Hemangioma

Common Name(s)

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is a noncancerous clumping of blood vessels found on the skin or internal organs, most commonly the liver. Hemangiomas are often present at birth or develop in the first few months of life. Skin hemangiomas are quite common, mostly found on the face and neck. Liver hemangiomas rarely cause symptoms. Cavernous hemangiomas most commonly form on the brain or spinal cord and have a different outcome than the other types of hemangiomas. The cause of the clumping of the blood vessels is not well understood.

Skin hemangiomas form on the surface of the skin or in the fatty layer just underneath. It may at first appear as a flat birth mark, but will become a raised red rubbery or spongy lump over the first year. Most will stop growing at this point and after some time will begin to go away. Most skin hemangiomas disappear by age 10, though a faint discoloration may remain. Hemangiomas may affect the vision if they are on the eyelid.

Liver hemangiomas can form within the organ or on its surface. Liver hemangiomas may be estrogen sensitive, meaning they may grow if a woman is given estrogen supplements during menopause. Hemangiomas may also form on the kidneys, colon, and lungs. A hemangioma on any of these organs rarely causes problems unless it grows too large or multiple hemangiomas form. Symptoms may then include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. Occasionally they interfere with breathing. However, they usually go unnoticed unless picked up by an imaging study (MRI) being done for another reason.

Diagnosis is made by physical exam and imaging studies. Many hemangiomas will go away without treatment. If causing problems, treatment may include laser procedures, steroid injections, medication or surgical removal. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hemangioma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

http://www.vhl.org

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 578 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Oral Propranolol for Infantile Hemangioma.
 

Author(s): Christine Léauté-Labrèze, Jean-Jacques Voisard, Nicholas Moore

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2015 Jul;373(3):284-5.

 

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2015

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Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma in 10 consecutive cases.
 

Author(s): Duangnate Rojanaporn, Swathi Kaliki, Sandor R Ferenczy, Carol L Shields

Journal: Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. ;22(2):192-7.

 

The purpose was to evaluate the features of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma using spectral-domain enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT).

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Breast cancer risk and possible mechanisms of radiation-induced genomic instability in the Swedish hemangioma cohort after reanalyzed dosimetry.
 

Author(s): Markus Eidemüller, Erik Holmberg, Peter Jacob, Marie Lundell, Per Karlsson

Journal: Mutat. Res.. 2015 May;775():1-9.

 

The cohort of 17,200 female Swedish hemangioma patients, who had been exposed to ionizing radiation because of skin hemangioma, was analyzed for breast cancer incidence with descriptive excess relative risk models and mechanistic models of carcinogenesis. The dosimetry system has ...

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 51 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Retinal vein occlusion in retinal racemose hemangioma: a case report and literature review of ocular complications in this rare retinal vascular disorder.
 

Author(s): Xue-jiao Qin, Chao Huang, Kun Lai

Journal:

 

Retinal racemose hemangioma (RRH) is a rare congenital disorder that often co-occurs with other ocular complications. In this study, we present a case of RRH complicated with retinal vein obstruction in three branches and provide a review of ocular complications and associations with RRH.

Last Updated: 1 Sep 2014

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Cavernous hemangioma of the third ventricle: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Moon-Soo Han, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Seul-Kee Kim, Shin Jung

Journal:

 

Although cavernous hemangiomas (CHs) can be found anywhere in the central nervous system, CHs of the third ventricle have been reported in only 29 patients (including our case). In the current case report, we discuss the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of CHs of the third ventricle.

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2014

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Adrenal cavernous hemangioma: a case report with review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Joseph J Noh, Sung Hoon Choi, Ho Kyoung Hwang, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee

Journal:

 

Adrenal cavernous hemangioma is a rare type of tumor that is usually diagnosed post-operatively. There have only been approximately 63 cases reported in the literature to date.

Last Updated: 28 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Topical Timolol Gel for the Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 22 May 2014

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Last Updated: 3 Dec 2014

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Topical Timolol 0.5% Solution for Proliferating Infantile Hemangiomas
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemangioma; Infant

 

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2010

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