Hemangioma

Common Name(s)

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is a noncancerous clumping of blood vessels found on the skin or internal organs, most commonly the liver. Hemangiomas are often present at birth or develop in the first few months of life. Skin hemangiomas are quite common, mostly found on the face and neck. Liver hemangiomas rarely cause symptoms. Cavernous hemangiomas most commonly form on the brain or spinal cord and have a different outcome than the other types of hemangiomas. The cause of the clumping of the blood vessels is not well understood.

Skin hemangiomas form on the surface of the skin or in the fatty layer just underneath. It may at first appear as a flat birth mark, but will become a raised red rubbery or spongy lump over the first year. Most will stop growing at this point and after some time will begin to go away. Most skin hemangiomas disappear by age 10, though a faint discoloration may remain. Hemangiomas may affect the vision if they are on the eyelid.

Liver hemangiomas can form within the organ or on its surface. Liver hemangiomas may be estrogen sensitive, meaning they may grow if a woman is given estrogen supplements during menopause. Hemangiomas may also form on the kidneys, colon, and lungs. A hemangioma on any of these organs rarely causes problems unless it grows too large or multiple hemangiomas form. Symptoms may then include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. Occasionally they interfere with breathing. However, they usually go unnoticed unless picked up by an imaging study (MRI) being done for another reason.

Diagnosis is made by physical exam and imaging studies. Many hemangiomas will go away without treatment. If causing problems, treatment may include laser procedures, steroid injections, medication or surgical removal. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hemangioma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

http://www.vhl.org

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 746 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[A rare cause of exophthalmia: intraorbital cavernous hemangioma (about a case)].
 

Author(s): Abderrazzak El Saqui, Mohamed Aggouri, Mohamed Benzagmout, Khalid Chakour, Mohamed El Faiz Chaoui

Journal:

 

Cavernous hemangioma is the most frequent primary benign vascular tumor of the orbit in the adult; the median age of diagnosis is 42 years with a female predominance. This tumor develops slowly and has no tendency for spontaneous regression; it is electively located at the level of ...

Last Updated: 23 May 2017

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Angiogenesis characteristics of infantile hemangioma and feasibility observation of transplantation model of human hemangioma on mice.
 

Author(s): Y Fu, Z-G Yang, L-Y Zhao

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2017 Mar;21(6):1276-1280.

 

To study pathogenic features of pediatric hemangiomas, we successfully established a model in mice, by transplanting human hemangioma tissues.

Last Updated: 7 Apr 2017

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Urethral hemangioma in a prepubertal female patient: Report of a rare case.
 

Author(s): Chiao-Ching Li, Chiao-Zhu Li, Ching-Heng Yen, Wen-Chuan Tsai, Sheng-Tang Wu, Tai-Lung Cha, En Meng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(13):e6502.

 

Urethral hemangiomas commonly occur in men or elderly women. We presented a rare case of urethral hemangioma in a prepubertal female patient.

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 95 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Giant liver hemangioma with adult Kasabach-Merritt syndrome: Case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xiaolei Liu, Zhiying Yang, Haidong Tan, Li Xu, Yongliang Sun, Shuang Si, Liguo Liu, Wenying Zhou, Jia Huang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(31):e7688.

 

Adult Kasabach-Merritt syndrome associated with giant liver hemangioma is rare; to date, most reports have been single-case reports, and no multi-case reports or literature reviews are available.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2017

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Challenging Pitfalls and Mimickers in Diagnosing Anastomosing Capillary Hemangioma of the Kidney: Case Report and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Haneen Adnan Al-Maghrabi, Abdullatif Sami Al Rashed

Journal:

 

BACKGROUND Vascular tumors of the kidney are rare tumors that are usually diagnosed and confirmed by histopathological examination due to the difficulty in definitive diagnosis by clinical and radiological examination. Anastomosing hemangioma is a rare variant of capillary hemangioma ...

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2017

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Anastomosing hemangioma: report of two renal cases and analysis of the literature.
 

Author(s): Marina Perdiki, Galateia Datseri, George Liapis, Nikolaos Chondros, Ioannis Anastasiou, Maria Tzardi, Johanna K Delladetsima, Elias Drakos

Journal:

 

Anastomosing hemangioma (AH) is a very rare vascular tumor mimicking angiosarcoma, predominately observed in kidney and less frequently in other organs. We present two new renal cases of AH at opposite ends of the clinical presentation spectrum, provide review of the literature and ...

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Nadolol Versus Propranolol in Children With Infantile Hemangiomas
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infantile Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 4 Jan 2016

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Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Topical Timolol in Infants With Infantile Hemangioma (IH)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infantile Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 26 May 2017

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