Hemiplegia

Common Name(s)

Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia refers to a state in which there is a complete or near-complete loss of movement on one entire side of the body. Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain in regions that control body movements, and it is similar but more severe than hemiparesis. The side of the body that is paralyzed is opposite to the damaged side of the brain. Hemiplegia may be present at birth or may develop later in life from stroke or damage to the brain from injury, infection, or tumors.

The major symptoms of hemiplegia include stiffness, weakness, or lack of control on either the left or right side of the body. Other early symptoms include the use of only one hand, keeping one hand in a fist, difficulty walking and balancing, and difficulty performing actions requiring fine motor skills, such as using scissors or writing. In general, affected children may experience delayed milestones compared to their peers and are more likely to develop scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, as they grow. Once present, hemiplegia does not progress, but limitations may become more obvious with age. Damage to the brain may lead to related disorders in affected individuals. These include learning difficulties, such as dyslexia, difficulty with sight and speech, psychiatric illnesses, epilepsy, and behavioral problems.

While there is currently no cure for hemiplegia, there are treatments available to help reduce symptoms. Physical therapy can help prevent a decrease in muscle mass (atrophy). Braces and other devices may be used to increase mobility. Medications can be used to decrease seizures and help with psychiatric or behavioral issues. Surgery may be required if the condition affects other body functions. If you or your child has been diagnosed with a hemiplegia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemiplegia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemiplegia" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 265 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

De novo p.Arg756Cys mutation of ATP1A3 causes an atypical form of alternating hemiplegia of childhood with prolonged paralysis and choreoathetosis.
 

Author(s): Hikaru Kanemasa, Ryoko Fukai, Yasunari Sakai, Michiko Torio, Noriko Miyake, Sooyoung Lee, Hiroaki Ono, Satoshi Akamine, Kei Nishiyama, Masafumi Sanefuji, Yoshito Ishizaki, Hiroyuki Torisu, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto, Toshiro Hara

Journal:

 

Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder that manifests recurrent attacks of hemiplegia, oculogyric, and choreoathetotic involuntary movements. De novo mutations in ATP1A3 cause three types of neurological diseases: AHC; rapid-onset dystonia-Parkinsonism ...

Last Updated: 16 Sep 2016

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Alternating Hemiplegia with Ipsilateral Supranuclear Facial Palsy and Abducens Nerve Palsy Caused by Pontine Infarction.
 

Author(s): Shinichiro Maeshima, Tetsuya Tsunoda, Sayaka Okamoto, Yasunori Ozeki, Shigeru Sonoda

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2016 ;55(15):2073-5.

 

A 62-year-old right-handed man was diagnosed with a cerebral infarction in the ventromedial region of the left lower pons. He showed left abducens nerve palsy, left-sided supranuclear palsy of the lower part of the face and right hemiparesis. We hypothesized that the mechanism underlying ...

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2016

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Efficacy of Upper Extremity Robotic Therapy in Subacute Poststroke Hemiplegia: An Exploratory Randomized Trial.
 

Author(s): Kayoko Takahashi, Kazuhisa Domen, Tomosaburo Sakamoto, Masahiko Toshima, Yohei Otaka, Makiko Seto, Katsumi Irie, Bin Haga, Takashi Takebayashi, Kenji Hachisuka

Journal: Stroke. 2016 May;47(5):1385-8.

 

Our aim was to study the efficacy of robotic therapy as an adjuvant to standard therapy during poststroke rehabilitation.

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Motor Restoration in Hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Jayme S Knutson, Michael J Fu, Lynne R Sheffler, John Chae

Journal: Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2015 Nov;26(4):729-45.

 

This article reviews the most common therapeutic and neuroprosthetic applications of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for upper and lower extremity stroke rehabilitation. Fundamental NMES principles and purposes in stroke rehabilitation are explained. NMES modalities used ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2015

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The virtual bodily self: Mentalisation of the body as revealed in anosognosia for hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Aikaterini Fotopoulou

Journal: Conscious Cogn. 2015 May;33():500-10.

 

Despite the coherence and seeming directness of our bodily experience, our perception of the world, including that of our own body, may constitute an inference based on ambiguous sensory data and prior expectations. In this article, I apply a 'psychologised' version of the recently ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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The expanding spectrum of neurological phenotypes in children with ATP1A3 mutations, Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood, Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism, CAPOS and beyond.
 

Author(s): Matthew T Sweney, Tara M Newcomb, Kathryn J Swoboda

Journal: Pediatr. Neurol.. 2015 Jan;52(1):56-64.

 

ATP1A3 mutations have now been recognized in infants and children presenting with a diverse group of neurological phenotypes, including Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism (RDP), Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC), and most recently, Cerebellar ataxia, Areflexia, Pes cavus, Optic ...

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

AOT and ICT for Hemiplegia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemiplegia; Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy

 

Last Updated: 8 May 2017

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Home Based Adaptive Arm Training for Children
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemiplegia

 

Last Updated: 23 Nov 2016

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Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation (tCDS) and Robotics for Children With Hemiplegia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cerebral Palsy; Hemiplegia

 

Last Updated: 5 May 2017

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