Hemangioma

Common Name(s)

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is a noncancerous clumping of blood vessels found on the skin or internal organs, most commonly the liver. Hemangiomas are often present at birth or develop in the first few months of life. Skin hemangiomas are quite common, mostly found on the face and neck. Liver hemangiomas rarely cause symptoms. Cavernous hemangiomas most commonly form on the brain or spinal cord and have a different outcome than the other types of hemangiomas. The cause of the clumping of the blood vessels is not well understood.

Skin hemangiomas form on the surface of the skin or in the fatty layer just underneath. It may at first appear as a flat birth mark, but will become a raised red rubbery or spongy lump over the first year. Most will stop growing at this point and after some time will begin to go away. Most skin hemangiomas disappear by age 10, though a faint discoloration may remain. Hemangiomas may affect the vision if they are on the eyelid.

Liver hemangiomas can form within the organ or on its surface. Liver hemangiomas may be estrogen sensitive, meaning they may grow if a woman is given estrogen supplements during menopause. Hemangiomas may also form on the kidneys, colon, and lungs. A hemangioma on any of these organs rarely causes problems unless it grows too large or multiple hemangiomas form. Symptoms may then include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. Occasionally they interfere with breathing. However, they usually go unnoticed unless picked up by an imaging study (MRI) being done for another reason.

Diagnosis is made by physical exam and imaging studies. Many hemangiomas will go away without treatment. If causing problems, treatment may include laser procedures, steroid injections, medication or surgical removal. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hemangioma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

http://www.vhl.org

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 690 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Early Surgical Management of Large Scalp Infantile Hemangioma Using the TopClosure® Tension-Relief System.
 

Author(s): Zhanyong Zhu, Xilin Yang, Yueqiang Zhao, Huajun Fan, Mosheng Yu, Moris Topaz

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Nov;94(47):e2128.

 

Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular neoplasms of infancy and childhood. The majority do not need medical intervention. However, large ulcerated scalp IHs may lead to fatal bleeding as well as severe cosmetic disfigurement that indicate early surgical excision, ...

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2015

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Last Updated: 28 Sep 2015

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Lupus vulgaris mimicking hemangioma diagnosed 42 years after onset: a case report.
 

Author(s): Mahizer Yaldız, Teoman Erdem, Bahar Sevimli Dikicier, Fatma Hüsniye Dilek

Journal:

 

Lupus vulgaris is the most common form of cutaneous tuberculosis. It may easily be overlooked if a proper differential diagnosis is omitted.

Last Updated: 17 Sep 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 58 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Anastomosing hemangioma arising from the kidney: a case of slow progression in four years and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Wei Zhang, Qiang Wang, Yu-Lin Liu, Wen-Juan Yu, Yan Liu, Hui Zhao, Jie Zhuang, Yan-Xia Jiang, Yu-Jun Li

Journal:

 

Reported herein is a renal anastomosing hemangioma which developed slowly in the past four years. A 25-year-old woman was found a mass localized in the upper portion four years ago, and only slow progression in the past four years. She underwent a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy ...

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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Intraosseous Hemangioma of the Middle Turbinate: A Case Report of a Rare Entity and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Ryan Goff, Steven Weindling, Vivek Gupta, Aziza Nassar

Journal: Neuroradiol J. 2015 Apr;28(2):148-51.

 

Intraosseous hemangiomas arising from the nasal turbinate are exceedingly rare, with few reported cases in the literature. We describe a 61-year-old man found to have a nasal cavity mass on sinus computed tomograph (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although an atypical site ...

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Lobular capillary hemangioma of the trachea.
 

Author(s): Qingqing Xu, Xindao Yin, Janesya Sutedjo, Jun Sun, Liang Jiang, Lingquan Lu

Journal: Arch Iran Med. 2015 Feb;18(2):127-9.

 

As a polypoid form of capillary hemangioma, lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) most commonly occurs on the cutaneous and mucosal surfaces and is frequently benign in children. Tracheal LCH is a rare benign tumor in adults, with hemoptysis being one of the most serious forms of presentation. ...

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Topical Timolol Gel for the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 22 May 2014

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Last Updated: 3 Dec 2014

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Topical Timolol 0.5% Solution for Proliferating Infantile Hemangiomas
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemangioma; Infant

 

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2010

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