Hepatitis

Common Name(s)

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition that affects the liver. The liver is an organ found in the right side of our belly (abdomen) under the rib cage. The liver cleans our blood of toxins, poisons, and bacteria; produces bile that helps our body breakdown food; stores vitamins, minerals and sugars; and helps control cholesterol levels. Hepatitis occurs when the liver swells, scars, and becomes inflamed, which stops it from working properly or completely.

Symptoms of hepatitis may include jaundice (yellowing of the skin), poor appetite, abdominal pain, enlargement of the abdomen, and a general feeling of being unwell, or malaise. Sometimes hepatitis can heal on its own, but other times it will progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis (types of scarring).

The most common causes of hepatitis are viral infections, but other medical conditions, including autoimmune disorders, certain medications and toxic substances, including alcohol and drugs, can also cause hepatitis. Viral hepatitis includes Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. There are vaccines available to help prevent types A and B. Hepatitis A and E usually resolve on their own, whereas hepatitis B, C, and D can be chronic and serious. Transmission is dependent on the virus type. Physicians diagnose hepatitis by assessing symptoms during a physical exam, blood tests, and, if needed, using a liver biopsy.

Treatment for hepatitis is usually supportive, preventing further damage by avoiding toxic medications (including acetaminophen or Tylenol), drugs or alcohol, and, if possible, reversing the underlying cause. There are medications available to treat chronic hepatitis and, due to medical research, treatments are improving rapidly. Talk with your doctor if you or a family member has been diagnosed with hepatitis to decide on the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

View Details
Logo
American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

View Details
Logo
American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

http://www.liverfoundation.org

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 20398 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ribavirin Desensitization in Chronic Hepatitis C.
 

Author(s): Ori Toker, Yuval Tal, Saleh Daher, Meir Shalit

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. 2015 Sep;17(9):583-4.

 

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2015

Go To URL
Correlation between Traditional Chinese Medicine symptom patterns and serum concentration of zinc, iron, copper and magnesium in patients with hepatitis B and associated liver cirrhosis.
 

Author(s): Lichun Teng, Jiongshan Zhang, Min Dai, Fenglin Wang, Hongzhi Yang

Journal: J Tradit Chin Med. 2015 Oct;35(5):546-50.

 

To investigate the correlation between the patterns of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes and the serum concentration of zinc, iron, copper and magnesium of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced liver cirrhosis.

Last Updated: 20 Nov 2015

Go To URL
[Bicyclol combined with ganciclovir for treatment of infantile cytomegalovirus hepatitis].
 

Author(s): Yan-Hong Liu, Mei-Yun Jia, Gui-Juan Liang, Hai-Shan Guan, An-Ping Yan

Journal: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2015 Oct;35(10):1505-7.

 

To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bicyclol combined with ganciclocir on infantile cytomegalovirus hepatitis.

Last Updated: 9 Nov 2015

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 2189 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Management of chronic hepatitis B infection.
 

Author(s): Vinay Sundaram, Kris Kowdley

Journal:

 

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a global health problem that can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although HBV vaccination has reduced the prevalence Of HBV infection, the burden of disease remains high. Treatment with antiviral drugs reduces the risk of liver disease ...

Last Updated: 22 Oct 2015

Go To URL
Dysgeusia in a Patient with Guillain-Barré Syndrome Associated with Acute Hepatitis E: A Case Report and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Masa-Aki Higuchi, Jiro Fukae, Jun Tsugawa, Shinji Ouma, Kazuaki Takahashi, Shunji Mishiro, Yoshio Tsuboi

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2015 ;54(12):1543-6.

 

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is usually triggered by viral or bacterial infection. In addition, it was recently reported that infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) also causes GBS. A 49-year-old man presented with acute-onset paralysis in all extremities and dysgeusia during an ...

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2015

Go To URL
Integrative analysis of aberrant Wnt signaling in hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.
 

Author(s): Shan-Long Ding, Zi-Wei Yang, Jie Wang, Xiao-Lei Zhang, Xiang-Mei Chen, Feng-Min Lu

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2015 May;21(20):6317-28.

 

To comprehensively understand the underlying molecular events accounting for aberrant Wnt signaling activation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Last Updated: 2 Jun 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Differential Gene Expression of Liver Tissue and Blood From Individuals With Chronic Viral Hepatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis C; Hepatitis B; Autoimmune Hepatitis; Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary; Cholangitis, Sclerosing

 

Last Updated: 29 Nov 2005

Go to URL

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2015

Go to URL