Infectious arthritis

Common Name(s)

Infectious arthritis

Infectious arthritis is a painful swelling in the joints caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. Infectious arthritis usually results from infectious organisms in the bloodstream travelling to and infecting a joint. Organisms can also enter the body through open wounds to reach a joint. Fungal infections develop more slowly and are typically less severe than bacterial infections.

Risk factors for infectious arthritis include having underlying health conditions that weaken the immune system, such as cancer, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS, or having joint damage. The elderly and very young are also at increased risk. Symptoms of infectious arthritis include severe pain in the affected joint or joints, fever, chills, impaired mobility, joint swelling, fatigue, and redness or warmth of the joint. Most often, only one joint is affected. The knee is the joint most frequently affected by infectious arthritis.

Infectious arthritis is diagnosed by taking a sample of the joint fluid. This fluid will often have a high white blood cell count, as these are the cells responsible for fighting the infectious agent. Bacteria and other organisms can be grown and identified from this fluid. Treatment of infectious arthritis usually involves a combination of antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals, and draining of the joint fluid. Infected tissue may also need to be removed in a procedure called an arthroscopy. If you have been diagnosed with infectious arthritis, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Infectious arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Infectious arthritis" returned 29 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effects of tofacitinib on lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis: relation to efficacy and infectious adverse events.
 

Author(s): Koshiro Sonomoto, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Satoshi Kubo, Shintaro Hirata, Shunsuke Fukuyo, Keisuke Maeshima, Katsunori Suzuki, Kazuyoshi Saito, Yoshiya Tanaka

Journal: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2014 May;53(5):914-8.

 

To assess the effects of tofacitinib on T lymphocytes in RA patients with a special focus on efficacy and infectious adverse events (iAEs).

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2014

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Incidence of infectious complications in hip and knee arthroplasties in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients.
 

Author(s): Bernardo Matos da Cunha, Sandro Barbosa de Oliveira, Leopoldo Santos-Neto

Journal: Rev Bras Reumatol. 2011 Dec;51(6):609-15.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the major indications of total hip (THA) or knee (TKA) arthroplasty. International studies have suggested that RA is a risk factor for prosthesis infections.

Last Updated: 29 Nov 2011

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The epidemiology of infectious gastroenteritis related reactive arthritis in U.S. military personnel: a case-control study.
 

Author(s): Jennifer A Curry, Mark S Riddle, Robert P Gormley, David R Tribble, Chad K Porter

Journal:

 

Reactive arthritis (ReA) is a recognized sequela of infectious gastroenteritis (IGE). However, the population-based incidence of IGE-related ReA is poorly defined, and the risk of disease has not previously been characterized in a military population. The intent of this study was ...

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2010

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Infectious arthritis" returned 4 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nanomedicines for chronic non-infectious arthritis: the clinician's perspective.
 

Author(s): Israel Rubinstein, Guy L Weinberg

Journal: Nanomedicine. 2012 Sep;8 Suppl 1():S77-82.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are prevalent chronic health conditions. However, despite recent advances in medical therapeutics, their treatment still represents an unmet medical need because of safety and efficacy concerns with currently prescribed drugs. Accordingly, ...

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2012

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[TNFalpha blockers and infectious risk in rheumatoid arthritis].
 

Author(s): B Raffeiner, C Botsios, F Ometto, L Bernardi, A Montante, P Sfriso, S Todesco, L Punzi

Journal: Reumatismo. ;61(3):165-73.

 

Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis have increased risk of infections when compared with general population. The risk depends directly from disease activity and severity. Furthermore, risk increases with aging, immunosuppressive agents and comorbidities such as diabetes, ...

Last Updated: 5 Nov 2009

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Infectious arthritis: clinical features, laboratory findings and treatment.
 

Author(s): J W Smith, P Chalupa, M Shabaz Hasan

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Infect.. 2006 Apr;12(4):309-14.

 

An infection of native joints leads generally to suppurative arthritis, which may be of one joint (monarticular) or several joints (oligoarticular). Bacteria that produce symptoms in multiple joints during bacteraemia, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, may also induce inflammation in ...

Last Updated: 9 Mar 2006

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Arthrocentesis Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Periprosthetic Joint Infection; Septic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 20 Aug 2015

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Pro-calcitonin for Early Detection of Septic Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Arthritis, Infectious

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2015

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Analysis of Human Knee Joint Fluid Using Metabonomic, Genomic and Tribology Techniques
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Osteoarthritis; Septic Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2016

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