Hemiplegia

Common Name(s)

Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia refers to a state in which there is a complete or near-complete loss of movement on one entire side of the body. Hemiplegia is caused by damage to the brain in regions that control body movements, and it is similar but more severe than hemiparesis. The side of the body that is paralyzed is opposite to the damaged side of the brain. Hemiplegia may be present at birth or may develop later in life from stroke or damage to the brain from injury, infection, or tumors.

The major symptoms of hemiplegia include stiffness, weakness, or lack of control on either the left or right side of the body. Other early symptoms include the use of only one hand, keeping one hand in a fist, difficulty walking and balancing, and difficulty performing actions requiring fine motor skills, such as using scissors or writing. In general, affected children may experience delayed milestones compared to their peers and are more likely to develop scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, as they grow. Once present, hemiplegia does not progress, but limitations may become more obvious with age. Damage to the brain may lead to related disorders in affected individuals. These include learning difficulties, such as dyslexia, difficulty with sight and speech, psychiatric illnesses, epilepsy, and behavioral problems.

While there is currently no cure for hemiplegia, there are treatments available to help reduce symptoms. Physical therapy can help prevent a decrease in muscle mass (atrophy). Braces and other devices may be used to increase mobility. Medications can be used to decrease seizures and help with psychiatric or behavioral issues. Surgery may be required if the condition affects other body functions. If you or your child has been diagnosed with a hemiplegia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemiplegia" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 282 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effect and biomechanical mechanisms of intradermal needle for post-stroke hemiplegia recovery: Study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial.
 

Author(s): Ruyu Yan, Yong Zhang, Jingyang Lim, Fan Yang, Li Zhou, Diyang Lyu, Yahui Wang, Yihuai Zou, Zongheng Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(16):e0448.

 

The incidence of stroke has increased significantly in recent years. Post-stroke hemiplegia is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. Several studies have suggested that acupuncture could be an effective intervention for the rehabilitation of post-stroke ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dynamic paraspinal muscle impingement causing acute hemiplegia after C1 posterior arch laminectomy: A case report.
 

Author(s): Naoki Notani, Masashi Miyazaki, Toyomi Yoshiiwa, Toshinobu Ishihara, Shozo Kanezaki, Hiroshi Tsumura

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e9264.

 

Acute neurological deficits following spinal surgery commonly result from epidural hematoma, surgical trauma, vascular compromise, and graft or hardware impingement, with the cause identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We present a rare case of dynamic paraspinal muscle ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Altered effective connectivity of resting state networks by acupuncture stimulation in stroke patients with left hemiplegia: A multivariate granger analysis.
 

Author(s): Cai-Hong Fu, Kuang-Shi Li, Yan-Zhe Ning, Zhong-Jian Tan, Yong Zhang, Hong-Wei Liu, Xiao Han, Yi-Huai Zou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8897.

 

The aim of this study was to explore the response feature of resting-state networks (RSNs) of stroke patients with left hemiplegia by acupuncture stimulation.Nineteen stroke patients with left hemiplegia and 17 controls were recruited in this study. Resting-state functional magnetic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemiplegia" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Motor Restoration in Hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Jayme S Knutson, Michael J Fu, Lynne R Sheffler, John Chae

Journal: Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2015 Nov;26(4):729-45.

 

This article reviews the most common therapeutic and neuroprosthetic applications of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for upper and lower extremity stroke rehabilitation. Fundamental NMES principles and purposes in stroke rehabilitation are explained. NMES modalities used ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The virtual bodily self: Mentalisation of the body as revealed in anosognosia for hemiplegia.
 

Author(s): Aikaterini Fotopoulou

Journal: Conscious Cogn. 2015 May;33():500-10.

 

Despite the coherence and seeming directness of our bodily experience, our perception of the world, including that of our own body, may constitute an inference based on ambiguous sensory data and prior expectations. In this article, I apply a 'psychologised' version of the recently ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The expanding spectrum of neurological phenotypes in children with ATP1A3 mutations, Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood, Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism, CAPOS and beyond.
 

Author(s): Matthew T Sweney, Tara M Newcomb, Kathryn J Swoboda

Journal: Pediatr. Neurol.. 2015 Jan;52(1):56-64.

 

ATP1A3 mutations have now been recognized in infants and children presenting with a diverse group of neurological phenotypes, including Rapid-onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism (RDP), Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC), and most recently, Cerebellar ataxia, Areflexia, Pes cavus, Optic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Intensive Therapies in Children With Hemiplegia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Infantile Hemiplegia

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2018

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AOT and ICT for Hemiplegia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemiplegia; Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy

 

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2017

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Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation (tCDS) and Robotics for Children With Hemiplegia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cerebral Palsy; Hemiplegia

 

Last Updated: 7 Dec 2017

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