Hepatitis E

Common Name(s)

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a viral hepatitis that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis E virus, or HEV. The liver is an organ found on the right side of our belly (abdomen) under the rib cage. It cleans our blood of toxins, poisons, and bacteria. It produces bile which helps our body breakdown food. It stores vitamins, minerals and sugars. And it helps control cholesterol levels. Hepatitis E occurs when the hepatitis E virus causes the liver to swell, scar, and become inflamed, which stops it from working properly or completely Symptoms may include nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin). Hepatitis E symptoms usually go away after 4-6 weeks. It is rare for HEV to become chronic, but it can be very serious for pregnant women. HEV is spread through food or water that is contaminated with the feces (bowel movement) of people infected with HEV. There is some concern that it may also be passed through pigs in areas where HEV is common. There is no evidence that HEV is passed through sexual intercourse. It is very rarely passed from person to person. HEV is rare in developed nations. However, people who travel to the developing countries where HEV is common may be at risk. Outbreaks of hepatitis E have been reported in Central and South-East Asia, North and West Africa, and in Mexico, especially where fecal contamination of drinking water occurs. Physicians can diagnose hepatitis E through blood tests and stool tests that detect the presence of HEV. Physicians and hospitals can provide supportive care for individuals affected by HEV until they recover if needed. If HEV does become chronic, medications are available to help treat the condition. Talk with your doctor if you or a family member has been diagnosed with hepatitis to decide on the best treatment plan. Support groups are also good resources of support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis E" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2014

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis E" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2014

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hepatitis E" returned 695 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hepatitis A and E seroprevalence and associated risk factors: a community-based cross-sectional survey in rural Amazonia.
 

Author(s): Claudia Lamarca Vitral, Mônica da Silva-Nunes, Marcelo Alves Pinto, Jaqueline Mendes de Oliveira, Ana Maria Coimbra Gaspar, Rebeca Cristina Costa Pereira, Marcelo Urbano Ferreira

Journal:

 

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) are both transmitted by the faecal-oral route, and represent common causes of acute hepatitis in developing countries. The endemicity of HAV infection has shifted from high to moderate in Brazil. Human cases of HEV infection seem ...

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

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Hepatitis E rORF2p stimulated and unstimulated peripheral expression profiling in patients with self-limiting hepatitis E infection.
 

Author(s): Sanjay B Rathod, Anuradha S Tripathy

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2014 ;2014():565284.

 

To improve the current knowledge on the involvement of peripheral lymphocytes in hepatitis E virus (HEV) associated pathogenesis, we analyzed alterations in (1) immunophenotypic expressions (by flow cytometry) and (2) gene expression patterns (by TaqMan Low Density Array) of activatory, ...

Last Updated: 25 Jun 2014

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Ribavirin for chronic hepatitis E virus infection.
 

Author(s): Nassim Kamar, Vincent Mallet, Jacques Izopet

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2014 Jun;370(25):2447-8.

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hepatitis E" returned 35 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An update on hepatitis B, D, and E viruses.
 

Author(s): Jennifer Price

Journal: Top Antivir Med. 2014 Jan;21(5):157-63.

 

Although newer and more effective treatments are now available for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, non-HCV viral hepatitis remains an important cause of liver disease, especially among HIV-infected individuals. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the leading cause of cirrhosis worldwide, ...

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2014

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Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus in industrialized countries.
 

Author(s): Franco Maria Ruggeri, Ilaria Di Bartolo, Eleonora Ponterio, Giorgia Angeloni, Marcello Trevisani, Fabio Ostanello

Journal: New Microbiol.. 2013 Oct;36(4):331-44.

 

Hepatitis E is an infectious viral disease with clinical and morphological features of acute hepatitis. The disease represents an important public health problem in developing countries, where it is often related to outbreaks mainly associated with consumption of contaminated water. ...

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2013

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Hepatitis E virus: foodborne, waterborne and zoonotic transmission.
 

Author(s): Danielle M Yugo, Xiang-Jin Meng

Journal:

 

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is responsible for epidemics and endemics of acute hepatitis in humans, mainly through waterborne, foodborne, and zoonotic transmission routes. HEV is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus classified in the family Hepeviridae and encompasses four known ...

Last Updated: 27 Sep 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E in People With an Organ Transplant
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis E

 

Last Updated: 29 Jul 2014

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Phase Ⅳ Clinical Trial of Recombinant Hepatitis E Vaccine(Hecolin®)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis E

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2014

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A Trial of Ribavirin in Patients With ACLF Due to Hepatitis E Virus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute on Chronic Hepatic Failure; Liver Failure; Hepatitis E Infection

 

Last Updated: 29 Sep 2012

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