Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1

Common Name(s)

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1

Human T-cell leukemia virus, type 1 (HTLV-1) is a retroviral infection that affect the T cells (a type of white blood cell). Although this virus generally causes no signs or symptoms, some affected people may later develop adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) or other medical conditions. HTLV-1 is spread by blood transfusions, sexual contact and sharing needles. It can also be spread from mother to child during birth or breast-feeding. There is no cure or treatment for HTLV-1 and it is considered a lifelong condition; however, most (95%) infected people remain asymptomatic (show no symptoms) throughout life.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1" returned 418 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Retargeting Oncolytic Vesicular Stomatitis Virus to Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1-Associated Adult T-Cell Leukemia.
 

Author(s): Dillon Betancourt, Juan Carlos Ramos, Glen N Barber

Journal: J. Virol.. 2015 Dec;89(23):11786-800.

 

Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive cancer of CD4/CD25(+) T lymphocytes, the etiological agent of which is human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). ATL is highly refractory to current therapies, making the development of new treatments a high priority. Oncolytic ...

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2015

Go To URL
Viral Source-Independent High Susceptibility of Dendritic Cells to Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1 Infection Compared to That of T Lymphocytes.
 

Author(s): Sandrine Alais, Renaud Mahieux, Hélène Dutartre

Journal: J. Virol.. 2015 Oct;89(20):10580-90.

 

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected CD4(+) T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) are present in peripheral blood from HTLV-1 carriers. While T-cell infection requires cell-cell contact, DCs might be infected with cell-free virus, at least in vitro. However, a thorough ...

Last Updated: 23 Sep 2015

Go To URL
Inducible nitric oxide synthase mediates DNA double strand breaks in Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1-induced leukemia/lymphoma.
 

Author(s): Hicham H Baydoun, Mathew A Cherian, Patrick Green, Lee Ratner

Journal:

 

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is an aggressive and fatal malignancy of CD4(+) T-lymphocytes infected by the Human T-Cell Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1). The molecular mechanisms of transformation in ATLL have not been fully elucidated. However, genomic instability and cumulative DNA ...

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Modes of Human T Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1 Transmission, Replication and Persistence.
 

Author(s): Alexandre Carpentier, Pierre-Yves Barez, Malik Hamaidia, Hélène Gazon, Alix de Brogniez, Srikanth Perike, Nicolas Gillet, Luc Willems

Journal:

 

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus that causes cancer (Adult T cell Leukemia, ATL) and a spectrum of inflammatory diseases (mainly HTLV-associated myelopathy-tropical spastic paraparesis, HAM/TSP). Since virions are particularly unstable, HTLV-1 transmission ...

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2015

Go To URL
Double control systems for human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 by innate and acquired immunity.
 

Author(s): Mari Kannagi, Atsuhiko Hasegawa, Shuichi Kinpara, Yukiko Shimizu, Ayako Takamori, Atae Utsunomiya

Journal: Cancer Sci.. 2011 Apr;102(4):670-6.

 

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative retrovirus of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). HTLV-1-specific T-cell responses elicit antitumor and antiviral effects in experimental models, and are considered ...

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2011

Go To URL
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and leukemic transformation: viral infectivity, Tax, HBZ and therapy.
 

Author(s): M Matsuoka, K-T Jeang

Journal: Oncogene. 2011 Mar;30(12):1379-89.

 

The human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first retrovirus discovered to be causative of a human cancer, adult T-cell leukemia. The transforming entity of HTLV-1 has been attributed to the virally-encoded oncoprotein, Tax. Unlike the v-onc proteins encoded by other oncogenic ...

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2011

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Influence of IL28B Genetic Variation on the Phenotype Infection of HTLV-1
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: HTLV-I Infections

 

Last Updated: 18 Dec 2012

Go to URL
Evaluation of Patients With HAM/TSP
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: HTLV-I Infection; Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

 

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2015

Go to URL

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2016

Go to URL