Hepatitis

Common Name(s)

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition that affects the liver. The liver is an organ found in the right side of our belly (abdomen) under the rib cage. The liver cleans our blood of toxins, poisons, and bacteria; produces bile that helps our body breakdown food; stores vitamins, minerals and sugars; and helps control cholesterol levels. Hepatitis occurs when the liver swells, scars, and becomes inflamed, which stops it from working properly or completely.

Symptoms of hepatitis may include jaundice (yellowing of the skin), poor appetite, abdominal pain, enlargement of the abdomen, and a general feeling of being unwell, or malaise. Sometimes hepatitis can heal on its own, but other times it will progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis (types of scarring).

The most common causes of hepatitis are viral infections, but other medical conditions, including autoimmune disorders, certain medications and toxic substances, including alcohol and drugs, can also cause hepatitis. Viral hepatitis includes Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. There are vaccines available to help prevent types A and B. Hepatitis A and E usually resolve on their own, whereas hepatitis B, C, and D can be chronic and serious. Transmission is dependent on the virus type. Physicians diagnose hepatitis by assessing symptoms during a physical exam, blood tests, and, if needed, using a liver biopsy.

Treatment for hepatitis is usually supportive, preventing further damage by avoiding toxic medications (including acetaminophen or Tylenol), drugs or alcohol, and, if possible, reversing the underlying cause. There are medications available to treat chronic hepatitis and, due to medical research, treatments are improving rapidly. Talk with your doctor if you or a family member has been diagnosed with hepatitis to decide on the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

http://www.liverfoundation.org

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 21934 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Role of Screening and Treatment in National Progress Toward Hepatitis C Elimination - Georgia, 2015-2016.
 

Author(s): Muazzam Nasrullah, David Sergeenko, Lia Gvinjilia, Amiran Gamkrelidze, Tengiz Tsertsvadze, Maia Butsashvili, David Metreveli, Lali Sharvadze, Maia Alkhazashvili, Shaun Shadaker, John W Ward, Juliette Morgan, Francisco Averhoff

Journal:

 

Georgia, a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, has a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In April 2015, with technical assistance from CDC, Georgia embarked on the world's first program to eliminate hepatitis C, defined as a 90% reduction in HCV prevalence ...

Last Updated: 27 Jul 2017

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Intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma patients with a high HBV-DNA load may benefit from postoperative anti-hepatitis B virus therapy.
 

Author(s): Shaozhen Rui, Jun Yan, Hui Zhang, Zhengfeng Wang, Wence Zhou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(30):e7608.

 

Liver resection may be beneficial in intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), though the benefit of postoperative anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) therapy in these patients remains unclear. In this study, we sought to evaluate the efficacy of postoperative anti-HBV for intermediate-stage ...

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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Acquired hepatocerebral degeneration in a patient with hepatitis B and hepatitis delta virus coinfection.
 

Author(s): Viviane de Carvalho, Dessana Francis Chehuan, Marcia Melo Damian

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;50(3):423-426.

 

Acquired hepatocerebral degeneration is a neurological syndrome with typical clinical (extrapyramidal and neuropsychiatric) symptoms and brain magnetic resonance imaging findings (high T1 signal in the globus pallidus). It occurs mainly in patients with advanced liver disease, such ...

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 2479 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Current status of hepatitis C virus infection and countermeasures in South Korea.
 

Author(s): Sook-Hyang Jeong, Eun Sun Jang, Hwa Young Choi, Kyung-Ah Kim, Wankyo Chung, Moran Ki

Journal:

 

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality. The new antiviral drugs against HCV, direct acting antivirals, result in >90% cure rate. This review aimed to summarize the current prevalence, clinical characteristics, ...

Last Updated: 4 Aug 2017

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Direct-acting antiviral agent efficacy and safety in renal transplant recipients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: A PRISMA-compliant study.
 

Author(s): Keliang Chen, Pei Lu, Rijin Song, Jiexiu Zhang, Rongzhen Tao, Zijie Wang, Wei Zhang, Min Gu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(30):e7568.

 

The efficacy and safety of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for treating hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected renal transplant recipients (RTRs) has not been determined.

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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Spleen implanting in the fatty liver mimicking hepatocarcinoma in a patient with hepatitis B&C: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Meng-Yao Wang, Bao Li, Dan Chen, Ai-Lian Liu, Sahrish Qamar, Mei-Yu Sun

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(25):e7217.

 

Ectopic splenic autotransplantation refers to the heterotopic autotransplantation of splenic tissue and no treatment is necessary for it when patient is asymptomatic. Its incidence rate is reported up to 67% among patients with a history of splenic trauma and splenic surgery. The ...

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Hepatitis Delta International Network
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis D

 

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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Immune Cell Dysfunction in Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis

 

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2017

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Hepatitis B Research Network Pediatric Cohort Study (HBRN)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis B

 

Last Updated: 31 Jul 2017

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