Iron deficiency anemia

Common Name(s)

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia. Anemia occurs when there are not enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by our body not having enough iron. We get iron from our food, and also reuse (recycle) the iron from old red blood cells when they are taken from out of our system by the spleen. Iron is part of hemoglobin which is the molecule inside red blood cells which carries oxygen.

Symptoms may include extreme tiredness (fatigue), pale skin, weakness, shortness of breath, chest pain, frequent infections, headache, dizziness, cold hands and feet, soreness of your tongue, brittle nails, fast heartbeat, unusual craving for non-nutritive substances, such as ice or dirt, poor appetite, and uncomfortable tingling in your legs. Causes may include blood loss, a lack of iron in your diet, pregnancy, or an inability to absorb iron. Conditions which may make it difficult to absorb iron include Celiac disease and Crohn’s disease. Gastric bypass surgery or taking too many calcium based antacids may also decrease iron absorption.

Some individuals are at higher risk of developing iron deficiency anemia including women, infants and children, and frequent blood donors. Mild iron deficiency anemia doesn’t usually have complication. Severe iron deficiency anemia may lead to health problem including heart problems, problems during pregnancy, and growth problems. To diagnose iron deficiency anemia, your doctor will run blood work to determine your red blood cell size and color, hematocrit (the percentage of your blood volume made up of red blood cells), hemoglobin, and ferritin (protein that helps store iron in your body). Your doctor may recommend iron supplement to treat iron deficiency anemia. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 344 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of iron deficiency anemia on the function of the immune system in children.
 

Author(s): Tamer Hasan Hassan, Mohamed Ahmed Badr, Nehad Ahmed Karam, Marwa Zkaria, Hosam Fathy El Saadany, Doaa Mohamed Abdel Rahman, Doaa Abdallah Shahbah, Salah Mohamed Al Morshedy, Manar Fathy, Asmaa Mohamed Hosni Esh, Amal Mohamed Selim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov;95(47):e5395.

 

The importance of iron deficiency as a public health problem is based ultimately on the seriousness of its consequences on health. The most extensively investigated consequences of iron deficiency involve work performance and immune function. The significance of the effects on work ...

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Outcome of endoscopy-negative iron deficiency anemia in patients above 65: A longitudinal multicenter cohort.
 

Author(s): Raphaël Clere-Jehl, Erik Sauleau, Stefan Ciuca, Mickael Schaeffer, Amanda Lopes, Bernard Goichot, Thomas Vogel, Georges Kaltenbach, Eric Bouvard, Jean-Louis Pasquali, Daniel Sereni, Emmanuel Andres, Anne Bourgarit

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Nov;95(47):e5339.

 

After the age of 65 years, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) requires the elimination of digestive neoplasia and is explored with upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. However, such explorations are negative in 14% to 37% of patients. To further evaluate this issue, we evaluated ...

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Evaluation of left atrial function in patients with iron-deficiency anemia by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography.
 

Author(s): Jiaqi Shen, Qiao Zhou, Yue Liu, Runlan Luo, Bijun Tan, Guangsen Li

Journal:

 

Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is a global health problem and a common medical condition that can be seen in everyday clinical practice. And two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has been reported very useful in evaluating left atrial (LA) function, as well as left ...

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 42 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Proportion of Anemia Associated with Iron Deficiency in Low, Medium, and High Human Development Index Countries: A Systematic Analysis of National Surveys.
 

Author(s): Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Richard F Hurrell, Erick Boy, James P Wirth, Mourad Moursi, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner

Journal:

 

Iron deficiency is commonly assumed to cause half of all cases of anemias, with hereditary blood disorders and infections such as hookworm and malaria being the other major causes. In countries ranked as low, medium, and high by the Human Development Index, we conducted a systematic ...

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2016

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Iron Deficiency and Other Types of Anemia in Infants and Children.
 

Author(s): Mary Wang

Journal: Am Fam Physician. 2016 Feb;93(4):270-8.

 

Anemia, defined as a hemoglobin level two standard deviations below the mean for age, is prevalent in infants and children worldwide. The evaluation of a child with anemia should begin with a thorough history and risk assessment. Characterizing the anemia as microcytic, normocytic, ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2016

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Last Updated: 30 Nov 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Time to Relapse of Iron Deficiency Anaemia After Standard Treatment With The Intravenous Iron (Monofer®)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anaemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2016

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The Effect of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Gastric Capsule Examination for Iron Deficiency Anaemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2017

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