Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "s" or "C" shape, and the bones of the spine become slightly twisted or rotated. In many cases, the abnormal spinal curve is stable; however, in some children, the curve becomes more severe over time (progressive). For unknown reasons, severe and progressive curves occur more frequently in girls than in boys. The cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. It is likely that there are both genetic and environmental factors involved. Treatment may include observation, bracing and/or surgery.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 325 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The radiographic parameter risk factors of rapid curve progression in Lenke 5 and 6 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective study.
 

Author(s): Zhikun Li, Gengwu Li, Chao Chen, Yifan Li, Changwei Yang, Ming Li, Wei Xu, Xiaodong Zhu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9425.

 

Various parameters related to growth and maturity have been shown to be risk factors for scoliosis curve progression. We previously identified correlations between curve progression and radiographic parameters in clinical practice, but there is a lack of research.The aim of this study ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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An effective assessment method of spinal flexibility to predict the initial in-orthosis correction on the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
 

Author(s): Chen He, Michael Kai-Tsun To, Jason Pui-Yin Cheung, Kenneth Man-Chee Cheung, Chi-Kwan Chan, Wei-Wei Jiang, Guang-Quan Zhou, Kelly Ka-Lee Lai, Yong-Ping Zheng, Man-Sang Wong

Journal:

 

Spinal flexibility is an essential parameter for clinical decision making on the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Various methods are proposed to assess spinal flexibility, but which assessment method is more effective to predict the effect of orthotic treatment is unclear.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Predictors of ultimate postoperative cervical sagittal alignment in main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A long-term follow-up study.
 

Author(s): Zhen Zhang, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Yong Qiu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(49):e8799.

 

This is a retrospective study. The aim of this study was to access sagittal compensatory mechanism of the cervical spine in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (T-AIS) before and after posterior spinal fusion and to identify preoperative or immediate postoperative radiographic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 30 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations.
 

Author(s): Ming Luo, Ning Li, Mingkui Shen, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7337.

 

Incidence of complications and reoperations between pedicle screw (PS) and hybrid instrumentations (HI) are still controversial in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare overall complications, reoperations, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis].
 

Author(s): , , , , ,

Journal: Arch Argent Pediatr. 2016 Dec;114(6):585-594.

 

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a 3D spinal deformity in frontal, sagittal and axial planes, with high relevance in the pediatric population especially in adolescents and females between 10 years of age and the end of growth spurt and skeletal maturity. The radiographic manifestation ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Bone Graft Options for Spine Fusion in Adolescent Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Xi-Ming Xu, Gong Zhang, Fei Wang, Xian-Zhao Wei, Ming Li

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2016 Jan;129(1):105-7.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2016

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A New Spinal Brace Design Concept for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2017

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Comparison of Dynamic Radiographs in Determining Fusion Level in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Correction
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2017

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