Hereditary cancer

Common Name(s)

Hereditary cancer, Cancer predisposition, Cancer, Hereditary

Hereditary cancer, or inherited cancer, is cancer that occurs as a result of a genetic change (mutation) that a person is born with. All cancer is a result of genetic changes that cause a cell to divide faster than it should. These changes can occur in a gene that slows down cell division, in a gene that speeds up cell division, or in a gene that is in charge of repairing genetic changes. These are collectively known as cancer susceptibility genes. People have two copies of these genes in all of their cells.

As a person ages and gets exposed to different things in the environment, such as smoking or the sun, their genes are changed (acquired mutations). Most cancer occurs because both copies of a person’s cancer susceptibility gene get changed over time (sporadic cancer). In hereditary cancer, a person is born with a change in one copy of a cancer susceptibility gene. This significantly increases their lifetime risk of cancer because it is more likely, and takes less time, to get a change in the one remaining unchanged gene copy.

About 10% of all cancer is hereditary and there are many types, depending on the gene that is affected. The most common forms of hereditary cancer are breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and colorectal cancer. Factors that increase the risk of cancer being hereditary include multiple family members affected with similar types of cancer, cancer at a young age (less than 50 years) in the family, rare forms of cancer in the family (such as kidney cancer or breast cancer in a man), and more than one type of primary cancer in a person (a woman with both breast and ovarian cancer). If you have signs of hereditary cancer in your family, talk with a genetic counselor about the likelihood of it being hereditary as well as genetic testing options. Diagnosing hereditary cancer in a family can help to determine a person’s cancer risk as well as determine cancer surveillance recommendations.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hereditary cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Society, Inc.

We help people with MEN by referring them to Drs and genetist. We also offer emotional support and literature We can be contacted anytime via email. We do try to find a member close to the newly diagnosed MEN Patient to let them know that "They Are Not Alone"

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2013

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Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Colon Cancer Alliance for Research & Education for Lynch Syndrome

CCARE Lynch Syndrome is the national non-profit devoted to saving lives and leading the fight against Lynch syndrome through education, advocacy and research.

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2013

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FORCE: Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered

FORCE is a national nonprofit dedicated to fighting hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. With 50 outreach groups throughout the U.S., and international affiliates, FORCE programs provide support, education, advocacy, awareness and research specific to hereditary cancers. Our programs serve anyone with a BRCA mutation or a family history of cancer. FORCE was founded on the principle that no one should have to face hereditary breast and ovarian cancer alone.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Lynch Syndrome International

To provide support for those at high risk to hereditary Lynch syndrome cancers, public awareness of Lynch syndrome, education for medical offices and support for research endeavors.

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2015

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Stupid Cancer

Founded by and for young adult survivors, the I'm Too Young For This! Cancer Foundation (i[2]y), is the nation's leading grassroots advocate for the next generation of cancer survivors and their caregivers in their late teens, 20s and 30s. A TIME Magazine Best 50 Website, we have helped bring the cause of 'young adult cancer' to the national spotlight and rallied a brand new generation of activists to give voice to our forgotten population. Our mission is to empower young adults affected by cancer.

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2012

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hereditary cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Society, Inc.

We help people with MEN by referring them to Drs and genetist. We also offer emotional support and literature We can be contacted anytime via email. We do try to find a member close to the newly diagnosed MEN Patient to let them know that "They Are Not Alone"

http://mensociety.ca/

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2013

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Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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Colon Cancer Alliance for Research & Education for Lynch Syndrome

CCARE Lynch Syndrome is the national non-profit devoted to saving lives and leading the fight against Lynch syndrome through education, advocacy and research.

http://fightlynch.org/

Last Updated: 5 Aug 2013

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FORCE: Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered

FORCE is a national nonprofit dedicated to fighting hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. With 50 outreach groups throughout the U.S., and international affiliates, FORCE programs provide support, education, advocacy, awareness and research specific to hereditary cancers. Our programs serve anyone with a BRCA mutation or a family history of cancer. FORCE was founded on the principle that no one should have to face hereditary breast and ovarian cancer alone.

http://www.facingourrisk.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Lynch Syndrome International

To provide support for those at high risk to hereditary Lynch syndrome cancers, public awareness of Lynch syndrome, education for medical offices and support for research endeavors.

http://www.lynchcancers.com

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2015

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Stupid Cancer

Founded by and for young adult survivors, the I'm Too Young For This! Cancer Foundation (i[2]y), is the nation's leading grassroots advocate for the next generation of cancer survivors and their caregivers in their late teens, 20s and 30s. A TIME Magazine Best 50 Website, we have helped bring the cause of 'young adult cancer' to the national spotlight and rallied a brand new generation of activists to give voice to our forgotten population. Our mission is to empower young adults affected by cancer.

http://stupidcancer.org

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hereditary cancer" returned 662 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk-Reducing Surgery in Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer.
 

Author(s): Lynn C Hartmann, Noralane M Lindor

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Jun;374(24):2404.

 

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2016

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Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing Identifies a Recurrent Mutation in MCPH1 Associating with Hereditary Breast Cancer Susceptibility.
 

Author(s): Tuomo Mantere, Robert Winqvist, Saila Kauppila, Mervi Grip, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Anna Tervasmäki, Katrin Rapakko, Katri Pylkäs

Journal:

 

Breast cancer is strongly influenced by hereditary risk factors, a majority of which still remain unknown. Here, we performed a targeted next-generation sequencing of 796 genes implicated in DNA repair in 189 Finnish breast cancer cases with indication of hereditary disease susceptibility ...

Last Updated: 29 Jan 2016

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SEOM clinical guidelines in Hereditary Breast and ovarian cancer.
 

Author(s): G Llort, I Chirivella, R Morales, R Serrano, A Beatriz Sanchez, A Teulé, E Lastra, J Brunet, J Balmaña, B Graña,

Journal: Clin Transl Oncol. 2015 Dec;17(12):956-61.

 

Approximately, 7 % of all breast cancers (BC) and 11-15 % of ovarian cancers (OC) are associated with inherited predisposition, mainly related to germline mutations in high penetrance BRCA1/2 genes. Clinical criteria for genetic testing are based on personal and family history to ...

Last Updated: 24 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hereditary cancer" returned 122 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pancreaticoduodenectomy for locally advanced colon cancer in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
 

Author(s): Rebecca Zhu, Gabriella Grisotti, Ronald R Salem, Sajid A Khan

Journal:

 

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), or Lynch syndrome, accounts for 3% of newly diagnosed cases of colorectal cancer. While a partial or subtotal colectomy is indicated for early stage disease, there is a paucity of data addressing locally advanced disease involving the foregut.

Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

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Hereditary Colorectal Cancer: Genetics and Screening.
 

Author(s): Lodewijk A A Brosens, G Johan A Offerhaus, Francis M Giardiello

Journal: Surg. Clin. North Am.. 2015 Oct;95(5):1067-80.

 

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the United States. About 30% of patients with CRC report a family history of CRC. However, only 5% of CRCs arise in the setting of a well-established mendelian inherited ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2015

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Lynch syndrome and Lynch syndrome mimics: The growing complex landscape of hereditary colon cancer.
 

Author(s): John M Carethers, Elena M Stoffel

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2015 Aug;21(31):9253-61.

 

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) was previously synonymous with Lynch syndrome; however, identification of the role of germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes has made it possible to differentiate Lynch syndrome from other conditions associated ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Cancer Genetics Hereditary Cancer Panel Testing
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer

 

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2016

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Familial Cancer Registry and DNA Bank
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cancer

 

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2014

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Elucidating the Genetic Basis of the Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB) Familial Cancer Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pleuropulmonary Blastoma; Cystic Nephroma; Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor of Ovary; Medulloepithelioma; Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma of Cervix; Goiter; Sarcoma; Pineoblastoma; Pituitary Tumors; Wilms Tumor

 

Last Updated: 28 Jul 2016

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