Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "s" or "C" shape, and the bones of the spine become slightly twisted or rotated. In many cases, the abnormal spinal curve is stable; however, in some children, the curve becomes more severe over time (progressive). For unknown reasons, severe and progressive curves occur more frequently in girls than in boys. The cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. It is likely that there are both genetic and environmental factors involved. Treatment may include observation, bracing and/or surgery.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 298 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pulmonary function changes and its influencing factors after preoperative brace treatment in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective case-control study.
 

Author(s): Bo Ran, Yuxin Fan, Feng Yuan, Kaijin Guo, Xiaodong Zhu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Oct;95(43):e5088.

 

The aim of the study was to retrospectively investigate the changes in pulmonary function and its influencing factors in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing preoperative brace treatment or not.

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Relevant areas of functioning in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: The patients' perspective.
 

Author(s): Chunping Du, Jiadan Yu, Jiaqi Zhang, Jiaojiao Jiang, Huabin Lai, Wei Liu, Yang Liu, Hao Li, Pu Wang

Journal: J Rehabil Med. 2016 Oct;48(9):806-814.

 

To investigate relevant aspects of functioning and disability, and environmental factors in people with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis according to patients' self-reports based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY).

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2016

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A neglected point in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Variations in the number of vertebrae.
 

Author(s): Zongshan Hu, Zhen Zhang, Zhihui Zhao, Zezhang Zhu, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Aug;95(34):e4682.

 

Inaccurate identification of vertebral levels is the main cause of wrong-site spine surgery which is performed by nearly half of the spine surgeons. Unusual anatomy and failure to verify the surgical level on radiographs have been commonly reported. We aimed at investigating the variations ...

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bone Graft Options for Spine Fusion in Adolescent Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Xi-Ming Xu, Gong Zhang, Fei Wang, Xian-Zhao Wei, Ming Li

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2016 Jan;129(1):105-7.

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Effects of Exercise on Spinal Deformities and Quality of Life in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad Alghadir, Md Abu Shaphe, Dilshad Anwar

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():123848.

 

This systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on spinal deformities and quality of life in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

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The Association of rs4753426 Polymorphism in the Melatonin Receptor 1B (MTNR1B) Gene and Susceptibility to Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Peng Yang, Hao Liu, Jun Lin, Huilin Yang

Journal: Pain Physician. ;18(5):419-31.

 

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a tridimensional structural deformity of the spine that may deteriorate progressively, leading to significant functional limitations and pain problems. Several previous studies have implicated the rs4753426 single nucleotide polymorphism in ...

Last Updated: 3 Oct 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2016

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Analysis of Prognostic Cell Signaling Factors in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2016

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Validation of a New Generation of Optimized Orthoses for Personalized Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis; Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS)

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2015

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