoecker

Journal:

 

Anemia, which has many etiologies, is a moderate/severe public health problem in young children and women of reproductive age in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of iron deficiency, anemia, and iron deficiency anemia using multiple biomarkers ...

Last Updated: 12 Sep 2017

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Helicobacter pylori sabA gene is associated with iron deficiency anemia in childhood and adolescence.
 

Author(s): Seiichi Kato, Takako Osaki, Shigeru Kamiya, Xue-Song Zhang, Martin J Blaser

Journal:

 

Gastric Helicobacter pylori colonization leads to iron deficiency anemia (IDA), especially in children and adolescents. However the pathogenesis is poorly understood.

Last Updated: 30 Aug 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 48 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and gastrointestinal bleeding: iron deficiency anemia working group consensus report.
 

Author(s): Hale Akpınar, Mustafa Çetiner, Satish Keshav, Necati Örmeci, Murat Törüner

Journal: Turk J Gastroenterol. 2017 Mar;28(2):81-87.

 

Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are important signs of gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the evaluation of the GI tract should be a part of the diagnostic protocol in patients with IDA. GI hemorrhage is not a disease but a symptom, which might have ...

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2017

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The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys.
 

Author(s): Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Richard F Hurrell, Erick Boy, James P Wirth, Mourad Moursi, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner

Journal:

 

Iron deficiency is commonly assumed to cause half of all cases of anemias, with hereditary blood disorders and infections such as hookworm and malaria being the other major causes. In countries ranked as low, medium, and high by the Human Development Index, we conducted a systematic ...

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2016

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Anemia and iron deficiency in gastrointestinal and liver conditions.
 

Author(s): Jürgen Stein, Susan Connor, Garth Virgin, David Eng Hui Ong, Lisandro Pereyra

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2016 Sep;22(35):7908-25.

 

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with a number of pathological gastrointestinal conditions other than inflammatory bowel disease, and also with liver disorders. Different factors such as chronic bleeding, malabsorption and inflammation may contribute to IDA. Although patients ...

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Buxue Yimu Pills for Gynecological Iron-Deficiency Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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Time to Relapse of Iron Deficiency Anaemia After Standard Treatment With The Intravenous Iron (Monofer®)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anaemia

 

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2017

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Gastric Capsule Examination for Iron Deficiency Anaemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2017

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