Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "s" or "C" shape, and the bones of the spine become slightly twisted or rotated. In many cases, the abnormal spinal curve is stable; however, in some children, the curve becomes more severe over time (progressive). For unknown reasons, severe and progressive curves occur more frequently in girls than in boys. The cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. It is likely that there are both genetic and environmental factors involved. Treatment may include observation, bracing and/or surgery.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 309 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mapping the SRS-22r questionnaire onto the EQ-5D-5L utility score in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Carlos King Ho Wong, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Dino Samartzis, Keith Dip-Kei Luk, Kenneth M C Cheung, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam, Jason Pui Yin Cheung

Journal:

 

This is a prospective study to establish prediction models that map the refined Scoliosis Research Society 22-item (SRS-22r) onto EuroQoL-5 dimension 5-level (EQ-5D-5L) utility scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. Comparison of treatment outcomes in AIS can be ...

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2017

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The influence of body image on surgical decisions in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients.
 

Author(s): Paulo Alvim Borges, José Thomé de Carvalho, Olavo Biraghi Letaif, Raphael Martus Marcon, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante

Journal: Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 Mar;72(3):130-133.

 

The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the severity of deformities in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis contributes to patients' decision regarding whether to undergo an operation.

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

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Chitin Oligosaccharide (COS) Reduces Antibiotics Dose and Prevents Antibiotics-Caused Side Effects in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) Patients with Spinal Fusion Surgery.
 

Author(s): Yang Qu, Jinyu Xu, Haohan Zhou, Rongpeng Dong, Mingyang Kang, Jianwu Zhao

Journal:

 

Antibiotics are always considered for surgical site infection (SSI) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery. However, the use of antibiotics often causes the antibiotic resistance of pathogens and side effects. Thus, it is necessary to explore natural products as drug candidates. ...

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 29 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations.
 

Author(s): Ming Luo, Ning Li, Mingkui Shen, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7337.

 

Incidence of complications and reoperations between pedicle screw (PS) and hybrid instrumentations (HI) are still controversial in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare overall complications, reoperations, and ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

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Bone Graft Options for Spine Fusion in Adolescent Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Xi-Ming Xu, Gong Zhang, Fei Wang, Xian-Zhao Wei, Ming Li

Journal: Chin. Med. J.. 2016 Jan;129(1):105-7.

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2015

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Effects of Exercise on Spinal Deformities and Quality of Life in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad Alghadir, Md Abu Shaphe, Dilshad Anwar

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2015 ;2015():123848.

 

This systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on spinal deformities and quality of life in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2016

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Analysis of Prognostic Cell Signaling Factors in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2017

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Effects of Home Exercise Intervention on Bone Density, Muscle Functions, QoL, and Curve Progression in Girls With AIS
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 31 Jul 2017

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