Hepatitis

Common Name(s)

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition that affects the liver. The liver is an organ found in the right side of our belly (abdomen) under the rib cage. The liver cleans our blood of toxins, poisons, and bacteria; produces bile that helps our body breakdown food; stores vitamins, minerals and sugars; and helps control cholesterol levels. Hepatitis occurs when the liver swells, scars, and becomes inflamed, which stops it from working properly or completely.

Symptoms of hepatitis may include jaundice (yellowing of the skin), poor appetite, abdominal pain, enlargement of the abdomen, and a general feeling of being unwell, or malaise. Sometimes hepatitis can heal on its own, but other times it will progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis (types of scarring).

The most common causes of hepatitis are viral infections, but other medical conditions, including autoimmune disorders, certain medications and toxic substances, including alcohol and drugs, can also cause hepatitis. Viral hepatitis includes Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. There are vaccines available to help prevent types A and B. Hepatitis A and E usually resolve on their own, whereas hepatitis B, C, and D can be chronic and serious. Transmission is dependent on the virus type. Physicians diagnose hepatitis by assessing symptoms during a physical exam, blood tests, and, if needed, using a liver biopsy.

Treatment for hepatitis is usually supportive, preventing further damage by avoiding toxic medications (including acetaminophen or Tylenol), drugs or alcohol, and, if possible, reversing the underlying cause. There are medications available to treat chronic hepatitis and, due to medical research, treatments are improving rapidly. Talk with your doctor if you or a family member has been diagnosed with hepatitis to decide on the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

http://www.liverfoundation.org

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 22286 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevention of Peripartum Hepatitis B Transmission.
 

Author(s):

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2016 Oct;375(15):1496-1498.

 

Last Updated: 12 Oct 2016

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[Health-Related Quality of Life in patients with hepatitis C treated with dual and triple therapy].
 

Author(s): Raíssa Neves Fagundes, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira, Fábio Heleno de Lima Pace

Journal: Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2015 Dec;49(6):939-45.

 

Comparing Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) scores in patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing double and triple antiviral therapy and analyzing possible factors related to HRQoL.

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2016

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The global burden of viral hepatitis from 1990 to 2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.
 

Author(s): Jeffrey D Stanaway, Abraham D Flaxman, Mohsen Naghavi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Theo Vos, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Reza Assadi, Neeraj Bhala, Benjamin Cowie, Mohammad H Forouzanfour, Justina Groeger, Khayriyyah Mohd Hanafiah, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Spencer L James, Jennifer MacLachlan, Reza Malekzadeh, Natasha K Martin, Ali A Mokdad, Ali H Mokdad, Christopher J L Murray, Dietrich Plass, Saleem Rana, David B Rein, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Juan Sanabria, Mete Saylan, Saeid Shahraz, Samuel So, Vasiliy V Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Steven T Wiersma, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Graham S Cooke

Journal: Lancet. 2016 Sep;388(10049):1081-8.

 

With recent improvements in vaccines and treatments against viral hepatitis, an improved understanding of the burden of viral hepatitis is needed to inform global intervention strategies. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study to estimate morbidity and mortality ...

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 2439 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The perfect storm: incarceration and the high-risk environment perpetuating transmission of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
 

Author(s): Frederick L Altice, Lyuba Azbel, Jack Stone, Ellen Brooks-Pollock, Pavlo Smyrnov, Sergii Dvoriak, Faye S Taxman, Nabila El-Bassel, Natasha K Martin, Robert Booth, Heino Stöver, Kate Dolan, Peter Vickerman

Journal: Lancet. 2016 Sep;388(10050):1228-48.

 

Despite global reductions in HIV incidence and mortality, the 15 UNAIDS-designated countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) that gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 constitute the only region where both continue to rise. HIV transmission in EECA is fuelled ...

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2016

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Prevalence of HIV and hepatitis B coinfection in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Akosua Adom Agyeman, Richard Ofori-Asenso

Journal:

 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality and may impact significantly on healthcare resource utilization. However, in Ghana, accurate estimates of the prevalence of HIV/HBV coinfection needed ...

Last Updated: 18 May 2016

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[Consequences of extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis C viral infection (HCV)].
 

Author(s): Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Journal:

 

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a primarily hepatotropic virus. However, numerous extrahepatic symptoms are observed in patients chronically infected with HCV, e.g. cryoglobulinemia, lymphoproliferative disorders, kidney diseases, disturbances of the central and peripheral nervous ...

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Hepatitis Delta International Network
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis D

 

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2015

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Immune Cell Dysfunction in Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis

 

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2016

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Hepatitis B Research Network Pediatric Cohort Study (HBRN)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis B

 

Last Updated: 3 May 2016

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