Hemifacial Spasm

Common Name(s)

Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial spasm is a type of facial muscle spasm that occurs only on half of a person's face. They are often caused by nerve injury or tumors, although not infrequently a precise cause is unable to be found. The condition is rare, occurring in less than one person per 100,000. The twitching that occurs is not painful, but can cause embarrassment. Treatment for hemifacial spasms may include medication, botox injections, or surgery to repair affected nerves.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemifacial Spasm" for support, advocacy or research.

Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc.

The Mission of the Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc. is to fund and promote medical research in the search for the cause and cure of blepharospasm, Meige, and other related disorders of the facial musculature, to provide support, education and referrals to persons with these disorders, and to disseminate information and serve as an authoritative resource to the medical community and the general public.

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemifacial Spasm" for support, advocacy or research.

Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc.

The Mission of the Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc. is to fund and promote medical research in the search for the cause and cure of blepharospasm, Meige, and other related disorders of the facial musculature, to provide support, education and referrals to persons with these disorders, and to disseminate information and serve as an authoritative resource to the medical community and the general public.

http://www.blepharospasm.org/

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemifacial Spasm" returned 105 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm associated with vertebrobasilar artery tortuosity].
 

Author(s): Yu A Grigoryan, A R Sitnikov, G Yu Grigoryan

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2016 ;80(1):44-56.

 

The tortuous vertebrobasilar artery (TVBA) often causes neurovascular conflicts in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS). Implementation of microvascular decompression (MVD) in these circumstances is hindered due to stiffness of the enlarged and dilated ...

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2016

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Facial Weakness, Otalgia, and Hemifacial Spasm: A Novel Neurological Syndrome in a Case-Series of 3 Patients With Rheumatic Disease.
 

Author(s): Julius Birnbaum

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(40):e1445.

 

Bell palsy occurs in different rheumatic diseases, causes hemifacial weakness, and targets the motor branch of the 7th cranial nerve. Severe, persistent, and refractory otalgia having features of neuropathic pain (ie, burning and allodynic) does not characteristically occur with Bell ...

Last Updated: 9 Oct 2015

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Evaluation of concentrations of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of hemifacial spasm: a randomized double-blind crossover trial.
 

Author(s): Y J Li, Y Huang, Q Ding, Z H Gu, X L Pan

Journal:

 

The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of two concentrations of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) for the treatment of hemifacial spasm. We randomly divided 20 patients with hemifacial spasm into high- and low-concentration groups; they were administered 50 and 25 U/mL ...

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemifacial Spasm" returned 14 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hemifacial spasm and neurovascular compression.
 

Author(s): Alex Y Lu, Jacky T Yeung, Jason L Gerrard, Elias M Michaelides, Raymond F Sekula, Ketan R Bulsara

Journal: ScientificWorldJournal. 2014 ;2014():349319.

 

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is characterized by involuntary unilateral contractions of the muscles innervated by the ipsilateral facial nerve, usually starting around the eyes before progressing inferiorly to the cheek, mouth, and neck. Its prevalence is 9.8 per 100,000 persons with an ...

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2014

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Hemifacial spasm: conservative and surgical treatment options.
 

Author(s): Christian Rosenstengel, Marc Matthes, Jörg Baldauf, Steffen Fleck, Henry Schroeder

Journal: Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2012 Oct;109(41):667-73.

 

Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular movement disorder characterized by brief or persistent involuntary contractions of the muscles innervated by the facial nerve. Its prevalence has been estimated at 11 cases per 100 000 individuals. Among the patients who were operated on by our ...

Last Updated: 24 Dec 2012

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Neonatal hemifacial spasm and fourth ventricle mass.
 

Author(s): Nicola Specchio, Marina Trivisano, Bruno Bernardi, Carlo Efisio Marras, Raffaella Faggioli, Elisa Fiumana, Simona Cappelletti, Olivier Delalande, Federico Vigevano, Lucia Fusco

Journal: Dev Med Child Neurol. 2012 Aug;54(8):697-703.

 

Congential hemifacial spasm is a rare condition that is characterized by the occurrence of paroxysmal hemifacial contractions in neonates. We review the clinical, neurophysiological, neuroimaging, and histopathological findings, as well as the differential diagnosis, therapeutic approach, ...

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

An RCT of a Patient-initiated Treatment Service for BEB and HFS
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Blepharospasm; Hemi Facial Spasm

 

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2016

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Autologous Adipose Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Patients With Hemifacial Spasm
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Injury of Facial Nerve, Unspecified Side, Initial Encounter

 

Last Updated: 7 Aug 2016

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Effect of Acupuncture on Inflammation and Immune Function After Craniotomy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysm; Hemifacial Spasm; Brain Tumor

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2016

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