Helminthiasis

Common Name(s)

Helminthiasis

Helminthiasis refers to a disease caused by infection with parasitic worms called helminthes. Individuals come in contact with helminthes through touching soil, drinking water, or eating food that has been infected with worms or their eggs. The worms often infect the intestines, where they grow and lay eggs. The eggs do not hatch in the affected individual, but are passed in the stool where they can be spread to others.

The effects of helminthiasis range from having no symptoms to deadly. Common symptoms include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, rash, weakness, and general discomfort. Infection may affect the gastrointestinal tract of the affected individuals by feeding on nutrients in the intestines, decreasing nutrient absorption, and causing a loss of appetite. Children who are infected by helminths may experience growth delay and cognitive deficits due to poor nutrient absorption. Some helminths may cause intestinal bleeding which may lower hemoglobin or red blood cell levels, known as anemia.

The areas of the world most affected include tropical areas in the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, and East Asia. People who are at the highest risk include young children, pregnant women, mothers, and people with frequent exposure to soil. There may be genetic factors that cause some individuals to be more affected by the worms than others. There may also be the development of a protective immunity with age.

The spread of helminthiasis can be reduced through proper sanitation, especially of fecal matter, and through education about good hygiene practices. Treatment is required to prevent the further spread of the infection. Medications are available as treatment, and surgery may be used in severe infections if there is a blockage of the intestines. If you think you may be affected by helminthiasis, talk to your doctor about the most appropriate treatment plan.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Helminthiasis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Helminthiasis" returned 53 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Soil-transmitted helminthiasis: back to the original point.
 

Author(s): David G Addiss

Journal: Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Aug;15(8):871-2.

 

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2015

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Neglected tropical diseases among two indigenous subtribes in peninsular Malaysia: highlighting differences and co-infection of helminthiasis and sarcocystosis.
 

Author(s): Soo Ching Lee, Romano Ngui, Tiong Kai Tan, Roslan Muhammad Aidil, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim

Journal:

 

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections have been documented among these minority groups since 1938. However the prevalence of STH is still high among these communities. Most studies tend to consider the Orang Asli (indigenous) as a homogenous group. In contrary, different subtribes ...

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2014

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Does vitamin A supplementation protect schoolchildren from acquiring soil-transmitted helminthiasis? A randomized controlled trial.
 

Author(s): Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Tengku Shahrul Anuar, Ebtesam M Al-Zabedi, Mohamed T Al-Maktari, Mohammed A K Mahdy, Abdulhamid Ahmed, Atiya A Sallam, Wan Ariffin Abdullah, Norhayati Moktar, Johari Surin

Journal:

 

Despite the intensive global efforts to control intestinal parasitic infections, the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections is still very high in many developing countries particularly among children in rural areas.

Last Updated: 21 Aug 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Helminthiasis" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Soil transmitted helminthiasis in Argentina. A systematic review].
 

Author(s): M Eugenia Socías, Anabel Fernández, José F Gil, Alejandro J Krolewiecki

Journal: Medicina (B Aires). 2014 ;74(1):29-36.

 

A systematic review of surveys performed between 1980 and 2011 (published in MEDLINE/Pubmed and/or LILACS indexed journals, available in the baseline data from a Mass Deworming National Program (MDNP, 2005) was used to identify the prevalence, distribution and detection of risk areas ...

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2014

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A public health response against Strongyloides stercoralis: time to look at soil-transmitted helminthiasis in full.
 

Author(s): Alejandro J Krolewiecki, Patrick Lammie, Julie Jacobson, Albis-Francesco Gabrielli, Bruno Levecke, Eugenia Socias, Luis M Arias, Nicanor Sosa, David Abraham, Ruben Cimino, Adriana Echazú, Favio Crudo, Jozef Vercruysse, Marco Albonico

Journal:

 

Strongyloides stercoralis infections have a worldwide distribution with a global burden in terms of prevalence and morbidity that is largely ignored. A public health response against soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections should broaden the strategy to include S. stercoralis and ...

Last Updated: 15 May 2013

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Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis in the United States: a systematic review--1940-2010.
 

Author(s): Michelle C Starr, Susan P Montgomery

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2011 Oct;85(4):680-4.

 

The epidemiology of soil-transmitted helminth infections (hookworm, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Strongyloides stercoralis) in the United States is poorly understood. To gain understanding of the status of disease, a systematic review was performed to assess the ...

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2011

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Management of Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis and Strongyloidiasis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Helminthiasis; Strongyloides Stercoralis Infection

 

Last Updated: 3 Mar 2011

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Last Updated: 21 Dec 2015

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Impact of Alternative Treatment Strategies and Delivery Systems for Soil-transmitted Helminths in Kenya
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Helminthiasis; Nematode Infection; Disease Transmission, Infectious

 

Last Updated: 28 May 2015

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