Hemiplegia

Common Name(s)

Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia refers to a state in which there is a complete or near-complete loss of movement on one entire side of the body. Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain in regions that control body movements, and it is similar but more severe than hemiparesis. The side of the body that is paralyzed is opposite to the damaged side of the brain. Hemiplegia may be present at birth or may develop later in life from stroke or damage to the brain from injury, infection, or tumors.

The major symptoms of hemiplegia include stiffness, weakness, or lack of control on either the left or right side of the body. Other early symptoms include the use of only one hand, keeping one hand in a fist, difficulty walking and balancing, and difficulty performing actions requiring fine motor skills, such as using scissors or writing. In general, affected children may experience delayed milestones compared to their peers and are more likely to develop scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, as they grow. Once present, hemiplegia does not progress, but limitations may become more obvious with age. Damage to the brain may lead to related disorders in affected individuals. These include learning difficulties, such as dyslexia, difficulty with sight and speech, psychiatric illnesses, epilepsy, and behavioral problems.

While there is currently no cure for hemiplegia, there are treatments available to help reduce symptoms. Physical therapy can help prevent a decrease in muscle mass (atrophy). Braces and other devices may be used to increase mobility. Medications can be used to decrease seizures and help with psychiatric or behavioral issues. Surgery may be required if the condition affects other body functions. If you or your child has been diagnosed with a hemiplegia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemiplegia" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 284 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mentalizing the body: spatial and social cognition in anosognosia for hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Sahba Besharati, Stephanie J Forkel, Michael Kopelman, Mark Solms, Paul M Jenkinson, Aikaterini Fotopoulou

Journal: Brain. 2016 Mar;139(Pt 3):971-85.

 

Following right-hemisphere damage, a specific disorder of motor awareness can occur called anosognosia for hemiplegia, i.e. the denial of motor deficits contralateral to a brain lesion. The study of anosognosia can offer unique insights into the neurocognitive basis of awareness. ...

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2016

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[A febrile hemiplegia revealing a cerebral tuberculous arteritis].
 

Author(s): Haifa Zaibi, Ines Akrout, Leila El Fekih, Soraya Fenniche, Khaoula Ben Miled, Mohamed Lamine Megdiche

Journal: Tunis Med. 2015 Jun;93(6):392-3.

 

Last Updated: 8 Dec 2015

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Clinical profile of patients with ATP1A3 mutations in Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood-a study of 155 patients.
 

Author(s): Eleni Panagiotakaki, Elisa De Grandis, Michela Stagnaro, Erin L Heinzen, Carmen Fons, Sanjay Sisodiya, Boukje de Vries, Christophe Goubau, Sarah Weckhuysen, David Kemlink, Ingrid Scheffer, Gaƫtan Lesca, Muriel Rabilloud, Amna Klich, Alia Ramirez-Camacho, Adriana Ulate-Campos, Jaume Campistol, Melania Giannotta, Marie-Laure Moutard, Diane Doummar, Cecile Hubsch-Bonneaud, Fatima Jaffer, Helen Cross, Fiorella Gurrieri, Danilo Tiziano, Sona Nevsimalova, Sophie Nicole, Brian Neville, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Mohamad Mikati, David B Goldstein, Rosaria Vavassori, Alexis Arzimanoglou, , ,

Journal:

 

Mutations in the gene ATP1A3 have recently been identified to be prevalent in patients with alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC2). Based on a large series of patients with AHC, we set out to identify the spectrum of different mutations within the ATP1A3 gene and further establish ...

Last Updated: 28 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The virtual bodily self: Mentalisation of the body as revealed in anosognosia for hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Aikaterini Fotopoulou

Journal: Conscious Cogn. 2015 May;33():500-10.

 

Despite the coherence and seeming directness of our bodily experience, our perception of the world, including that of our own body, may constitute an inference based on ambiguous sensory data and prior expectations. In this article, I apply a 'psychologised' version of the recently ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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The expanding spectrum of neurological phenotypes in children with ATP1A3 mutations, Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood, Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism, CAPOS and beyond.
 

Author(s): Matthew T Sweney, Tara M Newcomb, Kathryn J Swoboda

Journal: Pediatr. Neurol.. 2015 Jan;52(1):56-64.

 

ATP1A3 mutations have now been recognized in infants and children presenting with a diverse group of neurological phenotypes, including Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism (RDP), Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC), and most recently, Cerebellar ataxia, Areflexia, Pes cavus, Optic ...

Last Updated: 23 Dec 2014

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Brain reorganization following intervention in children with congenital hemiplegia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): E Inguaggiato, G Sgandurra, S Perazza, A Guzzetta, G Cioni

Journal: Neural Plast.. 2013 ;2013():356275.

 

Noninvasive rehabilitation strategies for children with unilateral cerebral palsy are routinely used to improve hand motor function, activity, and participation. Nevertheless, the studies exploring their effects on brain structure and function are very scarce. Recently, structural ...

Last Updated: 24 Dec 2013

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Bimanual Training in Children With Hemiplegia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemiplegia; Cerebral Palsy; Children

 

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2011

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Contralaterally Controlled FES of Arm & Hand for Subacute Stroke Rehabilitation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke; Hemiparesis; Hemiplegia

 

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2016

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